Events in year of 1808

  • 01-01African Benevolent Society (education) forms
  • 01-01Congress prohibits importation of slaves
  • 01-01Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
  • 01-10Herman Daendels succeeds A Wiese as Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 01-19Louis Napoleon signs 1st Dutch aviation law
  • 02-11Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally - Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania
  • 03-061st college orchestra in US founded, at Harvard
  • 03-31French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names
  • 04-09Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 04-13William Henry Lane ("Juda") perfects tap dance
  • 04-17Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships
  • 04-301st practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri
  • 05-02Uprising against French occupation begins in Madrid
  • 05-30Napoleon annexes Tuscany and gave it seats in French Senate
  • 06-011st US land-grant university founded-Ohio Univ, Athens, Ohio
  • 06-15Jozef Napoleon becomes King of Spain
  • 06-22Zebulon Pike reaches his peak
  • 07-02Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
  • 07-05Battle of Buenos Aires
  • 07-15French marshal Joachim Murat becomes King of Naples
  • 07-20Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names
  • 07-28Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as Sultan of Turkey
  • 08-17Napoleon asks King Louis for Holland brigade towards Spain
  • 09-30Covent Garden Theatre Royal destroyed by fire
  • 10-17Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 10-31Holland Brigade battle at Durango, Spain
  • 11-10Osage Treaty signed
  • 12-07James Madison elected US President / George Clinton vice-pres

People born in year of 1808

  • 01-07Jacob Ammen: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1894
  • 01-11Antoine GB Schayes: Belgian historian / archaeologist
  • 01-12Paul "the Great" Taglioni: Vienna, Austria -- Ballet choreographer
  • 01-13Salmon P Chase: (Sen-R) cabinet member, 6th chief justice (1864-73)
  • 02-09Francesco Gomez da Rocha: Composer
  • 02-20Daumier: Marseilles, France -- Artist
  • 02-25James Bowen: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 03-12Gerrit van der Linde Jz [Schoolmaster]: Dutch poet
  • 03-14Catharinus Putnam Buckingham: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 03-15Gaetano Gaspari: Composer
  • 03-23Jeronimo de Bosch Kemper: Sociologist / historian (Statistic yearbook)
  • 03-25Jose de Espronceda y Delgado: Spanish revolutionary / poet (Cortes)
  • 04-10Auguste Franchomme: Composer
  • 04-16Caleb Blood Smith: Secy Int (Union), died in 1864
  • 04-20Louis-Napoleon [Napoleon III]: Emperor of France (1852-71)
  • 05-15Gottfried Herrmann: Composer
  • 05-15Michael William Balfe: Composer
  • 05-17Charles-Louis-Adolphe Vogel: Composer
  • 05-19Samuel Jameson Gholson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 05-22G de Nerval: Writer
  • 05-30Joaquim Casimiro, Jr.: Composer
  • 06-10Friedrich Kaiser: Dutch astronomer (Kaiser compass-card)
  • 06-11Charles Henry Poor: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1882
  • 06-24Anna Caroline Oury: Composer
  • 06-27Everhardus J Potgieter: Dutch writer / publisher (The Guide)
  • 06-28Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso: Italian Princess / politican
  • 07-15Henry Cole: Promotor (Great Exhibition of 1851)
  • 07-15Henry Edward Manning: Cardinal / Archbishop (Westminster)
  • 07-28Charles Lucas: Composer
  • 07-31Frederick Nichols Crouch: Composer

People died in year of 1808

  • 01-08Messenger: Horse that sired many great trotters
  • 04-25Alois Luigi Tomasini: Composer, dies at 66
  • 05-18Jacob Albright [Albrecht]: German / US preacher, dies at 49
  • 06-11Giovanni Battista Cirri: Composer, dies at 83
  • 06-16Georg Wenzel Ritter: Composer, dies at 60
  • 07-20Francois-Hippolyte Barthelemon: Composer, dies at 66
  • 08-13Henri Hardouin: Composer, dies at 81
  • 08-30Joseph Anton Bauer: Composer, dies at 83
  • 09-25Richard Porson: Scholar
  • 09-26Pavel Vranicky: Composer, dies at 51
  • 09-27Gaetano B Vestris: Ballerina, dies at 79
  • 11-16Mustapha IV: Sultan of Turkey (1807-08), dies at 29
  • 12-01Anton Fischer: Composer, dies at 30

Events in year of 1809

  • 01-05Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain and France
  • 01-12British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 01-201st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • 02-01Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • 02-03Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • 02-08Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • 02-11Robert Fulton patents steamboat
  • 02-13French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • 02-20Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
  • 03-01Embargo Act of 1807 repealed and Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 03-04Madison becomes 1st President inaugurated in American-made clothes
  • 04-14Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 04-181st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England
  • 04-20Napoleon I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 05-05Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
  • 05-05Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
  • 05-17Papal States annexed by France
  • 05-21Battle at Aspern-Essling: Austrian Archduke Karl beats Napoleon
  • 05-24Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
  • 06-06Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established
  • 06-101st US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves New York for Philadelphia
  • 07-27Battle at Talavera: British / Spanish army vs. French army
  • 07-30English invasion army lands in Walcheren
  • 07-311st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Philadelphia
  • 08-0870 disciples of Gaon of Vilnus, arrive in Israel (Palestine)
  • 08-10Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 09-18Royal Opera House in London opens
  • 11-22Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
  • 12-16Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Josephine by French Senate
  • 12-26English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen

People born in year of 1809

  • 01-01John Pieter Heije: Dutch Physician / writer / poet (Silver Fleet)
  • 01-02Friedrich Wilhelm Jahns: Composer
  • 01-15Cornelia Connelly: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Founder (Society of the Holy Child Jesus)
  • 01-15Pierre Joseph Proudhon: France -- Politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 01-18Richard Caswell Gatlin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 01-20Sebastian de Iradier: Spanish composer (La Paloma)
  • 02-03Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy: Hamburg, Germany -- Composer (Great Scherzos)
  • 02-12Charles Darwin: England, United Kingdom -- Discovered evolution (Origin of species)
  • 02-15Cyrus Hall McCormick: Inventor (Mechanical reaper)
  • 02-20Albertus J Duymaer van Twist: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 02-20Henry Walton Wessells: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 02-24Edwin H K Freiherr von Manteuffel: Governor / Viceroy (Elzas-Lutherian)
  • 02-25George Washington Cullom: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892
  • 03-03Sophia Hawthorne: Writer
  • 03-10William David Porter: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1864
  • 03-15Joseph Jenkins Roberts: 1st President of Liberia
  • 03-19Fredrik Pacius: Composer
  • 03-24Joseph Liouville: France -- Discover of transcendental numbers
  • 03-27Georges Eugene Haussmann: Paris, France -- Architect
  • 03-31Edward FitzGerald: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam)
  • 03-31Nikolai Gogol: Father of 19th-century Russian realism (Dead Souls)
  • 03-31Otto Jonas Lindblad: Composer
  • 04-01Willem Ruys J Dz: Dutch ship owner
  • 04-04Benjamin Pierce: US mathematician / astronomer
  • 04-14George W Vreede: Dutch lawyer / politician
  • 04-17Philip St George Cocke: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
  • 04-20John Smith Preston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1881
  • 04-21Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter: Secy State (Confederacy)
  • 04-23Eugene-Prosper Prevost: Composer
  • 04-28Conradus Leemans: Dutch archaeologist

People died in year of 1809

  • 01-04Bartolomeo Giacometti: Composer, dies at 67
  • 02-20Johann Joseph Emmert: Composer, dies at 76
  • 03-07Johann Georg Albrechtsberger: Austrian composer, dies at 73
  • 03-23Ferdinand-Philippe-Joseph Staes: Composer, dies at 60
  • 03-26Gabriele Mario Piozzi: Composer, dies at 68
  • 03-27Joseph M Vien: French (court)painter / etcher, dies at 92
  • 03-31Franz Joseph Haydn: Composer, dies on 77th birthday
  • 05-08Augustin Pajou: French Sculptor (Bachante), dies at 78
  • 05-17Leopold Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg: Physician
  • 05-30Johan B Scheffer: Portrait painter, dies at about 43
  • 05-31Ferdinand von Schill: Prussian officer / rebel, dies in battle at 33
  • 05-31Franz Josef Haydn: Austrian Composer (Jahreszeiten), dies at 77
  • 06-03John "Christmas" Beckwith: Composer, dies at 58
  • 06-04Nicolai Arbraham Abildgaard: Danish Painter / architect, dies at 65
  • 06-08Thomas Paine: Writer (Age of Reason, Common Sense), dies at 72
  • 07-03Joseph Quesne: Composer, dies at 62
  • 07-24Johann Gottfried Eckard: Composer, dies at 74
  • 08-30Ignacy Potocki: Polish Foreign Minister (constitution)
  • 09-07Caroline von Schelling [Michaelis]: German author, dies at 46
  • 09-07Karoline Schelling: Writer
  • 09-21Alexander Reinagle: Composer, dies at 53
  • 10-02Wybo Fijnje: Politician / patriot / journalist, dies at 59
  • 10-11Meriwether Lewis: (Lewis & Clark Expedition), commits suicide at 35
  • 11-26Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac: Composer, dies at 56
  • 12-31Franz Ignaz Beck: Composer, dies at 75