Events in year of 1800

  • 01-01Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
  • 01-02Free black community of Philadelphia petitions Congress to abolish slave
  • 01-051st Swedenborgian temple in US holds 1st service, Baltimore
  • 01-08Austrians defeat French in 2nd battle of Novi
  • 01-08Wild Boy of Aveyron discovered in southern France
  • 01-30US population: 5,308,483; Black population 1,002,037 (18.9%)
  • 03-14Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII
  • 03-17English warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die
  • 03-20French army defeats Turks at Helipolis Turkey, and advance to Cairo
  • 04-15James Ross discovers North Magnetic pole
  • 04-24Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
  • 05-07Indiana Territory organized
  • 05-15King George III survives a 2nd assassination attempt
  • 05-15Pope Pius VII calls on French bishops to return to Gospel principles
  • 06-04White House completed and President and Mrs John Adams move in
  • 06-14Battle of Marengo (Alessandria): Bonaparte vs. Austria
  • 06-29Freemason lodge establishes in Alkmaar
  • 07-08Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives 1st cowpox vaccination to his son to prevent smallpox
  • 07-09Mt Vernon Gardens becomes site of 1st summer theater in US
  • 09-05Malta surrenders to British after they blockade French troops
  • 09-07Zion AME Church dedicated (NYC)
  • 09-13Curacao in English hands (until Jan 1803)
  • 10-01Spain cedes Louisiana to France in a secret treaty
  • 10-17Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
  • 11-011st President to live in White House (John Adams)
  • 11-17Congress held 1st session in Washington DC in incompleted Capitol Building
  • 11-17John Adams is 1st President to move into the White House
  • 12-12Washington DC established as capital of US

People born in year of 1800

  • 01-01Sydney Nelson: Composer
  • 01-01Vaclav Horak: Composer
  • 01-06Willem A Schimmelpenninck van der Oye: Dutch politician
  • 01-24Edwin Chadwick: British social Reformer
  • 02-11William Henry Fox Talbot: Wiltshire, England -- Photographic pioneer
  • 02-15Frederik W Conrad: Dutch hydraulic engineer / railway pioneer
  • 02-21John Henry Winder: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 03-12Louis-Prosper Gachard: Belgian historian
  • 03-14James Bogardus: US inventor / builder (made cast-iron buildings)
  • 03-25Paulin Paris: French historian
  • 04-15James Clark Ross: Explorer (British Antarctic)
  • 04-16Jozef Stefani: Composer
  • 04-16William Chambers: Author / publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding)
  • 05-01Ret Thomas Aloysius Dornin: Comm (Union Navy), died in 1874
  • 05-05Louis Hachette: French publisher (Librairie Hachette)
  • 05-06Ferdinand Marcucci: Composer
  • 05-09John Brown: Abolitionist; led attack on Harpers Ferry
  • 05-10Nikolay Alexeyevich Titov: Composer
  • 05-17Carl Friedrich Zollner: Composer
  • 05-30Karl W Feuerbach: German mathematician (Position of Feuerbach)
  • 07-06Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti: Composer
  • 08-06Catherine Beecher: Educator (championed higher education for women)
  • 09-16Jozef Nowakowski: Composer
  • 09-17Franklin Buchanan: Admiral (Confederate Navy), died in 1874
  • 09-19William Wister McKean: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1865
  • 09-23William H McGuffey: Educator (McGuffey Readers)
  • 10-02Nat Turner: Virginia, United States -- Leader of major slave rebellion (1831)
  • 10-03George Bancroft: Historian (Hall of Fame)
  • 10-25Thomas Babington Macaulay: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / historian (Ivry, Naaseby)
  • 10-26Helmuth K B von Moltke: Prussian General-Field Marshal

People died in year of 1800

  • 01-01Louis J M Daubenton: France -- Zoologist, dies at 83
  • 01-10Johan Wikmanson: Composer, dies at 46
  • 01-23Edward Rutledge: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 50
  • 03-02Christian Friedrich Schale: Composer, dies at 86
  • 03-03Johann Baptist Christoph Toeschi: Composer, dies at 64
  • 03-09Dominique Della-Maria: Composer, dies at 30
  • 04-18John Evangelist Schreiber: Composer, dies at 84
  • 04-18Pieter Fouquet: Art Merchant (Atlas of Fouquet)
  • 04-25William Cowper: English lawyer / Poet (Olney Hymns), dies at 68
  • 04-30John H Midderigh: Rotterdam patriot, dies at 46
  • 05-07Laurens P van Spiegel: Regent / pension advisor (1787-95), dies at 64
  • 05-19French Bosbeeck: Veterinarian / robber, hanged
  • 06-07Willem A Alting: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1780-97), dies at 75
  • 06-10Johann Abraham Peter Schulz: German composer, dies at 53
  • 08-03Carl Friedrich Christian Fasch: Composer, dies at 63
  • 09-29Michael Dennis: Jesuit / author, dies at 71
  • 09-29William Billings: US Composer (Rose of Sharon), dies at 53
  • 10-07Gabriel: Slave revolt leader (Virginia), hanged
  • 12-19Georg Peter Weimar: Composer, dies at 66

Events in year of 1801

  • 01-01Ireland and Great Britain (England and Scotland) form United Kingdom
  • 01-20John Marshall appointed US Chief Justice
  • 02-17House breaks electoral college tie, chooses Jefferson President over Burr
  • 02-27Washington DC placed under Congressional jurisdiction
  • 03-031st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
  • 03-041st President inaugurated in Washington DC (Thomas Jefferson)
  • 03-07Massachusetts enacts 1st state voter registration law
  • 03-08British drive French forces from Abukir, Egypt
  • 03-23Murder attempt on Czar Paul I
  • 03-24Aleksandr P Romanov becomes Emperor of Russia
  • 04-08Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • 06-06Peace of Badajoz: Spain-Portugal
  • 06-10Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute
  • 07-06Battle at Algeciras: French fleet beats British
  • 07-11French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons discovers his 1st comet
  • 07-12Battle at Algeciras: British fleet beats French and Spanish
  • 07-16Pope Pius VII and 1st consul Napoleon sign concord
  • 07-20Elisha Brown Jr pressed a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm
  • 10-01England and France signs Preliminary of London
  • 11-10Kentucky outlaws dueling
  • 11-161st edition of New York Evening Post

People born in year of 1801

  • 01-11John Lodge Ellerton: Composer
  • 01-21Ramon Vilanova y Barrera: Composer
  • 01-29Johannes Bernardus van Bree: Dutch violinist / composer (Felix Meritis)
  • 02-01Adolf Fredrik Lindblad: Composer
  • 02-01Thomas Cole: United States -- Romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School)
  • 02-07John Rylands: England, United Kingdom -- Merchant / philanthropist
  • 02-21Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda: Composer
  • 02-21John Henry Newman: England, United Kingdom -- Cardinal / author (Dream of Gerontius)
  • 03-15Coenraad J van Houten: Dutch cocoa manufacturer
  • 03-23Peterus D Regout: Dutch industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht)
  • 04-07Henry Eagle: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1882
  • 04-11Claude Tillier: French journalist / writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • 04-12Henry de Cock: Dutch reformed vicar / secession leader
  • 04-12Josef Franz Karl Lanner: Austria -- Composer / violist
  • 04-19Gustav T Fechner [Dr Mises]: German philosopher / physicist
  • 05-06George Sears Greene: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 05-09Samuel Cousins: Mezzotint engraver
  • 05-16William Henry Seward: Secretary of State (1861-69, buys Alaska at 2 cents / acre)
  • 06-03Frantisek Jan Skroup: Composer
  • 06-04James Pennethorne: Architect
  • 06-23Daniel Smith Donelson: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1863
  • 07-05David Glasgow Farragut: Tennessee, United States -- Vice Admiral (Union Navy), died in 1870
  • 07-12John Hill Hewitt: Composer
  • 07-26John Drake Sloat: Ret Major General Comm (Union Navy), died in 1867
  • 07-27George Biddle Airy: 7th astronomer Royal
  • 08-03Joseph Paxton: English landscape architect (Crystal Palace)
  • 08-10Robert Woodward Barnwell: MC (Confederacy), died in 1882
  • 08-21Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer: WWII Dutch Statesman / historian
  • 08-28Antoine A Cournot: French philosopher / mathematician (rule of Cournot)
  • 09-12Giuseppe Concone: Italian singing-teacher

People died in year of 1801

  • 01-02Johann C Lavater: Swiss vicar / philosopher, dies at 59
  • 01-11Domenico Cimarosa: Italian Composer (Matrimonio segreto), dies at 51
  • 02-08Johann Chrysostomus Drexel: Composer, dies at 43
  • 03-14Christian Friedrich Penzel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 03-17Juan de Sesse y Balaguer: Composer, dies at 64
  • 03-21Andrea Lucchesi: Composer, dies at 59
  • 03-23Paul I: Tsar of Russia (1796-1801), strangled at 46
  • 03-25Anthony Ziesenis: Architect / Sculptor (Camper), dies at 69
  • 03-25Novalis: Writer, dies at 28
  • 03-28Ralph Abercromby: English army commander (North Holland), dies at 66
  • 05-05Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt: Flemish Painter / engraver, dies at 74
  • 05-14Johann Ernst Altenburg: Composer, dies at 66
  • 05-15Louis C count Barbiano de Belgioioso: Austrian diplomat, dies at 73
  • 05-19Herman H Vitringa: Politician (National Meetings)
  • 05-22Heinrich Gottfried Reichard: Composer, dies at 58
  • 06-14Benedict Arnold: Revolutionary War General, dies in London
  • 06-23Bendix Friedrich Zinck: Composer, dies at 58
  • 07-03Johann Nepomuk Went: Composer, dies at 56
  • 07-26Daniel Dal Barba: Composer, dies at 86
  • 08-22Pieter G van Overstraten: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies, dies at 46
  • 08-24Jacques-Denis Antoine: French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • 09-01Robert Bage: English writer (Hermsprong)
  • 10-23Johann Gottlieb Naumann: German composer, dies at 60
  • 11-06Christian Friedrich Gregor: Composer, dies at 78
  • 11-09Carl Philipp Stamitz: Composer, dies at 56