Events in year of 1844

  • 01-15University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana
  • 01-25Recontre between Reps Weller and Shriver, US House of Representative
  • 02-27Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
  • 02-2812-inch gun aboard USS Princeton explodes
  • 04-12Texas became a US territory
  • 05-01Samuel Morse sends 1st telegraphic message
  • 05-01Whig convention nominates Henry Clay as presidential candidate
  • 05-06Johan Thorbecke argue general right to vote
  • 05-24Samuel FB Morse taps out "What hath God wrought" (1st telegraph message)
  • 05-251st telegraphed news dispatch is published in Baltimore Patriot
  • 05-27Samuel F.B. Morse completes 1st telegraph line
  • 06-15Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber
  • 06-26US President John Tyler marries Julia Gardiner in New York City
  • 07-27Fire destroys US mint at Charlotte, North Carolina
  • 07-29New York Yacht Club forms
  • 07-301st US yacht club organized, New York Yacht Club
  • 08-08Brigham Young chosen Mormon Church head following Joseph Smith death
  • 08-291st white-indian lacrosse game in Montreal, Indians win
  • 10-227th day adventists wait for appearance of Jesus
  • 11-06Spain grants Dominican Rep independence
  • 12-03RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms
  • 12-04James K Polk elected 11th President of US
  • 12-111st dental use of nitrous oxide, Hartford, Connecticut
  • 12-30Opera "Stradella" after being rewritten is produced (Hamburg)

People born in year of 1844

  • 01-04Thomas H Rollinson: Composer
  • 01-07Marie-Bernarde Soubirous [St Bernadette of Lourdes]: Saint / visionary
  • 01-14Clara Kathleen Rogers: Composer
  • 01-20Johan Peter Selmer: Composer
  • 01-25Frederick E Kitziger: Composer
  • 01-30Moritz F Freiherr von Bissing: German General / Governor-General of Belgium (1914-17)
  • 02-01Eduard Adolf Strasburger: German Botanist (Angiospermen)
  • 02-01Granville Stanley Hall: United States -- Psychologist
  • 02-02Leander Schlegel: Composer
  • 02-17A Montgomery Ward: Founded mail-order business (Montgomery Ward)
  • 02-18Willem Maris: Dutch painter (Hague School)
  • 02-20Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann: Austria -- Physicist (statistical mechanics)
  • 02-21Charles-Marie Widor: Lyon, France -- Composer / Professor (Paris Conservatory)
  • 02-22Kazamierz Julian Kratzer: Composer
  • 03-02Hermanus J A M Schaepman: Clergyman / Dutch politician
  • 03-04Josip Jurcic: Slovenian writer (10th Brother)
  • 03-06Nicolai Rimski-Korsakov: Composer (Flight of the Bumble Bee) (NS 3 / 18)
  • 03-07Anthony Comstock: New Canaan, Connecticut -- Anti-vice crusader / philatelist
  • 03-10Pablo Martin M de Sarasate y Navascuez: Composer (Spanish Dancing)
  • 03-14King Umberto I of Italy: (1878-1900)
  • 03-18Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov: Tikhvin, Russia -- Composer (Scheherazade)
  • 03-19Ulrika "Minna" Cant-Johnstown: Finnish playwright (Kovan onnen lapsia)
  • 03-23Eugene Gigout: Composer
  • 03-27Alophus Washington Greely: United States -- Arctic explorer
  • 03-30Paul M Verlaine: France -- Lyric poet (Sagesse Bonbeur)
  • 04-06Joseph Ludwig: Composer
  • 05-02Elijah McCoy: Black inventor, held over 50 patents
  • 05-03Edouard A Drumont: French anti-semitic journalist
  • 05-08Hermann Gradener: Composer
  • 05-09[Maria] Catharina Beersmans: Belgian actress (Bad Herders)

People died in year of 1844

  • 01-15Joseph Mazzinghi: Composer, dies at 78
  • 02-04Willem de Clerq: Dutch Merchant / literary, dies at 49
  • 02-15Henry Addington Lord Sidmouth: British Premier (1801-04), dies at 86
  • 02-27Nicholas Biddle: US lawyer / diplomat / Statesman / financier, dies at 85
  • 02-28Abel P Upshur: Secretary of State, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 02-28Thommas W Gilmer: Navy Secretary, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • 02-29Thaddaus Weigl: Composer, dies at 67
  • 03-21Leopold F J J J van Sassen Ysselt: Dutch politician, dies at 65
  • 04-04Charles Bulfinch: 1st US pro Architect (Mass State House), dies at 80
  • 04-08Ignaz Franz von Mosel: Composer, dies at 72
  • 04-22Henri-Montan Berton: Composer, dies at 76
  • 05-08Charles XIV Johan [Jean B Bernadotte]: King of Sweden / Norway
  • 05-21Guiseppi Baini: Composer, dies at 68
  • 05-24William Crockford: Clubman / gambler
  • 06-15Thomas Campbell: Poet (Ye Mariners of England), dies at 66
  • 06-27Hyrum Smith: Founder / leader (Mormon Church), lynched in Carthage, Illinois
  • 06-27Joseph Smith, Jr.: Founder / leader (Mormon Church), lynched at 38
  • 07-12Charles-Louis Panckoucke: French publisher, dies at 63
  • 07-13Johann Gansbacher: Composer, dies at 66
  • 07-19Heinrich Domnich: Composer, dies at 77
  • 07-23Christian Gobrecht: 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office
  • 07-27John Dalton: Engl physicist / chemist (molecular theorist), dies at 77
  • 07-29Franz Xaver Wolfgang Mozart: Composer, dies at 53
  • 08-11Jernej Kopitar: Filmologist / censor (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • 08-14Henry Francis Cary: Translator (Dante)
  • 09-14Oliver Holden: Composer, dies at 78
  • 09-27Charles Nodier: French writer (History du chien the Brisquet)
  • 10-12Claude Tillier: French journalist / writer (My Uncle Benjamin)
  • 11-01August Ferdinand Haeser: Composer, dies at 45
  • 11-14Flora Tristan: Writer, dies at 41

Events in year of 1845

  • 01-10Poets Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning begin corresponding
  • 01-23Uniform US election day for President and VP authorized
  • 02-15William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72" (183 cm) reflector
  • 03-01President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
  • 03-031st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • 03-03Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • 03-03Florida becomes 27th state
  • 03-04James K Polk inaugrated at 11th President
  • 03-05Congress appropriates $30,000 to ship camels to western US
  • 03-17Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
  • 03-17Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • 03-26Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • 03-26Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
  • 03-28Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
  • 04-02H L Fizeau and J Leon Foucault take 1st photo of Sun
  • 04-10More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 04-29Macon B Allen and Robert Morris Jr, 1st blacks to open law practice
  • 05-031st black lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to bar (Mass)
  • 05-03Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton China
  • 05-14Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
  • 05-17Rubber band patents
  • 05-201st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
  • 05-28Fire in Quebec Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
  • 06-01Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 06-04Mexican-US war starts
  • 06-12George Abernethy becomes 1st Governor of Oregon Country
  • 07-04Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond
  • 07-04Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
  • 07-14Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes and kills many
  • 07-16New York Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta

People born in year of 1845

  • 01-07Louis III: Last King of Bavaria (1913-18)
  • 01-07Paul Deusen: German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)
  • 01-14Henry C K Petty-Fitzmaurice: 5th marquess of Landsdowne / Governor-General of Canada
  • 01-15Ella Flagg Young: 1st woman President (National Educational Association)
  • 01-15Heinrich Vogl: Composer
  • 01-17Lucas Lindeboom: Dutch vicar / evangelist (Vredebond)
  • 01-22Jacob Verdam: Dutch philologist
  • 01-22Paul Vidal de la Blanche: France -- Geographer
  • 02-03Ernest von Wildenbruch: German playwright (Sedan)
  • 02-14Cecil De Vere: 1st official British chess champion (1866)
  • 02-15Elihu Root: (R) / US Secretary of State (1905-09) / Nobel Peace Prize (1912)
  • 02-26Aleksander Rozycki: Composer
  • 02-26Alexander III: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Russian tsar (1881-94) (3 / 10 NS)
  • 03-03Georg Cantor: German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
  • 03-05Alfonse Hasselmans: Composer
  • 03-10Alexander III A Romanov: Russian tsar (1881-94)
  • 03-19Willem H de Beaufort: Dutch historian / politician
  • 04-05Jules M Cambon: French Governor-General of Algeria / ambassador
  • 04-17Isabel Barrows: United States -- Editor / penologist (Conference on Negro Question)
  • 04-18Wilhelm Gericke: Composer
  • 04-24Carl Spitteler: Switzerland -- Poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919)
  • 05-07Jacob van Stolk Azn: Timber Merchant / art collector
  • 05-15Ilja [Elias] Metsjnikov: USSR -- Zoologist / bacteriologist (Nobel 1908)
  • 05-25William Muldoon: Belfast, New York -- Boxing commissioner (help find PAL)
  • 05-30Amadeus I FM: Duke of Aosta / King of Spain (1870-73)
  • 06-07Leopold von Auer: Hungarians / US violinist
  • 06-17Hendrik P Staal: Dutch banker
  • 07-04Thomas John Barnardo: English social worker
  • 08-06Anthonie A Vorsterman van Oyen: Dutch genealogist
  • 08-09Xavier Mellery: Belgian painter / illustrator

People died in year of 1845

  • 01-23Francesco Ruggi: Composer, dies at 77
  • 02-20Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov: Composer, dies at 57
  • 03-11John Chapman [Johnny Appleseed]: Dies in Allen County, Indiana
  • 03-19George Augustus Kollmann: Composer, dies at 56
  • 03-22Franz Joseph Volkert: Composer, dies at 67
  • 04-12Henry M baron the Kock: Officer / politician, dies at 65
  • 04-18Nicholas T the Saussure: Swiss chemist / botany, dies at 77
  • 04-25Thomas Duncan: Painter
  • 05-02August Pauly: German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48
  • 05-11Karoly Filtsch: Composer, dies at 14
  • 05-12August Wilhelm Schlegel: German Poet / interpreter / critic, dies at 77
  • 05-15Samuel I Wiselius: Dutch lawyer / businessman / writer, dies at 76
  • 05-19Maria EJ Versfelt: Mistress of General Moreau / marshal Ney, dies at 68
  • 06-08Andrew Jackson: (D) 7th President (1828-37), dies at 78
  • 06-15Francesco Capaccini: Italian Cardinal / diplomat, dies at 60
  • 07-09Jacob Earl of Rechteren / Appeltern: Gov of Gelderland, dies at 57
  • 09-07Isabella Colbran: Wife of Italian Composer Gioacchino Rossini
  • 09-10Karl August von Lichtenstein: Composer, dies at 78
  • 09-16John Kinker: Translator / philosopher / poet, dies at 81
  • 10-25Carel H Verhuell: Dutch / French Vice-Admiral, dies at 81
  • 11-02Chretien Urhan: Composer, dies at 55
  • 11-03Johan G Verstolk van Soelen: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 69
  • 12-02Johannes Simon Mayr: Composer, dies at 82