Events in year of 1845

  • 01-10Poets Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning begin corresponding
  • 01-23Uniform US election day for President and VP authorized
  • 02-15William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72" (183 cm) reflector
  • 03-01President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
  • 03-031st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
  • 03-03Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
  • 03-03Florida becomes 27th state
  • 03-04James K Polk inaugrated at 11th President
  • 03-05Congress appropriates $30,000 to ship camels to western US
  • 03-17Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
  • 03-17Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
  • 03-26Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
  • 03-26Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
  • 03-28Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
  • 04-02H L Fizeau and J Leon Foucault take 1st photo of Sun
  • 04-10More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
  • 04-29Macon B Allen and Robert Morris Jr, 1st blacks to open law practice
  • 05-031st black lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to bar (Mass)
  • 05-03Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton China
  • 05-14Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
  • 05-17Rubber band patents
  • 05-201st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
  • 05-28Fire in Quebec Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
  • 06-01Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
  • 06-04Mexican-US war starts
  • 06-12George Abernethy becomes 1st Governor of Oregon Country
  • 07-04Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond
  • 07-04Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
  • 07-14Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes and kills many
  • 07-16New York Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta

People born in year of 1845

  • 01-07Louis III: Last King of Bavaria (1913-18)
  • 01-07Paul Deusen: German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft)
  • 01-14Henry C K Petty-Fitzmaurice: 5th marquess of Landsdowne / Governor-General of Canada
  • 01-15Ella Flagg Young: 1st woman President (National Educational Association)
  • 01-15Heinrich Vogl: Composer
  • 01-17Lucas Lindeboom: Dutch vicar / evangelist (Vredebond)
  • 01-22Jacob Verdam: Dutch philologist
  • 01-22Paul Vidal de la Blanche: France -- Geographer
  • 02-03Ernest von Wildenbruch: German playwright (Sedan)
  • 02-14Cecil De Vere: 1st official British chess champion (1866)
  • 02-15Elihu Root: (R) / US Secretary of State (1905-09) / Nobel Peace Prize (1912)
  • 02-26Aleksander Rozycki: Composer
  • 02-26Alexander III: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Russian tsar (1881-94) (3 / 10 NS)
  • 03-03Georg Cantor: German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
  • 03-05Alfonse Hasselmans: Composer
  • 03-10Alexander III A Romanov: Russian tsar (1881-94)
  • 03-19Willem H de Beaufort: Dutch historian / politician
  • 04-05Jules M Cambon: French Governor-General of Algeria / ambassador
  • 04-17Isabel Barrows: United States -- Editor / penologist (Conference on Negro Question)
  • 04-18Wilhelm Gericke: Composer
  • 04-24Carl Spitteler: Switzerland -- Poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919)
  • 05-07Jacob van Stolk Azn: Timber Merchant / art collector
  • 05-15Ilja [Elias] Metsjnikov: USSR -- Zoologist / bacteriologist (Nobel 1908)
  • 05-25William Muldoon: Belfast, New York -- Boxing commissioner (help find PAL)
  • 05-30Amadeus I FM: Duke of Aosta / King of Spain (1870-73)
  • 06-07Leopold von Auer: Hungarians / US violinist
  • 06-17Hendrik P Staal: Dutch banker
  • 07-04Thomas John Barnardo: English social worker
  • 08-06Anthonie A Vorsterman van Oyen: Dutch genealogist
  • 08-09Xavier Mellery: Belgian painter / illustrator

People died in year of 1845

  • 01-23Francesco Ruggi: Composer, dies at 77
  • 02-20Pavel Ivanovich Dulgorukov: Composer, dies at 57
  • 03-11John Chapman [Johnny Appleseed]: Dies in Allen County, Indiana
  • 03-19George Augustus Kollmann: Composer, dies at 56
  • 03-22Franz Joseph Volkert: Composer, dies at 67
  • 04-12Henry M baron the Kock: Officer / politician, dies at 65
  • 04-18Nicholas T the Saussure: Swiss chemist / botany, dies at 77
  • 04-25Thomas Duncan: Painter
  • 05-02August Pauly: German writer (Real Encyclopedia), dies at 48
  • 05-11Karoly Filtsch: Composer, dies at 14
  • 05-12August Wilhelm Schlegel: German Poet / interpreter / critic, dies at 77
  • 05-15Samuel I Wiselius: Dutch lawyer / businessman / writer, dies at 76
  • 05-19Maria EJ Versfelt: Mistress of General Moreau / marshal Ney, dies at 68
  • 06-08Andrew Jackson: (D) 7th President (1828-37), dies at 78
  • 06-15Francesco Capaccini: Italian Cardinal / diplomat, dies at 60
  • 07-09Jacob Earl of Rechteren / Appeltern: Gov of Gelderland, dies at 57
  • 09-07Isabella Colbran: Wife of Italian Composer Gioacchino Rossini
  • 09-10Karl August von Lichtenstein: Composer, dies at 78
  • 09-16John Kinker: Translator / philosopher / poet, dies at 81
  • 10-25Carel H Verhuell: Dutch / French Vice-Admiral, dies at 81
  • 11-02Chretien Urhan: Composer, dies at 55
  • 11-03Johan G Verstolk van Soelen: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 69
  • 12-02Johannes Simon Mayr: Composer, dies at 82

Events in year of 1846

  • 01-28Battle of Allwal, Brits beat Sikhs in Punjab (India)
  • 02-04Mormons leave Nauvoo, Mo for settlement in west
  • 02-05"Oregon Spectator" is 1st newspaper to be published on the West Coast
  • 02-10Beginning of Mormon march to west US
  • 02-10British defeat Sikhs in battle of Sobraon, India
  • 02-16Battle of Sobraon ends 1st Sikh War in India
  • 02-19Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • 02-20British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
  • 02-211st US woman telegrapher, Sarah G Bagley, Lowell, Massachusetts
  • 02-23Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated
  • 05-01Ida Pfeiffer (48) begins trip around world
  • 05-03Mexican army surrounds fort in Texas
  • 05-04US state Michigan ends death penalty
  • 05-09Battle of Resaca de la Palma-US sends Mexico back to Rio Grande
  • 05-17Saxophone is patents by Antoine Joseph Sax
  • 05-18US troops attack Rio Grande occupying Matamoros
  • 05-211st steamship arrives in Hawaii
  • 06-05Telegraph line opens between Philadelphia and Baltimore
  • 06-08Battle at Gwanga: British troops beat Bantu
  • 06-10Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tire
  • 06-14Belgian Liberal Party forms
  • 06-14California (Bear Flag) Republic proclaimed in Sonoma
  • 06-14California declares independence from Mexico
  • 06-191st baseball game (Cartwright Rules) - NY Nines 23, Knickerbockers 1
  • 06-24Residency tax on Jews of Hungary abolished
  • 07-09Captain Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (San Francisco) for US
  • 07-21Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley)
  • 08-05Oregon country divided between US and Britain at 49th parallel
  • 08-14Henry David Thoreau jailed for tax resistance
  • 08-17US fleet officer Robert F Stockton annexes California

People born in year of 1846

  • 01-01Nikola Pasic: Serbian nationalist / Premier (1891..1926)
  • 01-02Sandor Erkel: Composer
  • 01-05Rudolf Christoph Eucken: Germany -- Idealist philosopher (Nobel 1908)
  • 01-08Albert Cahen: Composer
  • 01-08William Wallace Gilchrist: Composer
  • 01-30Francis H Bradley: British philosopher (neo-idealism)
  • 02-09Wilhelm Maybach: German engineer, designer of 1st Mercedes
  • 02-10Mildred Childe "Life" Lee: Daughter of confederate General Robert E Lee
  • 02-11William Fox Talbot: Pioneer photographer / inventor
  • 02-24Luigi Denza: Composer
  • 02-27Joaquin Valverde: Composer
  • 03-17Kate Greenaway: England, United Kingdom -- Artist / book illustrator (Under the Window)
  • 03-20Auguste Bender: Writer
  • 03-22Randolph Caldecott: England, United Kingdom -- Illustrator (Caldecott Medal namesake)
  • 04-28Johann E Backlund: Swedish astronomer (planets / asteroids)
  • 04-30Rosalie Amstein: Writer
  • 05-02Zygmunt Noskowski: Composer
  • 05-05Federico Chueca: Composer
  • 05-05Henryk Sienkiewicz: Poland -- Author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905)
  • 05-08Oscar Hammerstein: Germany -- Opera / playwright (Kohinoor)
  • 05-14Arnold Kerdijk: Dutch lib politician / founder (Social Weekly newspaper)
  • 05-14Pieter W A Cort van de Linden: Dutch Premier (1913-18)
  • 05-17Edmund Bishop: English Secretary of Thomas Carlyle
  • 05-26Arthur Coquard: Composer
  • 06-04Josef Sittard: Music writer
  • 06-07Wladyslaw Gorski: Composer
  • 06-23George Sax: Inventor (saxophone)
  • 06-27Charles S Parnell: English / Irish Home Rule Party-Lower house member
  • 06-30Ricardo Drigo: Composer
  • 07-03Achilles Alferaki: Composer

People died in year of 1846

  • 02-03Joseph Weigl: Austria Composer / conductor (Waisenhaus), dies at 79
  • 02-09Henry Gally Knight: Architect / writer
  • 02-14Cornelis F van Maanen: Dutch Supreme Court Justice, dies at 76
  • 02-18Giovanni Liverati: Composer, dies at 73
  • 02-22Carolus Antonius Fodor: Composer, dies at 77
  • 03-17F W Bessel: Measured distance to 61 Cygni
  • 03-17Friedrich W Bessel: German astronomer (Bessel Functions), dies at 61
  • 04-16Domenico Dragonetti: Composer, dies at 83
  • 05-08Giacomo Cordella: Composer, dies at 59
  • 06-01Gregory XVI [Bartolomeo A Cappellari] / Mauro: Pope dies at 80
  • 06-20Pieter Adams: Architect of Rotterdam, dies at about 67
  • 06-28Adrian van de Ende: Vicar / protestant reformer, dies at 77
  • 07-24Joseph Leopold Eybler: Austrian Composer / choir master, dies at 81
  • 07-24Louis Napoleon: French King of the Netherlands (1806-10), dies at 67
  • 08-01Peter Ritter: Composer, dies at 83
  • 08-07Johann Christian Heinrich Rinck: Composer, dies at 76
  • 08-25Giuseppe Acerbi: Italian nature investigator / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 08-27Frantiszek Scigalski: Composer, dies at 64
  • 08-27Gottfied Wilhelm Fink: Composer, dies at 63
  • 09-17Francesco Giuseppi Pollini: Composer, dies at 84
  • 10-29Jean Louis van Aelbroeck: Flemish agronoom, dies at 90