Events in year of 1848

  • 01-01Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • 01-08Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
  • 01-091st commercial bank in SF established
  • 01-28King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
  • 01-29Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament / freedom of press)
  • 02-021st ship load of Chinese arrive in San Francisco
  • 02-02Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
  • 02-12Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
  • 02-14James K Polk became 1st President photographed in office (Matthew Brady)
  • 02-15Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • 02-17Toscane gets liberal Constitution
  • 02-24King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French Republic declared
  • 02-262nd French Republic forms
  • 02-262nd French Republic proclaimed
  • 02-26Marx and Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
  • 02-29Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland
  • 03-04Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
  • 03-07In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
  • 03-122nd Republic established in France
  • 03-20King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
  • 03-24State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
  • 03-27John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
  • 03-29Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
  • 04-03Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
  • 04-06Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • 04-081st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 04-08Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • 04-11Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under King Ferdinand of Aust
  • 04-28Free last slaves in French colonies
  • 05-06Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony

People born in year of 1848

  • 01-05Khristo Botev: Hero of Bulgarian revolt against Turkey, poet
  • 01-21Henri Duparc: French composer
  • 01-22Samuel Muller Fzn: Dutch historian / archivist (Middle Ages)
  • 02-04[Francois-Victor-]Jean Aicard: French playwright / poet (Jeune Croyances)
  • 02-05Belle Starr [Myra Belle Shirley]: US female outlaw (wild west)
  • 02-05Joris-Karl Huysmans: France -- Writer (Against the Grain)
  • 02-06Luigi Mancinelli: Composer
  • 02-16Hugo de Vries: Dutch Botanist (How species emerge)
  • 02-18Louis Comfort Tiffany: Glassmaker (stained glass windows)
  • 02-23Thomas Paine Westendorf: Composer
  • 02-24C Grant B Allen: Canadian writer (Woman Who Did)
  • 02-24Johanna C P Barbiers: Actress (Voddenraper of Paris)
  • 02-27Charles Hubert H Parry: England, United Kingdom -- Musicologist / composer (Jerusalem)
  • 03-01Augustus Saint-Gaudens: United States -- Sculptor / designer (1907 $20 gold piece)
  • 03-09Martin Pierre Joseph Marsick: Composer
  • 03-12Cyrill Kistler: Composer
  • 03-17Horace Wadham Nicholl: Composer
  • 03-18Nathaniel Herreshoff: America Cup yacht designer
  • 03-19Wyatt Earp: Monmouth, Illinois -- Sheriff (OK Corral)
  • 03-29Aleksei Kuropatkin: Russian General / Minister of War
  • 03-31John Henry Roberts: Composer
  • 04-09Helena Lange: German feminist
  • 04-28Ludvig Schytte: Composer
  • 05-05Adalbert von Goldschmidt: Composer
  • 05-23Helmuth J L von Moltke: German General / Chief of Staff (WWI)
  • 05-23Otto Lilienthal: Pioneer aviator
  • 06-01Otto Valdemar Malling: Composer
  • 06-07Paul Gaugin [Eugene Henri]: French post-impressionist painter
  • 06-23Antoine Joseph Sax: Inventor (saxophone)
  • 06-24Brooks Adams: US philosopher (Theory of Social Revolutions)

People died in year of 1848

  • 01-05Ferdinando Orlandi: Composer, dies at 73
  • 02-20[Willem] Alexander FCNM: Prince of the Netherlands / General Major, dies at 29
  • 02-23John Quincy Adams: 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80
  • 03-03Heinrich Olivier: German painter
  • 03-20Abraham des Amorie van der Hoeven: Dutch Theologist / poet, dies at 27
  • 03-29John Jacob Astor: Charted American Fur Company, dies at 84
  • 04-08Domenico Gaetano Maria Donizetti: Italian composer, dies at 50
  • 04-08Gaetano Donizetti: Composer, dies at 50
  • 04-10Godert AGP baron van Capellen: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies, dies at 69
  • 04-30Friedrich Freiherr Gagern: German / Dutch army commandant, dies at 53
  • 05-18William A Leidesdorf: Black, dies at 38 in San Francisco
  • 06-27Denis-Auguste Affre: Archbsp of Paris (1840-48), shot to death at 54
  • 06-27Zschokke: Writer
  • 07-04Francois Rene de Chateaubriand: French Novelist (Atala) / diplomat
  • 07-22Karl Guhr: Composer, dies at 60
  • 08-06Nicola Vaccai: Italian composer, dies at 58
  • 08-09Frederick Marryat: English captain / Author (Mr Midshipman Easy)
  • 08-12George Stephenson: Locomotive engineer
  • 08-15Timothy Olmstead: Composer, dies at 88
  • 09-11Henri-Philippe Gerard: Composer, dies at 87
  • 10-04Louis Massonneau: Composer, dies at 82
  • 10-26Vissarion G Belinski: Russian literature critic
  • 10-27Alexander Egorovich Varlamov: Composer, dies at 46
  • 11-09Robert Blum: German MP (Liberal), executed
  • 11-15P Rossi: Italian, murdered
  • 11-17Jozef B "Olim" Cannaert: Flemish lawyer
  • 11-23Alfred Julius Becher: Composer, dies at 45
  • 11-24William Lamb 2nd viscount Melbourne: British Prime Minister (1834-41), dies at 69
  • 12-19Adam FJA van Duyn: Governor of South Holland, dies at 77
  • 12-25Johann Erik Nordblom: Composer, dies at 60

Events in year of 1849

  • 01-23Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman Physician in US
  • 01-23Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
  • 01-31Corn Laws abolished in Britain
  • 02-04University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
  • 02-09Roman Republic declared
  • 02-181st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02 / 28)
  • 02-281st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast
  • 03-03Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
  • 03-03Home Dept (Interior Dept), forms
  • 03-03Minnesota Territory is organizes
  • 03-03Territory of Minnesota organizes
  • 03-03US Department of the Interior established by Congress
  • 03-05Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th President
  • 03-09Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor, " premieres
  • 03-10Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent; only US President to do so
  • 03-121st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California
  • 03-23Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs. Italian Republic)
  • 03-27Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
  • 03-28Dutch Princess Marianne and Prince Albert of Prussia separate
  • 03-29Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • 03-31Colonel John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of San Francisco
  • 04-10Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $100
  • 04-13Hungarian Republic proclaimed
  • 04-16Opera "Il Profeta, " premieres in Paris
  • 05-10Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in NYC (22 killed)
  • 05-12Willem Alexander PFL crowned King Willem III in Amsterdam
  • 05-15Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
  • 05-17Fire destroy Centrum in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 05-22Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device
  • 05-28Princess WFLC Marianne and Albrecht of Prussia separate

People born in year of 1849

  • 01-11Oskar Lassar: German dermatologist (bath house)
  • 01-18Edmund Barton: 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1900-03)
  • 01-22August Strindberg: Sweden -- Dramatist / Novelist (Apologia)
  • 02-04Jean Richepin: French poet / writer (Les Chansons de Gueux)
  • 02-17Selwyn Image: Bodiam, Sussex -- Painter
  • 02-18Alexander L Kielland: Norwegian writer / politician (Garman og Worse)
  • 03-03Jacques Oppenheim: Dutch lawyer
  • 03-16James E Smith: Became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger
  • 04-13Enrique Jose Varona: Cuban sociologist / psychologist
  • 04-21Oskar Hertwig: Germany -- Embryologist - discovered fertilization
  • 04-25Felix Klein: German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium)
  • 05-03Jacob Riis: Denmark -- Reporter (NY Tribune, New York Evening Sun)
  • 05-05Hambletonian: Chester, New York -- Greatest standardbred horse
  • 05-06Wyatt Eaton: Artist
  • 05-27"Blind" Tom Bethune: Pianist / composer
  • 06-02Paul-Albert Besnard: French painter / graphic artist (La femme)
  • 06-08Juliaan Dillens: Flemish sculptor (Anspach Monument)
  • 06-09Joseph Vezina: Composer
  • 06-22Stephen C Massett: Opens at courthouse as 1st pro entertainer
  • 06-27Harriet Hubbard Ayers: Beauty cream maufacturer and expert / columnist
  • 06-29Sergei J Witte: Netherlands -- Russian count / Premier Russia
  • 07-12William Osler: Canada -- Physician / author (circulatory system)
  • 07-15Moritz Heuzenroeder: Composer
  • 07-19F A Alphonse Aulard: French historian
  • 07-22Emma Lazarus: Jewish poet ("New Colossus"-base of Statue of Liberty)
  • 07-23Geza Zichy: Composer
  • 08-12Abbott Handerson Thayer: Painter / naturalist
  • 08-18Benjamin Louis Paul Godard: Composer
  • 08-29Titus A J van Asch van Wijck: Dutch Governor Suriname (1891-97)
  • 08-30Joseph Mallaby Dent: Dutch publisher

People died in year of 1849

  • 01-09Jan Kops: Dutch agriculturist / vicar, dies at 83
  • 01-16Wilhelm M L de Wette: German theologist, dies at 69
  • 02-08France Preseren: Slovenian Poet (Sonetni Venec), dies at 48
  • 02-08Francois-Antoine Habeneck: Composer, dies at 68
  • 02-09Corneille Vander Planken: Composer, dies at 76
  • 02-13Christian Rummel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 02-15Pierre F Verhulst: Belgian Mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44
  • 02-22Alexander Ernst Fesca: Composer, dies at 28
  • 03-17Willem II Frederik GL: King of the Netherlands (1840-49), dies at 56
  • 03-28Stephan L Endlicher: Austrian priest / botany, dies at 44
  • 04-03Juliusz Slowacki: Pol Poet (Father of the Plague-Patient), dies at 39
  • 05-10Katsushika Hokusai: Japanese painter, dies at 89
  • 05-11Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai: Composer, dies at 38
  • 05-11Otto Nicolai: German Composer / conductor, dies at 39
  • 05-25Andreas Michiels: Dutch Military gov of West Sumatra, dies in battle at 52
  • 06-03Francois de Paule Jacques Raymond de Fossa: Composer, dies at 73
  • 06-10Friedrich Wilhelm Michael Kalkbrenner: Composer, dies at 63
  • 06-15James Knox Polk: 11th President (1845-1849), dies at 53 in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 07-28Charles Albert: King of Sardinia (1831-49)
  • 08-02Mehemet Ali: British Viceroy to Egypt
  • 08-12Abraham AA "Albert" Gallatin: Minister of Finance (1801-14), dies at 88
  • 08-26Jacques-Fereol Mazas: Composer, dies at 66
  • 09-03Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben: Austria writer / physician
  • 10-07Edgar Allen Poe: Poet (Raven), dies in Baltimore at 40
  • 11-13William Etty: English Painter (nudist), dies at 62
  • 12-14Conradin Kreutzer: Composer, dies at 69