Events in year of 1855

  • 01-09Clipper Guiding Star disappears in Atlantic, 480 dies
  • 01-31Western railroads blocked by snow
  • 02-03Wisconsin Supreme Ct declares US Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
  • 02-04Soldiers shoot Jewish families in Coro, Venezuela
  • 02-05British government of Palmerston forms
  • 02-10US citizenship laws amended all children of US parents born abroad granted US citizenship
  • 02-24US Court of Claims forms for cases against government
  • 03-02Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
  • 03-03Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
  • 03-03Congress authorizes registered mail
  • 03-06Gustave Flaubert writes goodbye to Louise Colet
  • 03-081st train crosses 1st US railway suspension bridge, Niagara Falls
  • 03-15Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
  • 03-24Manhattan Kansas founded as New Boston, Kansas
  • 03-27Abraham Gesner patents kerosene
  • 04-26Composer Gioacchino Rossini leaves Italy
  • 04-281st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
  • 05-03Antwerp-Rotterdam railway opens
  • 05-05New York City regains Castle Clinton, to be used for immigration
  • 06-01US adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
  • 06-17Heavy French / British bombing of Sebastopol, 2000+ killed
  • 06-20Commissioners appointed to lay out SF streets west of Larkin
  • 07-201st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in the Netherlands
  • 08-01Castle Clinton in NYC opens as 1st US receiving station for immigrants
  • 08-03Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens
  • 08-04John Bartlett publishes "Familiar Quotations"
  • 08-09Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • 09-08Crimean war - assault of Malakof Tower under Mac-Mahon)
  • 10-09Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
  • 10-09Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Mass patents 1st calliope

People born in year of 1855

  • 01-10Peter J Blok: Dutch historian (History of the Dutch People)
  • 01-20Amedee-Ernest Chausson: Composer
  • 01-21John M Browning: United States -- Weapons manufacturer
  • 01-22Ernst Kullak: Composer
  • 01-26Arthur Hervey: Composer
  • 01-28William Seward Burroughs: New York, United States -- Inventor (recording adding machine)
  • 02-15Gustav Hollaender: Composer
  • 02-17Otto Liman von Sanders: German General in Turkey (WWI)
  • 02-21Alice Freeman Palmer: Educator (Hall of Fame)
  • 03-13Percival "Percy" Lowell: US astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto)
  • 03-24Andrew W Mellon: Founder (Mellon Bank) / US Secretary of Treasury
  • 03-24Olive Schreiner: South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)
  • 04-09Gyula Reviczky: Hungarian author / poet
  • 04-18Abraham Bredius: Dutch art historian (Jan Steen)
  • 04-18Josef Gruber: Composer
  • 04-29Edmund van der Straeten: Composer
  • 05-02Theodore Moses Tobani: Composer
  • 05-09Julius Rontgen: Composer
  • 05-11Anatol Konstantinovich Lyadov: Russian composer (Bewitched Lake)
  • 05-15Eduard Earl of Keyserling: German writer (Dritte Stiege)
  • 05-15Graf Keyserling: Writer
  • 05-21Emile A G Verhaeren: Belgian poet / writer (Les Flammes Hautes)
  • 05-24Arthur Wing Pinero: British playwright
  • 06-14Robert Marion La Follette: Wisconsin, United States -- Presidential Candidate (Progressive)
  • 06-17Fritz Steinbach: Composer
  • 06-23Maude Valerie White: Composer
  • 07-03Piotr Maszynski: Composer
  • 07-09Johann P Zilcher: German composer
  • 07-14Richard Samuel Hughes: Composer
  • 07-16Charles Francis Abdy Williams: Composer

People died in year of 1855

  • 01-10Mary Russell Mitford: Engl playwright / Poet (Julian), dies at 67
  • 01-25Dorothy Wordsworth: Writer, dies at 83
  • 02-20Joseph Hume: Social reformer
  • 02-23Carl Friedrich Gauss: Mathematician
  • 03-02Nicholas I Pavlovitch: Tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58
  • 03-17Ramon Carnicer y Batlle: Composer, dies at 65
  • 04-18Jean-Baptiste Isabey: Painter
  • 04-24Walenty Karol Kratzer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 04-30Henry Rowley Bishop: British Composer / conductor, dies at 68
  • 05-04Camille Pleyel: Austria piano builder / composer, dies at 66
  • 05-15Jan Mazereeuw: Frisian farmer / Sect Leader, dies at 75
  • 05-27Nikolaj A Bestoezjev: Russ writer / Painter (Account of Holland)
  • 06-28Giovanni Agostino Perotti: Composer, dies at 86
  • 08-27Francisco Eduardo da Costa: Composer, dies at 36
  • 09-24Alexandre Stievenard: Composer, dies at 86
  • 10-06August L Crelle: Inventor / Mathematician (Rechentafeln), dies at 75
  • 10-13Gottfried Rieger: Composer, dies at 91
  • 10-25Willem F Earl van Bylandt: Military, dies at 84
  • 11-26Adam B Mickiewicz: Polish Poet (Polish Legion), dies at 56

Events in year of 1856

  • 01-08Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, California
  • 01-23Steamer Pacific lost
  • 01-25Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers and Indians
  • 01-29Victoria Cross established to acknowledge bravery
  • 02-18American (Know-Nothing) Party abolishes secrecy
  • 02-19Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 02-20John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die
  • 02-221st national meeting of the Republican Party (Pittsburgh)
  • 02-29Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
  • 03-05Covent Garden Opera House destroyed in a fire
  • 03-05Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 03-25A E Burnside patents Burnside carbine
  • 03-26New South Wales 1st 1st-class game, vs. Victoria at Melbourne NSW won
  • 03-30Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War
  • 04-03Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
  • 04-18Russian Republic Chancellor Earl von Nesselrode resigns
  • 04-29Peace between England and Russia
  • 05-07Argentine and Brazilian sign a navigation pact
  • 05-152nd SF Vigilance Committee organized
  • 05-19Sen Charles Sumner, Mass, spoke out against slavery
  • 05-21Lawrence Kansas captured, sacked by pro-slavery forces
  • 05-22Violence in Senate, SC rep Brooks used a cane on Mass Sen Sumner
  • 05-24Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas
  • 05-27Doctor William Palmer found guilty of poisoning
  • 06-03Cullen Whipple patents screw machine
  • 06-08Pitcairn Islanders arrive on Norfolk Island
  • 06-17Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia
  • 07-15Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 07-16Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
  • 07-17Sunday school excursion train collides killing 46 children (Philadelphia)

People born in year of 1856

  • 01-06Giuseppe Martucci: Composer
  • 01-09Anton Askerc: Slavic priest / poet (Primoz Trubar)
  • 01-09Lizette Woodworth Reese: US poet (Branch of May, Tears)
  • 01-09Stevan Mokranjac: Composer
  • 01-11Christian August Sinding: Kongsberg, Norway -- Composer
  • 01-12John Singer Sargent: United States -- Portrait painter (Wyndham Sisters)
  • 01-18Daniel Nathan Hale Williams: Surgeon (1st open heart operation)
  • 01-18John Hyatt Brewer: Composer
  • 02-02Makar Grigori Ekmalyan: Composer
  • 02-05Otto Brahm: German critic / founder (Neue Deutsche Rundschau)
  • 02-14Frank Harris: England, United Kingdom -- Journalist / writer (My Life & Loves)
  • 02-16Willem Kes: Dutch violinist / composer / conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam)
  • 02-21Hendrik P Berlage: Architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam)
  • 03-01Florimond Fonteyne: Flemish priest / politician (Volkseeuw)
  • 03-07Matilde Serao [Tuffolina]: Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • 03-16E Louis YY Napoleon Bonaparte: French / English Prince
  • 03-20Frederick Winslow Taylor: Father of scientific management
  • 03-26David Alfred Thomas: Glamorganshire, United Kingdom -- 1st Viscount Rhondda
  • 04-05Booker Taliaferro Washington: Pioneer educator (1st black on US stamp)
  • 04-11Constantly Lievens: Flemish Missionary in India
  • 04-12William M Conway: English historian / explorer (Spitzbergen)
  • 04-22[Marie] Louise Hens: Flemish actress (Two Orphans)
  • 05-13Peter Henry Emerson: 1st to promote photography as an independent art
  • 05-20Henri E Cross [Delacroix]: French painter
  • 05-26George Templeton Strong: Composer
  • 06-08Natalia Janotha: Composer
  • 06-14Andrey Markov: Russia -- Mathematician (Markov Chain)
  • 06-19Elbert Hubbard: United States -- Editor / publisher / author (Message to Garcia)
  • 06-30Gerrit Kalff: Writer (history of Dutch writers)
  • 07-06Edward Anseele: Belgian Minister of Rail / PTT

People died in year of 1856

  • 01-17Thomas Attwood Walmisley: Composer, dies at 41
  • 02-17Heinrich Heine: German poet, dies at 58 in Paris, France
  • 02-17John Braham: Singer / composer, dies at 81
  • 03-28Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov: Composer, dies at 76
  • 05-03Adolfo Fumagalli: Composer, dies at 27
  • 05-03Adolphe Charles Adam: French Composer / critic (Giselle), dies at 52
  • 06-11Friedrich H von der Hagen: German germanist, dies at 76
  • 06-15David Cox: English Painter (Treatise on Landscape Paint), dies at 73
  • 07-04Istvan Ferenczi: Hungarian sculptor, dies at 64
  • 07-15Margaretha J de Neufville: Author (The Kidnap), dies at 81
  • 07-29Robert A Schumann: German pianist / Composer (Humoresque), dies at 46
  • 08-04Johann Gottlieb Schneider: Composer, dies at 59
  • 08-05Rubert Lucas Pearsall: Composer, dies at 61
  • 08-14William Buckland: Dean (Westminister) / geologist
  • 08-20Philipp Jakob Riotte: Composer, dies at 80
  • 08-21Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner: Composer, dies at 64
  • 09-24Henry: 1st viscount Hardinge of Lahore, Governor-General of India
  • 10-10Michal Wielhorski: Composer, dies at 67
  • 10-29Carel SW van Hogendorp: Colonial director, dies at 68
  • 11-17William Knyvett: Composer, dies at 77
  • 11-20Farkas / Wolfgang Bolyai: Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81