Events in year of 1856

  • 01-08Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, California
  • 01-23Steamer Pacific lost
  • 01-25Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers and Indians
  • 01-29Victoria Cross established to acknowledge bravery
  • 02-18American (Know-Nothing) Party abolishes secrecy
  • 02-19Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 02-20John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die
  • 02-221st national meeting of the Republican Party (Pittsburgh)
  • 02-29Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
  • 03-05Covent Garden Opera House destroyed in a fire
  • 03-05Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
  • 03-25A E Burnside patents Burnside carbine
  • 03-26New South Wales 1st 1st-class game, vs. Victoria at Melbourne NSW won
  • 03-30Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War
  • 04-03Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
  • 04-18Russian Republic Chancellor Earl von Nesselrode resigns
  • 04-29Peace between England and Russia
  • 05-07Argentine and Brazilian sign a navigation pact
  • 05-152nd SF Vigilance Committee organized
  • 05-19Sen Charles Sumner, Mass, spoke out against slavery
  • 05-21Lawrence Kansas captured, sacked by pro-slavery forces
  • 05-22Violence in Senate, SC rep Brooks used a cane on Mass Sen Sumner
  • 05-24Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas
  • 05-27Doctor William Palmer found guilty of poisoning
  • 06-03Cullen Whipple patents screw machine
  • 06-08Pitcairn Islanders arrive on Norfolk Island
  • 06-17Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia
  • 07-15Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
  • 07-16Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
  • 07-17Sunday school excursion train collides killing 46 children (Philadelphia)

People born in year of 1856

  • 01-06Giuseppe Martucci: Composer
  • 01-09Anton Askerc: Slavic priest / poet (Primoz Trubar)
  • 01-09Lizette Woodworth Reese: US poet (Branch of May, Tears)
  • 01-09Stevan Mokranjac: Composer
  • 01-11Christian August Sinding: Kongsberg, Norway -- Composer
  • 01-12John Singer Sargent: United States -- Portrait painter (Wyndham Sisters)
  • 01-18Daniel Nathan Hale Williams: Surgeon (1st open heart operation)
  • 01-18John Hyatt Brewer: Composer
  • 02-02Makar Grigori Ekmalyan: Composer
  • 02-05Otto Brahm: German critic / founder (Neue Deutsche Rundschau)
  • 02-14Frank Harris: England, United Kingdom -- Journalist / writer (My Life & Loves)
  • 02-16Willem Kes: Dutch violinist / composer / conductor (Parkorkest Amsterdam)
  • 02-21Hendrik P Berlage: Architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam)
  • 03-01Florimond Fonteyne: Flemish priest / politician (Volkseeuw)
  • 03-07Matilde Serao [Tuffolina]: Italian writer (Land of Cockayne)
  • 03-16E Louis YY Napoleon Bonaparte: French / English Prince
  • 03-20Frederick Winslow Taylor: Father of scientific management
  • 03-26David Alfred Thomas: Glamorganshire, United Kingdom -- 1st Viscount Rhondda
  • 04-05Booker Taliaferro Washington: Pioneer educator (1st black on US stamp)
  • 04-11Constantly Lievens: Flemish Missionary in India
  • 04-12William M Conway: English historian / explorer (Spitzbergen)
  • 04-22[Marie] Louise Hens: Flemish actress (Two Orphans)
  • 05-13Peter Henry Emerson: 1st to promote photography as an independent art
  • 05-20Henri E Cross [Delacroix]: French painter
  • 05-26George Templeton Strong: Composer
  • 06-08Natalia Janotha: Composer
  • 06-14Andrey Markov: Russia -- Mathematician (Markov Chain)
  • 06-19Elbert Hubbard: United States -- Editor / publisher / author (Message to Garcia)
  • 06-30Gerrit Kalff: Writer (history of Dutch writers)
  • 07-06Edward Anseele: Belgian Minister of Rail / PTT

People died in year of 1856

  • 01-17Thomas Attwood Walmisley: Composer, dies at 41
  • 02-17Heinrich Heine: German poet, dies at 58 in Paris, France
  • 02-17John Braham: Singer / composer, dies at 81
  • 03-28Pyotr Ivanovich Turchaninov: Composer, dies at 76
  • 05-03Adolfo Fumagalli: Composer, dies at 27
  • 05-03Adolphe Charles Adam: French Composer / critic (Giselle), dies at 52
  • 06-11Friedrich H von der Hagen: German germanist, dies at 76
  • 06-15David Cox: English Painter (Treatise on Landscape Paint), dies at 73
  • 07-04Istvan Ferenczi: Hungarian sculptor, dies at 64
  • 07-15Margaretha J de Neufville: Author (The Kidnap), dies at 81
  • 07-29Robert A Schumann: German pianist / Composer (Humoresque), dies at 46
  • 08-04Johann Gottlieb Schneider: Composer, dies at 59
  • 08-05Rubert Lucas Pearsall: Composer, dies at 61
  • 08-14William Buckland: Dean (Westminister) / geologist
  • 08-20Philipp Jakob Riotte: Composer, dies at 80
  • 08-21Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner: Composer, dies at 64
  • 09-24Henry: 1st viscount Hardinge of Lahore, Governor-General of India
  • 10-10Michal Wielhorski: Composer, dies at 67
  • 10-29Carel SW van Hogendorp: Colonial director, dies at 68
  • 11-17William Knyvett: Composer, dies at 77
  • 11-20Farkas / Wolfgang Bolyai: Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81

Events in year of 1857

  • 01-06Patent for reducing zinc ore granted to Samuel Wetherill, Penn
  • 01-097.9 earthquake shakes Fort Tejon, California
  • 01-151st first-class game in Sydney, NSW vs. Vic at The Domain
  • 01-22National Association of Baseball Players founded, New York
  • 02-16Gallaudet College (National Deaf Mute college) forms (Washington, DC)
  • 02-18Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo
  • 02-21Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in US
  • 02-21US issues flying eagle cents
  • 02-241st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government
  • 02-24LA Vineyard Society organized
  • 03-06Dred Scott Decision: Supreme Court rules slaves cannot be citizens
  • 03-07Baseball decides 9 innings constitutes an official game, not 9 runs
  • 03-21Earthquake hits Tokyo; about 107,000 die
  • 03-25Frederick Laggenheim takes 1st photo of a solar eclipse
  • 04-21Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
  • 04-27Establishment of Jewish congregations in Lower Austria prohibited
  • 04-29US Army, Pacific Division HQ permanently forms at Presidio (San Francisco)
  • 04-30San Jose State University forms
  • 05-01William Walker, Conqueror of Nicaragua, surrenders to US Navy
  • 05-10Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys of Meerut
  • 05-10Sepoy-revolt in Meerutkazerne, Delhi
  • 05-19William Francis Channing and Moses G Farmer patents electric fire alarm
  • 06-02James Gibbs, Va, patents chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine
  • 06-05Walter Woodbury and James Page open photo studio in Batavia (Djakarta)
  • 06-10England passes an act putting Canada on the decimal currency system
  • 06-15San Francisco Water Works organized
  • 06-2662 receive Victoria Cross
  • 06-26Cawnpore England massacre
  • 06-29Battle at Chinhat (Indies rebel under Barkat Ahmed beat British)
  • 07-16Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore

People born in year of 1857

  • 01-02Frederick Opper: Cartoonist (Maud, Alphonse & Gaston)
  • 01-02Martha Carey Thomas: Educator / President (Bryn Mawr College)
  • 01-09Henry B Fuller: American writer (Under the Skylights)
  • 01-11Fred[erick J] Archer: English jockey (won 5 Derbys)
  • 01-17Eugene Augustin Lauste: Developer (1st sound-on-film recording)
  • 01-17Wilhelm Kienzl: Austrian composer (Evangelimann)
  • 01-18Otto von Below: German Commandant (WWI)
  • 01-23Andrija Mohorovicic: Croatian geologist (Moho discontinuity)
  • 02-02Jan Six: Dutch art historian / art collector
  • 02-09Johannes T de Visser: Theologist / Dutch 1st Minister of Education
  • 02-17Samuel Sidney McClure: Irish-American newspaper editor / publisher
  • 02-18Max Klinger: German graphic artist / painter / sculptor
  • 02-21Jules de Trooz: Baron / Premier of Belgium (1907)
  • 02-22Heinrich Hertz: Physicist, 1st to broadcast and receive radio waves
  • 02-22Robert Baden-Powell: Founder (Boy Scouts, Girl Guides)
  • 02-28Gustave Adolph Kerker: Composer
  • 03-03Alfred Bruneau: Composer
  • 03-07Julius Wagner von Jauregg: Austria -- Psychiatrist (Nobel 1927)
  • 03-08Ruggiero Leoncavallo: Italian composer (I pagliacci / Zaza)
  • 03-22Arnold Sauwen: Flemish poet (Along the Meuse)
  • 03-22Paul Doumer: Governor-General of Indo-China / 13th President of France (1931-32)
  • 03-23Fannie Farmer: Actress (namesake of a candy company)
  • 03-27Karl Pearson: London, England -- Mathematician
  • 03-27Pearson: Mathematician
  • 04-05Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg: Ruler of Bulgaria (1879-86)
  • 04-10Henry Ernest Dudeney: Mathematician / puzzle maker
  • 04-14Edgar Stillman Kelley: Sparta, Wisconsin -- Composer (Gulliver)
  • 04-18Clarence S Darrow: Defense attorney at Scopes monkey trial
  • 04-19Lucien Levy-Bruhl: Philosopher
  • 04-20Charles LP "Philip" Zilcken: Painter / author (HW Knife Day)

People died in year of 1857

  • 01-20Edward Francis Fitzwilliam: Composer, dies at 32
  • 01-27Dorothea von Benckendorff: Baltic Monarch of Lieven, dies at 72
  • 02-14Johannes B van Bree: Dutch violinist / Composer / conductor, dies at 56
  • 02-14John B van Bree: Violinist / Composer / conductor, dies at 56
  • 02-15Mikhail Glinka: Composer
  • 02-15Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka: Russian composer, dies at 53
  • 02-16Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers: French engraver, dies at 77
  • 02-16Elisha Kent Kane: Arctic explorer (Kane Basin), dies at 37
  • 02-26Ole Andreas Lindeman: Composer, dies at 88
  • 03-11Manuel Jose Quintana: Spanish Author / Poet (A la paz), dies at 84
  • 03-17Adolph Trube: Composer, dies at 42
  • 03-21Abraham J van der Aa: Lexicographer (Biograph dictionary), dies at 64
  • 05-02LC Alfred the Musset: French Poet (Lesson caprices Marianne)
  • 05-11E Francois Vidocq: French criminalogist / police officer, dies at 81
  • 06-28Joseph Fischhof: Composer, dies at 53
  • 07-15Carl Czerny: Austrian pianist / composer, dies at 66
  • 07-25Joseph Napoleon Ney Moskova: Composer, dies at 54
  • 07-29Charles LJL Bonaparte: Corsican / French Prince of Canino, dies at 54
  • 08-01Charles Turner: Engraver
  • 08-10John Wilson Croker: Politician
  • 08-12William Daniel Conybeare: Geologist
  • 09-03M Heinrich C Lichtenstein: German zoologist / explorer, dies at 77
  • 09-18Karol Kazimierz Kurpinski: Composer, dies at 72
  • 10-14Ignacy Marceli Komorowski: Composer, dies at 33
  • 11-07Charles Heinrich Christoph Zeuner: Composer, dies at 62
  • 11-26Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff: German Poet (That Freier), dies at 69
  • 12-03Christian D Rauch: German sculptor, dies at 80
  • 12-11Francois Henri Joseph Castil-Blaze: Composer, dies at 73