Events in year of 1830

  • 01-071st US Railroad Station opens (Baltimore)
  • 01-08Dutch King Willem I fires him displeasing parliament members
  • 01-13Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
  • 01-21Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported
  • 01-28Opera "Fra Diavolo, " premieres in Paris
  • 03-16New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)
  • 04-06Joseph Smith and 5 others organizes Mormon church in Seneca Co, New York
  • 04-11Robert Schumann attends piano concerto by Paganini
  • 05-031st regular steam train passenger service starts
  • 05-13Republic of Ecuador is founded, with Juan Jose Flores as President
  • 05-18Edwin Budding of England signs an agreement for manufacture of his invention, lawn mower. Saturdays are destroyed forever
  • 05-201st railroad timetable published in newspaper (Baltimore American)
  • 05-20D Hyde patents fountain pen
  • 05-24"Mary Had A Little Lamb, " is written
  • 05-241st passenger rail service in US (Baltimore & Elliots Mill, Maryland)
  • 05-28Congress authorizes Indian removal from all states to western prairie
  • 07-05France invades Algeria, begins a 40 year conquest
  • 07-153 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk and Fox, signs a treaty giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri
  • 07-27Revolution breaks out in Paris, opposing laws of Charles X
  • 07-28Revolution in France replaces Charles X with Louis Philippe
  • 07-31Charles X of France resigns by force
  • 08-04Plans for city of Chicago laid out
  • 08-09Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • 08-25Belgium revolts against Netherlands
  • 08-281st locomotive in US, "Tom Thumb, " runs from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill
  • 09-09Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, New Jersey
  • 09-14Princess WFLC Marianne marries Albrecht of Prussia
  • 09-151st National Negro Convention begins in Philadelphia
  • 09-151st to be run-over by a railroad train (William Huskisson, England)
  • 09-15Duke of Wellington opens Liverpool and Manchester Railway

People born in year of 1830

  • 01-02Henry Kingsley: English / Australian writer
  • 01-03Alexander Ewing: Composer
  • 01-07Samuel Emerson Opdycke: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 01-07Albert Bierstadt: Germany -- Painter (US landscapes)
  • 01-08Gouverneur Kemble Warren: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1882
  • 01-19George Blake Cosby: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1909
  • 01-23Gaston AA Marquis de Gallifet: French General / Minister of War (1899-1900)
  • 01-27Georg Hellmesberger: Composer
  • 01-27William Henry Fitzhugh Payne: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 02-03Robert Cecil: Marquess of Salisbury (C), British Prime Minister (1885-1902)
  • 02-06Marcellus Monroe Crocker: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1865)
  • 02-11Hans Bronsart von Schellendorf: Composer
  • 02-11Peter Arnold Heise: Composer
  • 03-12William Felix Brantley: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1870
  • 03-15Paul von Heyse: Germany -- Writer (Nobel 1910)
  • 03-18Numa D Fustel de Coulanges: French historian / sociologist
  • 03-20Eugene Asa Carr: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1910
  • 03-26Eliza Laurillard: Dutch vicar / poet / writer
  • 03-26John Rogers Thomas: Composer
  • 03-30Auguste Tolbecque: Composer
  • 03-30Julius F A Bahnsen: German philosopher
  • 04-05Alexander Muir: Lesmahagow, Scotland -- Poet (Maple Leaf Forever)
  • 04-06James Augustine Healy: Macon, Georgia -- 1st black Roman Catholic Bishop
  • 04-09Eadweard Muybridge: England, United Kingdom -- Pioneered study of motion photography
  • 04-13Eduard Lassen: Composer
  • 04-19Rudolf Cornely: German bible expert / Jesuit
  • 04-29Adolph Sutro: SF Mayor, built Cliff House, railways, and tunnels
  • 04-30Davis Tillson: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1895
  • 05-01Mary Harris Jones [Mother Jones]: Hell-raiser
  • 05-06Guido Gezelle: Flemish priest / poet

People died in year of 1830

  • 01-14Johann G Repsold: German instrument maker, dies at 59
  • 01-17W Waiblinger: Writer
  • 01-19Wenzel Thomas Matiegka: Composer, dies at 56
  • 01-20Michal Bogdanowicz: Composer, dies at 50
  • 02-07Marcus Antonio da Fonseca Portugal: Portuguese composer, dies at 67
  • 02-18Charles G G: Earl of Merode, mayor (Brussels), dies at 67
  • 04-01Carl Borromaus Neuner: Composer, dies at 51
  • 04-18Jose Mauricio Nunes Garcia: Composer, dies at 62
  • 04-22Knud L Rahbek: Danish literary / historian, dies at 69
  • 05-16Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier: Mathematician
  • 06-28David Walker: Abolitionist (Appeal to Colored Citizens), dies at 44
  • 07-14Anthony FRE Haersolte: Member of Executing Regime, dies at 73
  • 08-05Karl Friedrich Horn: Composer, dies at 68
  • 08-12Franz de Paula Roser: Composer, dies at 50
  • 09-18William Hazlitt: Critic / essayist
  • 09-19Stanislas Champein: Composer, dies at 76
  • 10-04Hans DL Earl Yorck von Wartenburg: Governor-General of E-Prussia, dies at 71
  • 10-18Peter I Petrovic Njegos: Bishop (Montenegro)
  • 11-25Pierre Rode: Composer, dies at 56
  • 11-30Pius VIII [Francesco S Castiglioni]: Ital Pope (1829-30), dies at 69
  • 12-08H Benjamin Constant: French politician / writer, dies at 63
  • 12-28Adrien-Joseph van Helmont: Composer, dies at 83

Events in year of 1831

  • 01-01William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal
  • 01-02Liberator, abolitionist newspaper, begins publishing in Boston
  • 01-031st US building and loan association organized, Frankford, Penn
  • 01-151st US railroad honeymoon trip, Mr and Mrs Pierson, Charleston, South Carolina
  • 01-151st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
  • 01-22Charles Darwin takes his Bachelors of Art exam
  • 02-05Jan van Speijk blows up his gunboat in Antwerp, killing about 30
  • 02-191st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Penn
  • 02-20Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
  • 03-02John Frazee becomes 1st US Sculptor to receive a federal commission
  • 03-06Edgar Allen Poe removed from West Point milt academy
  • 03-191st US bank robbery (City Bank, New York / $245,000)
  • 03-31Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
  • 04-07Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned Emperor of Brazil
  • 04-09Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain and Spain
  • 06-04National Congress selects Leopold von Saksen-Coburg as King of Belgium
  • 06-062nd national black convention (Philadelphia)
  • 07-01Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
  • 07-21Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made King
  • 08-01London Bridge opens to traffic
  • 08-02Ten day campaign begins, Dutch army occupies Belgium
  • 08-08Battle of Hasselt - Dutch army drives out Belgian Army
  • 08-091st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
  • 08-10Former slave Nat Turner leads uprising against slavery
  • 08-10Hurricane hits Barbados; about 1,500 die
  • 08-12Dutch troops conquer Leuven
  • 08-12Netherlands and Belgium sign peace treaty
  • 08-13Nat Turner leads uprising of slaves in Virginia
  • 08-21Nat Turner slave revolt kills 55 (Southampton County, Virginia)
  • 08-24John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on HMS Beagle

People born in year of 1831

  • 01-01William Joseph Westbrook: Composer
  • 01-02Justin Winston: Historian / librarian (Harvard)
  • 01-11James Ronald Chalmers: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 01-14John Bullock Clark, Jr.: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1903
  • 01-18Edward Ferrero: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1899
  • 01-20Pieter J Joubert: General (South Africa)
  • 01-26Mary Mapes Dodge: NYC, New York -- Writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates)
  • 01-28Henry Brevard Davidson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1899
  • 02-03Cyrus Ballou Comstock: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1910
  • 02-12John Morrissey: Boxer / developer of Saratoga Springs horse race track
  • 02-13John Aaron Rawlins: Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1869
  • 02-16Nikolai Leskow: Writer
  • 02-17Francisco Salvador Daniel: Composer
  • 02-21Eduard Rappoldi: Composer
  • 02-23Hendrik W Mesdag: Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)
  • 02-24Georg Leo Earl von Caprivi: German chancellor / Premier of Prussia
  • 02-26Filippo Marchetti: Composer
  • 03-01Hiram Bronson Granbury: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 03-06Friedrich C K von Bodelschwingh: German theologist (Home Mission)
  • 03-06Philip Henry Sheridan: Albany, New York -- Major General (Union Army)
  • 03-07John Bratton [Old Reliable]: US Physician / Confederate Brigadier General
  • 03-12Clement Studebaker: Automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
  • 03-14Leon Leopold Lewandoski: Composer
  • 03-15Edward Aylesworth Perry: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 03-29Amelia Barr: Writer
  • 03-31Archibald Scott: Scottish chemist
  • 04-04Edward Cary Walthall: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1898
  • 04-08Allard Pierson: Dutch theologiost / philosopher / art historian / poet
  • 04-12Constantin Meunier: Belgian painter / sculptor
  • 04-12George Burgwyn Anderson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army)

People died in year of 1831

  • 01-04Nikola P Neofit Rilski: Bulgaria abbot / poet, dies at 37
  • 01-06Rodolphe Kreutzer: Fr Composer / violinist (Kreutzersonate), dies at 64
  • 01-08Franz Vinzenz Krommer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 01-21Achim v Arnim: Writer, dies at 49
  • 02-05John CJ van Speijk: Commits suicide at 29
  • 02-14Vincente Guerrero: Mexican revolutionary hero
  • 02-15Henry Maudslay: Inventor (metal lathe)
  • 03-04Georg Michael Telemann: Composer, dies at 82
  • 03-09Friedrich M Klinger: German (stage)author (Plimplamplasko), dies at 79
  • 03-12Johann Franz Volkert: Composer, dies at 64
  • 03-26Richard Allen: AME Church Bishop, dies at 71
  • 04-02Charles Felix: Blind King of Sardina (1821-31), dies at 74
  • 04-13Ferdinand Kauer: Composer, dies at 80
  • 05-01Antonius van Alphen: Apostle vicar of De Bosch, dies at 82
  • 05-05Friedrich Ludwig Seidel: Composer, dies at 65
  • 05-24Benjamin Carr: Composer, dies at 62
  • 05-26Georg Hermes: German philosopher / Theologist (Hermenianen)
  • 06-08Sarah Kemble Siddons: English actress (Lady Macbeth), dies at 75
  • 06-15Peter Fuchs: Composer, dies at 78
  • 06-16Joseph Ignaz Schnabel: Composer, dies at 64
  • 07-04James Monroe: 5th President (1817-25), dies at 73
  • 07-18Thomas Greatorex: Composer, dies at 72
  • 07-21Emil Aarestrup: Danish Physician / Poet (Ritornellen), dies at 55
  • 07-24Maria Agata Szymanowska: Composer, dies at 41
  • 08-16Eduard Brendler: Composer, dies at 30
  • 08-23August WA Grave von Gneisenau: Prussian Field Marshal, dies at 70
  • 09-06Johann Ernst Friedrich Wollank: Composer, dies at 49
  • 09-10George Guest: Composer, dies at 60
  • 09-18Peter Hansel: Composer, dies at 60
  • 09-27Henry van Wine: Archivist / founder General Rijksarchief, dies at 91