Events in year of 1803

  • 01-11Monroe and Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans; they buy Louisiana
  • 02-04William Dunlap, adapts French melodrama "Voice of Nature"
  • 02-14Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Penn
  • 02-24Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional (Marbury vs. Madison)
  • 02-251,800 sovereign German states unite into 60 states
  • 02-27Great fire in Bombay, India
  • 03-01Ohio becomes 17th state
  • 03-031st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins
  • 03-19Johann von Schillers "Die Braut von Messina, " premieres in Weimar
  • 04-01French law rules the use of intention
  • 04-30US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase ($15 million)
  • 05-16Peace of Amiens ends
  • 05-17John Hawkins and Richard French patent the Reaping Machine
  • 05-18Britain declares war on France after Napoleon Bonaparte continues interfering in Italy and Switzerland
  • 05-221st public library opens (Connecticut)
  • 08-091st horses arrive in Hawaii
  • 09-23Battle of Assaye-British-Indian forces beat Maratha Army
  • 10-20US Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase
  • 11-18Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French
  • 11-29Dessalines and Christophe declare St. Domingue (Haiti) independent
  • 11-30Spain cedes her claims to Louisiana Territory to France
  • 12-20Louisiana Purchase formally transferred from France to US for $27M

People born in year of 1803

  • 01-03Douglas William Jerrold: London, England -- Author / playwright / wit (Punch Magazine)
  • 01-06Henri Herz: Composer
  • 01-09Christopher Gustavus Memminger: Secy Treas (Confederacy) died in 1888
  • 01-29James Outram: Butterley Hall, Derbyshire, England -- General
  • 02-02Albert Sidney Johnston: Gen (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 02-15John Augustus Sutter: Swiss / US colonist (New Helvetia Ca, Sutter Mill)
  • 02-20Friedrich Theodor Frohlich: Composer
  • 03-14F G Klopstock: Writer
  • 03-22Anthonie Waldrop: Dutch painter / lithographer
  • 04-02Franz Paul Lachner: Composer
  • 04-07Flora Tristan: Writer
  • 04-14Friedrich von Amerling: Austrian painter
  • 04-18Charles F Pahud de Montagnes: Governor-General of the Netherlands East Indies (1856-61)
  • 04-21Levin Minn Powell: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885
  • 04-27Alfred Julius Becher: Composer
  • 05-07Johan Peter Cronhamm: Composer
  • 05-08Joseph Napoleon Ney Moskova: Composer
  • 05-12Justus Freiherr von Liebig: German chemist (agricultural chemics)
  • 05-17Robert Smith Surtees: Novelist
  • 05-24Charles LJL Bonaparte: Corsican / French Prince of Canino / Musignano
  • 06-02Michail I Glinka: Russian composer
  • 06-04Gabriel James Rains: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1881
  • 06-24George James Webb: Composer
  • 07-20Jakob Zeugheer: Composer
  • 07-20Thomas Lovell Beddoes: English poet
  • 07-23Johann Vesque von Puttlingen: Composer
  • 07-24Alexander Jackson Davis: United States -- Architect (gothic revivalist)
  • 07-31John Ericsson: United States -- Inventor (screw propeller) / shipbuilder-USS Monitor
  • 08-15James Douglas: Father of British Columbia
  • 09-01Jacobus T Abels: Dutch painter

People died in year of 1803

  • 01-02Ignaz Franz von Beecke: Composer, dies at 69
  • 01-26Georg von Pasterwiz: Composer, dies at 72
  • 02-03Pedro R de Campomanes: Spanish economist / lawyer / literary, dies at 79
  • 02-16Jan V clav Stich: Bohemian composer, dies at 56
  • 02-18J W L Gleim: Writer
  • 02-21Edward Despard: Last person drawn and quartered in England
  • 03-14Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock: German poet, dies at 78
  • 03-17Candido Jose Ruano: Composer, dies at 42
  • 04-02Hieronymus van Alphen: Dutch attorney / Poet (church hymns), dies at 56
  • 06-08Joannes Natalis Paquot: Belgian priest / historian, dies at 80
  • 06-22Wilhelm Heinse: Writer
  • 06-24Matthew Thornton: Irish / US Physician / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 88
  • 07-14Esteban Salas y Castro: Composer
  • 07-23Arthur Wolfe: 1st viscount Kilwarden / Chief Justice of Ireland, murdered
  • 08-18James Beattie: Scottish Poet / philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67
  • 08-28Charles L Fournier: Flemish writer / painter
  • 09-05Francois Devienne: Composer, dies at 44
  • 09-09Armand-Emmanuel Trial: Composer, dies at 32
  • 09-13John Barry: 1st American commodore
  • 09-17Franz Xaver Sussmayr: Composer
  • 09-20Robert Emmet: Irish nationalist, executed
  • 09-30Charles Broche: Composer, dies at 51
  • 10-02Samuel Adams: US revolutionary (Boston Massacre-Tea Party), dies at 81
  • 10-08Vittoria A Alfieri: Italian Earl / writer (Filippo), dies at 54
  • 11-03Henri Moreau: Composer, dies at 75
  • 11-05Ch de Laclos: Writer
  • 11-22Bernardus Bosch: Dutch vicar / patriot, dies at 57
  • 12-18Johann G von Herder: German philosopher / Theologist / poet, dies at 59

Events in year of 1804

  • 01-01Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)
  • 01-05Ohio legislature passes 1st laws restricting free blacks movement
  • 01-30Mungo Park leaves England seeking source of Niger River
  • 01-31British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao
  • 02-15New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
  • 02-16Lt Stephen Decatur raids Tripoli Harbor and burns Navy frigate "Philadelphia" after pirates seized it
  • 02-181st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered
  • 02-23Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII
  • 02-25Jefferson nominated for President at Democratic-Republican caucus
  • 02-26Vice-admiral William Bligh ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad
  • 03-21French civil Code of Napoleon adopted
  • 03-26Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana
  • 03-26Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase
  • 03-28Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804
  • 03-29Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti
  • 04-22Gioacchino Rossini (12) performs in Imola
  • 04-2831 English ship sail Suriname river demand transition colony
  • 05-06Suriname sold to English (until Feb, 1816)
  • 05-14Lewis and Clark set out from St. Louis for Pacific Coast
  • 05-16Senate and Tribune declare Napolean leader of France
  • 05-17Lewis and Clark begin exploration of Louisiana Purchase
  • 05-18Napoleon Bonaparte proclaimed Emperor of France
  • 05-21Lewis and Clark Expedition begins
  • 06-1512th amendment ratified; deals with manner of choosing President
  • 08-25Alice Meynell becomes 1st woman jockey (England)
  • 09-2512th amendment to US constitution, regulating judicial power
  • 10-02England mobilizes to protect against French invasion
  • 10-09Hobart Tasmania founded
  • 11-18Palver Purim 1st celebrated to commemorate miraculous escape
  • 11-30Impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase begins

People born in year of 1804

  • 01-12Hippolyte Monpou: Composer
  • 01-14John Park: Composer
  • 01-16Karl August Krebs: Composer
  • 02-02Leopold Eugen Mechura: Composer
  • 02-05Johan Ludvig Runeberg: Finland -- Poet
  • 02-06Ragnerus L van Andringa de Kempenaer: Dutch officer / swindler
  • 02-17Samuel Read Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 03-17James Bridger: Scout / fur trader / mountain man par excellance
  • 03-20Neal Dow: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
  • 03-30Salomon Sulzer: Composer
  • 04-04Joseph Fischhof: Composer
  • 04-23Guillaume Nerenburger: Belgian General (Triangulatie of Belgium)
  • 04-24Thomas Oliver Selfridge: Comm (Union Navy)
  • 05-05Jacob Kats: Flemish writer (Earthly Paradise)
  • 05-12Robert Baldwin: (L) help establish government in Canada (or 1904)
  • 05-16Elizabeth Palmer Peabody: Educator / founder (US kindergarten)
  • 05-17Ottho G Heldring: Dutch vicar / Reformer (Heldring Institutions)
  • 05-22John William [Turk] Livingston: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1885
  • 05-31Jeanne-Louise Farrenc: Composer
  • 06-01Mikhail Ivan Glinka: Novosspaskoye, Russia -- Composer (Jota Aragonesa)
  • 06-03Richard Cobden: West, Sussex -- Founder (Anti-Corn-Law League)
  • 06-06Petter Conrad Boman: Composer
  • 06-08Jan Baptist van Son: Dutch politician (RC)
  • 06-24Stephan L Endlicher: Austrian priest / Botanist
  • 07-01George Sand: France -- Novelist (Valentine, Le Figaro)
  • 07-04Nathaniel Hawthorne: Massachusetts, United States -- Author (House of 7 Gables, Scarlet Letter)
  • 07-14Ludwig A Benedek: Austrian General
  • 07-20Richard Owen: British zoologist
  • 07-21Victor Schoelcher: Guadeloupe -- Abolished french slavery
  • 07-25Carlo Boncompagni di Mombello: Italian Minister of Education

People died in year of 1804

  • 01-04Charlotte Lennox: English Novelist (The Female Quixote)
  • 02-06Joseph Priestley: Engl / US Theologist / philosopher / chemist, dies at 70
  • 02-12Immanuel Kant: German philosopher (Zum ewigen Frieden), dies at 79
  • 02-17Christian Ernst Graf: Composer, dies at 80
  • 03-01Wolfgang Nicolaus Haueisen: Composer, dies at 63
  • 03-04Karl Leopold Rollig: Composer
  • 03-07John Wedgwood: Founder (Royal Horticulture Society)
  • 03-16Francisco Marquis Albergati Capacelli: Italian playwright, dies at 75
  • 03-20Ignaz Malzat: Composer, dies at 47
  • 04-09Jacques Necker: Fiancier / statesman
  • 04-28Hans Gram: Composer, dies at 49
  • 05-24Simon Style: Fries medical / writer, dies at 73
  • 06-03Jean-Engelbert Pauwels: Composer, dies at 35
  • 06-16Johann Adam Hiller: Composer, dies at 75
  • 07-11Alex Hamilton: Killed by VP Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken
  • 07-12Alexander Hamilton: Secretary of Treasury, dies in pistol duel
  • 07-25William Forsyth: English gardening expert (Forsythia)
  • 08-17Barbara Hec: Organized 1st Methodist church in US
  • 08-20Charles Floyd: Only fatality of the Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • 11-02Armand-Gaston Camus: French Chairman of Council of 500, dies at 64
  • 11-05Elizabeth "Betje" Wolff-Bekker: Poetess (Sara Burgerhart), dies at 66
  • 11-14Agatha "Aagje" Blanket: Literary (Sara Burgerhart), dies at 62
  • 11-19Pietro Alessandro Guglieli: Italian opera composer, dies at 75
  • 12-19Mary Bright: British Prime Minister Rockingham