Events in year of 1839

  • 01-021st photo of the Moon (French photographer Louis Daguerre)
  • 01-062 day storm off Irish and English coast immortalized as "Big Wind"
  • 01-09Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science
  • 01-09Thomas Henderson measures 1st stellar parallax (Alpha Centauri)
  • 01-10Tea from India 1st arrives in the UK
  • 01-11Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal-700 die
  • 01-12Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
  • 01-19Aden conquered by British East India Company
  • 01-24Charles Darwin elected member of Royal Society
  • 01-29Charles Darwin marries Emma Wedgwood
  • 02-07Henry Clay declares in Senate "I had rather be right than President"
  • 02-12Aroostock War: Boundary dispute between Maine and New Brunswick
  • 02-18Detroit Boat Club forms
  • 02-20Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
  • 02-24Steam shovel patented by William Otis, Philadelphia
  • 02-25Seminoles and black allies shipped from Tampa Bay Florida, to West
  • 02-26Jem Mason on Lottery wins 1st Grand National Steeplechase (Britain)
  • 03-09Prussian government limits work week for children to 51 hours
  • 03-231st known use of term OK (Boston)
  • 03-261st Henley Royal Regatta
  • 04-17Guatemala forms Republic
  • 04-19Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom and Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 05-04The Cunard Steamship Company Ltd forms San Bonifacio
  • 06-07Hawaiian Declaration of Rights is signed
  • 06-121st baseball game played in America
  • 06-141st Henley Regatta held
  • 06-18Dutch Prince Willem Alexander PFL weds niece Princess Sophia
  • 07-031st state normal school in US opens, Lexington, Mass, with 3 students
  • 07-27Chartist riots break out in Birmingham England
  • 07-30Slave rebels, take over slaver Amistad

People born in year of 1839

  • 01-09John Knowles Paine: Portland, Maine -- Composer
  • 01-11Eugenio Maria de Hostos: Puerto Rico -- Patriot / Scholar
  • 01-14Emil Bohn: Composer
  • 01-19Bohumil Pazdirek: Composer
  • 01-25Seldon Connor: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1917
  • 02-01James A Herne [J Aherne]: US playwright (Hearts of Oak)
  • 02-07Nicolaas G Pierson: Dutch banker / Suriname Premier (1897-1901)
  • 02-11Josiah Willard Gibbs: Theoretical physicist / chemist
  • 03-08James Mason Crafts: US chemist (Friedel-Crafts-synthesis)
  • 03-09Felix Huston Robertson: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1928
  • 03-10Dudley Buck: Hartford, Connecticut -- Organist / church composer
  • 03-17Josef Rheinberger: Vaduz, Liechtenstein -- Opera composer (Munich Conser)
  • 03-18Francis Fessenden: Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1906
  • 03-25William Bell Wait: United States -- Educated the blind
  • 03-31Nikolay Przhevalsky: Naturalist, explorer of east central Asia (OS)
  • 04-05Robert Smalls: Beaufort, South Carolina -- Black congressman 1875-87 (Rep-SC)
  • 04-05Stanislaw Pilinski: Composer
  • 04-12Victorin de Joncieres: Composer
  • 04-18Frantz Jehin-Prume: Composer
  • 04-18Henry Clarence Kendall: NSW, Australia -- Poet (Bell Birds)
  • 04-20Carol I: King of Romania (1881-1914)
  • 04-22August W Eichler: German Botanist
  • 04-26Cyrus Hamblin: Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1867
  • 05-01Chardonnet: Inventor (rayon)
  • 05-08Francis W Warre-Cornish: English vice-provost of Eton / writer
  • 05-19Alice Mary Smith: Composer
  • 05-25John Eliot: English meteorologist
  • 05-27Luigi Capuana: Sicilian author / critic (Roccaverdina)
  • 06-03Paul Lindau: German playwright / critic (Der Herr im Hause)
  • 06-18William Henry Seward, Jr.: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1920

People died in year of 1839

  • 01-12Joseph A Koch: Aust Painter / cartoonist / etcher / illustrator, dies at 70
  • 01-19Georg Abraham Schneider: Composer, dies at 38
  • 02-01Giuseppe Valadier: Italian Architect / archaeologist, dies at 76
  • 03-04Ignace Antoine Ladurner: Pianist / composer, dies at 72
  • 03-13Robert Gallenberg: Composer, dies at 55
  • 03-29Bernardus JC Dibbets: Dutch Baron / General Major (Maastricht), dies at 56
  • 04-11John Galt: Scottish writer (Last of the Lairds), dies at 59
  • 04-20Giuseppe Rossini: Father of Italian Composer Gioacchino Rossini
  • 05-03Ferdinando Paer: Composer, dies at 67
  • 05-13Israel Ashkenazi of Shklov: Found Ashkenazic community (1815)
  • 05-13Joseph Fesch: French Cardinal / war commission / Earl / senator
  • 05-18Carolina [Maria A] Bonaparte: Countess Lipona, dies at 57
  • 06-02Wijnand YY Nuijen: Painter / lithographer (Wrecked), dies at 26
  • 06-09Gerrit J Pijman: Dutch Minister of War (1798-1800), dies at 89
  • 06-10Nathaniel Pryor: Sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition
  • 06-13Martin-Pierre Dalvimare: Composer, dies at 66
  • 06-15Hans Skramstad: Composer, dies at 41
  • 06-27Ranjit Singh: Gov of Lahore
  • 06-30Johan O Wallin: Swedish Poet / Archbishop (Dead Angel)
  • 07-01Mahmud II: Sultan of Turkey (1808-39), dies at 53
  • 07-10Fernando Joseph Maria Sor: Composer, dies at 61
  • 07-12Christian Traugott Tag: Composer, dies at 62
  • 07-15Winthrop Mackworth Praed: Politician / poet
  • 08-23Charles Philippe Lafont: Composer, dies at 57
  • 09-10Pieter Fontijn: Dutch painter, dies at 66
  • 09-17Ethel Mary Dell [Mrs G T Savage]: Romantic Novelist
  • 09-20Jose Gaspar de Francia: Dictator of Paraguay (1816-39), dies at 74
  • 09-21Jacob Gottfried Weber: German composer, dies at 60
  • 10-11Leonor de Almeida marquesa de Alorna: Portuguese poet, dies at 88
  • 10-18French Jozef Kinsoen: Flemish portrait painter, dies at 68

Events in year of 1840

  • 01-011st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, New York City
  • 01-031st deep sea sounding
  • 01-05Records show 95,820 licensed public houses in England on this date
  • 01-10Penny Post mail system is starts
  • 01-18Electro-Magnetic Intelligencer, 1st US electrical journal, appears
  • 01-19Antarctica discovered, Charles Wilkes expedition (US claim)
  • 01-20Dutch King Willem II crowned
  • 02-01Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 02-06Waitangi Day; treaty signed between Britain and Maoris of New Zealand
  • 02-10British Queen Victoria marries her cousin Albert von Saksen-Coburg
  • 02-12Housatonic Railroad opens
  • 02-16American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica
  • 03-23Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype)
  • 05-011st adhesive postage stamps ("Penny Blacks" from England) issued
  • 05-061st postage stamps (Penny Black) issued (Great Britain)
  • 05-07Tornado strikes Natchez Miss, kills 317
  • 05-08Alexander Wolcott patents Photographic Process
  • 05-21New Zealand became a British colony
  • 06-12Meteorite hits Uden, Netherlands
  • 06-20Samuel Morse patents his telegraph
  • 07-15England, Russia, Austria and Prussia signs Quadruple Alliance
  • 07-23Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper and Lower Canada
  • 08-18Organization of American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
  • 08-289 Jewish prisoners are released from Damascus jails
  • 09-12Composer Robert Schumann marries Clara Wieck
  • 10-07Willem I resigns as King of the Netherlands
  • 10-081st Hawaiian constitution proclaimed
  • 12-02Opera "Die Favoritin" is produced (Paris)
  • 12-02William H Harrison elected President of US

People born in year of 1840

  • 01-03Father Joseph Damien de Veuster: Belgium -- Helped lepers in Hawaii
  • 01-05John Doby Kennedy: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
  • 01-18Austin Dobson: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / critic / biographer
  • 01-18Ernst Rudorff: Composer
  • 01-21Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake: Pioneer English woman Physician
  • 01-23Ernst Abbe: Germany -- Physicist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company)
  • 02-02Louis Bourgault-Ducoudray: Composer
  • 02-05Hiram Stevens Maxim: Inventor (automatic single-barrel rifle)
  • 02-05John Boyd Dunlop: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Developer (pneumatic rubber tire)
  • 02-11Sanuel Dana Greene: Lieutenant Commander (Union Navy), died in 1884
  • 02-13Georg Jacobi: Composer
  • 02-22F August Bebel: German social-democrat
  • 02-23Carl Menger: Austrian economist
  • 02-25Alexis Hollander: Composer
  • 02-25Otto Liebmann: German philosopher (Climax of Theories)
  • 02-29John Philip Holland: Liscannor, Ireland -- Pioneer in submarine building
  • 03-05Constance Fenimore Woolson: New Hampshire, United States -- Writer (Jupiter Lights)
  • 03-08Franco Faccio: Italian composer / conductor
  • 03-11Edmund Kirby, Jr.: Brigadier General (Union volunteers), died in 1863
  • 03-26Carli Zoeller: Composer
  • 03-26George Smith: London, England -- Assyriologist (cuneiform (script))
  • 03-28Mehemed Emin Pasja: German explorer / Governor (Equatoria)
  • 03-31John Herbert Kelly: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1864
  • 04-11John Conrad Nordqvist: Composer
  • 04-12Edmond Audran: Composer
  • 04-19Andrea Bezzola: Writer
  • 04-21Franz Xaver Haberl: German priest / musicologist (Magister choralis)
  • 04-25James Dearing: Brigadier General (Confederate Army), died in 1865
  • 04-27Edward Whymper: 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865)
  • 05-11Filippo Capocci: Composer

People died in year of 1840

  • 03-02Heinrich Olbers: German astronomer (comets and asteroids), dies at 81
  • 03-12Friedrich Westenholz: Composer, dies at 61
  • 03-28Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier: Swiss mathematician, dies at 89
  • 03-30George (Beau) Brummell: Dandy
  • 05-05Gottlob Benedikt Bierey: Composer, dies at 67
  • 05-05Matthaus Fischer: Composer, dies at 76
  • 05-17Niccolo Paganini: Composer, dies at 57
  • 05-30Dominique J de Eerens: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 59
  • 06-07Frederik Willem III: King of Prussia (1797-1840), dies at 69
  • 06-19John Cockerill: English / Belgian industrial / orangist, dies at 50
  • 06-25Leopold Count of Limburg Stirum: Dutch General / politician, dies at 82
  • 06-29Lucien Bonaparte: Prince of Canino / Musignano, dies at 65
  • 07-22Josef Jawurek: Composer, dies at 83
  • 07-23Frantisek Max Knize: Composer, dies at 55
  • 08-18Antony CW Staring: Dutch patriot / Poet (Jaromir), dies at 73
  • 08-24Joseph Waast Aubert Nonot: Composer, dies at 89
  • 08-25K L Immermann: Writer, dies at 44
  • 08-27William Kneass: 3rd US chief engraver (1824-40), dies in office
  • 09-08John H van de Palm: Theologist / literature / speaker, dies at 77
  • 09-15Franz Xaver Pechacek: Composer, dies at 47
  • 09-25Jacques-Etienne-Joseph-Alexandre Macdonald: Duc de Tarente, soldier
  • 11-24Cornelis RT Krayenhoff: Fortress Architect / cartographer, dies at 82