Events in year of 1843

  • 01-04Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
  • 02-02US and British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • 02-11Opera "I Lombardi, " premieres in Milan
  • 03-03Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
  • 03-071st Catholic Governor in US, Edward Kavanagh of Maine, takes office
  • 03-14Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)
  • 03-21Preacher William Miller of Mass predicts the world will end today
  • 05-04Great-Britain annexes Natal
  • 05-18United Free Church of Scotland forms
  • 05-221st wagon train, 1000+ depart Independence Missouri for Oregon
  • 06-01It snows in Buffalo and Rochester New York and Cleveland Ohio
  • 06-01Sojourner Truth leaves New York to begin her career as antislavery activist
  • 06-24Vincenzo Soliva decrees no Jew can live outside of ghetto in Italy
  • 06-26Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
  • 07-02An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston SC thunderstorm
  • 07-05Committee of 9 appointed to establish civil government in Oregon Country
  • 07-12Mormon leader Joseph Smith say God OKs polygamy
  • 08-08Natal (South Africa) is made a British colony
  • 08-15National black convention meets (Buffalo NY)
  • 08-15Tivoli Park in Copenhagen opens
  • 08-26Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • 08-301st blacks participation in National political convention (Liberty Party)
  • 08-31Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate
  • 10-201st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
  • 11-13Mt Rainier in Washington State erupts
  • 11-27Opera "Bohemian Girl" is produced (London)
  • 12-011st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
  • 12-04Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented, Massachusetts
  • 12-06Amsterdam-Utrecht railway opens
  • 12-13"A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold

People born in year of 1843

  • 01-01Nikolay Nikolayevich Lodizhensky: Composer
  • 01-09Christiaan A Ulder: Composer (waltzes / tumbas)
  • 01-20Pierre-Paul Cambon: French diplomat (Madrid, Constantinople, London)
  • 01-23Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg: Composer
  • 01-29William McKinley: Niles, Ohio -- (R) 25th President (1897-1901)
  • 02-19Adelina Patti: Madrid, Spain -- Opera soprano (Lucio)
  • 02-22Affonso de Escragnolle Taunay: France -- Writer (Inocencia)
  • 03-05William F Sudds: Composer
  • 03-06Artur Napoleao dos Santos: Composer
  • 03-08Per Jonas Fredrik Vilhelm Svedbom: Composer
  • 03-18Jules HPFX Vandenpeereboom: Premier of Belgium (1899)
  • 04-01Ludwig Enneccerus: German jurist
  • 04-04Hans Richter: Composer
  • 04-08Asger Hamerik [Hammerich]: Composer
  • 04-14Gustave Leon Huberti: Composer
  • 04-15Carl Eilhardt: Composer
  • 04-15Henry James: US / British writer / critic (Turn of the Screw, Bostonians)
  • 05-02Carl Michael Ziehrer: Composer
  • 05-06Grove Karl Gilbert: Geologist, investigated Lake Bonneville, Utah
  • 05-09Belle Boyd: Spy (Confederate) / actress / lecturer
  • 05-10Kaufmann Kohler: Reform rabbi / Theologian
  • 05-13Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer: Belgian politician
  • 05-21Louis Renault: French lawyer
  • 05-23Pedro Miguel Marques y Garcia: Composer
  • 05-29Emile Pessard: Composer
  • 06-03Frederik VIII CWK: King of Denmark (1906-12)
  • 06-07Susan Elizabeth Blow: United States -- Pioneered kindergarten education
  • 06-09Bertha von Suttner: Austria -- Novelist / pacifist (Nobel 1905)
  • 06-10Heinrich von Herzogenberg: Composer
  • 06-15Edvard Hagerup Grieg: Bergen, Norway -- Composer (Bewitched One)

People died in year of 1843

  • 01-04Petronella Moens: Frisian Author / poetess, dies at 80
  • 01-07Franz Schoberlechner: Composer, dies at 45
  • 01-09Caroline Herschel: "1st lady of astronomy", dies at 98 in Germany
  • 01-11Francis Scott Key: Composer (Star Spangled Banner), dies at 63
  • 03-16Anton R Falck: Dutch Minister of Education / Colonies, dies at 65
  • 04-14Joseph Franz Karl Lanner: Austria -- Composer / violist, dies at 42
  • 05-12Johann Georg Lickl: Composer, dies at 74
  • 06-22Gabriele Prota: Composer, dies at 88
  • 07-02Samuel Hahnemann: German physician, dies at 88
  • 07-09Washington Allston: US Painter / author, dies at 63
  • 07-16Hubert MAJ van Asch van Wijck: Politician, dies at 68
  • 08-10Jakob F Fries: German philosopher
  • 09-03Cornelis PJ Elout: Military / President of West Sumatra, dies at 47
  • 10-10Karl Theodor Toeschi: Composer, dies at 75
  • 11-29Marco Santucci: Composer, dies at 81
  • 12-12Willem I Frederik: King of the Netherlands (1814-40), dies at 71

Events in year of 1844

  • 01-15University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana
  • 01-25Recontre between Reps Weller and Shriver, US House of Representative
  • 02-27Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
  • 02-2812-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes
  • 04-12Texas became a US territory
  • 05-01Samuel Morse sends 1st telegraphic message
  • 05-01Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate
  • 05-06Johan Thorbecke argue general right to vote
  • 05-24Samuel FB Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" (1st telegraph message)
  • 05-251st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot
  • 05-27Samuel F.B. Morse completes 1st telegraph line
  • 06-15Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber
  • 06-26US President John Tyler marries Julia Gardiner in New York City
  • 07-27Fire destroys US mint at Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 07-29New York Yacht Club forms
  • 07-301st US yacht club organized, New York Yacht Club
  • 08-08Brigham Young chosen Mormon Church head following Joseph Smith death
  • 08-291st white-indian lacrosse game in Montreal, Indians win
  • 10-227th day adventists wait for appearance of Jesus
  • 11-06Spain grants Dominican Rep independence
  • 12-03RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms
  • 12-04James K Polk elected 11th President of US
  • 12-111st dental use of nitrous oxide, Hartford, Connecticut
  • 12-30Opera "Stradella" after being rewritten is produced (Hamburg)

People born in year of 1844

  • 01-04Thomas H Rollinson: Composer
  • 01-07Marie-Bernarde Soubirous [St Bernadette of Lourdes]: Saint / visionary
  • 01-14Clara Kathleen Rogers: Composer
  • 01-20Johan Peter Selmer: Composer
  • 01-25Frederick E Kitziger: Composer
  • 01-30Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing: German General / Governor-General of Belgium (1914-17)
  • 02-01Eduard Adolf Strasburger: German Botanist (Angiospermen)
  • 02-01Granville Stanley Hall: United States -- Psychologist
  • 02-02Leander Schlegel: Composer
  • 02-17A Montgomery Ward: Founded mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)
  • 02-18Willem Maris: Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • 02-20Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann: Austria -- Physicist (statistical mechanics)
  • 02-21Charles-Marie Widor: Lyon, France -- Composer / Professor (Paris Conservatory)
  • 02-22Kazamierz Julian Kratzer: Composer
  • 03-02Hermanus J A M Schaepman: Clergyman / Dutch politician
  • 03-04Josip Jurcic: Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • 03-06Nicolai Rimski-Korsakov: Composer (Flight of the Bumble Bee) (NS 3 / 18)
  • 03-07Anthony Comstock: New Canaan, Connecticut -- Anti-vice crusader / philatelist
  • 03-10Pablo Martin M de Sarasate y Navascuez: Composer (Spanish Dancing)
  • 03-14King Umberto I of Italy: (1878-1900)
  • 03-18Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov: Tikhvin, Russia -- Composer (Scheherazade)
  • 03-19Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown: Finnish playwright (Kovan onnen lapsia)
  • 03-23Eugene Gigout: Composer
  • 03-27Alophus Washington Greely: United States -- Arctic explorer
  • 03-30Paul M Verlaine: France -- Lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • 04-06Joseph Ludwig: Composer
  • 05-02Elijah McCoy: Black inventor, held over 50 patents
  • 05-03Edouard A Drumont: French anti-semitic journalist
  • 05-08Hermann Gradener: Composer
  • 05-09[Maria] Catharina Beersmans: Belgian actress (Bad Herders)

People died in year of 1844

  • 01-15Joseph Mazzinghi: Composer, dies at 78
  • 02-04Willem de Clerq: Dutch Merchant / literary, dies at 49
  • 02-15Henry Addington Lord Sidmouth: British Premier (1801-04), dies at 86
  • 02-27Nicholas Biddle: US lawyer / diplomat / Statesman / financier, dies at 85
  • 02-28Abel P Upshur: Secretary of State, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 02-28Thommas W Gilmer: Navy Secretary, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 02-29Thaddaus Weigl: Composer, dies at 67
  • 03-21Leopold F J J J van Sassen Ysselt: Dutch politician, dies at 65
  • 04-04Charles Bulfinch: 1st US pro Architect (Mass State House), dies at 80
  • 04-08Ignaz Franz von Mosel: Composer, dies at 72
  • 04-22Henri-Montan Berton: Composer, dies at 76
  • 05-08Charles XIV Johan [Jean B Bernadotte]: King of Sweden / Norway
  • 05-21Guiseppi Baini: Composer, dies at 68
  • 05-24William Crockford: Clubman / gambler
  • 06-15Thomas Campbell: Poet (Ye Mariners of England), dies at 66
  • 06-27Hyrum Smith: Founder / leader (Mormon Church), lynched in Carthage, Illinois
  • 06-27Joseph Smith, Jr.: Founder / leader (Mormon Church), lynched at 38
  • 07-12Charles-Louis Panckoucke: French publisher, dies at 63
  • 07-13Johann Gansbacher: Composer, dies at 66
  • 07-19Heinrich Domnich: Composer, dies at 77
  • 07-23Christian Gobrecht: 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office
  • 07-27John Dalton: Engl physicist / chemist (molecular theorist), dies at 77
  • 07-29Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart: Composer, dies at 53
  • 08-11Jernej Kopitar: Filmologist / censor (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • 08-14Henry Francis Cary: Translator (Dante)
  • 09-14Oliver Holden: Composer, dies at 78
  • 09-27Charles Nodier: French writer (History du chien the Brisquet)
  • 10-12Claude Tillier: French journalist / writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • 11-01August Ferdinand Haeser: Composer, dies at 45
  • 11-14Flora Tristan: Writer, dies at 41