Events in year of 1852

  • 01-011st US public bath opens in New York City
  • 01-01Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
  • 01-031st Chinese arrive in Hawaii
  • 01-17British recognize independence of Transvaal (in South Africa)
  • 02-111st British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street London)
  • 02-15Great Ormond St. Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 02-26British frigate Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die
  • 03-07Dutch telegraph traffic regulated by law
  • 03-13Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the New York Lantern weekly
  • 03-29Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 andwomen to work more than 10 hours a day
  • 04-19California Historical Society forms
  • 04-30Anton Rubinsteins opera "Dmitri Donskoi, " premieres in St. Petersburg
  • 05-18Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school
  • 07-09Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal Canada and no one die
  • 07-231st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio
  • 08-01San Francisco Methodists establish 1st black church, Zion Methodist
  • 08-031st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths
  • 08-20Steamer "Atlantic" collided with fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard
  • 09-03Anti Jewish riots break out in Stockholm
  • 09-11Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R
  • 09-1418th Postmaster General: Samuel D Hubbard of Conn takes office
  • 09-24Henri Giffard, a French engineer, makes 1st dirigible flight
  • 10-16Dutch Government recognize Catholics right to organize
  • 11-02Franklin Pierce elected as President of US
  • 11-18State funeral of Duke of Wellington (London)
  • 11-21Duke University, founded in 1838 as Union Institute chartered as Normal College
  • 12-01Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • 12-022nd French empire established; Louis Napoleon becomes Emperor
  • 12-171st Hawaiian cavalry organized
  • 12-231st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco

People born in year of 1852

  • 01-11Konstantin Fehrenbach: German chancellor (1920-21)
  • 01-12Joseph J C Joffre: French Field Marshal (Indo China, Marne)
  • 01-26Frederick Corder: Composer
  • 01-26Pierre Brazza: Explorer / colonial administrator (French Africa)
  • 01-29Frederick Hymen Cowen: Composer
  • 01-29Ion Luca Caragiale: Romanian actor / playwright (O Noapte Furtunoasa)
  • 02-02Teunis Stoel: Actor / director (Small Theater, Rotterdam)
  • 02-12Hendrik Blink: Geographer (Van de Eems tot de Schelde)
  • 02-13Johan L E Dreyer: Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)
  • 02-16William Scarborough: Macon, Georgia -- Linguist / author (Birds of Aristophanes)
  • 02-21[James] Burner Matthews: US playwright / critic (NY Times)
  • 02-22Pieter K Pel: Internist (Pel-Ebstein fever)
  • 02-24George A Moore: Ireland -- Painter / Novelist (Esther Waters)
  • 02-26John Harvey Kellogg: Surgeon, inspired flaked cereal industry
  • 02-29Frederic Hymen Cowen: Composer
  • 03-05Isabella Gregory: Ireland -- Writer / playwright (Golden Apple)
  • 03-06Joseph Bayer: Composer
  • 03-15Augusta Gregory: Ireland -- Playwright / poet / Yates mistress
  • 03-22Theodor Birt [Beatus Rhenanus]: German classical / writer
  • 04-01Edward Austin Abbey: United States -- Painter (Quest of the Holy Grail)
  • 04-12[Carl L] Ferdinand von Lindemann: German mathematician
  • 04-14Henrique Oswald: Composer
  • 04-18George Clausen: Painter
  • 04-23Edwin Markham: United States -- Poet (1st winner of the American Academy of poets Award 1937)
  • 05-01Calamity [Martha] Jane [Burke]: Frontier adventurer / indian fighter
  • 05-11Charles Warren Fairbanks: (R) 26th US VP (1905-09)
  • 05-22Emile Sauret: Composer
  • 05-24Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham: Author / politician
  • 05-29Jindrich z Albestu Kaan: Composer
  • 06-23Stephane Raoul Pugno: Composer

People died in year of 1852

  • 01-22George Rodwell: Composer, dies at 51
  • 02-02Francois MP Liberman: French founder (Congr of H Heart), dies at 49
  • 02-17Micha Joseph Levenson: Hebrew poet
  • 02-25Thomas Moore: Writer (Utopia)
  • 02-27Joseph Drechsler: Composer, dies at 69
  • 02-29John Landseer: Printer / engraver (Royal Academy)
  • 03-04Nikolai Gogol: Writer, dies at 43
  • 03-12Juan Bros y Bertomel: Composer, dies at 75
  • 03-25Alexis Garaude: Composer, dies at 73
  • 04-02Theodor Althaus: Writer
  • 04-09John Howard Payne: Actor / playwright (Fair Warning)
  • 04-19Vasili A Zjukovski: Russian folk Poet / translator (Homerus), dies at 69
  • 05-06Charles-Louis-Joseph Hanssens: Composer, dies at 75
  • 05-12John Richardson: Canadian writer (War of 1812)
  • 06-05Tomasz Napoleon Nidecki: Composer, dies at 45
  • 06-06Tommaso Marchesi: Composer, dies at 79
  • 06-29Henry Clay [the Great compromiser]: Dies at 75
  • 07-05Johann Baptist Weigl: Composer, dies at 69
  • 07-19Anne-Francois Mellinet: French / Belgian General (Antwerp), dies at 83
  • 08-05Frantisek L Celakovsky: Czech slavist / poet, dies at 53
  • 08-11Nicolaas Plomp: Dutch Architect (Strugle), dies at 70
  • 08-15Johan Gadolin: Finnish chemist (discovered yttrium), dies at 92
  • 09-14Arthur Wellesley: General / Duke of Wellington, dies at 83
  • 09-14James F Cooper: Writer, dies at 62
  • 09-28Johann Friedrich Schwencke: Composer, dies at 60
  • 10-22Hans C E Freiherr von Gagern: German advisor to Dutch King, dies at 86
  • 10-24Daniel Webster: Lawyer / speaker / Minister of Foreign Affairs, dies at 70
  • 10-28Gerhard M Roentgen: Founder Fijenoord dockyard, dies at 57
  • 11-12Georg Hellmesberger: Composer, dies at 22
  • 11-18Anton Bernhard Furstenau: Composer, dies at 60

Events in year of 1853

  • 01-011st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
  • 01-081st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
  • 01-21Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 02-21US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
  • 03-02Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter
  • 03-03Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress
  • 03-03US Assay Office in NYC authorized
  • 03-04Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in the Netherlands
  • 03-04William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP
  • 04-01Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
  • 04-14Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape
  • 04-15Protestant church questions King Willem III RC bishops
  • 04-17Thorbecke government resigns
  • 04-17US Marine Hospital at Presidio (San Francisco) forms
  • 04-181st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
  • 04-19Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 04-20Harriet Tubman starts Underground Railroad
  • 04-26Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • 04-29Comet C / 1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
  • 05-061st major US rail disaster kills 46 (Norwalk, Connecticut)
  • 05-14Gail Borden patents her process for condensed milk
  • 05-17Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • 05-19Dutch Prince Henry marries Princess Amalia of Saxony-Weimar
  • 05-23Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
  • 07-03Commodore Matthew Perry reach Japan
  • 07-06National Black convention meets (Rochester NY)
  • 07-06William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel, " 1st novel by black American
  • 07-08Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
  • 07-09Adm Perry and US Navy visit Japan
  • 07-14Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

People born in year of 1853

  • 01-01Hans Koessler: Composer
  • 01-03Iwan Knorr: Composer
  • 01-07Nikolai Arkas: Composer
  • 01-11Gustav Falke: German author / poet (Der Mann im Nebel)
  • 01-12Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro: Italian mathematician (tensor analysis)
  • 01-16Johnston Forbes-Robertson: English actor / theater director (Kathleen)
  • 02-09Leander Starr Jameson: Prime Minister of South African Cape colony
  • 02-12Bertram Luard-Selby: Composer
  • 02-14Jan van Rijswijck: Flemish journalist / Mayor (Antwerp)
  • 03-05Arthur W Foote: Salem, Massachusetts -- Organist / composer (Suite for Strings in E)
  • 03-05Howard Pyle: Illustrator / painter / author (King Stork)
  • 03-08Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvels: Flemish composer (Parisina)
  • 03-20George Godfrey: Chelsea, Massachusetts -- Heavyweight boxer (Old Chocolate)
  • 03-28Rudolf Kittel: German theologist (Psalms)
  • 04-05Alfonso Randano: Composer
  • 04-21Charles-Theodore Malherbe: Composer
  • 04-22Alphonse Bertillon: France -- Anthropologist - devised crime ID system
  • 04-30Alfred v Berger: Writer
  • 05-02Marie Verstraete: Actress (Louise-Frou Frou)
  • 05-08Charles Lee Williams: Composer
  • 05-26Monroe A Althouse: Composer
  • 05-30Karl Fritjof Valentin: Composer
  • 06-16Johan Gustaf Emil Sjogren: Composer
  • 06-28Edwin Arthur Jones: Composer
  • 07-05Cecil John Rhodes: South Africa -- Politician / diamond Merchant
  • 07-07Albert Vandal: French Earl / historian (Le Pacha Bonneval)
  • 07-17Francesco Fanciulli: Composer
  • 07-18Hendrik Antoon Lorentz: Holland, Netherlands -- Physicist (Nobel 1902)
  • 07-20Geo[rge] Poggenbeek: Dutch water colors painter
  • 07-22Victor Roger: Composer

People died in year of 1853

  • 01-03Theodor Uhlig: Composer, dies at 30
  • 01-09Juan N Gallego: Spanish Poet / interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
  • 03-05Georg A Kestner: German art collector / diplomat, dies at 75
  • 03-17Christian Doppler: Physicist
  • 04-08Jan W Pieneman: Historical Painter (Battle at Waterloo), dies at 73
  • 04-11Louis Emmanuel Eadin: Composer
  • 04-15Johann Leopold Fuchs: Composer, dies at 67
  • 04-18William King: US VP, dies a month after his inauguration
  • 04-23Auguste Laurent: Chemist
  • 04-25William Beaumont: Physiologist
  • 04-28Ludwig Tieck: Writer, dies at 79
  • 05-08Joannes P Roothaan: 1st Dutch lt Colonel-General of Jesuits, dies at 67
  • 05-09Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt: Composer, dies at 73
  • 06-12John C de Jonge: Dutch Historian / archivist, dies at 60
  • 06-18Branko Radicevic: Serbian Poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • 07-25Joaquin Murietta: Chilian / Us military man, murdered
  • 08-06Josif Josifovich Genishta: Composer, dies at 57
  • 08-15Giovanni Battista Polledro: Composer, dies at 72
  • 08-18Peter Lichtenthal: Composer, dies at 73
  • 09-04Jonathan Blewitt: Composer, dies at 71
  • 10-02D Francois J Arago: French astronomer / physicist (chromosome)
  • 10-03Andre Georges Louis Onslow: Composer, dies at 69
  • 10-29Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann: Composer, dies at 68
  • 10-29William Richard Bexfield: Composer, dies at 29
  • 10-30Pietro Raimondi: Italian Composer (Potifar, Giacobbe), dies at 66
  • 11-04Alexander Stadtfeld: Composer, dies at 27
  • 11-23Francisco Andrevi y Castellar: Composer, dies at 67
  • 11-23Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider: Composer, dies at 67
  • 12-05Johann Peter Heuschkel: Composer, dies at 80