Events in year of 1851

  • 01-01City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • 01-15Gen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
  • 01-28Northwestern University (Chicago) chartered
  • 01-31Gail Borden announces invention of evaporated milk
  • 02-15Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescueing a fugitive slave
  • 03-03Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
  • 03-07Poll tax levied on Russo-Polish Jews entering Austrian Galicia ends
  • 03-21Yosemite Valley discovered in California
  • 04-23Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 05-01Great Exhibition opens in Chrystal Palace London
  • 05-03Most of SF destroyed by fire; 30 die
  • 05-041st major SF fire
  • 05-06Dr John Gorrie patents a "refrigeration machine"
  • 05-06Linus Yale patents Yale-lock
  • 05-06New slave regulations go into effect in Suriname
  • 05-06San Francisco Chamber of Commerce starts
  • 05-15Rama IV, [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], King of Thai (1851-68), crowned
  • 05-18Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked
  • 06-021st US alcohol prohibition law enacted (Maine)
  • 06-031st baseball uniforms worn, New York Knickerbockers wear straw hat, white shirt and blue long trousers
  • 06-09San Francisco Committee of Vigilance forms (1st time)
  • 06-15Jacob Fussell, Baltimore dairyman, sets up 1st ice-cream factory
  • 07-13John F Loudon discovers tin on East Indian Island of Billiton
  • 07-23Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and US
  • 07-24Window tax abolished in Britain
  • 07-28Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
  • 08-12Isaac Singer patents sewing machine
  • 08-22Gold fields discovered in Australia
  • 09-18New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy)
  • 10-011st Hawaiian stamps issued

People born in year of 1851

  • 01-09Giuseppi Gallignani: Composer
  • 01-19David Starr Jordan: New York, United States -- Biologist / university President (Leland Stanford)
  • 01-19Johannes C Kapteyn: Dutch astronomer
  • 01-25Arne Garborg: Norwegian playwright (Bondestudentar)
  • 01-25Jan Blockx: Belgium -- Opera composer (Sea Bride Princess of Herberg)
  • 01-27Rafael Obligado: Argentina -- Writer (Santos Vega)
  • 02-03Johannes B van Heutsz: Lieutenant General / Governor-General Dutch East Indies
  • 03-15Jozef Surzynski: Composer
  • 03-27Ruperto Chapi y Lorente: Composer
  • 04-07Otto Adolf Klauwell: Composer
  • 04-09C E Arthur Wichmann: German / Dutch geologist (Netherlands Indies)
  • 04-12Emil Liebling: Composer
  • 04-16Ernst Josephson: Sweden -- Artist
  • 05-20Emile Berliner: Germany -- Inventor (flat phonograph record)
  • 05-20Rose Hawthorne Lathrop: United States -- Nun / Daughter of Nathaniel Hawthorne
  • 05-23Antoni Stolpe: Composer
  • 06-12Oliver Joseph Lodge: England, United Kingdom -- Early radio pioneer
  • 06-21Daniel Carter Beard: United States -- Organized 1st boy scout troop
  • 07-07Lillien Jane Martin: Psychologist, founded Gerontology Clinic
  • 07-08Arthur J Evans: English archaeologist (Crete)
  • 07-11Millie & Christine: North Carolina, United States -- Siamese twins
  • 07-19Hendrik J Jut: Dutch murderer (head of Jut)
  • 08-03Isabella Caroline Somerset: Temperance leader
  • 08-13John Lincoln Clem: Drummer (Union volunteers), died in 1937
  • 08-15[Georgette A] Helena Amelung: Dutch actress (Scapegoat)
  • 08-17Henry Drummond: Scottish geologist / evangelist
  • 08-19Frans Schollaert: Belgian Premier (1908-11)
  • 08-25[Willem] Alexander KHF: Prince of Orange / Netherlands
  • 09-04John Dillon: Irish nationalist / British Lower house member
  • 09-13Walter Reed: US Army Surgeon ( proved mosquitoes transmit yellow fever)

People died in year of 1851

  • 01-12Johan Herman Koekkoek: Painter, dies at 72
  • 01-21Gustav Albert Lortzing: Composer, dies at 49
  • 01-24Gaspare Luigi Pacifico Spontini: Italian composer, dies at 76
  • 01-27John James Audubon: Conservationist (Audubon Society), dies at 65
  • 01-27Karl Moser: Composer, dies at 77
  • 02-01Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley: Novelist (Frankenstein), dies at 53
  • 02-16Anne Nagell van Ampsen: Dutch politician, dies at 95
  • 02-20Josef Alois Ladurner: Composer, dies at 81
  • 02-25Ferdinand Simon Gassner: Composer, dies at 53
  • 03-04Michael Henkel: Composer, dies at 70
  • 03-06Alexander Aliabiev: Composer, dies at 63
  • 04-08John Parry: Composer, dies at 75
  • 04-09Antoine-Charles Glachant: Composer, dies at 80
  • 05-17Jean E "Adrian" van Bevervoorde: Journalist (Treason), dies at 31
  • 05-23Lucas Pieter Roodbaard: Architect, dies at 69
  • 05-24Stanko Vraz [Jakob Frass]: Slavic Poet (Grammatica), dies at 40
  • 07-04Martin-Joseph Mengal: Composer, dies at 67
  • 07-05Juanita: Mexican, lynched by California gold diggers
  • 07-17Beni Egressy: Composer, dies at 37
  • 08-19Gioseffo Catrufo: Composer, dies at 80
  • 10-31Peter II Petrovic Njegos: Bishop of Montenegro (1830-51), dies at 37
  • 11-18Ernst August: Duke of Cumberland / King of Hanover (1837-51), dies at 80
  • 11-20Wenzel Sedlak: Composer, dies at 75
  • 12-19J M William Turner: British Painter (Rain, Steam & Speed), dies at 76

Events in year of 1852

  • 01-011st US public bath opens in New York City
  • 01-01Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
  • 01-031st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • 01-17British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • 02-111st British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street London)
  • 02-15Great Ormond St. Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 02-26British frigate Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die
  • 03-07Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • 03-13Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the New York Lantern weekly
  • 03-29Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 andwomen to work more than 10 hours a day
  • 04-19California Historical Society forms
  • 04-30Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi, " premieres in St. Petersburg
  • 05-18Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school
  • 07-09Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal Canada and no one die
  • 07-231st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio
  • 08-01San Francisco Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
  • 08-031st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths
  • 08-20Steamer "Atlantic" collided with fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • 09-03Anti Jewish riots break out in Stockholm
  • 09-11Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R
  • 09-1418th Postmaster General: Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office
  • 09-24Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st dirigible flight
  • 10-16Dutch Government recognize Catholics right to organize
  • 11-02Franklin Pierce elected as President of US
  • 11-18State funeral of Duke of Wellington (London)
  • 11-21Duke University, founded in 1838 as Union Institute chartered as Normal College
  • 12-01Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • 12-022nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes Emperor
  • 12-171st Hawaiian cavalry organized
  • 12-231st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco

People born in year of 1852

  • 01-11Konstantin Fehrenbach: German chancellor (1920-21)
  • 01-12Joseph J C Joffre: French Field Marshal (Indo China, Marne)
  • 01-26Frederick Corder: Composer
  • 01-26Pierre Brazza: Explorer / colonial administrator (French Africa)
  • 01-29Frederick Hymen Cowen: Composer
  • 01-29Ion Luca Caragiale: Romanian actor / playwright (O Noapte Furtunoasa)
  • 02-02Teunis Stoel: Actor / director (Small Theater, Rotterdam)
  • 02-12Hendrik Blink: Geographer (Van de Eems tot de Schelde)
  • 02-13Johan L E Dreyer: Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)
  • 02-16William Scarborough: Macon, Georgia -- Linguist / author (Birds of Aristophanes)
  • 02-21[James] Burner Matthews: US playwright / critic (NY Times)
  • 02-22Pieter K Pel: Internist (Pel-Ebstein fever)
  • 02-24George A Moore: Ireland -- Painter / Novelist (Esther Waters)
  • 02-26John Harvey Kellogg: Surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • 02-29Frederic Hymen Cowen: Composer
  • 03-05Isabella Gregory: Ireland -- Writer / playwright (Golden Apple)
  • 03-06Joseph Bayer: Composer
  • 03-15Augusta Gregory: Ireland -- Playwright / poet / Yates mistress
  • 03-22Theodor Birt [Beatus Rhenanus]: German classical / writer
  • 04-01Edward Austin Abbey: United States -- Painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
  • 04-12[Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann: German mathematician
  • 04-14Henrique Oswald: Composer
  • 04-18George Clausen: Painter
  • 04-23Edwin Markham: United States -- Poet (1st winner of the American Academy of poets Award 1937)
  • 05-01Calamity [Martha] Jane [Burke]: Frontier adventurer / indian fighter
  • 05-11Charles Warren Fairbanks: (R) 26th US VP (1905-09)
  • 05-22Emile Sauret: Composer
  • 05-24Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham: Author / politician
  • 05-29Jindrich z Albestu Kaan: Composer
  • 06-23Stephane Raoul Pugno: Composer

People died in year of 1852

  • 01-22George Rodwell: Composer, dies at 51
  • 02-02Francois MP Liberman: French founder (Congr of H Heart), dies at 49
  • 02-17Micha Joseph Levenson: Hebrew poet
  • 02-25Thomas Moore: Writer (Utopia)
  • 02-27Joseph Drechsler: Composer, dies at 69
  • 02-29John Landseer: Printer / engraver (Royal Academy)
  • 03-04Nikolai Gogol: Writer, dies at 43
  • 03-12Juan Bros y Bertomel: Composer, dies at 75
  • 03-25Alexis Garaude: Composer, dies at 73
  • 04-02Theodor Althaus: Writer
  • 04-09John Howard Payne: Actor / playwright (Fair Warning)
  • 04-19Vasili A Zjukovski: Russian folk Poet / translator (Homerus), dies at 69
  • 05-06Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens: Composer, dies at 75
  • 05-12John Richardson: Canadian writer (War of 1812)
  • 06-05Tomasz Napoleon Nidecki: Composer, dies at 45
  • 06-06Tommaso Marchesi: Composer, dies at 79
  • 06-29Henry Clay [the Great compromiser]: Dies at 75
  • 07-05Johann Baptist Weigl: Composer, dies at 69
  • 07-19Anne-Francois Mellinet: French / Belgian General (Antwerp), dies at 83
  • 08-05Frantisek L Celakovsky: Czech slavist / poet, dies at 53
  • 08-11Nicolaas Plomp: Dutch Architect (Strugle), dies at 70
  • 08-15Johan Gadolin: Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), dies at 92
  • 09-14Arthur Wellesley: General / Duke of Wellington, dies at 83
  • 09-14James F Cooper: Writer, dies at 62
  • 09-28Johann Friedrich Schwencke: Composer, dies at 60
  • 10-22Hans C E Freiherr von Gagern: German advisor to Dutch King, dies at 86
  • 10-24Daniel Webster: Lawyer / speaker / Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 70
  • 10-28Gerhard M Roentgen: Founder Fijenoord dockyard, dies at 57
  • 11-12Georg Hellmesberger: Composer, dies at 22
  • 11-18Anton Bernhard Furstenau: Composer, dies at 60