Events in year of 1818

  • 01-01Official reopening of the White House
  • 01-30Keats composes his sonnet, "When I Have Fears"
  • 02-071st successful US educational magazine "Academician, " begins (NYC)
  • 02-12Chile gains independence from Spain
  • 02-17Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun patents "draisine" (early bicycle)
  • 03-18Congress approves 1st pensions for government service
  • 04-04Congress decided US flag is 13 red and white stripes and 20 stars
  • 04-07Gen Andrew Jackson conquers St. Marks, Florida from Seminole indians
  • 04-14US Medical Corp forms
  • 04-16Senate ratifies Rush-Bagot amendment (unarmed US-Canada border)
  • 04-28Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes and Lake Champlain
  • 05-04Netherlands and England sign treaty against illegal slave handling
  • 05-11Cincinnati Reds Hod Eller no-hits St. Louis Cardinals, 6-0
  • 05-24Gen Andrew Jackson captures Pensacola Florida
  • 05-281st steam-vessel to sail Great Lakes launched
  • 06-03Maratha Wars between British and Maratha Confederacy in India ends
  • 08-22Grand duchy of Bathe forms
  • 09-30Congress of Aken: Russia, Austria, Prussia, France and England
  • 10-082 English boxers are 1st to use padded gloves
  • 10-09Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
  • 10-19US and Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty
  • 10-2049th parallel forms as border between US and Canada
  • 10-20US and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • 10-24Felix Mendelssohn, 9, performs his 1st public concert (Berlin)
  • 12-03Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)
  • 12-24"Silent Night" composed by Franz Joseph Gruber; 1st sung next day
  • 12-24Franz Xaver Gruber composes "Silent Night"
  • 12-251st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night") sung (Austria)

People born in year of 1818

  • 01-11John Reese Kenly: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 01-17Antoine Dorion: (L) joint Premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
  • 01-18Johannes van Vloten: Dutch literary / theologist
  • 01-28George Sewall Boutwell: MC (Union), died in 1905
  • 01-31William Raine Peck: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1871
  • 02-06William Maxwell Evarts: (Union), died in 1901
  • 02-08Austin Blair: Gov / MC (Union), died in 1894
  • 02-10Isham Green Harris: Gov (Confederacy), died in 1897
  • 02-12Otto Ludwig: German writer (Die Heiterethei)
  • 02-23Jeremy F Gilmer: Major General / Chief Engineer Confederate War Department
  • 03-10George Wythe Randolph: Confederate States Secretary of War, died in 1867
  • 03-11John Wilkins Whitfield: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1879
  • 03-12John Lorimar Worden: Captain (Union Navy), died in 1897
  • 03-13Albion Parris Howe: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1897
  • 03-23Don Carlos Buell: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
  • 03-25Isaac Ingalls Stevens: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1862
  • 03-27Jakob Axel Josephson: Composer
  • 03-28Wade Hampton: South Carolina, United States -- Lieutenant General (Confederate Army), died in 1902
  • 04-05Lewis Baldwin Parsons: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 04-06Francis Henry Brown: Composer
  • 04-08Christaan IX: King of Denmark (1863-1906)
  • 04-22Cadwallader Colden Washburn: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 04-23James Anthony Froude: Historian
  • 04-23John Gill Shorter: Gov (Confederacy), died in 1872
  • 04-25Marek Konrad Sokolowski: Composer
  • 04-29Alexander II N Romanov: Tsar of Russia (1855-81)
  • 05-20William George Fargo: Founder (Wells Fargo)
  • 05-25Jacob Burckhardt: Switzerland -- Cultural historian
  • 05-28Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard: US Confederate General (Hero of Sumter)
  • 05-31John Albion Andrew: Gov (Union), died in 1867

People died in year of 1818

  • 01-01Fedele Fenaroli: Composer, dies at 87
  • 02-01Giuseppi Gazzaniga: Composer, dies at 74
  • 02-14John C Hespe: Dutch journalist / politician, dies at 61
  • 02-15Charles XIII: King of Sweden (1809-18) / Norway (1814-18), dies at 69
  • 02-28Adriaan Loosjes Pzn: Dut publisher / writer (Moral Stories), dies at 56
  • 03-23Nicolas Isouard: Composer, dies at 42
  • 03-28Giuseppe Antonio Capuzzi: Composer, dies at 62
  • 04-18Pieter PJQ Ondaatje: Ceylon / Dutch lawyer, dies at 59
  • 05-02Herman W Daendels: Governor-General of Guinea (1815-18), dies at 55
  • 05-07Leopold Jan Antonin Kozeluh: Composer, dies at 70
  • 05-08Franz Ignaz Kaa: Composer, dies at 78
  • 05-10Paul Revere: American patriot
  • 05-26Michael A Barclay de Tolly: Russian Field Marshal / War Minister
  • 06-04John van Well: Choreographer / mime (Pierrot), dies at 44
  • 06-29Carl P Fohr: German Painter / cartoonist, dies at 22
  • 08-22Warren Hastings: 1st Governor-General of India (1773-84), dies at 85
  • 08-28Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable: Trader, founder of Chicago
  • 09-18Olaf Swaertz: Botanist
  • 10-22Joachim H Campe: German theory / author, dies at 72
  • 10-28Abigail Adams: 2nd first lady (1797-1801), dies at 73
  • 11-17Charlotte Sophia von Mecklenburg-Strelitz: Queen of England
  • 12-05Bruno Daalberg / Anonymus Belga: Secretary of High Council Adel, dies at 60
  • 12-31Jean-Pierre Duport: Composer, dies at 77

Events in year of 1819

  • 01-16Godert baron van der de Capellen becomes Governor of Dutch-Indies
  • 01-28Sir Stamford Raffles 1st lands in Singapore
  • 02-06Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds freeport harbor Singapore
  • 03-02Territory of Arkansas organized
  • 03-02US passed its 1st immigration law
  • 04-021st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") begins
  • 04-26Odd Fellows Lodge forms
  • 05-211st bicycles (swift walkers) in US introduced in New York City
  • 05-221st steam propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga)
  • 06-12Dutch colonial troops driven out of Palembang Sumatra
  • 06-20320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)
  • 07-031st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors
  • 07-04William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet
  • 08-021st parachute jump in US
  • 08-16Manchester Massacre: English police charge unemployed demonstrators
  • 09-06Thomas Blanchard patents lathe
  • 09-171st whaling ship arrives in Hawaii
  • 10-221st ship sails by Erie-channel (Rome-Utica)
  • 12-14Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state

People born in year of 1819

  • 01-01Arthur Hugh Clough: Poet, friend of Matthew Arnold
  • 01-01George Foster Shepley: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 01-03Thomas Hill Watts: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1892
  • 01-12Zealous Bates Tower: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1900
  • 01-14Fabio Campana: Composer
  • 01-14Frederick Steele: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 02-01Henry Lawrence Eustis: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 02-04Joshua Norton: San Francisco, California -- Norton I, Emperor of USA
  • 02-08John Ruskin: Writer / critic / artist / Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
  • 02-10Richard Storrs Willis: Composer
  • 02-11Samuel Parkman Tuckerman: Composer
  • 02-14James Green Martin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1878
  • 02-15Christopher Sholes: Mooresburg, Pennsylvania -- Inventor (typewriter)
  • 02-18Joseph Philbrick Webster: Composer
  • 02-19Mark Prager Lindo: English / Dutch author / Novelist / writer
  • 02-22Bernardo Calvo Puig: Composer
  • 02-22James Russell Lowell: Poet / critic / diplomat / abolitionist
  • 03-04Charles Oberthur: Composer
  • 03-11Henry Tate: English sugar producer (Tate Gallery)
  • 03-11Marius Petipa: French ballet dancer / choreographer (Don Quiotte)
  • 03-19David Henry Williams: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 03-22William Wirt Adams: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
  • 03-26Francisco Eduardo da Costa: Composer
  • 03-26Louise Otto: Germany -- Author / feminist
  • 03-29Edwin Drake: Drilled 1st productive US oil well
  • 03-29Isaac Mayer Wise: Rabbi / founder (American Hebrew Congregations)
  • 04-06Johann A H Scheler: Belgian librarian
  • 04-07Hubert Leonard: Composer
  • 04-14Charles Halle: Pianist / conductor / founder (Halle Orch)
  • 05-01William Steele: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885

People died in year of 1819

  • 01-08Christian Gottlob Saupe: Composer, dies at 55
  • 01-20Carlos IV: King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70
  • 03-09Janos Fusz: Composer, dies at 41
  • 03-10Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi: Writer
  • 03-16Nicolas Sejan: Composer, dies at 73
  • 03-23August v Kotzebue: Writer
  • 05-11Caspar Furstenau: Composer, dies at 47
  • 05-16Alexander van Bylandt: Military, dies at 75
  • 05-22John H van Kinsbergen: Lieutenant Admiral / founder (Corps Marines), dies at 84
  • 06-26Johann Wilhelm Stadler: Composer, dies at 71
  • 06-26Slome Duikelar [Abraham J Swalff]: Yiddish writer
  • 06-30Ernst Ludwig Gerber: Composer, dies at 72
  • 07-20John Playfair: Scottish geologist / mathematician
  • 07-24Sophie Gail: Composer, dies at 43
  • 08-23Oliver Hazard Perry: Naval hero, dies on 34th birthday
  • 09-06Georg Druschetzky: Composer, dies at 74
  • 09-07Jean-Louis Duport: Composer, dies at 69
  • 09-08Franz Stanislaus Spindler: Composer, dies at 56
  • 09-14Erik Acharius: Swedish botanist
  • 09-28Karl Haack: Composer, dies at 68
  • 09-30Nicolas Roze: Composer, dies at 74
  • 10-06Charles Emanuel II: King of Sardinia (1796-1802) / Jesuit
  • 10-13Giovanni Battista Gaiani: Composer, dies at 61
  • 10-15F Louise W: Daughter of Viceroy Willem V, dies at 48
  • 10-20Lambert-Francois Godecharle: Composer, dies at 66
  • 11-05Dirk van den Boetzelaer: Regent of Holland, dies at 55
  • 12-09Ann C Coleman: Fiancee of President Buchanan, commits suicide
  • 12-20Louis-Luc Loiseau de Persuis: Composer, dies at 50