Events in year of 1850

  • 01-05California Exchange opens
  • 01-20Investigator, 1st ship to effect northwest passage, leaves England
  • 01-22Alta California becomes a daily paper, 1st such in California
  • 01-261st German-language daily newspaper in US published, New York City
  • 01-29Henry Clay introduces a comprise bill on slavery to US Senate
  • 02-05Adding machine employing depressible keys patented, New Paltz, New York
  • 02-18California Legislature creates 9 Bay Area counties
  • 03-07Daniel Webster endorses Compromise of 1850
  • 03-121st US $20 gold piece issued
  • 03-18Henry Wells and William Fargo forms American Express in Buffalo
  • 03-31US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
  • 04-01San Francisco County Government established
  • 04-04City of Los Angeles incorporated
  • 04-15City of San Francisco incorporated
  • 04-25Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • 05-01John Geary becomes 1st SF mayor
  • 05-11Work starts on 1st brick building in San Francisco
  • 05-27Mormon Temple in Nauvoo Illinois destroyed by tornado
  • 06-04Empire Engine Company No 1 organized
  • 06-04Self deodorizing fertilizer patented in England
  • 06-06Levi Strauss made his 1st blue jeans
  • 06-10Millard Fillmore sworn-in as President of US (replacing Taylor)
  • 06-17Paddle-wheeler "G P Griffith" burns off Mentor Ohio (206 die)
  • 06-19Swedish / Norwegian crown Prince Charles weds Dutch Princess Wilhelmina
  • 06-29British ex-premier sir Robert Peel falls off his horse
  • 07-01At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
  • 07-02Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
  • 07-07Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
  • 07-12Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
  • 07-141st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration

People born in year of 1850

  • 01-05Theodoor Verstraete: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 01-06Eduard "Ede" Bernstein: German marxist (New Era)
  • 01-06Franz Xaver Scharwenka: German pianist / composer (Mataswintha)
  • 01-11J C Arthur: Lowville, New York -- Botanist (studied rusts)
  • 01-11Philipp la Renotiere von Ferrary: Famous philatelist
  • 01-13Leon Francis Victor Caron: Composer
  • 01-14Jean de Reszke [Jan Mieczyslaw]: Polish tenor
  • 01-15Mihail Eminesco [Eminovici]: Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • 01-15Sonya Kurtovsky Kovalevsky: Mathemetician (Academy of Science)
  • 01-17Alexander Sergeyevich Taneyev: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Composer
  • 01-27Samuel Gompers: Dutch / US 1st President (American Federation of Labor)
  • 01-29Ebenezer Howard: London, England -- Pioneer of garden cities
  • 01-29Lawrence Hargrave: Inventor (box kite)
  • 02-02Carel V Gerritsen: Dutch free thinker
  • 02-12Amaat Vyncke: Flemish Missionary (Flemish Flag)
  • 02-17Anton Urspruch: Composer
  • 02-17Ludwig Bonvin: Composer
  • 02-18George Henschel: Composer
  • 02-27Henry Edwards Huntington: United States -- Railroad exec
  • 02-28Hermann Schell: German theologist / philosopher (Gott und Geist)
  • 03-05Daniel Brink Towner: Composer
  • 03-09Alexandre Luigini: Composer
  • 03-13Emilio Serrano y Ruiz: Composer
  • 03-26Edward Bellamy: Author (Looking Backward)
  • 04-08William Henry Welch: United States -- Pathologist (founded John Hopkins)
  • 04-09Herman Zumpe: Composer
  • 04-15John Munroe Longyear: United States -- Capitalist / bank president
  • 04-16Herbert Baxter Adams: United States -- Historian (American Historical Association)
  • 04-19Edward John Gregory: Painter / engraver
  • 04-19Theo Mann-Bouwmeester: Dutch actress (Pink Bernd, Hedda Gabler)

People died in year of 1850

  • 01-01Raphael G Kiesewetter: Austria musicologist, dies at 76
  • 01-22Vincenzo Pallotti: Italian saint, dies at 54
  • 01-26Francis Jeffrey: Baron Jeffrey, judge / literary critic
  • 01-27J Gottfried Schadow: German Sculptor / cartoonist / writer, dies at 85
  • 01-27Philipp Roth: Composer, dies at 70
  • 03-19Adalbert Gyrowetz: Composer, dies at 87
  • 03-27Wilhelm Bear: German banker / astronomer (Moon Map), dies at 53
  • 03-31John Calhoun: Dies at 68
  • 04-03Vaclav Jan Krtitel Tomasek: Organist / pianist / composer, dies at 75
  • 04-07William Lisle Bowles: English Poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87
  • 04-09William Prout: Physician / chemist
  • 04-16Marie [Gresholtz] Tussaud: Maker of wax figures
  • 04-23William Wordsworth: Poet, dies at 80
  • 04-24Louis Alexandre Piccinni: Composer, dies at 70
  • 05-09Louis-Joseph Gay-Lussac: Chemist / physicist
  • 05-24Jane Porter: Novelist (Scottish Chiefs), dies at 74
  • 06-04Willem F Mauritius HK: Prince of Orange, dies at 74
  • 06-12Jean V Constant de Rebecque: Swiss / Dutch army leader, dies at 77
  • 06-18Antoni Weinert: Composer, dies at 99
  • 07-02Robert "Bobbie" Peel: British Prime Minister / founder London Police, dies at 62
  • 07-09Sajjid Ali Mohammed Bab: Persian founder of Babism
  • 07-09Zachary Taylor: 12th President (1849-50), dies in White House at 65
  • 07-19[Sarah] Margaret Fuller Ossoli: US feminist / revolutionary
  • 07-19Giovanni Ossoli: Italian Marquis / revolutionary, drowned
  • 07-28Stefano Pavesi: Composer, dies at 71
  • 08-04Frantisek Tucek: Composer, dies at 68
  • 08-17Jose Francisco de San Martin: South American revolutionary hero
  • 08-18H de Balzac: Writer, dies at 51
  • 08-22Nikolaus Lenau: Writer, dies at 48
  • 10-02Sarah Biffin / Beffin: Limbless miniature painter

Events in year of 1851

  • 01-01City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • 01-15Gen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
  • 01-28Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • 01-31Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk
  • 02-15Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave
  • 03-03Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
  • 03-07Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 03-21Yosemite Valley discovered in California
  • 04-23Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 05-01Great Exhibition opens in Chrystal Palace London
  • 05-03Most of SF destroyed by fire; 30 die
  • 05-041st major SF fire
  • 05-06Dr John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
  • 05-06Linus Yale patents Yale-lock
  • 05-06New slave regulations go into effect in Suriname
  • 05-06San Francisco Chamber of Commerce starts
  • 05-15Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], King of Thai (1851-68), crowned
  • 05-18Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked
  • 06-021st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • 06-031st baseball uniforms worn, New York Knickerbockers wear straw hat, white shirt and blue long trousers
  • 06-09San Francisco Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
  • 06-15Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • 07-13John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • 07-23Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and US
  • 07-24Window tax abolished in Britain
  • 07-28Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • 08-12Isaac Singer patents sewing machine
  • 08-22Gold fields discovered in Australia
  • 09-18New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • 10-011st Hawaiian stamps issued

People born in year of 1851

  • 01-09Giuseppi Gallignani: Composer
  • 01-19David Starr Jordan: New York, United States -- Biologist / university President (Leland Stanford)
  • 01-19Johannes C Kapteyn: Dutch astronomer
  • 01-25Arne Garborg: Norwegian playwright (Bondestudentar)
  • 01-25Jan Blockx: Belgium -- Opera composer (Sea Bride Princess of Herberg)
  • 01-27Rafael Obligado: Argentina -- Writer (Santos Vega)
  • 02-03Johannes B van Heutsz: Lieutenant General / Governor-General Dutch East Indies
  • 03-15Jozef Surzynski: Composer
  • 03-27Ruperto Chapi y Lorente: Composer
  • 04-07Otto Adolf Klauwell: Composer
  • 04-09C E Arthur Wichmann: German / Dutch geologist (Netherlands Indies)
  • 04-12Emil Liebling: Composer
  • 04-16Ernst Josephson: Sweden -- Artist
  • 05-20Emile Berliner: Germany -- Inventor (flat phonograph record)
  • 05-20Rose Hawthorne Lathrop: United States -- Nun / Daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • 05-23Antoni Stolpe: Composer
  • 06-12Oliver Joseph Lodge: England, United Kingdom -- Early radio pioneer
  • 06-21Daniel Carter Beard: United States -- Organized 1st boy scout troop
  • 07-07Lillien Jane Martin: Psychologist, founded Gerontology Clinic
  • 07-08Arthur J Evans: English archaeologist (Crete)
  • 07-11Millie & Christine: North Carolina, United States -- Siamese twins
  • 07-19Hendrik J Jut: Dutch murderer (head of Jut)
  • 08-03Isabella Caroline Somerset: Temperance leader
  • 08-13John Lincoln Clem: Drummer (Union volunteers), died in 1937
  • 08-15[Georgette A] Helena Amelung: Dutch actress (Scapegoat)
  • 08-17Henry Drummond: Scottish geologist / evangelist
  • 08-19Frans Schollaert: Belgian Premier (1908-11)
  • 08-25[Willem] Alexander KHF: Prince of Orange / Netherlands
  • 09-04John Dillon: Irish nationalist / British Lower house member
  • 09-13Walter Reed: US Army Surgeon ( proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever)

People died in year of 1851

  • 01-12Johan Herman Koekkoek: Painter, dies at 72
  • 01-21Gustav Albert Lortzing: Composer, dies at 49
  • 01-24Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini: Italian composer, dies at 76
  • 01-27John James Audubon: Conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65
  • 01-27Karl Moser: Composer, dies at 77
  • 02-01Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley: Novelist (Frankenstein), dies at 53
  • 02-16Anne Nagell van Ampsen: Dutch politician, dies at 95
  • 02-20Josef Alois Ladurner: Composer, dies at 81
  • 02-25Ferdinand Simon Gassner: Composer, dies at 53
  • 03-04Michael Henkel: Composer, dies at 70
  • 03-06Alexander Aliabiev: Composer, dies at 63
  • 04-08John Parry: Composer, dies at 75
  • 04-09Antoine-Charles Glachant: Composer, dies at 80
  • 05-17Jean E "Adrian" van Bevervoorde: Journalist (Treason), dies at 31
  • 05-23Lucas Pieter Roodbaard: Architect, dies at 69
  • 05-24Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass]: Slavic Poet (Grammatica), dies at 40
  • 07-04Martin-Joseph Mengal: Composer, dies at 67
  • 07-05Juanita: Mexican, lynched by California gold diggers
  • 07-17Beni Egressy: Composer, dies at 37
  • 08-19Gioseffo Catrufo: Composer, dies at 80
  • 10-31Peter II Petrovic Njegos: Bishop of Montenegro (1830-51), dies at 37
  • 11-18Ernst August: Duke of Cumberland / King of Hanover (1837-51), dies at 80
  • 11-20Wenzel Sedlak: Composer, dies at 75
  • 12-19J M William Turner: British Painter (Rain, Steam & Speed), dies at 76