Events in year of 1854

  • 01-01Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn)
  • 01-05Steamship San Francisco wrecked-300 die
  • 01-09Astor Library opens in New York City
  • 01-13Anthony Foss patents accordion
  • 01-301st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
  • 01-31Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
  • 02-02Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • 02-04Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party, " Ripon, Wisc
  • 02-06Composer R Schumann is saved from suicide attempt into the Rhine
  • 02-11Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time
  • 02-16Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus, " premieres
  • 02-17British recognize independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
  • 02-221st meeting of the Republican Party (Michigan)
  • 02-23Great-Britain and Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • 02-27Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine
  • 02-28Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc
  • 03-01SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor and is never seen again
  • 03-07Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes
  • 03-171st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 03-28During the Crimean War, Britain and France declare war on Russia
  • 03-31Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US
  • 04-16San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
  • 04-16Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
  • 05-01Amsterdam begins transferring drinking water out of the dunes
  • 05-05English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast
  • 05-24Anthony Burns, slave, arrested by US Deputy marshals in Boston
  • 05-24Lincoln University, Penn, 1st Black college in US forms by Prebyts
  • 05-27Marine Telegraph from Ft Point to SF completed
  • 05-30Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise opens north slavery
  • 05-30Territories of Kansas and Nebraska created

People born in year of 1854

  • 01-01James Frazer: Britain -- Anthropologist / author (The Golden Bough)
  • 01-10Peter Gast: Composer
  • 01-18Thomas A Watson: Needed by Bell, inventor assistant (Telephone)
  • 01-29Willem PC Knuttel: Dutch bibliographer / librarian
  • 02-09Edward Carson: 1st Baron Carson, lawyer / leader (Irish Unionist Party)
  • 02-16Oscar Fetras: Composer
  • 02-17Friedrich A Krupp: German arms manufacturer
  • 02-20Louis F M van Westerhoven: Actor / singer / opera director (Youth)
  • 02-24Franz Courtens: Flemish painter (Golden Rain)
  • 02-28Juliusz Zarebski: Composer
  • 03-14Paul Ehrlich: Germany -- Bacteriologist (Nobel-1908)
  • 03-14Thomas Riley Marshall: (D) 28th VP (1913-21)
  • 03-23Alfred Milner: Giessen, Germany -- British Governor (Cape colony)
  • 03-26Braulio Dueno Colon: Composer
  • 03-31Dugald Clerk: Inventor (2-stroke motorcycle engine)
  • 04-05Vicente Goicoechea Errasti: Composer
  • 04-09Seaborn M Denson: Composer
  • 04-10Jozef M T Orelio: Baritone
  • 04-13Richard T Ely: US economist (Hard Times)
  • 04-21Eusapia Palladino: Napolitanse with parergische phenomenons
  • 04-21Wladyslaw Rzepko: Composer
  • 04-22Henri-Marie Lafontaine: Belgium -- International lawyer (Nobel 1913)
  • 05-05Antonio Smareglia: Composer
  • 05-11Ottmar Mergenthaler: Hachtel, Germany -- Inventor (linotype)
  • 05-13Louis H Chrispijn: Dutch director (Lost & Found, Silvia Silombra)
  • 05-13Paul Klengel: Composer
  • 05-18Bernard Zweers: Dutch composer (To my Fatherland)
  • 05-24Louis Mountbatten: Admiral (WWI)
  • 05-27Georges Eekhoud: Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium)
  • 06-09Gerardus J P J Bolland: Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society)

People died in year of 1854

  • 01-09Filippo Traetta [Philip Trajetta]: Ital composer, dies at 77
  • 01-18Juda Turo: American philanthropist
  • 02-04Carl Ludwig Cornelius Westenholz: Composer, dies at 66
  • 02-17Hugues F R de Lamennais: French priest / writer, dies at 71
  • 03-06Caspar GC Reinwardt: German / Dutch biologist, dies at 80
  • 04-06William Strickland: US architect
  • 04-11Karl Adolph von Basedow: German DR (Ziekte van Basedow), dies at 55
  • 04-17Gottlob Wiedebein: Composer, dies at 74
  • 04-18Joseph Antoni Frantiszek Elsner: Composer, dies at 84
  • 05-03William Beale: Composer, dies at 70
  • 05-31Vatroslav Lisinski: Composer, dies at 34
  • 07-04Karl F Eichhorn: German law historian, dies at 72
  • 07-15Wincenty Studzinski: Composer, dies at 39
  • 07-18Abbas Hilmi I: Viceroy of Egypt, dies at about 41
  • 08-09Frederik Augustus II: King of Saxon (1836-54), dies at 57
  • 08-16Duncan Phyfe: Furniture maker
  • 08-20Friedrich WJ von Schelling: German philosopher, dies at 79
  • 10-22J Gotthelf: Writer, dies at 57
  • 10-28James P Carrell: Composer, dies at 67
  • 11-05Soimonov: Russian General, dies in battle of Inkermann
  • 11-19Alberich Zwyssig: Composer, dies at 46
  • 11-25John G Lockhart [scorpion]: English biographer, dies at 60
  • 11-26Matthijs Siegenbeek: Literature (Defeated German Spelling)

Events in year of 1855

  • 01-09Clipper Guiding Star disappears in Atlantic, 480 dies
  • 01-31Western railroads blocked by snow
  • 02-03Wisconsin Supreme Ct declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
  • 02-04Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela
  • 02-05British government of Palmerston forms
  • 02-10US citizenship laws amended all children of US parents born abroad granted US citizenship
  • 02-24US Court of Claims forms for cases against government
  • 03-02Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • 03-03Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
  • 03-03Congress authorizes registered mail
  • 03-06Gustave Flaubert writes goodbye to Louise Colet
  • 03-081st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls
  • 03-15Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • 03-24Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston, Kansas
  • 03-27Abraham Gesner patents kerosene
  • 04-26Composer Gioacchino Rossini leaves Italy
  • 04-281st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
  • 05-03Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens
  • 05-05New York City regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration
  • 06-01US adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
  • 06-17Heavy French / British bombing of Sebastopol, 2000+ killed
  • 06-20Commissioners appointed to lay out SF streets west of Larkin
  • 07-201st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in the Netherlands
  • 08-01Castle Clinton in NYC opens as 1st US receiving station for immigrants
  • 08-03Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens
  • 08-04John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
  • 08-09Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • 09-08Crimean war - assault of Malakof Tower under Mac-Mahon)
  • 10-09Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • 10-09Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Mass patents 1st calliope

People born in year of 1855

  • 01-10Peter J Blok: Dutch historian (History of the Dutch People)
  • 01-20Amedee-Ernest Chausson: Composer
  • 01-21John M Browning: United States -- Weapons manufacturer
  • 01-22Ernst Kullak: Composer
  • 01-26Arthur Hervey: Composer
  • 01-28William Seward Burroughs: New York, United States -- Inventor (recording adding machine)
  • 02-15Gustav Hollaender: Composer
  • 02-17Otto Liman von Sanders: German General in Turkey (WWI)
  • 02-21Alice Freeman Palmer: Educator (Hall of Fame)
  • 03-13Percival "Percy" Lowell: US astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto)
  • 03-24Andrew W Mellon: Founder (Mellon Bank) / US Secretary of Treasury
  • 03-24Olive Schreiner: South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)
  • 04-09Gyula Reviczky: Hungarian author / poet
  • 04-18Abraham Bredius: Dutch art historian (Jan Steen)
  • 04-18Josef Gruber: Composer
  • 04-29Edmund van der Straeten: Composer
  • 05-02Theodore Moses Tobani: Composer
  • 05-09Julius Rontgen: Composer
  • 05-11Anatol Konstantinovich Lyadov: Russian composer (Bewitched Lake)
  • 05-15Eduard Earl of Keyserling: German writer (Dritte Stiege)
  • 05-15Graf Keyserling: Writer
  • 05-21Emile A G Verhaeren: Belgian poet / writer (Les Flammes Hautes)
  • 05-24Arthur Wing Pinero: British playwright
  • 06-14Robert Marion La Follette: Wisconsin, United States -- Presidential Candidate (Progressive)
  • 06-17Fritz Steinbach: Composer
  • 06-23Maude Valerie White: Composer
  • 07-03Piotr Maszynski: Composer
  • 07-09Johann P Zilcher: German composer
  • 07-14Richard Samuel Hughes: Composer
  • 07-16Charles Francis Abdy Williams: Composer

People died in year of 1855

  • 01-10Mary Russell Mitford: Engl playwright / Poet (Julian), dies at 67
  • 01-25Dorothy Wordsworth: Writer, dies at 83
  • 02-20Joseph Hume: Social reformer
  • 02-23Carl Friedrich Gauss: Mathematician
  • 03-02Nicholas I Pavlovitch: Tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58
  • 03-17Ramon Carnicer y Batlle: Composer, dies at 65
  • 04-18Jean-Baptiste Isabey: Painter
  • 04-24Walenty Karol Kratzer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 04-30Henry Rowley Bishop: British Composer / conductor, dies at 68
  • 05-04Camille Pleyel: Austria piano builder / composer, dies at 66
  • 05-15Jan Mazereeuw: Frisian farmer / Sect Leader, dies at 75
  • 05-27Nikolaj A Bestoezjev: Russ writer / Painter (Account of Holland)
  • 06-28Giovanni Agostino Perotti: Composer, dies at 86
  • 08-27Francisco Eduardo da Costa: Composer, dies at 36
  • 09-24Alexandre Stievenard: Composer, dies at 86
  • 10-06August L Crelle: Inventor / Mathematician (Rechentafeln), dies at 75
  • 10-13Gottfried Rieger: Composer, dies at 91
  • 10-25Willem F Earl van Bylandt: Military, dies at 84
  • 11-26Adam B Mickiewicz: Polish Poet (Polish Legion), dies at 56