Events in year of 1849

  • 01-23Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman Physician in US
  • 01-23Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
  • 01-31Corn Laws abolished in Britain
  • 02-04University of Wisconsin begins in 1 room with 20 students
  • 02-09Roman Republic declared
  • 02-181st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02 / 28)
  • 02-281st boat load of gold rush prospectors arrives in SF from east coast
  • 03-03Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
  • 03-03Home Dept (Interior Dept), forms
  • 03-03Minnesota Territory is organizes
  • 03-03Territory of Minnesota organizes
  • 03-03US Department of the Interior established by Congress
  • 03-05Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th President
  • 03-09Carl Nikolais opera "Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor, " premieres
  • 03-10Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent; only US President to do so
  • 03-121st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California
  • 03-23Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs. Italian Republic)
  • 03-27Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
  • 03-28Dutch Princess Marianne and Prince Albert of Prussia separate
  • 03-29Britain formally annexs Punjab after defeat of Sikhs in India
  • 03-31Colonel John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of San Francisco
  • 04-10Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (NYC); sold rights for $100
  • 04-13Hungarian Republic proclaimed
  • 04-16Opera "Il Profeta, " premieres in Paris
  • 05-10Pack destroys Astor Place opera house in NYC (22 killed)
  • 05-12Willem Alexander PFL crowned King Willem III in Amsterdam
  • 05-15Philadelphia Turngemeinde founded
  • 05-17Fire destroy Centrum in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 05-22Abraham Lincoln patents a buoying device
  • 05-28Princess WFLC Marianne and Albrecht of Prussia separate

People born in year of 1849

  • 01-11Oskar Lassar: German dermatologist (bath house)
  • 01-18Edmund Barton: 1st Prime Minister of Australia (1900-03)
  • 01-22August Strindberg: Sweden -- Dramatist / Novelist (Apologia)
  • 02-04Jean Richepin: French poet / writer (Les Chansons de Gueux)
  • 02-17Selwyn Image: Bodiam, Sussex -- Painter
  • 02-18Alexander L Kielland: Norwegian writer / politician (Garman og Worse)
  • 03-03Jacques Oppenheim: Dutch lawyer
  • 03-16James E Smith: Became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger
  • 04-13Enrique Jose Varona: Cuban sociologist / psychologist
  • 04-21Oskar Hertwig: Germany -- Embryologist - discovered fertilization
  • 04-25Felix Klein: German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium)
  • 05-03Jacob Riis: Denmark -- Reporter (NY Tribune, New York Evening Sun)
  • 05-05Hambletonian: Chester, New York -- Greatest standardbred horse
  • 05-06Wyatt Eaton: Artist
  • 05-27"Blind" Tom Bethune: Pianist / composer
  • 06-02Paul-Albert Besnard: French painter / graphic artist (La femme)
  • 06-08Juliaan Dillens: Flemish sculptor (Anspach Monument)
  • 06-09Joseph Vezina: Composer
  • 06-22Stephen C Massett: Opens at courthouse as 1st pro entertainer
  • 06-27Harriet Hubbard Ayers: Beauty cream maufacturer and expert / columnist
  • 06-29Sergei J Witte: Netherlands -- Russian count / Premier Russia
  • 07-12William Osler: Canada -- Physician / author (circulatory system)
  • 07-15Moritz Heuzenroeder: Composer
  • 07-19F A Alphonse Aulard: French historian
  • 07-22Emma Lazarus: Jewish poet ("New Colossus"-base of Statue of Liberty)
  • 07-23Geza Zichy: Composer
  • 08-12Abbott Handerson Thayer: Painter / naturalist
  • 08-18Benjamin Louis Paul Godard: Composer
  • 08-29Titus A J van Asch van Wijck: Dutch Governor Suriname (1891-97)
  • 08-30Joseph Mallaby Dent: Dutch publisher

People died in year of 1849

  • 01-09Jan Kops: Dutch agriculturist / vicar, dies at 83
  • 01-16Wilhelm M L de Wette: German theologist, dies at 69
  • 02-08France Preseren: Slovenian Poet (Sonetni Venec), dies at 48
  • 02-08Francois-Antoine Habeneck: Composer, dies at 68
  • 02-09Corneille Vander Planken: Composer, dies at 76
  • 02-13Christian Rummel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 02-15Pierre F Verhulst: Belgian Mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44
  • 02-22Alexander Ernst Fesca: Composer, dies at 28
  • 03-17Willem II Frederik GL: King of the Netherlands (1840-49), dies at 56
  • 03-28Stephan L Endlicher: Austrian priest / botany, dies at 44
  • 04-03Juliusz Slowacki: Pol Poet (Father of the Plague-Patient), dies at 39
  • 05-10Katsushika Hokusai: Japanese painter, dies at 89
  • 05-11Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai: Composer, dies at 38
  • 05-11Otto Nicolai: German Composer / conductor, dies at 39
  • 05-25Andreas Michiels: Dutch Military gov of West Sumatra, dies in battle at 52
  • 06-03Francois de Paule Jacques Raymond de Fossa: Composer, dies at 73
  • 06-10Friedrich Wilhelm Michael Kalkbrenner: Composer, dies at 63
  • 06-15James Knox Polk: 11th President (1845-1849), dies at 53 in Nashville, Tennessee
  • 07-28Charles Albert: King of Sardinia (1831-49)
  • 08-02Mehemet Ali: British Viceroy to Egypt
  • 08-12Abraham AA "Albert" Gallatin: Minister of Finance (1801-14), dies at 88
  • 08-26Jacques-Fereol Mazas: Composer, dies at 66
  • 09-03Earnest Freiherr von Feuchtersleben: Austria writer / physician
  • 10-07Edgar Allen Poe: Poet (Raven), dies in Baltimore at 40
  • 11-13William Etty: English Painter (nudist), dies at 62
  • 12-14Conradin Kreutzer: Composer, dies at 69

Events in year of 1850

  • 01-05California Exchange opens
  • 01-20Investigator, 1st ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • 01-22Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in California
  • 01-261st German-language daily newspaper in US published, New York City
  • 01-29Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate
  • 02-05Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, New York
  • 02-18California Legislature creates 9 Bay Area counties
  • 03-07Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850
  • 03-121st US $20 gold piece issued
  • 03-18Henry Wells and William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • 03-31US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • 04-01San Francisco County Government established
  • 04-04City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • 04-15City of San Francisco incorporated
  • 04-25Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • 05-01John Geary becomes 1st SF mayor
  • 05-11Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • 05-27Mormon Temple in Nauvoo Illinois destroyed by tornado
  • 06-04Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
  • 06-04Self deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
  • 06-06Levi Strauss made his 1st blue jeans
  • 06-10Millard Fillmore sworn-in as President of US (replacing Taylor)
  • 06-17Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)
  • 06-19Swedish / Norwegian crown Prince Charles weds Dutch Princess Wilhelmina
  • 06-29British ex-premier sir Robert Peel falls off his horse
  • 07-01At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • 07-02Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • 07-07Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
  • 07-12Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • 07-141st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration

People born in year of 1850

  • 01-05Theodoor Verstraete: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 01-06Eduard "Ede" Bernstein: German marxist (New Era)
  • 01-06Franz Xaver Scharwenka: German pianist / composer (Mataswintha)
  • 01-11J C Arthur: Lowville, New York -- Botanist (studied rusts)
  • 01-11Philipp la Renotiere von Ferrary: Famous philatelist
  • 01-13Leon Francis Victor Caron: Composer
  • 01-14Jean de Reszke [Jan Mieczyslaw]: Polish tenor
  • 01-15Mihail Eminesco [Eminovici]: Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • 01-15Sonya Kurtovsky Kovalevsky: Mathemetician (Academy of Science)
  • 01-17Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Composer
  • 01-27Samuel Gompers: Dutch / US 1st President (American Federation of Labor)
  • 01-29Ebenezer Howard: London, England -- Pioneer of garden cities
  • 01-29Lawrence Hargrave: Inventor (box kite)
  • 02-02Carel V Gerritsen: Dutch free thinker
  • 02-12Amaat Vyncke: Flemish Missionary (Flemish Flag)
  • 02-17Anton Urspruch: Composer
  • 02-17Ludwig Bonvin: Composer
  • 02-18George Henschel: Composer
  • 02-27Henry Edwards Huntington: United States -- Railroad exec
  • 02-28Hermann Schell: German theologist / philosopher (Gott und Geist)
  • 03-05Daniel Brink Towner: Composer
  • 03-09Alexandre Luigini: Composer
  • 03-13Emilio Serrano y Ruiz: Composer
  • 03-26Edward Bellamy: Author (Looking Backward)
  • 04-08William Henry Welch: United States -- Pathologist (founded John Hopkins)
  • 04-09Herman Zumpe: Composer
  • 04-15John Munroe Longyear: United States -- Capitalist / bank president
  • 04-16Herbert Baxter Adams: United States -- Historian (American Historical Association)
  • 04-19Edward John Gregory: Painter / engraver
  • 04-19Theo Mann-Bouwmeester: Dutch actress (Pink Bernd, Hedda Gabler)

People died in year of 1850

  • 01-01Raphael G Kiesewetter: Austria musicologist, dies at 76
  • 01-22Vincenzo Pallotti: Italian saint, dies at 54
  • 01-26Francis Jeffrey: Baron Jeffrey, judge / literary critic
  • 01-27J Gottfried Schadow: German Sculptor / cartoonist / writer, dies at 85
  • 01-27Philipp Roth: Composer, dies at 70
  • 03-19Adalbert Gyrowetz: Composer, dies at 87
  • 03-27Wilhelm Bear: German banker / astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 03-31John Calhoun: Dies at 68
  • 04-03Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek: Organist / pianist / composer, dies at 75
  • 04-07William Lisle Bowles: English Poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87
  • 04-09William Prout: Physician / chemist
  • 04-16Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud: Maker of wax figures
  • 04-23William Wordsworth: Poet, dies at 80
  • 04-24Louis Alexandre Piccinni: Composer, dies at 70
  • 05-09Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac: Chemist / physicist
  • 05-24Jane Porter: Novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • 06-04Willem F Mauritius HK: Prince of Orange, dies at 74
  • 06-12Jean V Constant de Rebecque: Swiss / Dutch army leader, dies at 77
  • 06-18Antoni Weinert: Composer, dies at 99
  • 07-02Robert "Bobbie" Peel: British Prime Minister / founder London Police, dies at 62
  • 07-09Sajjid Ali Mohammed Bab: Persian founder of Babism
  • 07-09Zachary Taylor: 12th President (1849-50), dies in White House at 65
  • 07-19[Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli: US feminist / revolutionary
  • 07-19Giovanni Ossoli: Italian Marquis / revolutionary, drowned
  • 07-28Stefano Pavesi: Composer, dies at 71
  • 08-04Frantisek Tucek: Composer, dies at 68
  • 08-17Jose Francisco de San Martin: South American revolutionary hero
  • 08-18H de Balzac: Writer, dies at 51
  • 08-22Nikolaus Lenau: Writer, dies at 48
  • 10-02Sarah Biffin / Beffin: Limbless miniature painter