Events in year of 1837

  • 01-22Earthquake in southern Syria kills thousands
  • 01-26Michigan admitted as 26th US state
  • 02-081st VP chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin)
  • 02-11American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • 02-13Riot in New York over high price of flour
  • 02-251st US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport
  • 03-03Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
  • 03-03US President Andrew Jackson and Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
  • 03-04City of Chicago incorporates
  • 03-04Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th President
  • 03-04Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
  • 03-24Canada gives blacks the right to vote
  • 04-19Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • 05-09"Sherrod" burns in Mississippi River below Natchez Miss; 175 dies
  • 05-17Royal Decides installs the Weapon of Belgium firm (ly)
  • 05-31Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
  • 06-131st Mormon missionaries to British Isles leave Kirtland, Ohio
  • 06-17Charles Goodyear obtains his 1st rubber patent
  • 06-18Spain gets new Constitution
  • 06-20England issues its 1st stamp, 1P Queen Victoria
  • 06-20Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV Ruled for 63 years ending in 1901
  • 07-13Queen Victoria is 1st monarch to live in present Buckingham Palace
  • 07-27US Mint opens in Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 08-28Pharmacists John Lea and William Perrins manufactures Worcester Sauce
  • 09-06Oberlin Collegiate Institute of Ohio goes co-ed (4 women, 30 men)
  • 09-21Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry and china stores
  • 10-01Treaty with Winnebago Indians
  • 10-09Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke NC killing 100
  • 10-31Collision of river boat Monmouth and Trement on Miss; 300 die
  • 11-08Mount Holyoke Seminary in Mass-1st US college founded for women

People born in year of 1837

  • 01-02Mili Alexeyevich Balakirev: Nizhny-Novgorod, Russia -- Composer (Tamara)
  • 01-04Casimiro de Abreu: Brazil -- Poet (Camoes e o jau)
  • 01-12Adolf Jensen: Composer
  • 01-12Carlos Troyer: Composer
  • 01-16James Phillip Simms: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1887
  • 01-19William Williams Keen: Surgeon (brain)
  • 02-05Dwight Lyman Moody: United States -- Evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement)
  • 02-07James Augustus Henry Murray: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Created Oxford Dictionary
  • 02-13Valentin de Zubiaurre y Unionbarrenechea: Composer
  • 02-17Francis Jay Herron: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1902
  • 02-17Sam[uel] van Houten: Dutch (lib) Minister (child labor laws)
  • 02-26Charles Woeste: Belgian count / Minister of Justice
  • 03-01Ion Creanga: Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • 03-01William Dean Howells: United States -- Novelist / critic / editor (Atlantic)
  • 03-07Henry Draper: Virginia, United States -- Astro-spectro-photographer (Moon, Jupiter)
  • 03-12Felix Alexandre Guilmant: Composer
  • 03-14Charles Ammi Cutter: US librarian (Expansive classification)
  • 03-18Grover Cleveland [Stephen]: New Jersey, United States -- 22nd / 24th President (1885-89, 93-97)
  • 03-19Robert Daniel Johnston: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1919
  • 03-23Joseph Wieniawski: Composer
  • 03-24Philips: Count of Flanders Belgium
  • 03-31Robert Ross McBurney: 1st paid Secretary of the YMCA
  • 04-03John Burroughs: Writer / nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake)
  • 04-05Algernon Charles Swinburne: England, United Kingdom -- Poet (Atalanta in Calydon)
  • 04-11Ephraim Elmer Ellsworth: Colonel (Union Army), died in 1861
  • 04-15Horace Porter: Bvt Brigadier General (Union Army), died in 1921
  • 04-17John Pierpont Morgan: US banker / CEO (US Steel)
  • 04-21Fredrik Bajer: Denmark -- Politican / feminist / pacifist (Nobel 1908)
  • 04-24Friedrich von Holstein: German diplomat (die graue Eminenz)
  • 04-25William Charles Levey: Composer

People died in year of 1837

  • 01-20John Soane: English Architect (Book of Designs), dies at 84
  • 01-29Aleksandr Pushkin: Poet / Novelist (Golden Cockeral), killed in a duel
  • 02-10Alexander S Pushkin: Writer, dies at 37
  • 03-13Nikita P Panin: Russian diplomat / Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 66
  • 03-26Joseph Lincke: Composer, dies at 53
  • 03-29Maria Fitzherbert: Morganatic Wife of King George IV
  • 03-31John Constable: English Painter / water colors painter, dies at 60
  • 04-17Edouard viscount de Walckiers: Very wealthy slave trader
  • 05-05Niccolo Antonio Zingarelli: Italian Composer / bandmaster, dies at 85
  • 05-31Joseph Grimaldi: Greatest clown (king of pantomime), dies at 57
  • 06-16Valentino Fioravanti: Composer, dies at 72
  • 06-19Aleksander A Bestoezjev-Marlinsky: Russian writer, dies in battle
  • 06-20Giovanni Furno: Composer, dies at 89
  • 06-20William IV: King of England
  • 07-24Charles Hodges: English / Dutch portrait Painter
  • 07-28John Ross: Composer, dies at 73
  • 08-01Walter Geikie: Painter
  • 09-23Richard John Samuel Stevens: Composer, dies at 80
  • 10-05Hortense de Beauharnais: French Queen of the Netherlands (1806-10), dies at 54
  • 10-06Jean-Francois Le Sueur: Composer, dies at 77
  • 10-09Charles Fourier: French utopian socialist (Harmony universal)
  • 10-11Samuel Wesley: Composer (Exultate Deo), dies at 71
  • 10-12Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina: Queen of the Netherlands, dies at 62
  • 10-17Johann Nepomuk Hummel: Austrian composer, dies at 58
  • 11-04Jean-Louis M Alibert: French dermatologist, dies at 69
  • 11-07Elijah P Lovejoy: Publisher, murdered by pro-slavery mob at 34
  • 12-26Martinus van Marum: Chemist / physicist (giant salamander), dies at 87

Events in year of 1838

  • 01-011st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide
  • 01-06Samuel Morse made 1st public demonstration of telegraph
  • 01-081st telegraph message sent using dots and dashes (NJ)
  • 01-08Rebellion at Amherstburg, Ontario breaks out
  • 01-26Tennessee becomes 1st state to prohibit alcohol
  • 02-16Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
  • 02-25London pedestrian walks 20 miles backward then forward in 8 hours
  • 03-03Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada
  • 03-08US mint in New Orleans begins operation (producing dimes)
  • 04-08Steamship "Great Western" maiden voyage (Bristol England to NYC)
  • 04-09National Galley opens in London
  • 04-22English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after Atlantic crossing
  • 04-23English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in New York City
  • 04-27Fire destroys half of Charleston
  • 04-30Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
  • 06-11Iowa Territory is organized
  • 06-12Hopkins Observatory, dedicated in Williamstown, Massachusetts
  • 06-12Iowa Territory forms
  • 07-07Central American federation is dissolved
  • 07-08Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
  • 08-01Emancipation of British slaves on Bahamas
  • 08-181st US marine expedition
  • 08-23Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Massachusetts) 1st graduating class
  • 09-03Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor
  • 09-05Central Museum opens in Utrecht Netherlands
  • 09-18Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden
  • 09-19Ephraim Morris patents railroad brake
  • 09-24Anti-Corn-Law League forms to repeal English Corn Law
  • 10-01Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
  • 11-05Honduras declares independence of Central American Federation

People born in year of 1838

  • 01-01William Hugh Young: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 02-06Henry Irving [John H Brodribb]: England, United Kingdom -- Knighted 1895 / actor (Hamlet)
  • 02-12Charles Carroll Walcott: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
  • 02-14Margaret Knight: Inventor "the female Thomas Edison"
  • 02-16Henry Adams: Boston, Massachusetts -- Historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams)
  • 02-18Ernst Mach: Chirlitz-Turas, Austria -- Physicist / philosopher / psychologist
  • 02-20James Barbour Terrill: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 02-22Pierre Jules Cesar Janssen: Discoverer of hydrogen in Sun
  • 02-23Gilbert Moxley Sorrel: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 02-24Thomas Benton Smith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1923
  • 02-26Wendelin Weissheimer: Composer
  • 03-02David Duffle Wood: Composer
  • 03-03George W Hill: US astronomer (Moon orbit)
  • 03-04Paul Lacome: Composer
  • 03-12William Perkin: Inventor (1st artificial dye)
  • 03-15Alice Cunningham Fletcher: Ethnologist (Stranger in Her Native Land)
  • 03-18Jan B Stobbaerts: Flemish painter
  • 03-18Randal Cremer: Britain -- Trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • 04-05Alpheus Hyatt: United States -- Invertebrate paleontologist
  • 04-11Joseph Leopold Rockel: Composer
  • 04-12John Shaw Billings: United States -- Librarian / army Physician
  • 04-16Karel Bendl: Composer
  • 04-23Alfred J Verwee: Flemish painter
  • 04-28Tobias M Carel Asser: Holland, Netherlands -- Advocate of world law (Nobel 1911)
  • 05-06Alfred Humphreys Pease: Composer
  • 05-10James: 1st Viscount Bryce, historian / Statesman
  • 05-24Paul Laband: German lawyer
  • 05-28Basil Wilson Duke: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1916
  • 05-31Henry Sidgwick: English philosopher (Wife at University)
  • 06-04Servaas Daems [Peeter Klein]: Flemish writer (Lute & Flute)

People died in year of 1838

  • 01-13Ferdinand Reis: Composer, dies at 53
  • 01-20Pierre-Louis Hus-Desforges: Composer, dies at 64
  • 01-23Arnold A Buyskes: Dutch Vice-Admiral / colonial director, dies at 67
  • 01-30Osceola: Chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail
  • 02-01Abraham de Veer: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1822-28), dies at 71
  • 02-05Philippe Libon: Composer, dies at 62
  • 02-22Friedrich Johann Eck: Composer, dies at 70
  • 03-16Nathaniel Bowditch: Astronomer / navigation expert, dies at 64
  • 03-22Hendrik Fagel: Dutch / English baron, dies at 73
  • 03-24Thomas Attwood: Composer, dies at 72
  • 04-06Jose B de Andrada e Silva: Premier of Brazil (1822-23), dies at 74
  • 04-11Pieter L Uys: South African pioneer (Great Pull), murdered at 40
  • 04-17J Schopenhauer: Writer, dies at 71
  • 05-28Thomas Busby: Composer
  • 07-10Willem Earl van Hogendorp: Dutch colonial governor, dies at about 43
  • 07-17John Whites: Hydraulic engineer, dies at 82
  • 07-19Frederic Nicolas Duvernoy: Composer, dies at 72
  • 07-28Bernhard Henrik Crusell: Composer, dies at 62
  • 07-29Jonathan Huntington: Composer, dies at 66
  • 08-21A v Chamisso: Writer, dies at 57
  • 09-01William Clark: 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 68
  • 09-07Joseph Panny: Composer, dies at 43
  • 09-08Pietro Rovelli: Composer, dies at 45
  • 10-04Eleanore Sophia Maria Westenholz: Composer, dies at 79
  • 10-19Henry Fagel: Baron / court clerk of States-General / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 11-24Karl Ludwig Hellwig: Composer, dies at 65