Events in year of 1809

  • 01-05Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain and France
  • 01-12British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
  • 01-201st US geology book published by William Maclure
  • 02-01Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
  • 02-03Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
  • 02-08Franz I of Austria declares war on France
  • 02-11Robert Fulton patents steamboat
  • 02-13French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • 02-20Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
  • 03-01Embargo Act of 1807 repealed and Non-Intercourse Act signed
  • 03-04Madison becomes 1st President inaugurated in American-made clothes
  • 04-14Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 04-181st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England
  • 04-20Napoleon I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 05-05Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
  • 05-05Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
  • 05-17Papal States annexed by France
  • 05-21Battle at Aspern-Essling: Austrian Archduke Karl beats Napoleon
  • 05-24Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
  • 06-06Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established
  • 06-101st US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves New York for Philadelphia
  • 07-27Battle at Talavera: British / Spanish army vs. French army
  • 07-30English invasion army lands in Walcheren
  • 07-311st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Philadelphia
  • 08-0870 disciples of Gaon of Vilnus, arrive in Israel (Palestine)
  • 08-10Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 09-18Royal Opera House in London opens
  • 11-22Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
  • 12-16Napoleon Bonaparte divorces Empress Josephine by French Senate
  • 12-26English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen

People born in year of 1809

  • 01-01John Pieter Heije: Dutch Physician / writer / poet (Silver Fleet)
  • 01-02Friedrich Wilhelm Jahns: Composer
  • 01-15Cornelia Connelly: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Founder (Society of the Holy Child Jesus)
  • 01-15Pierre Joseph Proudhon: France -- Politician (libertarian socialist)
  • 01-18Richard Caswell Gatlin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 01-20Sebastian de Iradier: Spanish composer (La Paloma)
  • 02-03Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy: Hamburg, Germany -- Composer (Great Scherzos)
  • 02-12Charles Darwin: England, United Kingdom -- Discovered evolution (Origin of species)
  • 02-15Cyrus Hall McCormick: Inventor (Mechanical reaper)
  • 02-20Albertus J Duymaer van Twist: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies
  • 02-20Henry Walton Wessells: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1889
  • 02-24Edwin H K Freiherr von Manteuffel: Governor / Viceroy (Elzas-Lutherian)
  • 02-25George Washington Cullom: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1892
  • 03-03Sophia Hawthorne: Writer
  • 03-10William David Porter: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1864
  • 03-15Joseph Jenkins Roberts: 1st President of Liberia
  • 03-19Fredrik Pacius: Composer
  • 03-24Joseph Liouville: France -- Discover of transcendental numbers
  • 03-27Georges Eugene Haussmann: Paris, France -- Architect
  • 03-31Edward FitzGerald: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam)
  • 03-31Nikolai Gogol: Father of 19th-century Russian realism (Dead Souls)
  • 03-31Otto Jonas Lindblad: Composer
  • 04-01Willem Ruys J Dz: Dutch ship owner
  • 04-04Benjamin Pierce: US mathematician / astronomer
  • 04-14George W Vreede: Dutch lawyer / politician
  • 04-17Philip St George Cocke: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1861
  • 04-20John Smith Preston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1881
  • 04-21Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter: Secy State (Confederacy)
  • 04-23Eugene-Prosper Prevost: Composer
  • 04-28Conradus Leemans: Dutch archaeologist

People died in year of 1809

  • 01-04Bartolomeo Giacometti: Composer, dies at 67
  • 02-20Johann Joseph Emmert: Composer, dies at 76
  • 03-07Johann Georg Albrechtsberger: Austrian composer, dies at 73
  • 03-23Ferdinand-Philippe-Joseph Staes: Composer, dies at 60
  • 03-26Gabriele Mario Piozzi: Composer, dies at 68
  • 03-27Joseph M Vien: French (court)painter / etcher, dies at 92
  • 03-31Franz Joseph Haydn: Composer, dies on 77th birthday
  • 05-08Augustin Pajou: French Sculptor (Bachante), dies at 78
  • 05-17Leopold Auenbrugger von Auenbrugg: Physician
  • 05-30Johan B Scheffer: Portrait painter, dies at about 43
  • 05-31Ferdinand von Schill: Prussian officer / rebel, dies in battle at 33
  • 05-31Franz Josef Haydn: Austrian Composer (Jahreszeiten), dies at 77
  • 06-03John "Christmas" Beckwith: Composer, dies at 58
  • 06-04Nicolai Arbraham Abildgaard: Danish Painter / architect, dies at 65
  • 06-08Thomas Paine: Writer (Age of Reason, Common Sense), dies at 72
  • 07-03Joseph Quesne: Composer, dies at 62
  • 07-24Johann Gottfried Eckard: Composer, dies at 74
  • 08-30Ignacy Potocki: Polish Foreign Minister (constitution)
  • 09-07Caroline von Schelling [Michaelis]: German author, dies at 46
  • 09-07Karoline Schelling: Writer
  • 09-21Alexander Reinagle: Composer, dies at 53
  • 10-02Wybo Fijnje: Politician / patriot / journalist, dies at 59
  • 10-11Meriwether Lewis: (Lewis & Clark Expedition), commits suicide at 35
  • 11-26Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac: Composer, dies at 56
  • 12-31Franz Ignaz Beck: Composer, dies at 75

Events in year of 1810

  • 02-011st insurance co managed by blacks (American Insurance Co of Philadelphia)
  • 02-01Seville, Spain surrenders to French
  • 02-01US Population: 7,239,881, Black population: 1,377,808 (19%)
  • 02-11Napoleon marries Marie-Louise of Austria
  • 02-281st US fire insurance joint-stock company organized, Philadelphia
  • 03-06Illinois passes 1st state vaccination legislation in US
  • 03-11Emperor Napoleon married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise
  • 03-18"Converse, " 1st US opera, premieres in New York
  • 05-03Lord Byron swims Hellespont
  • 05-25Argentina declares independence from Napoleonic Spain (National Day)
  • 06-23John Jacob Astor organizes Pacific Fur Co (Astoria, Oregon)
  • 07-01Louis Napoleon resigns as King of the Netherlands
  • 07-04French troops occupy Amsterdam
  • 07-10Emperor Napoleon corpse leaves Netherlands for France
  • 07-20Colombia declares independence from Spain
  • 09-16Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, which called for the end of Spanish rule Mexican Independence Day celebrates this event
  • 09-18Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 10-26US annexes western Florida
  • 10-27US annexes West Florida from Spain
  • 12-10Tom Cribb (GB) beats Tom Molineaus (US-Negro) in 1st interracial boxing championship (40 rounds)
  • 12-151st Irish magazine in US, Shamrock, is published
  • 12-22British frigate Minotaur sinks killing 480

People born in year of 1810

  • 01-03Eliza Von Bretton di Zerega: Danish West Indies, Baroness
  • 01-05Auguste Mermet: Composer
  • 01-08Robert Schumann: Zwickau, Germany -- Composer (Neue Zeitschrift fuer Musik)
  • 01-12Ferdinand II: King of Sicily
  • 01-29Earnest E Kummer: German mathematician
  • 01-31Daniel Ruggles: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 02-01Charles Lenox Remond: Salem, Massachusetts -- Famous black
  • 02-05Ole Bull: Composer
  • 02-08Norbert Burgmuller: Composer
  • 02-11Loisa Puget: Composer
  • 02-22Holger Simon Paulli: Composer
  • 02-28Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink: Dutch historian
  • 03-02Leo XIII [Vincenzo G Pecci]: 256th Pope (1878-1903)
  • 03-09Jean-Georges Kastner: Composer
  • 03-15Aernout Drost: Dutch literary (Hermingard van de Eikenterpen)
  • 03-27A Glabbrenner: Writer
  • 04-06Philip Gosse: Intentor of institutional aquarium, writer (Omphalos)
  • 04-23Thomas Wright: Historian
  • 04-28Daniel Ullmann: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 05-02Hans Christian Lumbye: Composer
  • 05-08James Cooper: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 05-09Louis Gallait: Historical painter
  • 05-09WFLC Marianne: Princess of Orange-Nassau / Daughter of King Willem I
  • 05-10James Shields: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1879
  • 05-15Jacob Thompson: (Confederacy), died in 1885
  • 05-24Abraham Geiger: Theologian / author / Leader of Reform Judaism
  • 05-28Alexandre Calamo: Switzerland -- Painter / etcher / lithographer
  • 05-29Erasmus Darwin Keyes: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 05-29Juan B Alberdi [Figarillo]: Argentina -- Politician / writer
  • 05-29Solomon Meredith: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1875

People died in year of 1810

  • 01-07Joseph Lipavsky: Composer, dies at 37
  • 01-28Andrew Hofer: Tyrolian rebel against French and Bavarians, shot dead
  • 02-20Johann Friedrich Kranz: Composer, dies at 57
  • 02-24Henry Cavendish: Physicist / chemist
  • 02-26Johann Ernst Rembt: Composer, dies at 60
  • 03-07Albertus H Wiese: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies, dies at about 48
  • 03-21Philippe-Joseph van den Berghe graaf Limmighe: Brabants ships
  • 04-07Pieter L van de Kasteele: Dutch politician / patriot, dies at 61
  • 04-10Konrad Back: Composer, dies at 60
  • 04-11Jakob Zupan: Composer, dies at 75
  • 06-01Johann Paul Wessely: Composer, dies at 47
  • 06-13J G Seume: Writer, dies at 47
  • 07-15Jean-Baptiste Rey: Composer, dies at 75
  • 07-19Luise: Queen of Prussia / Wife of Frederik Willem III, dies at 34
  • 09-09Johann Baptiste Hagenauer: Austrian sculptor, dies at 78
  • 09-20Wouter J van Troostwijk: Painter, dies at 28
  • 10-21Franz Teyber: Composer, dies at 52
  • 11-01Georg Anton Kreusser: Composer, dies at 64
  • 11-11Johann Zoffany: Painter, dies at 77
  • 11-26Nicolas Etienne Framery: Composer, dies at 65
  • 12-19Johann Heinrich Egli: Composer, dies at 68