Events in year of 1858

  • 01-01Canada begins using decimal currency system
  • 01-14French Emperor Napoleon III escapes attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, an Italian patriot who was later executed
  • 01-30William Wells Brown published 1st Black drama, "Leap to Freedom"
  • 02-111st apparition of Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes France
  • 02-13Sir Richard Burton and John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa
  • 02-21Edwin T Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Massachusetts)
  • 03-02Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie
  • 03-08Opera "I Pagliacci" is produced (Naples)
  • 03-09Albert Potts of Philadelphia patents the street mailbox
  • 03-18Dutch Van der Brugghen government resigns
  • 03-23Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Philadelphia)
  • 03-30Pencil with attached eraser patented (Hyman L Lipman of Philadelphia)
  • 04-121st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit)
  • 04-15Battle of Azimghur, Mexicans defeat Spanish loyalists
  • 05-08John Brown holds antislavery convention
  • 05-11Minnesota admitted as 32nd US state
  • 05-15Royal Italian Opera opens in Covent Garden London
  • 06-16Abraham Lincoln says "A house divided against itself cannot stand"
  • 06-21Louisiana chess prodigy Paul Morphy arrives in Europe
  • 06-29Great fire in London harbor
  • 06-29Treaty of Algun, China cedes north bank of Amur River to Russia
  • 07-02Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
  • 07-06Lyman Blake patents shoe manufacturing machine
  • 07-20Fee 1st charged to see a baseball game (50 cents) (NY beats Brooklyn 22-18)
  • 07-23Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
  • 07-26Baron Lionel de Rothschild is 1st Jew elected to British Parliament
  • 07-281st use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by
  • 07-28Nadar takes 1st airborne photo (in a balloon)
  • 07-28William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service in India
  • 07-291st commercial treaty between US and Japan signed

People born in year of 1858

  • 01-05Gustaf af Geijerstam: Swedish author (Boken om Lillebror)
  • 01-15Giovanni Segantini: Italy -- Painter
  • 01-17Tomas Carrasquilla: Colombian author (Frutos de mi Tierra)
  • 01-19Eugene Brieux: French playwright (Blanchette, Lesson Avaries)
  • 01-22Beatrice Potter Webb: England, United Kingdom -- Economist
  • 01-22Frederick Lugard: British captain / Baron (Congo)
  • 01-25Giuseppi Radiciotti: Composer
  • 02-14Charles Beach Hawley: Composer
  • 02-15William Pickering: Boston, Massachusetts -- Astronomer (9th and 10th moons of Saturn)
  • 02-16Laurence "Lon" Myers: United States -- Track star (top US miler)
  • 02-17Ernest Ford: Composer
  • 02-18Louise M A: Princess of Belgium
  • 02-24Arnold Dolmetsch: Le Mans, France -- Musician
  • 02-28Jacob P Vis: Dutch industrialist (founder NV Royal Salt Industries)
  • 03-01Georg Simmel: German philosopher / sociologist
  • 03-07Nikolai Artzibushev: Composer
  • 03-13Maximilien Luce: French painter
  • 03-15Liberty Hyde Bailey: US Botanist (Plantbreeding)
  • 03-23Ludwig Quidde: German historian / politician (Nobel prize 1927)
  • 03-27Peter Christian Lutkin: Composer
  • 04-01Arnold Aletrino: Dutch physician-criminologist / author (From Life)
  • 04-01Gaetano Mosca: Italian sociologist (Circulation of Elite)
  • 04-03Matthew Ricketts: 1st Black man elected to Neb State Legislature
  • 04-07Adrien H Gerhard: Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)
  • 04-15Anton G O Ridder Van Rappard: Dutch painter / lithographer / etcher
  • 04-15Emile Durkheim: French sociologist (Division du travail social)
  • 04-19May Robson [Mary J Robison]: Melbourne, Victoria -- Actress (Apple Annie)
  • 04-19Siegfried Ochs: Composer
  • 04-20Auguste Chapuis: Composer
  • 04-22Ethel Mary Smyth: Composer

People died in year of 1858

  • 01-05Johann JWAFK Radetzky von Radetz: Austr Earl / field marshal, dies at 91
  • 01-07Willem Broes: Vicar / Theologist (Textenrol), dies at 91
  • 01-08Friedrich Karl Kuhmstedt: Composer, dies at 48
  • 01-27Gerrit van der Linde Jz: Dutch "Principal", poet, dies at 49
  • 02-16Georg F Creuzer: German philological / historian, dies at 86
  • 02-19Alois Basil Nikolaus Tomasini: Composer, dies at 78
  • 04-03Sigismund Ritter von Neukomm: Austrian composer, dies at 79
  • 04-16Johann Baptist Cramer: German / British pianist / Composer / publisher, dies at 87
  • 06-03Julius Reubke: Composer, dies at 24
  • 06-12Cornelis Smit: Dutch ship builder / ship owner, dies at 74
  • 06-12William Horsley: Composer, dies at 83
  • 06-15Ary Scheffer: Painter / etcher / sculptor, dies at 63
  • 07-06Jan Emmanuel Dulezalek: Composer, dies at 78
  • 08-14George Combe: Phrenologist
  • 09-05Moritz G [Moses] Saphir: Hungarian journalist, dies at 63
  • 09-10Henry Wellington Greatorex: Composer, dies at 44
  • 09-17Dred Scott: US slave (REV-decision Supreme court)
  • 10-10Karl A Varnhagen von Ense: German Author / Poet / diplomat, dies at 73
  • 10-12Ando Hiroshige: Japanese painter, dies at 61
  • 10-26Isac Baker Woodbury: Composer, dies at 39
  • 12-18Joseph-Henri-Ignace Mees: Composer, dies at 81
  • 12-27Alexandre Pierre Francois Boely: Composer, dies at 73

Events in year of 1859

  • 01-051st steamboat sails, Red River
  • 02-10Gen Horsford defeats Begum of Oude and Nana Sahib in Indian mutiny
  • 02-14Oregon admitted as 33rd state
  • 02-19Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity 1st time this defense is successfully used
  • 02-251st use of "insanity plea" to prove innocence
  • 02-28Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery
  • 03-01Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd)
  • 03-19Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • 03-211st Zoological Society incorporates (Philadelphia)
  • 03-21Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
  • 03-21Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 03-261st sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury
  • 04-04Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
  • 04-12Hibernia Savings & Loan Society of SF incorporates
  • 04-25Ground broken for Suez Canal
  • 04-27"Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard
  • 04-30Paul Morphy returns from 10-mo chess tour of Europe, retires
  • 05-31Philadelphia Athletics organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later
  • 06-11Comstock silver load discovered near Virginia City, Nevada
  • 06-12Comstock Silver Lode in Nevada discovered
  • 06-24Battle of Solferino, N-Italy: France / Sardinia-Austria
  • 06-281st dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England)
  • 06-30Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope
  • 07-011st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32
  • 07-01Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St. Louis
  • 07-05Captain N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
  • 07-12Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Massachusetts
  • 07-22V E Walker takes 10-74 in an innings for England vs. Surrey
  • 08-09Elevator patented
  • 08-171st air mail (in a balloon) took off from Lafayette, Indiana

People born in year of 1859

  • 01-05DeWitt B Brace: Inventor (spectrophotometer)
  • 01-06Samuel Alexander: English philosopher (Moral order and progress)
  • 01-09Frederik Pijper: Dutch vicar / church historian (The Monasteries)
  • 01-11[Gerard] Jan Ligthart: Dutch educator (Nog bij mother, Ot & Sien)
  • 01-13Karl Bleibtreu: German author (Revolution of Literature)
  • 01-19Alice Eastwood: Toronto, Ontario -- Botanist (Handbook of Trees of California)
  • 01-21Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski: Composer
  • 01-27Wilhelm II: Potsdam -- German Emperor (1888-1918)
  • 02-01Victor August Herbert: Dublin, Ireland -- Composer (Babes in Toyland)
  • 02-02Havelock Ellis: US Physician / sexologist (Psychology of Sex)
  • 02-13Frank van de Goes: Dutch writer / marxist theorist
  • 02-13William Strang: Scottish painter / engraver
  • 02-14George Washington Gale Ferris: Engineer / inventor (Ferris Wheel)
  • 02-18Sholem Aleichem [Solomon Rabinowitz]: Author (Fiddler on the Roof)
  • 02-19Svante August Arhenius: Swedish physicist / chemist (Nobel 1903)
  • 03-08Kenneth Grahame: Author (Wind, Willows)
  • 03-08Otto Taubmann: Composer
  • 03-12Josef Cyril Sychra: Composer
  • 03-26Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov: Composer
  • 04-03Reginald De Koven: Composer
  • 04-05Wilhelm Harteveld: Composer
  • 04-07Walter Camp: Connecticut, United States -- Father of American football (Yale)
  • 04-08Edmund Husserl: Germany -- Philosopher (founded Phenomenology)
  • 04-11Basil Harwood: Composer
  • 04-18Eduard G H H Cuypers: Architect (Sanatorium High-Laren)
  • 05-01Willem J Leyds: Dutch / South Africa lawyer / politician / diplomat
  • 05-03Andy Adams: US writer (Log of a Cowboy)
  • 05-06Willem J T Kloos: Dutch poet (Act of Simple Justice)
  • 05-13Eugust Enna: Composer
  • 05-15Pierre Curie: France -- Physicist (Nobel 1903)

People died in year of 1859

  • 01-08Antoine GB Schayes: Belgian Historian / archaeologist, dies at 50
  • 01-20B v Arnim: Writer, dies at 73
  • 01-20Bettina Brentano: Composer, dies at 73
  • 01-27Carl A Agardh: Swedish Botanist / Bishop of Karlstad, dies at 74
  • 02-06Johannes Josephus Viotta: Composer, dies at 45
  • 02-26Ferdinand Lukas Schubert: Composer, dies at 64
  • 03-01Josef Theodor Krov: Composer, dies at 61
  • 04-12John Emde: German evangelist, dies at about 84
  • 04-30Sergei T Aksakov: Russian writer (Bagrova-vnuka), dies at 67
  • 05-05Peter G L Dirichlet: German mathematician, dies at 53
  • 05-06Friedrich Heinrich Alexander: Explorer / scientist
  • 05-10Johan BJFS: Archduke of Austria (Firechief & Housewife)
  • 05-22Ferdinand II [Re Bomba]: Dutch King of Sicily, dies at 49
  • 06-18Joseph Hartmann Stuntz: Composer, dies at 65
  • 06-27Jean C Baud: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1834-36), dies at 69
  • 07-08F J Oscar I: King of Sweden / Norway (1844-59), dies at 60
  • 07-20Hans E Schack: Danish politician / writer (Fantasy)
  • 07-29Auguste Mathieu Panseron: Composer, dies at 63
  • 08-10George Staunton: Writer
  • 09-05W Friedrich Olivier: German landscape painter, dies at 68
  • 09-13Cornelis J van Axes: Lawyer, dies at 71
  • 09-15John LA Luyten: Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament, dies at 72
  • 09-28Rinse Posthumus: Fries writer
  • 10-04Karl Baedeker: German tour guide (Die Schweiz), dies at 57
  • 10-22Louis (Ludwig) Spohr: Composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 11-07Carl Gottlieb Reissiger: Composer, dies at 61
  • 11-22Ludwig "Louis" Spohr: German violinist / Composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 11-28Washington Irving: US Author (Geoffrey Crayon, gent)
  • 12-02John Brown: US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59
  • 12-05Louis Poinsot: French Mathematician / instrument maker, dies at 82