Events in year of 1813

  • 01-111st pineapples planted in Hawaii (or 1 / 21)
  • 01-14Gideon Hawley becomes 1st state school superintendent in US (NY)
  • 01-21Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01 / 111)
  • 01-22Americans capture Frenchtown, Canada
  • 02-231st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Massachusetts
  • 02-271st federal vaccination legislation enacted
  • 02-27Congress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail
  • 03-03Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms
  • 03-081st concerto of Royal Philharmonic
  • 03-18David Melville, Newport, RI, patents apparatus for making coal gas
  • 03-251st US flag flown in battle on the Pacific, frigate Essex
  • 04-27Americans under General Pike capture Toronto; Pike is killed
  • 04-29Rubber is patented
  • 05-27Americans capture Ft George, Canada
  • 06-06US invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek (Ont)
  • 06-24Battle of Beaver Dam-British and Indian forces defeat US forces
  • 07-31British invade Plattsburgh, New York
  • 08-14British warship Pelican attacks and captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 08-23Battle of Grossbeeren - Prussians under Von Bulow repulse French
  • 08-27Battle of Dresden-Napoleon defeats Austrians
  • 09-041st US relig newspaper (Religious Remembrancer (Christian Observer))
  • 09-07"Uncle Sam" was 1st used to refer to US (Troy Post of NY)
  • 09-10Comm Oliver H Perry defeats British in Battle of Lake Erie
  • 10-05Battle of Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British
  • 10-08Treaty of Ried between Bayern and Austria
  • 10-16Battle at Leipzig (Napoleon vs. Prussia, Austria and Russia)
  • 10-20German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
  • 11-02Treaty of Fulda
  • 11-03US troops under General Coffee destroy indian village at Talladega Ala
  • 11-06Chilpancingo Congress declares Mexico independent of Spain

People born in year of 1813

  • 01-04Alexander Freiherr von Bach: Austria -- Attorney / Premier (1852-59)
  • 01-04Isaac Pitman: Britain -- Inventor (stenographic shorthand)
  • 01-04Louis L Bonaparte: English / French linguist / senator
  • 01-05Thomas Neville Waul: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903
  • 01-15James Marion Sims: South Carolina, United States -- Surgeon / gynecologist (vesicovaginal operation)
  • 01-18Joseph Farwell Glidden: Inventor (1st coml useable barbed wire)
  • 01-19Henry Bessemer: Engineer / inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • 01-20Jacon Gartner Lauman: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 01-23Franz Commer: Composer
  • 01-31Samuel Sarphati: Amsterdam, Holland -- Physician / pharmacist / social activist
  • 02-08Jacob G Agarah: Swedish algologist
  • 02-13Charles Pierre Schimpf: Governor of Suriname (1855-59)
  • 02-14Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky: Composer
  • 02-14John McNeil: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 02-16Joseph Reid Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army) died in 1892
  • 02-16Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky: Composer
  • 03-02George Alexander Macfarren: Composer
  • 03-04Wijnand J J Nuijen: Romantic / water colors painter (Wrecked)
  • 03-07Judocus Smits: Dutch Catholic newspaper pioneer / founder (The Time)
  • 03-18Friedrich Hebbel: Writer
  • 03-19David Livingstone: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Explorer (found by Stanley in Africa)
  • 03-20Matthias Keller: Ulm, Germany -- Hymm writer (O Farther un High)
  • 03-21James Jesse Strang: King of Mormons on Beaver Island, MI (1850-56)
  • 03-22Gabriel Rene Paul: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 03-26Thomas West Sherman: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1879
  • 03-27Nathaniel Currier: Lithographer (Currier & Ives)
  • 03-29John Letcher: Gov (Confederacy), died in 1884
  • 04-14Junius S Morgan: United States -- Merchant / philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art)
  • 04-17Henry Washington Benham: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1884
  • 04-23Stephen Arnold Douglas [Little giant]: US senator (Lincoln debates)

People died in year of 1813

  • 01-20C M Wieland: Writer, dies at 79
  • 01-23George Clymer: US Merchant (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 73
  • 01-28Jan Joseph Rosler: Composer, dies at 41
  • 02-26Robert R Livingston: US diplomat (Declaration of Independence), dies at 66
  • 04-14Joachim Nicolas Eggert: Composer, dies at 34
  • 04-19Benjamin Rush: Physician / abolotionist (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 67
  • 04-29Christian Danner: Composer, dies at 55
  • 06-28Gerhard JD von Scharnhorst: Prus Minister of War (1807-10), dies in battle
  • 07-13Johann Friedrich Peter: Composer, dies at 67
  • 08-01Carl Stenborg: Composer, dies at 60
  • 08-19Johann Carl Friedrich Rellstab: Composer, dies at 54
  • 08-19Josef Blazej Smrcek: Composer, dies at 61
  • 08-20Jan Krtitel Vanhal: Composer, dies at 74
  • 08-26Daniel Gottlob Turk: Composer, dies at 63
  • 09-24Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry: Composer, dies at 72
  • 09-25Braz Francisco de Lima: Composer, dies at 61
  • 10-05Etienne Ozi: Composer, dies at 58
  • 10-05Tecumseh: US Shawnee-chief / English General (Battle of Thames)
  • 10-19Josef Poniatovski: Polish General / marshal of France, dies in battle
  • 10-22August Harder: Composer, dies at 38
  • 11-21William Russell: Composer, dies at 36
  • 11-22Johann Gottfried Vierling: Composer, dies at 63
  • 11-29Giambattista Bodoni: Ital stamp cutter / publisher (bodoni), dies at 73
  • 11-30Friedrich August Baumbach: Composer, dies at 60
  • 12-01Ferdinando Bertoni: Composer, dies at 88

Events in year of 1814

  • 01-02Lord Byron completes "The Corsair"
  • 01-14King of Denmark cedes Norway to King of Sweden by treaty of Kiel
  • 01-221st Knights Templar grand encampment in US held, New York City
  • 02-01Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200
  • 02-27Ludwig von Beethovens 8th Symphony in F, premieres
  • 03-20Prince Willem Frederik becomes Monarch of the Netherlands
  • 03-25Netherlands Bank established
  • 03-27Battle at Horseshoe Bend: General Andrew Jackson beats Creek-indians
  • 03-29Battle at Horseshoe Bend Ala: Andrew Jackson beats Creek-indians
  • 03-30Britain and allies march into Paris after defeating Napoleon
  • 03-31Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
  • 04-09Elias Canneman (L) resigns as Minister of Finance
  • 04-111st abdication of France by Napoleon; he is exiled to Elba
  • 04-14Napoleon abdicated and was banished to Elba
  • 04-26King Louis XVIII lands on Calais, from England
  • 05-04Bourbon reign restored in France
  • 05-05British attack Ft Ontario, Oswego, New York
  • 05-11Americans defeat British at Battle of Plattsburgh
  • 05-17Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden (National Day)
  • 05-17Norwegian constitution passed by constitutent assembly at Eidsvoll
  • 07-03Americans capture Fort Erie Canada
  • 07-05Americans defeat British and Canadians at Chippewa, Ontario
  • 07-18British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
  • 07-25George Stephenson introduced the 1st steam locomotive
  • 08-01Belgium King Willem I accept blame in Southern defeat
  • 08-07Pope Pius VII reinstates Jesuits
  • 08-08Peace negotiations begin in Ghent, Belgium
  • 08-13Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch
  • 08-13Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves
  • 08-24British forces captured Washington, DC, and burned down many landmarks

People born in year of 1814

  • 01-08Johannes Kneppelhout [Klikspaan]: Dutch humorist
  • 01-08Thomas Green: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 01-10Aubrey de Vere: Irish writer (Victorian Observer)
  • 01-11James Paget: English surgeon (disease of Paget)
  • 01-11Richard Griffith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1862
  • 01-12Jones Mitchell Withers: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1890
  • 01-14Johannes Josephus Viotta: Composer
  • 01-17Ellen Wood: English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey)
  • 01-21Thomas Attwood Walmisley: Composer
  • 01-25Francis Harrison Pierpont: Governor (Union), died in 1899
  • 01-26Rufus King: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1876
  • 01-30Jean-Baptist Capronnier: French / Belgian glass painter
  • 02-09Samuel Jones Tilden: Philanthropist for New York Public Library
  • 02-21Nicolo Gabrielli: Composer
  • 02-22Henryk Oskar Kolberg: Composer
  • 03-03Charles Kensington Salaman: Composer
  • 03-16Jules Eugene Abraham Alary: Composer
  • 03-22Thomas Crawford: US sculptor (Babes in the Wood)
  • 03-24Galen Clark: United States -- Naturalist / discovered Mariposa Grove
  • 04-02Henry Lewis "Old Rock" Benning: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 04-04John Blair Smith Todd: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1872
  • 04-15John Lothrop Motley: United States -- Historian / author (Rise of Dutch Rep)
  • 04-21Beni Egressy: Composer
  • 04-24Angela Burdett-Coutts: Philanthropist extrordinaire
  • 05-06Wilhelm Ernst: Violinist / composer
  • 05-08Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin: Anarchist
  • 05-09Adolph von Henselt: Composer
  • 06-08Charles Reade: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Cloister & Hearth)
  • 06-19Johannes H Weissenbruch: Landscape painter
  • 07-02Atale Therese Annette Wartel: Composer

People died in year of 1814

  • 01-05Johann Gottfried Krebs: Composer, dies at 72
  • 01-23Georg Friedrich Theodor Wolf: Composer, dies at 52
  • 01-27Johann Gottlieb Fichte: Philosopher
  • 01-27Philip Astley: Theatre manager
  • 01-29Johann G Fichte: German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51
  • 02-03Johann Antonin Kozeluch: Composer, dies at 75
  • 02-13Augustin Holler: Composer, dies at 69
  • 04-01Jozef de Ferraris: French / Austrian General / cartographer, dies at 87
  • 05-06George Joseph Vogler: Composer, dies at 64
  • 05-07Franz Volrath Buttstett: Composer, dies at 79
  • 05-12Robert Treat Paine: US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 83
  • 06-07Robert Jasper van der de Capellen: Mister of Marsch, dies at 71
  • 06-08Friedrich Heinrich Himmel: Composer, dies at 48
  • 06-15Charles Palissot de Montenoy: French writer / politician, dies at 84
  • 06-27Johann Friedrich Reichardt: Composer, dies at 61
  • 07-07Robert Jasper van der Capellen: Dutch politician, dies at 71
  • 07-19Matthew Flinders: English cartographer (Australia coast), dies at 40
  • 07-25Charles Dibdin: Composer, dies at 69
  • 09-01Erik Eriksson Tulindberg: Composer, dies at 53
  • 09-22A W Iffland: Writer
  • 10-01Jakob I van Przysucha: Polish hassidic leader
  • 10-16Juan Jose Landaeta: Composer, dies at 34
  • 11-23Elbridge Gerry: US Merchant / signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 70
  • 12-02Marquis de Sade: Writer, dies at 74
  • 12-09Jose Angel Lamas: Composer, dies at 39
  • 12-13Charles Joseph Prince of Ligne: Belg Field Marshal / author, dies at 79