Events in year of 1853

  • 01-011st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
  • 01-081st US bronze equestrian statue (of Andrew Jackson) unveiled, Washington
  • 01-21Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 02-21US authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
  • 03-02Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter
  • 03-03Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress
  • 03-03US Assay Office in NYC authorized
  • 03-04Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in the Netherlands
  • 03-04William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP
  • 04-01Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
  • 04-14Harriet Tubman began her Underground Railroad, helping slaves escape
  • 04-15Protestant church questions King Willem III RC bishops
  • 04-17Thorbecke government resigns
  • 04-17US Marine Hospital at Presidio (San Francisco) forms
  • 04-181st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km)
  • 04-19Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 04-20Harriet Tubman starts Underground Railroad
  • 04-26Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • 04-29Comet C / 1853 G1 (Schweizer) approaches within 0.0839 AUs of Earth
  • 05-061st major US rail disaster kills 46 (Norwalk, Connecticut)
  • 05-14Gail Borden patents her process for condensed milk
  • 05-17Thorbeckes liberals win 2nd-Parliamentary election
  • 05-19Dutch Prince Henry marries Princess Amalia of Saxony-Weimar
  • 05-23Buenos Aires gains independence from Argentina (reunited 1859)
  • 07-03Commodore Matthew Perry reach Japan
  • 07-06National Black convention meets (Rochester NY)
  • 07-06William Wells Brown publishes "Clotel, " 1st novel by black American
  • 07-08Commodore Matthew Perry sails his frigate Susquehanna into Tokyo Bay
  • 07-09Adm Perry and US Navy visit Japan
  • 07-14Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan

People born in year of 1853

  • 01-01Hans Koessler: Composer
  • 01-03Iwan Knorr: Composer
  • 01-07Nikolai Arkas: Composer
  • 01-11Gustav Falke: German author / poet (Der Mann im Nebel)
  • 01-12Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro: Italian mathematician (tensor analysis)
  • 01-16Johnston Forbes-Robertson: English actor / theater director (Kathleen)
  • 02-09Leander Starr Jameson: Prime Minister of South African Cape colony
  • 02-12Bertram Luard-Selby: Composer
  • 02-14Jan van Rijswijck: Flemish journalist / Mayor (Antwerp)
  • 03-05Arthur W Foote: Salem, Massachusetts -- Organist / composer (Suite for Strings in E)
  • 03-05Howard Pyle: Illustrator / painter / author (King Stork)
  • 03-08Edward Hubertus Joannes Keurvels: Flemish composer (Parisina)
  • 03-20George Godfrey: Chelsea, Massachusetts -- Heavyweight boxer (Old Chocolate)
  • 03-28Rudolf Kittel: German theologist (Psalms)
  • 04-05Alfonso Randano: Composer
  • 04-21Charles-Theodore Malherbe: Composer
  • 04-22Alphonse Bertillon: France -- Anthropologist - devised crime ID system
  • 04-30Alfred v Berger: Writer
  • 05-02Marie Verstraete: Actress (Louise-Frou Frou)
  • 05-08Charles Lee Williams: Composer
  • 05-26Monroe A Althouse: Composer
  • 05-30Karl Fritjof Valentin: Composer
  • 06-16Johan Gustaf Emil Sjogren: Composer
  • 06-28Edwin Arthur Jones: Composer
  • 07-05Cecil John Rhodes: South Africa -- Politician / diamond Merchant
  • 07-07Albert Vandal: French Earl / historian (Le Pacha Bonneval)
  • 07-17Francesco Fanciulli: Composer
  • 07-18Hendrik Antoon Lorentz: Holland, Netherlands -- Physicist (Nobel 1902)
  • 07-20Geo[rge] Poggenbeek: Dutch water colors painter
  • 07-22Victor Roger: Composer

People died in year of 1853

  • 01-03Theodor Uhlig: Composer, dies at 30
  • 01-09Juan N Gallego: Spanish Poet / interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
  • 03-05Georg A Kestner: German art collector / diplomat, dies at 75
  • 03-17Christian Doppler: Physicist
  • 04-08Jan W Pieneman: Historical Painter (Battle at Waterloo), dies at 73
  • 04-11Louis Emmanuel Eadin: Composer
  • 04-15Johann Leopold Fuchs: Composer, dies at 67
  • 04-18William King: US VP, dies a month after his inauguration
  • 04-23Auguste Laurent: Chemist
  • 04-25William Beaumont: Physiologist
  • 04-28Ludwig Tieck: Writer, dies at 79
  • 05-08Joannes P Roothaan: 1st Dutch lt Colonel-General of Jesuits, dies at 67
  • 05-09Johann Philipp Samuel Schmidt: Composer, dies at 73
  • 06-12John C de Jonge: Dutch Historian / archivist, dies at 60
  • 06-18Branko Radicevic: Serbian Poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • 07-25Joaquin Murietta: Chilian / Us military man, murdered
  • 08-06Josif Josifovich Genishta: Composer, dies at 57
  • 08-15Giovanni Battista Polledro: Composer, dies at 72
  • 08-18Peter Lichtenthal: Composer, dies at 73
  • 09-04Jonathan Blewitt: Composer, dies at 71
  • 10-02D Francois J Arago: French astronomer / physicist (chromosome)
  • 10-03Andre Georges Louis Onslow: Composer, dies at 69
  • 10-29Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann: Composer, dies at 68
  • 10-29William Richard Bexfield: Composer, dies at 29
  • 10-30Pietro Raimondi: Italian Composer (Potifar, Giacobbe), dies at 66
  • 11-04Alexander Stadtfeld: Composer, dies at 27
  • 11-23Francisco Andrevi y Castellar: Composer, dies at 67
  • 11-23Johann Christian Friedrich Schneider: Composer, dies at 67
  • 12-05Johann Peter Heuschkel: Composer, dies at 80

Events in year of 1854

  • 01-01Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn)
  • 01-05Steamship San Francisco wrecked-300 die
  • 01-09Astor Library opens in New York City
  • 01-13Anthony Foss patents accordion
  • 01-301st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
  • 01-31Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
  • 02-02Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • 02-04Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party, " Ripon, Wisc
  • 02-06Composer R Schumann is saved from suicide attempt into the Rhine
  • 02-11Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time
  • 02-16Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus, " premieres
  • 02-17British recognize independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • 02-221st meeting of the Republican Party (Michigan)
  • 02-23Great-Britain and Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • 02-27Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine
  • 02-28Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc
  • 03-01SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor and is never seen again
  • 03-07Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes
  • 03-171st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 03-28During the Crimean War, Britain and France declare war on Russia
  • 03-31Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US
  • 04-16San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
  • 04-16Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
  • 05-01Amsterdam begins transferring drinking water out of the dunes
  • 05-05English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast
  • 05-24Anthony Burns, slave, arrested by US Deputy marshals in Boston
  • 05-24Lincoln University, Penn, 1st Black college in US forms by Prebyts
  • 05-27Marine Telegraph from Ft Point to SF completed
  • 05-30Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise opens north slavery
  • 05-30Territories of Kansas and Nebraska created

People born in year of 1854

  • 01-01James Frazer: Britain -- Anthropologist / author (The Golden Bough)
  • 01-10Peter Gast: Composer
  • 01-18Thomas A Watson: Needed by Bell, inventor assistant (Telephone)
  • 01-29Willem PC Knuttel: Dutch bibliographer / librarian
  • 02-09Edward Carson: 1st Baron Carson, lawyer / leader (Irish Unionist Party)
  • 02-16Oscar Fetras: Composer
  • 02-17Friedrich A Krupp: German arms manufacturer
  • 02-20Louis F M van Westerhoven: Actor / singer / opera director (Youth)
  • 02-24Franz Courtens: Flemish painter (Golden Rain)
  • 02-28Juliusz Zarebski: Composer
  • 03-14Paul Ehrlich: Germany -- Bacteriologist (Nobel-1908)
  • 03-14Thomas Riley Marshall: (D) 28th VP (1913-21)
  • 03-23Alfred Milner: Giessen, Germany -- British Governor (Cape colony)
  • 03-26Braulio Dueno Colon: Composer
  • 03-31Dugald Clerk: Inventor (2-stroke motorcycle engine)
  • 04-05Vicente Goicoechea Errasti: Composer
  • 04-09Seaborn M Denson: Composer
  • 04-10Jozef M T Orelio: Baritone
  • 04-13Richard T Ely: US economist (Hard Times)
  • 04-21Eusapia Palladino: Napolitanse with parergische phenomenons
  • 04-21Wladyslaw Rzepko: Composer
  • 04-22Henri-Marie Lafontaine: Belgium -- International lawyer (Nobel 1913)
  • 05-05Antonio Smareglia: Composer
  • 05-11Ottmar Mergenthaler: Hachtel, Germany -- Inventor (linotype)
  • 05-13Louis H Chrispijn: Dutch director (Lost & Found, Silvia Silombra)
  • 05-13Paul Klengel: Composer
  • 05-18Bernard Zweers: Dutch composer (To my Fatherland)
  • 05-24Louis Mountbatten: Admiral (WWI)
  • 05-27Georges Eekhoud: Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium)
  • 06-09Gerardus J P J Bolland: Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society)

People died in year of 1854

  • 01-09Filippo Traetta [Philip Trajetta]: Ital composer, dies at 77
  • 01-18Juda Turo: American philanthropist
  • 02-04Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz: Composer, dies at 66
  • 02-17Hugues F R de Lamennais: French priest / writer, dies at 71
  • 03-06Caspar GC Reinwardt: German / Dutch biologist, dies at 80
  • 04-06William Strickland: US architect
  • 04-11Karl Adolph von Basedow: German DR (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • 04-17Gottlob Wiedebein: Composer, dies at 74
  • 04-18Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner: Composer, dies at 84
  • 05-03William Beale: Composer, dies at 70
  • 05-31Vatroslav Lisinski: Composer, dies at 34
  • 07-04Karl F Eichhorn: German law historian, dies at 72
  • 07-15Wincenty Studzinski: Composer, dies at 39
  • 07-18Abbas Hilmi I: Viceroy of Egypt, dies at about 41
  • 08-09Frederik Augustus II: King of Saxon (1836-54), dies at 57
  • 08-16Duncan Phyfe: Furniture maker
  • 08-20Friedrich WJ von Schelling: German philosopher, dies at 79
  • 10-22J Gotthelf: Writer, dies at 57
  • 10-28James P Carrell: Composer, dies at 67
  • 11-05Soimonov: Russian General, dies in battle of Inkermann
  • 11-19Alberich Zwyssig: Composer, dies at 46
  • 11-25John G Lockhart [scorpion]: English biographer, dies at 60
  • 11-26Matthijs Siegenbeek: Literature (Defeated German Spelling)