Events in year of 1847

  • 01-01Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
  • 01-03California town of Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 01-091st SF newspaper published (California Star)
  • 01-14Conspiracy in New Mexico against US
  • 01-151st Swedish magazine in US, Skandinavia, published in New York City
  • 01-241,500 New Mexican Indians and Mexicans defeated by US Col Price
  • 01-30Yerba Buena renamed San Francisco
  • 02-041st US telegraph co established in Maryland
  • 02-22Battle of Buena Vista: US troops beat Mexican army
  • 02-25State University of Iowa is approved
  • 03-01Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
  • 03-03Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
  • 03-07US General Scott occupies Vera Cruz Mexico
  • 03-101st money minted in Hawaii
  • 03-17"Macbeth" opera premieres in Florence
  • 03-181st Dutch public telegram
  • 03-25Pope Pius IX encyclical "On aid for Ireland"
  • 04-05Opera "Die Fledermaus" is produced (Vienna)
  • 04-14Persia and Osmaanse sign 2nd Treaty of Erzurum
  • 04-28George B Vashon becomes 1st black to enter New York State Bar
  • 05-02Sabbath famine
  • 05-04New York State creates a Board of Commissioners of Emigration
  • 05-05American Medical Association organized (Philadelphia)
  • 05-07American Medical Association organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 05-08Robert Thompson patents rubber tire
  • 06-10Chicago Tribune begins publishing
  • 06-14Robert von Bunsen invents the Bunsen burner
  • 06-22Doughnut created
  • 06-27New York and Boston linked by telegraph wires
  • 07-02Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps, still exists today

People born in year of 1847

  • 01-04Hendrik Goeman Borgesius: Dutch politician
  • 01-20W R Pettiford: Founder (Alabama Penny Savings Bank)
  • 02-02Jules Francois Blasini: Curacaos pianist / composer
  • 02-07Ernst Franck: German composer / conductor
  • 02-14Anna Howard Shaw: United States -- Suffragette
  • 02-16Ludwig Philipp Scharwenka: German composer (Album polonaise)
  • 02-25John Watson: Canada -- Philosopher (Objective Idealism)
  • 02-27Ellen Alice Terry: Coventry, England -- Actress / director (Imperial Theatre)
  • 03-08Karl von Bach: German engineer (Maschinenelemente)
  • 03-14Antonio de Castro Alves: Brazilian poet (Espumas Flutuantes)
  • 03-19Constantin Dimitrescu: Composer
  • 03-23Alexandru D Xenopol: Romania -- Historian
  • 03-27Otto Wallach: Germany -- Chemist (Nobel 1910)
  • 03-31Jarolslaw Zielinski: Composer
  • 04-01Gavriil Musicescu: Composer
  • 04-01Jules-Nicolas Crevaux: French explorer (South America)
  • 04-07J P Jacobsen: Writer
  • 04-09Francesco Paolo Tosti: Composer
  • 04-09Francis William Davenport: Composer
  • 04-10Charles Swinnerton Heap: Composer
  • 04-10Joseph Pulitzer: Hungary -- Publisher (St. Louis Post-Dispatch, New York World)
  • 04-13Cornelis Pijnacker Hordijk: Governor-General (Netherlands East Indies)
  • 05-07Archibald Primrose: Earl of Rosebery (Lib), British Prime Minister (1894-95)
  • 05-13Johannes Haarklou: Composer
  • 05-25Alphonse Goovaerts: Composer
  • 05-25John Alexander Dowie [Elijah the Restorer]: United States -- Evangelist
  • 05-30Alice Sophia Stopford Green: Ireland -- Proponent of Irish independence
  • 06-06Gerben Postma [Ids]: Frisian writer (Swealtsjeblommen)
  • 06-08Ida Sazton McKinley: 1st lady (1897-1901)
  • 06-24Gervais Bernard Gaston Salvayre: Composer

People died in year of 1847

  • 01-11Caroline von Wolzogen [von Lengefeld]: German author, dies at 83
  • 01-14Gov Bent: 5 others in US occupation, killed by revolt in New Mexico
  • 01-22Georges-Julien Sieber: Composer, dies at 71
  • 03-28Mariano Rodriguiz de Ledesma: Composer, dies at 67
  • 03-29Auguste De Polignac: Premier France, dies at 66
  • 04-23Erik Gustaf Geijer: Composer, dies at 64
  • 04-30Charles L J: Archduke of Austria / Governor-General (Austria-Netherland)
  • 05-14Fanny Cacilia Mendelssohn Hensel: Composer, dies at 41
  • 05-16Kaspar Ett: German Organist / composer, dies at 59
  • 05-20Mary Lamb: Writer
  • 07-01George F Kersting: German painter, dies at 61
  • 07-11Joachim G le Sage at Trousers: RC foreman / publicist, dies at 71
  • 07-19Johann Wilhelm Wilms: Composer, dies at 75
  • 09-23Henri MG Earl the Merode: Belg revolutionary (Souvenirs), dies at 65
  • 10-14William Michael Rooke: Composer, dies at 53
  • 11-04Jacob L Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy: German pianist / composer, dies at 38
  • 12-11Moritz Grave von Strachwitz: German poet, dies at 25
  • 12-29William Crotch: Composer, dies at 72

Events in year of 1848

  • 01-01Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • 01-08Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • 01-091st commercial bank in SF established
  • 01-28King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
  • 01-29Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament / freedom of press)
  • 02-021st ship load of Chinese arrive in San Francisco
  • 02-02Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
  • 02-12Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
  • 02-14James K Polk became 1st President photographed in office (Matthew Brady)
  • 02-15Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • 02-17Toscane gets liberal Constitution
  • 02-24King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French Republic declared
  • 02-262nd French Republic forms
  • 02-262nd French Republic proclaimed
  • 02-26Marx and Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
  • 02-29Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland
  • 03-04Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
  • 03-07In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
  • 03-122nd Republic established in France
  • 03-20King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
  • 03-24State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
  • 03-27John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
  • 03-29Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
  • 04-03Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
  • 04-06Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • 04-081st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 04-08Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • 04-11Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under King Ferdinand of Aust
  • 04-28Free last slaves in French colonies
  • 05-06Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony

People born in year of 1848

  • 01-05Khristo Botev: Hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
  • 01-21Henri Duparc: French composer
  • 01-22Samuel Muller Fzn: Dutch historian / archivist (Middle Ages)
  • 02-04[Francois-Victor-]Jean Aicard: French playwright / poet (Jeune Croyances)
  • 02-05Belle Starr [Myra Belle Shirley]: US female outlaw (wild west)
  • 02-05Joris-Karl Huysmans: France -- Writer (Against the Grain)
  • 02-06Luigi Mancinelli: Composer
  • 02-16Hugo de Vries: Dutch Botanist (How species emerge)
  • 02-18Louis Comfort Tiffany: Glassmaker (stained glass windows)
  • 02-23Thomas Paine Westendorf: Composer
  • 02-24C Grant B Allen: Canadian writer (Woman Who Did)
  • 02-24Johanna C P Barbiers: Actress (Voddenraper of Paris)
  • 02-27Charles Hubert H Parry: England, United Kingdom -- Musicologist / composer (Jerusalem)
  • 03-01Augustus Saint-Gaudens: United States -- Sculptor / designer (1907 $20 gold piece)
  • 03-09Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick: Composer
  • 03-12Cyrill Kistler: Composer
  • 03-17Horace Wadham Nicholl: Composer
  • 03-18Nathaniel Herreshoff: America Cup yacht designer
  • 03-19Wyatt Earp: Monmouth, Illinois -- Sheriff (OK Corral)
  • 03-29Aleksei Kuropatkin: Russian General / Minister of War
  • 03-31John Henry Roberts: Composer
  • 04-09Helena Lange: German feminist
  • 04-28Ludvig Schytte: Composer
  • 05-05Adalbert von Goldschmidt: Composer
  • 05-23Helmuth J L von Moltke: German General / Chief of Staff (WWI)
  • 05-23Otto Lilienthal: Pioneer aviator
  • 06-01Otto Valdemar Malling: Composer
  • 06-07Paul Gaugin [Eugene Henri]: French post-impressionist painter
  • 06-23Antoine Joseph Sax: Inventor (saxophone)
  • 06-24Brooks Adams: US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)

People died in year of 1848

  • 01-05Ferdinando Orlandi: Composer, dies at 73
  • 02-20[Willem] Alexander FCNM: Prince of the Netherlands / General Major, dies at 29
  • 02-23John Quincy Adams: 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80
  • 03-03Heinrich Olivier: German painter
  • 03-20Abraham des Amorie van der Hoeven: Dutch Theologist / poet, dies at 27
  • 03-29John Jacob Astor: Charted American Fur Company, dies at 84
  • 04-08Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti: Italian composer, dies at 50
  • 04-08Gaetano Donizetti: Composer, dies at 50
  • 04-10Godert AGP baron van Capellen: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
  • 04-30Friedrich Freiherr Gagern: German / Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 05-18William A Leidesdorf: Black, dies at 38 in San Francisco
  • 06-27Denis-Auguste Affre: Archbsp of Paris (1840-48), shot to death at 54
  • 06-27Zschokke: Writer
  • 07-04Francois Rene de Chateaubriand: French Novelist (Atala) / diplomat
  • 07-22Karl Guhr: Composer, dies at 60
  • 08-06Nicola Vaccai: Italian composer, dies at 58
  • 08-09Frederick Marryat: English captain / Author (Mr Midshipman Easy)
  • 08-12George Stephenson: Locomotive engineer
  • 08-15Timothy Olmstead: Composer, dies at 88
  • 09-11Henri-Philippe Gerard: Composer, dies at 87
  • 10-04Louis Massonneau: Composer, dies at 82
  • 10-26Vissarion G Belinski: Russian literature critic
  • 10-27Alexander Egorovich Varlamov: Composer, dies at 46
  • 11-09Robert Blum: German MP (Liberal), executed
  • 11-15P Rossi: Italian, murdered
  • 11-17Jozef B "Olim" Cannaert: Flemish lawyer
  • 11-23Alfred Julius Becher: Composer, dies at 45
  • 11-24William Lamb 2nd viscount Melbourne: British Prime Minister (1834-41), dies at 69
  • 12-19Adam FJA van Duyn: Governor of South Holland, dies at 77
  • 12-25Johann Erik Nordblom: Composer, dies at 60