Events in year of 1842

  • 01-011st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, New York City
  • 01-021st US wire suspension bridge for general traffic opens in Penn
  • 01-064,500 British and Indian troops leave Kabul, massacred before India
  • 01-08Dutch King Willem II charters Technical College Delft
  • 01-12Franciscan nuns begin Missionary work on Netherlands Antilles
  • 02-151st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), New York City
  • 02-211st known sewing machine patented in US, John Greenough, Washington DC
  • 03-031st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
  • 03-30Ether was used as an anaesthetic for 1st time by Dr Crawford Long (Ga)
  • 04-13Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope
  • 05-05City-wide fire burns for over 100 hours (Hamburg Germany)
  • 05-08Versailles to Paris train catches fire; 50 die
  • 05-141st edition of London Illustrated News
  • 05-30John Francis attempts to assassinate Queen Victoria
  • 06-16Natchex Mississippi, hit by tornado; about 500 die
  • 07-09Notary Stamp Law passes
  • 08-01Rotherhithe Thames Tunnel opens
  • 08-09US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • 08-14Seminole War ends; Indians removed from Florida to Oklahoma
  • 08-29Gr Britain and China sign Treaty of Nanking, ends Opium war
  • 08-31Micah Rugg patents a nuts and bolts machine
  • 08-31US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress
  • 09-181st edition of Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, published
  • 10-08Princess Sophia weds her cousin Duke Charles Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach
  • 10-15Karl Marx becomes editor-in-chief of Rheinische Zeitung
  • 11-04Abraham Lincoln marries Mary Todd in Springfield, Illinois
  • 11-08Belgium King Leopold I proclaims child labor laws (for 1889)
  • 11-17Fugitive slave George Latimer, captured in Boston
  • 11-17Opera "Linda di Chamounix" is produced (London)
  • 11-22Mount St. Helens in Washington, erupts

People born in year of 1842

  • 01-02Amy G C A Bonet-Maury: French reformed theologist
  • 01-06Clarence King: Mining engineer (geologist)
  • 01-07Johan Lindegren: Composer
  • 01-11William James: United States -- Psychologist / philosopher
  • 01-17Anton G van Hamel: Founder (Roman Philology in Netherlands)
  • 01-22Charles Henri Marechal: Composer
  • 02-03Sidney Clopton Lanier: United States -- Composer / poet (Hall of Fame)
  • 02-04Georg Brandes [Morris Cohen]: Danish literary-historian / critic
  • 02-04Vasili O Klyutshevski: Russian historian
  • 02-07Alexandre Ribit: Premier (France)
  • 02-22Carl Rosa: Hamburg, Germany -- Founder (Rosa opera company)
  • 02-24Arrigio Enrico Boito: Composer
  • 02-25Karl May: German writer (Old Shatterhand / Winnetou)
  • 02-26Camille Flammarion: Mars researcher and popularizer of astronomy
  • 03-07Anne CAI van Diest: Belgian Physician / feminist
  • 03-10Ina Donna Coolbrith: United States -- Poet laureate of California
  • 03-22Carl A N Rosa: German violinist / composer
  • 03-30Dr Crawford Long: 1st Physician to use ether as anesthetic
  • 03-30John Fiske [Edmund Fisk Green]: US historian / philosopher
  • 04-03Ulric Dahlgren: Colonel (Union volunteers), died in 1864
  • 04-14Sven August Korling: Composer
  • 04-18Antero Tarquinio de Quental: Portugal -- Poet (Beatrice)
  • 04-25Antonio Fogazzarro: Italian writer / poet (Il santo / Leila)
  • 04-28Louis PMFG of Orleans: Earl of Brazil (1870-89)
  • 05-05Johann Nepomuk Fuchs: Composer
  • 05-08Emil C Hansen: Danish physiologist
  • 05-12Jules Emile Fred Massenet: Montaud, France -- Composer (Manon, Le Cid)
  • 05-13Arthur Seymour Sullivan: London, England -- Composer (Gilbert & Sullivan)
  • 06-02Constantly AM Cap: Flemish poet / etcher
  • 06-06James Morrison Steele Mackaye: US actor (American Academy of Dramatic Art)

People died in year of 1842

  • 01-08Pierre: Earl the Cambronne, French General (Waterloo, Elba), dies at 71
  • 01-16Thomas Freanby: Norwegian landscape painter
  • 02-21Wojciech Zywny: Composer, dies at 85
  • 03-07Christian Theodor Weinlig: Composer, dies at 61
  • 03-15Maria Luigi C Z S Cherubini: Italian Composer (Dies Irae), dies at 81
  • 03-23Stendhal [Marie-Henri Beyle]: French Author (Lamiel), dies at 59
  • 03-24Stendhal [Marie-H Beyle]: French writer (The Love), buried at 59
  • 04-07Henrik A Bjerregaard: Norw writer / Poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50
  • 04-11John England: Bishop of Charleston Carolina
  • 05-15Emanuel A D M J count de las Cases: French Historian (Napoleon), dies at 76
  • 05-23Jose de Espronceda y Delgado: Spanish revolutionary / poet, dies at 34
  • 06-20Michael Umlauf: Composer, dies at 60
  • 07-24John Sell Cotman: Landscape painter
  • 07-28C Brentano: Writer, dies at 63
  • 08-25Jerome-Joseph de Momigny: Composer, dies at 80
  • 09-15Pierre MF de Sales Baillot: French violinist / composer, dies at 70
  • 10-02Jose Mariano Elizaga: Composer, dies at 56
  • 10-02William Ellery Channing: Cleric / writer
  • 10-08Christoph Ernst Friedrich Weyse: Composer, dies at 68
  • 11-14Henry de Cock: Reform vicar, dies at 41
  • 11-15Joseph Rastrelli: Composer, dies at 43
  • 11-24Pehr Frigel: Composer, dies at 92
  • 12-01Philip Spencer: 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
  • 12-05MJ Auguste Vestrius: French ballet dancers, dies at 82
  • 12-25Bedrich Divis Weber: Composer, dies at 76

Events in year of 1843

  • 01-04Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
  • 02-02US and British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • 02-11Opera "I Lombardi, " premieres in Milan
  • 03-03Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • 03-071st Catholic Governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 03-14Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)
  • 03-21Preacher William Miller of Mass predicts the world will end today
  • 05-04Great-Britain annexes Natal
  • 05-18United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • 05-221st wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon
  • 06-01It snows in Buffalo and Rochester New York and Cleveland Ohio
  • 06-01Sojourner Truth leaves New York to begin her career as antislavery activist
  • 06-24Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside of ghetto in Italy
  • 06-26Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
  • 07-02An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston SC thunderstorm
  • 07-05Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country
  • 07-12Mormon leader Joseph Smith say God OKs polygamy
  • 08-08Natal (South Africa) is made a British colony
  • 08-15National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • 08-15Tivoli Park in Copenhagen opens
  • 08-26Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • 08-301st blacks participation in National political convention (Liberty Party)
  • 08-31Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • 10-201st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • 11-13Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts
  • 11-27Opera "Bohemian Girl" is produced (London)
  • 12-011st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
  • 12-04Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented, Massachusetts
  • 12-06Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens
  • 12-13"A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold

People born in year of 1843

  • 01-01Nikolay Nikolayevich Lodizhensky: Composer
  • 01-09Christiaan A Ulder: Composer (waltzes / tumbas)
  • 01-20Pierre-Paul Cambon: French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 01-23Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg: Composer
  • 01-29William McKinley: Niles, Ohio -- (R) 25th President (1897-1901)
  • 02-19Adelina Patti: Madrid, Spain -- Opera soprano (Lucio)
  • 02-22Affonso de Escragnolle Taunay: France -- Writer (Inocencia)
  • 03-05William F Sudds: Composer
  • 03-06Artur Napoleao dos Santos: Composer
  • 03-08Per Jonas Fredrik Vilhelm Svedbom: Composer
  • 03-18Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom: Premier of Belgium (1899)
  • 04-01Ludwig Enneccerus: German jurist
  • 04-04Hans Richter: Composer
  • 04-08Asger Hamerik [Hammerich]: Composer
  • 04-14Gustave Leon Huberti: Composer
  • 04-15Carl Eilhardt: Composer
  • 04-15Henry James: US / British writer / critic (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians)
  • 05-02Carl Michael Ziehrer: Composer
  • 05-06Grove Karl Gilbert: Geologist, investigated Lake Bonneville, Utah
  • 05-09Belle Boyd: Spy (Confederate) / actress / lecturer
  • 05-10Kaufmann Kohler: Reform rabbi / Theologian
  • 05-13Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer: Belgian politician
  • 05-21Louis Renault: French lawyer
  • 05-23Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia: Composer
  • 05-29Emile Pessard: Composer
  • 06-03Frederik VIII CWK: King of Denmark (1906-12)
  • 06-07Susan Elizabeth Blow: United States -- Pioneered kindergarten education
  • 06-09Bertha von Suttner: Austria -- Novelist / pacifist (Nobel 1905)
  • 06-10Heinrich von Herzogenberg: Composer
  • 06-15Edvard Hagerup Grieg: Bergen, Norway -- Composer (Bewitched One)

People died in year of 1843

  • 01-04Petronella Moens: Frisian Author / poetess, dies at 80
  • 01-07Franz Schoberlechner: Composer, dies at 45
  • 01-09Caroline Herschel: "1st lady of astronomy", dies at 98 in Germany
  • 01-11Francis Scott Key: Composer (Star Spangled Banner), dies at 63
  • 03-16Anton R Falck: Dutch Minister of Education / Colonies, dies at 65
  • 04-14Joseph Franz Karl Lanner: Austria -- Composer / violist, dies at 42
  • 05-12Johann Georg Lickl: Composer, dies at 74
  • 06-22Gabriele Prota: Composer, dies at 88
  • 07-02Samuel Hahnemann: German physician, dies at 88
  • 07-09Washington Allston: US Painter / author, dies at 63
  • 07-16Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck: Politician, dies at 68
  • 08-10Jakob F Fries: German philosopher
  • 09-03Cornelis PJ Elout: Military / President of West Sumatra, dies at 47
  • 10-10Karl Theodor Toeschi: Composer, dies at 75
  • 11-29Marco Santucci: Composer, dies at 81
  • 12-12Willem I Frederik: King of the Netherlands (1814-40), dies at 71