Events in year of 1819

  • 01-16Godert baron van der de Capellen becomes Governor of Dutch-Indies
  • 01-28Sir Stamford Raffles 1st lands in Singapore
  • 02-06Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles founds freeport harbor Singapore
  • 03-02Territory of Arkansas organized
  • 03-02US passed its 1st immigration law
  • 04-021st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") begins
  • 04-26Odd Fellows Lodge forms
  • 05-211st bicycles (swift walkers) in US introduced in New York City
  • 05-221st steam propelled vessel to cross Atlantic (Savannah leaves Ga)
  • 06-12Dutch colonial troops driven out of Palembang Sumatra
  • 06-20320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)
  • 07-031st savings bank in US (Bank of Savings in NYC) opens its doors
  • 07-04William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet
  • 08-021st parachute jump in US
  • 08-16Manchester Massacre: English police charge unemployed demonstrators
  • 09-06Thomas Blanchard patents lathe
  • 09-171st whaling ship arrives in Hawaii
  • 10-221st ship sails by Erie-channel (Rome-Utica)
  • 12-14Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state

People born in year of 1819

  • 01-01Arthur Hugh Clough: Poet, friend of Matthew Arnold
  • 01-01George Foster Shepley: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 01-03Thomas Hill Watts: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1892
  • 01-12Zealous Bates Tower: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1900
  • 01-14Fabio Campana: Composer
  • 01-14Frederick Steele: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1868
  • 02-01Henry Lawrence Eustis: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1885
  • 02-04Joshua Norton: San Francisco, California -- Norton I, Emperor of USA
  • 02-08John Ruskin: Writer / critic / artist / Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
  • 02-10Richard Storrs Willis: Composer
  • 02-11Samuel Parkman Tuckerman: Composer
  • 02-14James Green Martin: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1878
  • 02-15Christopher Sholes: Mooresburg, Pennsylvania -- Inventor (typewriter)
  • 02-18Joseph Philbrick Webster: Composer
  • 02-19Mark Prager Lindo: English / Dutch author / Novelist / writer
  • 02-22Bernardo Calvo Puig: Composer
  • 02-22James Russell Lowell: Poet / critic / diplomat / abolitionist
  • 03-04Charles Oberthur: Composer
  • 03-11Henry Tate: English sugar producer (Tate Gallery)
  • 03-11Marius Petipa: French ballet dancer / choreographer (Don Quiotte)
  • 03-19David Henry Williams: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 03-22William Wirt Adams: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1888
  • 03-26Francisco Eduardo da Costa: Composer
  • 03-26Louise Otto: Germany -- Author / feminist
  • 03-29Edwin Drake: Drilled 1st productive US oil well
  • 03-29Isaac Mayer Wise: Rabbi / founder (American Hebrew Congregations)
  • 04-06Johann A H Scheler: Belgian librarian
  • 04-07Hubert Leonard: Composer
  • 04-14Charles Halle: Pianist / conductor / founder (Halle Orch)
  • 05-01William Steele: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1885

People died in year of 1819

  • 01-08Christian Gottlob Saupe: Composer, dies at 55
  • 01-20Carlos IV: King of Spain (1788-1808), dies at 70
  • 03-09Janos Fusz: Composer, dies at 41
  • 03-10Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi: Writer
  • 03-16Nicolas Sejan: Composer, dies at 73
  • 03-23August v Kotzebue: Writer
  • 05-11Caspar Furstenau: Composer, dies at 47
  • 05-16Alexander van Bylandt: Military, dies at 75
  • 05-22John H van Kinsbergen: Lieutenant Admiral / founder (Corps Marines), dies at 84
  • 06-26Johann Wilhelm Stadler: Composer, dies at 71
  • 06-26Slome Duikelar [Abraham J Swalff]: Yiddish writer
  • 06-30Ernst Ludwig Gerber: Composer, dies at 72
  • 07-20John Playfair: Scottish geologist / mathematician
  • 07-24Sophie Gail: Composer, dies at 43
  • 08-23Oliver Hazard Perry: Naval hero, dies on 34th birthday
  • 09-06Georg Druschetzky: Composer, dies at 74
  • 09-07Jean-Louis Duport: Composer, dies at 69
  • 09-08Franz Stanislaus Spindler: Composer, dies at 56
  • 09-14Erik Acharius: Swedish botanist
  • 09-28Karl Haack: Composer, dies at 68
  • 09-30Nicolas Roze: Composer, dies at 74
  • 10-06Charles Emanuel II: King of Sardinia (1796-1802) / Jesuit
  • 10-13Giovanni Battista Gaiani: Composer, dies at 61
  • 10-15F Louise W: Daughter of Viceroy Willem V, dies at 48
  • 10-20Lambert-Francois Godecharle: Composer, dies at 66
  • 11-05Dirk van den Boetzelaer: Regent of Holland, dies at 55
  • 12-09Ann C Coleman: Fiancee of President Buchanan, commits suicide
  • 12-20Louis-Luc Loiseau de Persuis: Composer, dies at 50

Events in year of 1820

  • 01-12Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
  • 01-30Edward Bransfield aboard Williams discovers Antarctica (UK claim)
  • 02-061st organized emigration of blacks back to Africa (NY to Sierra Leone)
  • 02-06US population announced at 9,638,453 (1,771,656 blacks (18.4%))
  • 02-23Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
  • 03-03Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri
  • 03-05Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • 03-15Maine admitted as 23rd state
  • 03-25Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • 06-28Tomato is proven non-poisonous
  • 08-071st potatoes planted in Hawaii
  • 08-141st US eye hospital, the New York Eye Infirmary, opens in New York City
  • 10-09Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • 10-20Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • 11-03Cuenca Ecuador declares independence
  • 11-07James Monroe elected 5th US President
  • 11-18Antarctica discovered by US Navy Captain Nathaniel B Palmer
  • 12-06US President James Monroe re-elected
  • 12-151st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
  • 12-20Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men between 21 and 50

People born in year of 1820

  • 01-09Pavel Krizkovsky: Composer
  • 01-17Anne Bronte: English Novelist / poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall)
  • 01-18Abraham Buford: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1884
  • 01-19John Haskell King: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1888
  • 01-20Anne Jemima Clough: England, United Kingdom -- Promoted higher education for women
  • 01-22Hermann von Lingg: German playwright / poet
  • 01-22Johan Hendrik Koelman: Portrait painter (Jahresringe)
  • 01-23Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov: Composer
  • 01-24John Milton Thayer: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 02-02Hans E Schack: Danish politician / writer (Phantasterne)
  • 02-03Elisha Kent Kane: US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)
  • 02-08William Tecumseh Sherman: Major General (Union Army), died in 1891
  • 02-13Bela Albrecht Pal Keler: Composer
  • 02-17Henri Vieuxtemps: Verviers, Belgium -- Composer / teacher (Brussels Cons)
  • 02-20Mahlon Dickerson Manson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 02-28John Tenniel: England, United Kingdom -- Cartoonist / illustrator (Alice in Wonderland)
  • 02-29Adolf Schimon: Composer
  • 03-01George Davis: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1896
  • 03-01Richard Redhead: Composer
  • 03-02Multatuli: Writer
  • 03-03Eduard Douwes Dekker [Multatuli]: Dutch writer (Max Havelaar)
  • 03-06Horatio Gouverneur Wright: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 03-07Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman: Composer
  • 03-13Louis Herbert: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 03-14Victor Emmanuel II: King of Sardinia (1849-61) / Italy (1861-78)
  • 03-17Patrick Edward Connor: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 03-20Alexander J Cuza: Monarch of Moldavia / Wallachia / Romania
  • 03-21Frank Mori: Composer
  • 03-25Xavier F M G: Earl of Merode, Belgian Minister to Pope (in Rome)
  • 04-04Charles Devens, Jr.: Major General, Bvt (Union volunteers), died in 1891

People died in year of 1820

  • 01-17Daniel W Wyttenbach: Dutch classicist / historian, dies at 73
  • 01-25Joseph F Weigl: German / Austria violin cellist, dies at 79
  • 01-29George III: King of Great-Britain (1760-1820), dies at 81
  • 02-07Samuel Adams Holyoke: Composer, dies at 57
  • 02-12Guillaume Albert Teniers: Composer, dies at 71
  • 02-14Charles F: Duke of Berry, murdered at 42
  • 02-15Pierre-Joseph Cambon: Member of Committee the Salut Public, dies at 63
  • 02-15William Ellery: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 92
  • 03-11Benjamin West: British Painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81
  • 03-22Stephen Decatur: Killed in a duel with Com James Barron at 41
  • 03-26Jean-Etienne Despreaux: Composer, dies at 71
  • 04-05Henrik C Cras: Lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii), dies at 81
  • 04-20Arthur Young: Author (Annals of Agriculture)
  • 05-10Matthaus Stegmayer: Composer, dies at 49
  • 05-14Paul Friedrich Struck: Composer, dies at 43
  • 06-09Wilhelmina FS: Princess of Prussia / Orange, dies at 68
  • 06-19Joseph Banks: English natural Historian (Cook / Australia)
  • 08-06Antonin Vranicky: Composer, dies at 59
  • 08-06M A Elisa Bonaparte: Corsican Monarch of Lucca, dies at 43
  • 08-11Janos Lavotta: Composer, dies at 56
  • 09-07Coert L van Beyma thoe Kingma: Fries regent / patriot, dies at 67
  • 09-17Henri Hamal: Composer, dies at 76
  • 09-21Joseph R Drake: US Poet (American Flag), dies at 25
  • 09-26Daniel Boone: Frontiersman, dies in Missouri at 85
  • 10-03Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith: Composer, dies at 74
  • 10-12Elias Annes Borger: Theologist / Poet (Ode on the Rhine), dies at 36
  • 12-21Charles-Francois Dumonchau: Composer, dies at 45