Events in year of 1812

  • 01-09Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
  • 01-121st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
  • 01-237.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 02-078.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
  • 02-07Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords
  • 02-11Mass Gov Gerry signs a redistricting bill-1st "gerrymander"
  • 03-03US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
  • 03-11Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
  • 03-14Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
  • 03-151st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
  • 03-26Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas; about 20,000 die
  • 04-05Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French and Spanish
  • 04-30(Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
  • 05-11Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Most observers consider it disgusting and immoral. No wonder it caught on!
  • 05-25Earthquake destroys Caracas Venezuela
  • 06-04Louisiana Territory officially renamed "Missouri Territory"
  • 06-12Napoleon invades Russia
  • 06-18War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
  • 07-11US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
  • 07-12US forces led by General Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • 07-22Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
  • 07-23Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napolean fights Czar Alexander I
  • 08-01Rare tornado hits Westchester County, New York
  • 08-12Dr Joseph Lister is 1st surgeon to use disinfectant during surgery
  • 08-16Gen Hull surrenders Detroit and Michigan territory to England
  • 08-19US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
  • 09-07Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov
  • 09-14Napoleon occupies Moscow and fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th)
  • 09-15French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
  • 09-16Fire of Moscow

People born in year of 1812

  • 01-08Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg: Composer
  • 01-08William Henry Holmes: Composer
  • 01-13Humphrey Marshall: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1872
  • 01-14Carl Gradener: Composer
  • 01-20Ralph Pomeroy Buckland: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1892
  • 01-31John Randolph Tucker: Captain (Confederate Navy), died in 1883
  • 02-11Alexander Hamilton Stephens: Vice President (Confederacy), died in 1883
  • 02-11Benjamin Franklin Sands: Commander (Union Navy), died in 1883
  • 02-15Charles Lewis Tiffany: Killingly, Connecticut -- Jeweler (Tiffany)
  • 02-16Henry Wilson: (R) 18th VP (1873-75)
  • 02-19Lauro Rossi: Composer
  • 02-29Hermann Hirschboch: German composer
  • 03-06Aaron Lufkin Dennison: Father of American watchmaking
  • 03-09Jakob Eduard Schmolzer: Composer
  • 03-10Victor Tesch: Belgian lawyer / Minister of Justice
  • 03-11James Speed: Attorney General (Union), died in 1887
  • 03-11William Vincent Wallace: Composer
  • 03-16Henry Dwight Terry: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1869
  • 03-20George Bibb Crittenden: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
  • 04-03Louisa Maria: Queen of the Belgians (1832-50 / Wife of Leopold I)
  • 04-06Aaron Bernstein: Writer
  • 04-06Gavril Yakimovich Lomakin: Composer
  • 04-09Randolph Barnes Marcy: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1887
  • 04-15Pierre-Etienne-Theodore Rousseau: Painter
  • 04-23Louis-Antoine Julien: Conductor
  • 04-26Alfred Krupp: German arms Merchant
  • 04-27Friedrich von Flotow: Composer
  • 04-28Daniel Henry Rucker: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1910
  • 04-30Kaspar Hauser: German Son of grand Duke Karel van Bathe
  • 05-06Marin R Delany: Charles Town, West Virginia -- 1st black major in US Medical Corp

People died in year of 1812

  • 01-15Johannes Herbst: Composer, dies at 76
  • 01-24Eligio Celestino: Composer, dies at 72
  • 02-05Franz Schneider: Composer, dies at 74
  • 02-09Franz Anton Hoffmeister: Composer, dies at 57
  • 02-24Hugo Kollataj: Polish teacher / minister, dies at 61
  • 03-20Jan Ladislav Dussek: Bohemian pianist / composer, dies at 52
  • 04-11Gottlieb Schick: German Painter (Opfer Noachs), dies at 35
  • 04-20George Clinton: 4th US VP, dies at 73, 1st VP to die in office
  • 04-23Franz Sebastian Haindl: Composer, dies at 85
  • 05-13Johann Matthias Sperger: Composer, dies at 62
  • 05-21Joseph Wolfl: Composer, dies at 38
  • 06-02John W de Winter: Dutch Vice-Admiral, dies at battle at Kamperduin at 51
  • 06-16Franz Pforr: German Painter / cartoonist (Lukasbund), dies at 23
  • 07-14Christian G Heyne: German archaeologist, dies at 82
  • 07-24Joseph Schuster: Composer, dies at 63
  • 08-12Jean Joseph Rodolphe: Composer, dies at 81
  • 08-19Vincenzo Righini: Composer, dies at 56
  • 08-21Silverius Muller: Composer, dies at 67
  • 09-12Pyotr I Bagration: Georgian / Russian ruler / General, dies in battle
  • 09-21Emmanuel Johann Joseph Schikaneder: Composer, dies at 61
  • 10-11Jurriaan F de Frederici: Dutch Governor-General (Suriname), dies at 60
  • 10-13Isaac Brock: English General (conquered Detroit), dies in battle
  • 11-15Eagle Fokke Simonsz: Writer (Year 3000), dies at about 57
  • 12-12John Malchair: Composer, dies at 82
  • 12-13Marianne von Martinez: Composer, dies at 68
  • 12-20Sacagawea: Shoshone interpreter for Lewis & Clark
  • 12-23Michel Delalande: Composer, dies at 73

Events in year of 1813

  • 01-111st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1 / 21)
  • 01-14Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • 01-21Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01 / 111)
  • 01-22Americans capture Frenchtown, Canada
  • 02-231st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Massachusetts
  • 02-271st federal vaccination legislation enacted
  • 02-27Congress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail
  • 03-03Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • 03-081st concerto of Royal Philharmonic
  • 03-18David Melville, Newport, RI, patents apparatus for making coal gas
  • 03-251st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex
  • 04-27Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • 04-29Rubber is patented
  • 05-27Americans capture Ft George, Canada
  • 06-06US invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek (Ont)
  • 06-24Battle of Beaver Dam-British and Indian forces defeat US forces
  • 07-31British invade Plattsburgh, New York
  • 08-14British warship Pelican attacks and captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 08-23Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
  • 08-27Battle of Dresden-Napoleon defeats Austrians
  • 09-041st US relig newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))
  • 09-07"Uncle Sam" was 1st used to refer to US (Troy Post of NY)
  • 09-10Comm Oliver H Perry defeats British in Battle of Lake Erie
  • 10-05Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
  • 10-08Treaty of Ried between Bayern and Austria
  • 10-16Battle at Leipzig (Napoleon vs. Prussia, Austria and Russia)
  • 10-20German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • 11-02Treaty of Fulda
  • 11-03US troops under General Coffee destroy indian village at Talladega Ala
  • 11-06Chilpancingo Congress declares Mexico independent of Spain

People born in year of 1813

  • 01-04Alexander Freiherr von Bach: Austria -- Attorney / Premier (1852-59)
  • 01-04Isaac Pitman: Britain -- Inventor (stenographic shorthand)
  • 01-04Louis L Bonaparte: English / French linguist / senator
  • 01-05Thomas Neville Waul: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903
  • 01-15James Marion Sims: South Carolina, United States -- Surgeon / gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • 01-18Joseph Farwell Glidden: Inventor (1st coml useable barbed wire)
  • 01-19Henry Bessemer: Engineer / inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • 01-20Jacon Gartner Lauman: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 01-23Franz Commer: Composer
  • 01-31Samuel Sarphati: Amsterdam, Holland -- Physician / pharmacist / social activist
  • 02-08Jacob G Agarah: Swedish algologist
  • 02-13Charles Pierre Schimpf: Governor of Suriname (1855-59)
  • 02-14Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky: Composer
  • 02-14John McNeil: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 02-16Joseph Reid Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1892
  • 02-16Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky: Composer
  • 03-02George Alexander Macfarren: Composer
  • 03-04Wijnand J J Nuijen: Romantic / water colors painter (Wrecked)
  • 03-07Judocus Smits: Dutch Catholic newspaper pioneer / founder (The Time)
  • 03-18Friedrich Hebbel: Writer
  • 03-19David Livingstone: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Explorer (found by Stanley in Africa)
  • 03-20Matthias Keller: Ulm, Germany -- Hymm writer (O Farther un High)
  • 03-21James Jesse Strang: King of Mormons on Beaver Island, MI (1850-56)
  • 03-22Gabriel Rene Paul: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 03-26Thomas West Sherman: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
  • 03-27Nathaniel Currier: Lithographer (Currier & Ives)
  • 03-29John Letcher: Gov (Confederacy), died in 1884
  • 04-14Junius S Morgan: United States -- Merchant / philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)
  • 04-17Henry Washington Benham: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1884
  • 04-23Stephen Arnold Douglas [Little giant]: US senator (Lincoln debates)

People died in year of 1813

  • 01-20C M Wieland: Writer, dies at 79
  • 01-23George Clymer: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 73
  • 01-28Jan Joseph Rosler: Composer, dies at 41
  • 02-26Robert R Livingston: US diplomat (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 04-14Joachim Nicolas Eggert: Composer, dies at 34
  • 04-19Benjamin Rush: Physician / abolotionist (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 67
  • 04-29Christian Danner: Composer, dies at 55
  • 06-28Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst: Prus Minister of War (1807-10), dies in battle
  • 07-13Johann Friedrich Peter: Composer, dies at 67
  • 08-01Carl Stenborg: Composer, dies at 60
  • 08-19Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab: Composer, dies at 54
  • 08-19Josef Blazej Smrcek: Composer, dies at 61
  • 08-20Jan Krtitel Vanhal: Composer, dies at 74
  • 08-26Daniel Gottlob Turk: Composer, dies at 63
  • 09-24Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry: Composer, dies at 72
  • 09-25Braz Francisco de Lima: Composer, dies at 61
  • 10-05Etienne Ozi: Composer, dies at 58
  • 10-05Tecumseh: US Shawnee-chief / English General (Battle of Thames)
  • 10-19Josef Poniatovski: Polish General / marshal of France, dies in battle
  • 10-22August Harder: Composer, dies at 38
  • 11-21William Russell: Composer, dies at 36
  • 11-22Johann Gottfried Vierling: Composer, dies at 63
  • 11-29Giambattista Bodoni: Ital stamp cutter / publisher (bodoni), dies at 73
  • 11-30Friedrich August Baumbach: Composer, dies at 60
  • 12-01Ferdinando Bertoni: Composer, dies at 88