Events in year of 1820

  • 01-12Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
  • 01-30Edward Bransfield aboard Williams discovers Antarctica (UK claim)
  • 02-061st organized emigration of blacks back to Africa (NY to Sierra Leone)
  • 02-06US population announced at 9,638,453 (1,771,656 blacks (18.4%))
  • 02-23Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
  • 03-03Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri
  • 03-05Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
  • 03-15Maine admitted as 23rd state
  • 03-25Greece freedom revolt against anti Ottoman attack
  • 06-28Tomato is proven non-poisonous
  • 08-071st potatoes planted in Hawaii
  • 08-141st US eye hospital, the New York Eye Infirmary, opens in New York City
  • 10-09Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
  • 10-20Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • 11-03Cuenca Ecuador declares independence
  • 11-07James Monroe elected 5th US President
  • 11-18Antarctica discovered by US Navy Captain Nathaniel B Palmer
  • 12-06US President James Monroe re-elected
  • 12-151st General pharmacopoeia in US published, Boston
  • 12-20Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men between 21 and 50

People born in year of 1820

  • 01-09Pavel Krizkovsky: Composer
  • 01-17Anne Bronte: English Novelist / poet (Tenant of Wildfell Hall)
  • 01-18Abraham Buford: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1884
  • 01-19John Haskell King: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1888
  • 01-20Anne Jemima Clough: England, United Kingdom -- Promoted higher education for women
  • 01-22Hermann von Lingg: German playwright / poet
  • 01-22Johan Hendrik Koelman: Portrait painter (Jahresringe)
  • 01-23Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov: Composer
  • 01-24John Milton Thayer: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 02-02Hans E Schack: Danish politician / writer (Phantasterne)
  • 02-03Elisha Kent Kane: US Arctic explorer (Kane Basin off NW Greenland)
  • 02-08William Tecumseh Sherman: Major General (Union Army), died in 1891
  • 02-13Bela Albrecht Pal Keler: Composer
  • 02-17Henri Vieuxtemps: Verviers, Belgium -- Composer / teacher (Brussels Cons)
  • 02-20Mahlon Dickerson Manson: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 02-28John Tenniel: England, United Kingdom -- Cartoonist / illustrator (Alice in Wonderland)
  • 02-29Adolf Schimon: Composer
  • 03-01George Davis: Attorney General (Confederacy), died in 1896
  • 03-01Richard Redhead: Composer
  • 03-02Multatuli: Writer
  • 03-03Eduard Douwes Dekker [Multatuli]: Dutch writer (Max Havelaar)
  • 03-06Horatio Gouverneur Wright: Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 03-07Gustav Heinrich Graben-Hoffman: Composer
  • 03-13Louis Herbert: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 03-14Victor Emmanuel II: King of Sardinia (1849-61) / Italy (1861-78)
  • 03-17Patrick Edward Connor: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 03-20Alexander J Cuza: Monarch of Moldavia / Wallachia / Romania
  • 03-21Frank Mori: Composer
  • 03-25Xavier F M G: Earl of Merode, Belgian Minister to Pope (in Rome)
  • 04-04Charles Devens, Jr.: Major General, Bvt (Union volunteers), died in 1891

People died in year of 1820

  • 01-17Daniel W Wyttenbach: Dutch classicist / historian, dies at 73
  • 01-25Joseph F Weigl: German / Austria violin cellist, dies at 79
  • 01-29George III: King of Great-Britain (1760-1820), dies at 81
  • 02-07Samuel Adams Holyoke: Composer, dies at 57
  • 02-12Guillaume Albert Teniers: Composer, dies at 71
  • 02-14Charles F: Duke of Berry, murdered at 42
  • 02-15Pierre-Joseph Cambon: Member of Committee the Salut Public, dies at 63
  • 02-15William Ellery: US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 92
  • 03-11Benjamin West: British Painter (Death of General Wolfe), dies at 81
  • 03-22Stephen Decatur: Killed in a duel with Com James Barron at 41
  • 03-26Jean-Etienne Despreaux: Composer, dies at 71
  • 04-05Henrik C Cras: Lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii), dies at 81
  • 04-20Arthur Young: Author (Annals of Agriculture)
  • 05-10Matthaus Stegmayer: Composer, dies at 49
  • 05-14Paul Friedrich Struck: Composer, dies at 43
  • 06-09Wilhelmina FS: Princess of Prussia / Orange, dies at 68
  • 06-19Joseph Banks: English natural Historian (Cook / Australia)
  • 08-06Antonin Vranicky: Composer, dies at 59
  • 08-06M A Elisa Bonaparte: Corsican Monarch of Lucca, dies at 43
  • 08-11Janos Lavotta: Composer, dies at 56
  • 09-07Coert L van Beyma thoe Kingma: Fries regent / patriot, dies at 67
  • 09-17Henri Hamal: Composer, dies at 76
  • 09-21Joseph R Drake: US Poet (American Flag), dies at 25
  • 09-26Daniel Boone: Frontiersman, dies in Missouri at 85
  • 10-03Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith: Composer, dies at 74
  • 10-12Elias Annes Borger: Theologist / Poet (Ode on the Rhine), dies at 36
  • 12-21Charles-Francois Dumonchau: Composer, dies at 45

Events in year of 1821

  • 01-21Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
  • 01-28Bellingshausen discovers Alexander Island off Antarctica
  • 02-12Mercantile Library of City of New York opens
  • 02-22Spain sells (east) Florida to United States for $5 million
  • 02-23College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
  • 02-24Mexico gains independence from Spain
  • 03-05Monroe is 1st President inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
  • 03-14African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (NY)
  • 03-25Greece gains independence from Turkey (National Day)
  • 05-30James Boyd patents Rubber Fire Hose
  • 05-31Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
  • 06-21African Methodist Episcopal Zion (AMEZ) Church organizes (NYC)
  • 06-23Dutch troops conquer Palembang
  • 07-17Spain cedes Florida to US
  • 07-28Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 08-041st edition of Saturday Evening Post (publishes until 1969)
  • 08-061st edition of "Courrier of Pays-Bas" newspaper published in Brussels
  • 08-10Missouri admitted as 24th US state
  • 08-19Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII
  • 08-23Mexico declares independence
  • 09-011st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
  • 09-15Costa Rica El Salvador Guatemala Honduras and Nicaragua gain independ
  • 09-27Mexican Empire declares its independence
  • 09-27Revolutionary forces occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw
  • 11-091st US pharmacy college holds 1st classes, Philadelphia
  • 11-28Panama declares independence from Spain
  • 12-01Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • 12-17Kentucky abolishes debtors prisons
  • 12-28Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna

People born in year of 1821

  • 01-04John James Peck: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1878
  • 01-07Lucius Jeremiah Gartrell: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1891
  • 01-08James Longstreet: Confederate General (1st Corps, ANV)
  • 01-12Nikolai Afanisev: Composer
  • 01-15Lafayette McLaws: Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1897
  • 01-21John Cabell Breckinridge: (D) 14th US VP (1857-61) / Major General (Confed)
  • 01-29Isaac Ferdinand Quinby: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1891
  • 02-01Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg: Composer
  • 02-03Elizabeth Blackwell: Bristol, England -- 1st woman Physician
  • 02-10William Read Scurry: (Confederate Army Brigadier General) Died in 1864.
  • 02-11Hermann Allmers: Writer
  • 02-15Abraham de Amorie van der de Have: Theologist / poet
  • 02-16Heinrich Barth: Hamburg, Germany -- Geographer / explorer (Central Africa)
  • 02-19Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Lexington, Kentucky -- (Rep-Missouri)
  • 02-21Charles Scribner: United States -- Music publisher (Scribner Catalog)
  • 03-12Luitpold von Bayern: Prince-regent of Bayern
  • 03-14Jens Worsaae: Denmark -- Archaeologist
  • 03-16Ernest Feydeau: French author (Georges Feydeau)
  • 03-19Francis Barretto Spinola: Brigadier General (Union volunteers)
  • 03-19William Allingham: Irish poet (Laurence Bloomfield in Ireland)
  • 03-23Aleksej F Pisemski: Russian writer (Clodhopper)
  • 03-24[George] Hector Tyndale: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 03-26Earnest Angel: German statistician (Law of Angel)
  • 03-29Joshua Thomas Owen: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1887
  • 04-04Linus Yale: United States -- Portrait painter / inventor (Yale cylinder lock)
  • 04-09Charles-Pierre Baudelaire: France -- Symbolist poet (Flowers of Evil)
  • 04-15Emerson Brown Joseph: (Confederacy), died in 1894
  • 04-16Ford Maddox Brown: Painter
  • 04-19Mortimer Dormer Leggett: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 04-23Pierre Dupont: Song writer

People died in year of 1821

  • 01-04Elizabeth Ann Seton: 1st native-born American saint, dies in Maryland
  • 01-25Johan Valckenier: Dutch politician / patriot, dies at 62
  • 02-08Paul Anton Wineberger: Composer, dies at 62
  • 02-23John Keats: Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome
  • 02-23Marie-Anne Collot: French sculptor
  • 03-23Bernhard Anselm Weber: Pianist / conductor / composer, dies at 56
  • 04-09Felix Maximo Lopez: Composer, dies at 78
  • 04-20Franz K Achard: German physicist / chemist, dies at 67
  • 04-22John Crome [Old Crome]: English landscape Painter / etcher, dies at 52
  • 05-05Napoleon I Bonaparte: Emperor France (1799-1815), dies in St Helena
  • 05-15John Wall Calcott: Composer, dies at 54
  • 06-18Charles Hague: Composer, dies at 52
  • 07-09Tommaso Sogner: Composer, dies at 58
  • 07-21Maurice J M Prince de Broglie: Bishop of Ghent, dies at about 55
  • 08-01Elizabeth Inchbald (Simpson): Actress / Author (Lady Abbess), dies at 68
  • 08-04William Floyd: US soldier / signer (Declar of Independence), dies at 86
  • 08-06Antonio Bartolomeo Bruni: Composer, dies at 64
  • 08-10Salvatore Vigano: Composer, dies at 52
  • 08-29Horace Coignet: Composer, dies at 86
  • 09-27Luis (Philippus) Brion: Curacaos Admiral / Supreme Commander, dies at 39
  • 10-09Georg-Friederich Fuchs: Composer, dies at 68
  • 11-10Andreas J Romberg: German violinist / Composer (Der Rabe), dies at 54
  • 11-26Friedrich Heine: Composer, dies at 57
  • 12-20Gian Francesco Fortunati: Composer, dies at 75
  • 12-29Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael: S Netherlands General, dies at 61
  • 12-30Angelo Maria Benincori: Composer, dies at 42