Events in year of 1838

  • 01-011st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide
  • 01-06Samuel Morse made 1st public demonstration of telegraph
  • 01-081st telegraph message sent using dots and dashes (NJ)
  • 01-08Rebellion at Amherstburg, Ontario breaks out
  • 01-26Tennessee becomes 1st state to prohibit alcohol
  • 02-16Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions
  • 02-25London pedestrian walks 20 miles backward then forward in 8 hours
  • 03-03Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada
  • 03-08US mint in New Orleans begins operation (producing dimes)
  • 04-08Steamship "Great Western" maiden voyage (Bristol England to NYC)
  • 04-09National Galley opens in London
  • 04-22English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after Atlantic crossing
  • 04-23English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in New York City
  • 04-27Fire destroys half of Charleston
  • 04-30Nicaragua declares independence from Central American federation
  • 06-11Iowa Territory is organized
  • 06-12Hopkins Observatory, dedicated in Williamstown, Massachusetts
  • 06-12Iowa Territory forms
  • 07-07Central American federation is dissolved
  • 07-08Arabs attack Jewish community of Safed
  • 08-01Emancipation of British slaves on Bahamas
  • 08-181st US marine expedition
  • 08-23Mt Holyoke Female Seminary (South Hadley, Massachusetts) 1st graduating class
  • 09-03Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor
  • 09-05Central Museum opens in Utrecht Netherlands
  • 09-18Anti-Corn Law League established by Richard Cobden
  • 09-19Ephraim Morris patents railroad brake
  • 09-24Anti-Corn-Law League forms to repeal English Corn Law
  • 10-01Civil Code enforced (- Jan 1, 1992)
  • 11-05Honduras declares independence of Central American Federation

People born in year of 1838

  • 01-01William Hugh Young: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 02-06Henry Irving [John H Brodribb]: England, United Kingdom -- Knighted 1895 / actor (Hamlet)
  • 02-12Charles Carroll Walcott: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1898
  • 02-14Margaret Knight: Inventor "the female Thomas Edison"
  • 02-16Henry Adams: Boston, Massachusetts -- Historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams)
  • 02-18Ernst Mach: Chirlitz-Turas, Austria -- Physicist / philosopher / psychologist
  • 02-20James Barbour Terrill: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 02-22Pierre Jules Cesar Janssen: Discoverer of hydrogen in Sun
  • 02-23Gilbert Moxley Sorrel: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 02-24Thomas Benton Smith: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1923
  • 02-26Wendelin Weissheimer: Composer
  • 03-02David Duffle Wood: Composer
  • 03-03George W Hill: US astronomer (Moon orbit)
  • 03-04Paul Lacome: Composer
  • 03-12William Perkin: Inventor (1st artificial dye)
  • 03-15Alice Cunningham Fletcher: Ethnologist (Stranger in Her Native Land)
  • 03-18Jan B Stobbaerts: Flemish painter
  • 03-18Randal Cremer: Britain -- Trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • 04-05Alpheus Hyatt: United States -- Invertebrate paleontologist
  • 04-11Joseph Leopold Rockel: Composer
  • 04-12John Shaw Billings: United States -- Librarian / army Physician
  • 04-16Karel Bendl: Composer
  • 04-23Alfred J Verwee: Flemish painter
  • 04-28Tobias M Carel Asser: Holland, Netherlands -- Advocate of world law (Nobel 1911)
  • 05-06Alfred Humphreys Pease: Composer
  • 05-10James: 1st Viscount Bryce, historian / Statesman
  • 05-24Paul Laband: German lawyer
  • 05-28Basil Wilson Duke: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1916
  • 05-31Henry Sidgwick: English philosopher (Wife at University)
  • 06-04Servaas Daems [Peeter Klein]: Flemish writer (Lute & Flute)

People died in year of 1838

  • 01-13Ferdinand Reis: Composer, dies at 53
  • 01-20Pierre-Louis Hus-Desforges: Composer, dies at 64
  • 01-23Arnold A Buyskes: Dutch Vice-Admiral / colonial director, dies at 67
  • 01-30Osceola: Chief of Seminole indians, dies in jail
  • 02-01Abraham de Veer: Dutch Governor-General of Suriname (1822-28), dies at 71
  • 02-05Philippe Libon: Composer, dies at 62
  • 02-22Friedrich Johann Eck: Composer, dies at 70
  • 03-16Nathaniel Bowditch: Astronomer / navigation expert, dies at 64
  • 03-22Hendrik Fagel: Dutch / English baron, dies at 73
  • 03-24Thomas Attwood: Composer, dies at 72
  • 04-06Jose B de Andrada e Silva: Premier of Brazil (1822-23), dies at 74
  • 04-11Pieter L Uys: South African pioneer (Great Pull), murdered at 40
  • 04-17J Schopenhauer: Writer, dies at 71
  • 05-28Thomas Busby: Composer
  • 07-10Willem Earl van Hogendorp: Dutch colonial governor, dies at about 43
  • 07-17John Whites: Hydraulic engineer, dies at 82
  • 07-19Frederic Nicolas Duvernoy: Composer, dies at 72
  • 07-28Bernhard Henrik Crusell: Composer, dies at 62
  • 07-29Jonathan Huntington: Composer, dies at 66
  • 08-21A v Chamisso: Writer, dies at 57
  • 09-01William Clark: 2nd lt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 68
  • 09-07Joseph Panny: Composer, dies at 43
  • 09-08Pietro Rovelli: Composer, dies at 45
  • 10-04Eleanore Sophia Maria Westenholz: Composer, dies at 79
  • 10-19Henry Fagel: Baron / court clerk of States-General / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 11-24Karl Ludwig Hellwig: Composer, dies at 65

Events in year of 1839

  • 01-021st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)
  • 01-062 day storm off Irish and English coast immortalized as "Big Wind"
  • 01-09Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
  • 01-09Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • 01-10Tea from India 1st arrives in the UK
  • 01-11Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal-700 die
  • 01-12Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
  • 01-19Aden conquered by British East India Company
  • 01-24Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society
  • 01-29Charles Darwin marries Emma Wedgwood
  • 02-07Henry Clay declares in Senate "I had rather be right than President"
  • 02-12Aroostock War: Boundary dispute between Maine and New Brunswick
  • 02-18Detroit Boat Club forms
  • 02-20Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
  • 02-24Steam shovel patented by William Otis, Philadelphia
  • 02-25Seminoles and black allies shipped from Tampa Bay Florida, to West
  • 02-26Jem Mason on Lottery wins 1st Grand National Steeplechase (Britain)
  • 03-09Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
  • 03-231st known use of term OK (Boston)
  • 03-261st Henley Royal Regatta
  • 04-17Guatemala forms Republic
  • 04-19Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom and Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 05-04The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio
  • 06-07Hawaiian Declaration of Rights is signed
  • 06-121st baseball game played in America
  • 06-141st Henley Regatta held
  • 06-18Dutch Prince Willem Alexander PFL weds niece Princess Sophia
  • 07-031st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Mass, with 3 students
  • 07-27Chartist riots break out in Birmingham England
  • 07-30Slave rebels, take over slaver Amistad

People born in year of 1839

  • 01-09John Knowles Paine: Portland, Maine -- Composer
  • 01-11Eugenio Maria de Hostos: Puerto Rico -- Patriot / Scholar
  • 01-14Emil Bohn: Composer
  • 01-19Bohumil Pazdirek: Composer
  • 01-25Seldon Connor: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1917
  • 02-01James A Herne [J Aherne]: US playwright (Hearts of Oak)
  • 02-07Nicolaas G Pierson: Dutch banker / Suriname Premier (1897-1901)
  • 02-11Josiah Willard Gibbs: Theoretical physicist / chemist
  • 03-08James Mason Crafts: US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis)
  • 03-09Felix Huston Robertson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1928
  • 03-10Dudley Buck: Hartford, Connecticut -- Organist / church composer
  • 03-17Josef Rheinberger: Vaduz, Liechtenstein -- Opera composer (Munich Conser)
  • 03-18Francis Fessenden: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 03-25William Bell Wait: United States -- Educated the blind
  • 03-31Nikolay Przhevalsky: Naturalist, explorer of east central Asia (OS)
  • 04-05Robert Smalls: Beaufort, South Carolina -- Black congressman 1875-87 (Rep-SC)
  • 04-05Stanislaw Pilinski: Composer
  • 04-12Victorin de Joncieres: Composer
  • 04-18Frantz Jehin-Prume: Composer
  • 04-18Henry Clarence Kendall: NSW, Australia -- Poet (Bell Birds)
  • 04-20Carol I: King of Romania (1881-1914)
  • 04-22August W Eichler: German Botanist
  • 04-26Cyrus Hamblin: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 05-01Chardonnet: Inventor (rayon)
  • 05-08Francis W Warre-Cornish: English vice-provost of Eton / writer
  • 05-19Alice Mary Smith: Composer
  • 05-25John Eliot: English meteorologist
  • 05-27Luigi Capuana: Sicilian author / critic (Roccaverdina)
  • 06-03Paul Lindau: German playwright / critic (Der Herr im Hause)
  • 06-18William Henry Seward, Jr.: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1920

People died in year of 1839

  • 01-12Joseph A Koch: Aust Painter / cartoonist / etcher / illustrator, dies at 70
  • 01-19Georg Abraham Schneider: Composer, dies at 38
  • 02-01Giuseppe Valadier: Italian Architect / archaeologist, dies at 76
  • 03-04Ignace Antoine Ladurner: Pianist / composer, dies at 72
  • 03-13Robert Gallenberg: Composer, dies at 55
  • 03-29Bernardus JC Dibbets: Dutch Baron / General Major (Maastricht), dies at 56
  • 04-11John Galt: Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59
  • 04-20Giuseppe Rossini: Father of Italian Composer Gioacchino Rossini
  • 05-03Ferdinando Paer: Composer, dies at 67
  • 05-13Israel Ashkenazi of Shklov: Found Ashkenazic community (1815)
  • 05-13Joseph Fesch: French Cardinal / war commission / Earl / senator
  • 05-18Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte: Countess Lipona, dies at 57
  • 06-02Wijnand YY Nuijen: Painter / lithographer (Wrecked), dies at 26
  • 06-09Gerrit J Pijman: Dutch Minister of War (1798-1800), dies at 89
  • 06-10Nathaniel Pryor: Sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • 06-13Martin-Pierre Dalvimare: Composer, dies at 66
  • 06-15Hans Skramstad: Composer, dies at 41
  • 06-27Ranjit Singh: Gov of Lahore
  • 06-30Johan O Wallin: Swedish Poet / Archbishop (Dead Angel)
  • 07-01Mahmud II: Sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • 07-10Fernando Joseph Maria Sor: Composer, dies at 61
  • 07-12Christian Traugott Tag: Composer, dies at 62
  • 07-15Winthrop Mackworth Praed: Politician / poet
  • 08-23Charles Philippe Lafont: Composer, dies at 57
  • 09-10Pieter Fontijn: Dutch painter, dies at 66
  • 09-17Ethel Mary Dell [Mrs G T Savage]: Romantic Novelist
  • 09-20Jose Gaspar de Francia: Dictator of Paraguay (1816-39), dies at 74
  • 09-21Jacob Gottfried Weber: German composer, dies at 60
  • 10-11Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna: Portuguese poet, dies at 88
  • 10-18French Jozef Kinsoen: Flemish portrait painter, dies at 68