Events in year of 1859

  • 01-051st steamboat sails, Red River
  • 02-10Gen Horsford defeats Begum of Oude and Nana Sahib in Indian mutiny
  • 02-14Oregon admitted as 33rd state
  • 02-19Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity 1st time this defense is successfully used
  • 02-251st use of "insanity plea" to prove innocence
  • 02-28Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery
  • 03-01Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd)
  • 03-19Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
  • 03-211st Zoological Society incorporates (Philadelphia)
  • 03-21Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
  • 03-21Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
  • 03-261st sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury
  • 04-04Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
  • 04-12Hibernia Savings & Loan Society of SF incorporates
  • 04-25Ground broken for Suez Canal
  • 04-27"Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard
  • 04-30Paul Morphy returns from 10-mo chess tour of Europe, retires
  • 05-31Philadelphia Athletics organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later
  • 06-11Comstock silver load discovered near Virginia City, Nevada
  • 06-12Comstock Silver Lode in Nevada discovered
  • 06-24Battle of Solferino, N-Italy: France / Sardinia-Austria
  • 06-281st dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England)
  • 06-30Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope
  • 07-011st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32
  • 07-01Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St. Louis
  • 07-05Captain N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
  • 07-12Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Massachusetts
  • 07-22V E Walker takes 10-74 in an innings for England vs. Surrey
  • 08-09Elevator patented
  • 08-171st air mail (in a balloon) took off from Lafayette, Indiana

People born in year of 1859

  • 01-05DeWitt B Brace: Inventor (spectrophotometer)
  • 01-06Samuel Alexander: English philosopher (Moral order and progress)
  • 01-09Frederik Pijper: Dutch vicar / church historian (The Monasteries)
  • 01-11[Gerard] Jan Ligthart: Dutch educator (Nog bij mother, Ot & Sien)
  • 01-13Karl Bleibtreu: German author (Revolution of Literature)
  • 01-19Alice Eastwood: Toronto, Ontario -- Botanist (Handbook of Trees of California)
  • 01-21Antoni Wincenty Rutkowski: Composer
  • 01-27Wilhelm II: Potsdam -- German Emperor (1888-1918)
  • 02-01Victor August Herbert: Dublin, Ireland -- Composer (Babes in Toyland)
  • 02-02Havelock Ellis: US Physician / sexologist (Psychology of Sex)
  • 02-13Frank van de Goes: Dutch writer / marxist theorist
  • 02-13William Strang: Scottish painter / engraver
  • 02-14George Washington Gale Ferris: Engineer / inventor (Ferris Wheel)
  • 02-18Sholem Aleichem [Solomon Rabinowitz]: Author (Fiddler on the Roof)
  • 02-19Svante August Arhenius: Swedish physicist / chemist (Nobel 1903)
  • 03-08Kenneth Grahame: Author (Wind, Willows)
  • 03-08Otto Taubmann: Composer
  • 03-12Josef Cyril Sychra: Composer
  • 03-26Nikolay Alexandrovich Sokolov: Composer
  • 04-03Reginald De Koven: Composer
  • 04-05Wilhelm Harteveld: Composer
  • 04-07Walter Camp: Connecticut, United States -- Father of American football (Yale)
  • 04-08Edmund Husserl: Germany -- Philosopher (founded Phenomenology)
  • 04-11Basil Harwood: Composer
  • 04-18Eduard G H H Cuypers: Architect (Sanatorium High-Laren)
  • 05-01Willem J Leyds: Dutch / South Africa lawyer / politician / diplomat
  • 05-03Andy Adams: US writer (Log of a Cowboy)
  • 05-06Willem J T Kloos: Dutch poet (Act of Simple Justice)
  • 05-13Eugust Enna: Composer
  • 05-15Pierre Curie: France -- Physicist (Nobel 1903)

People died in year of 1859

  • 01-08Antoine GB Schayes: Belgian Historian / archaeologist, dies at 50
  • 01-20B v Arnim: Writer, dies at 73
  • 01-20Bettina Brentano: Composer, dies at 73
  • 01-27Carl A Agardh: Swedish Botanist / Bishop of Karlstad, dies at 74
  • 02-06Johannes Josephus Viotta: Composer, dies at 45
  • 02-26Ferdinand Lukas Schubert: Composer, dies at 64
  • 03-01Josef Theodor Krov: Composer, dies at 61
  • 04-12John Emde: German evangelist, dies at about 84
  • 04-30Sergei T Aksakov: Russian writer (Bagrova-vnuka), dies at 67
  • 05-05Peter G L Dirichlet: German mathematician, dies at 53
  • 05-06Friedrich Heinrich Alexander: Explorer / scientist
  • 05-10Johan BJFS: Archduke of Austria (Firechief & Housewife)
  • 05-22Ferdinand II [Re Bomba]: Dutch King of Sicily, dies at 49
  • 06-18Joseph Hartmann Stuntz: Composer, dies at 65
  • 06-27Jean C Baud: Governor-General of Dutch-Indies (1834-36), dies at 69
  • 07-08F J Oscar I: King of Sweden / Norway (1844-59), dies at 60
  • 07-20Hans E Schack: Danish politician / writer (Fantasy)
  • 07-29Auguste Mathieu Panseron: Composer, dies at 63
  • 08-10George Staunton: Writer
  • 09-05W Friedrich Olivier: German landscape painter, dies at 68
  • 09-13Cornelis J van Axes: Lawyer, dies at 71
  • 09-15John LA Luyten: Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament, dies at 72
  • 09-28Rinse Posthumus: Fries writer
  • 10-04Karl Baedeker: German tour guide (Die Schweiz), dies at 57
  • 10-22Louis (Ludwig) Spohr: Composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 11-07Carl Gottlieb Reissiger: Composer, dies at 61
  • 11-22Ludwig "Louis" Spohr: German violinist / Composer (Faust), dies at 75
  • 11-28Washington Irving: US Author (Geoffrey Crayon, gent)
  • 12-02John Brown: US abolitionist (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59
  • 12-05Louis Poinsot: French Mathematician / instrument maker, dies at 82

Events in year of 1860

  • 01-01Slavery ends of in the Netherlands Indies
  • 01-20Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
  • 01-28Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
  • 01-29American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
  • 02-011st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of New York City
  • 02-03Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture
  • 02-13King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
  • 02-16Dutch Rochussen / Van Bosse government resigns
  • 02-22Organized baseball played in SF for 1st time
  • 02-22Shoe-making workers of Lynn Ms, strike successfully for higher wages
  • 03-091st Japanese ambassador arrives in SF en route to Washington
  • 03-12Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
  • 03-17Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh [sic]
  • 03-21US extradition treaty with Sweden
  • 03-24Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of New York
  • 04-021st Italian Parliament met at Turin
  • 04-03Pony Express began between St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California
  • 04-07Grand Duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
  • 04-131st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
  • 04-141st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St. Joseph, Missouri
  • 04-23Democratic Convention in Charleston SC divided over slavery
  • 04-27Thomas J Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry
  • 04-30Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
  • 05-06San Francisco Olympic Club, 1st US athletic club forms
  • 05-18Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for President
  • 05-26Garibaldi occupies Palermo Italy
  • 06-03Comanche, Iowa completely destroyed by 1 of a series of tornadoes
  • 06-071st US "dime novel" published: "Malaseka, The Indian Wife of the White Hunter, " by Mrs Ann Stevens
  • 06-07Workmen start laying track for Market Street Railroad, San Francisco
  • 06-091st "dime" novel issued "Malaesk The Indian Wife of the White Hunter"

People born in year of 1860

  • 01-02William C Mills: Museum curator (excavated Ohio Indian mounds)
  • 01-07Emanuil Mandlov: Composer
  • 01-08Nancy Jones: US black Missionary in Africa
  • 01-11Marie Bashkirtseff: Russian / French painter / author (Journal)
  • 01-25Charles Curtis: (R) 31st US VP (1929-33)
  • 01-29Anton Pavlovich Chekhov: Tagarov, Russia -- Playwright (Cherry Orchard)
  • 02-05Jackson Showalter: 1st US Chess Champion
  • 02-06Johan [Eliza J] de Meester: Dutch journalist / writer (Geertje)
  • 02-11Rachilde [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery]: French author (Monsieur Venus)
  • 02-18Anders Zorn: Swedish painter / etcher / sculptor (Gustavus Vasa)
  • 02-24Daniel Berkeley Updike: Printer / publisher / writer (Printing Types)
  • 02-25Menso Kamerlingh Onnes: Painter / water colors painter
  • 02-25William James Ashley: English economic-historian
  • 02-29Herman Hollerith: Inventor (1st electric tabulating machine)
  • 03-01Suzanna Salter: 1st US female Mayor / temperance leader
  • 03-11Thomas Hastings: NYC, New York -- Architect (NY Public Library)
  • 03-12Salvatore Di Giacomo: Composer
  • 03-19William Jennings Bryan: "The Great Commoner" orator / Statesman
  • 04-03Frederik W van Eeden: Dutch utopian writer (Walden)
  • 04-07W K Kellogg: A real corn flake
  • 04-13James Ensor: Flemish painter / etcher (De lampenjongen)
  • 04-20Charles Gordon Curtis: US attorney / inventor (Curtis Turbine)
  • 04-20Pieter Jelles Troelstra: Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • 04-29Lorado Taft: United States -- Sculptor (Black Hawk)
  • 05-02Theodor Herzl: Austria -- Journalist / founder (Zionist movement)
  • 05-04Emil Nikolaus Von Reznicek: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Donna Diana)
  • 05-09James Matthew Barrie: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Margaret Ogilvy, Peter Pan)
  • 05-15Ellen Louise Axson Wilson: 1st Wife of Woodrow Wilson
  • 05-21Willam Einthoven: Dutch physiologist / inventor (electrocardiograph)
  • 05-31Walter Richard Sickert Munich: Danish / English painter (The Miner)

People died in year of 1860

  • 01-05St John Nepomucene Neumann: 1st male US saint
  • 01-12Martinus J Niewindt: Bishop on Curacao (christened slaves), dies at 63
  • 01-30Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto: Composer, dies at 44
  • 02-09Eduard W van Dam van Isselt: Dutch Military / liberal politician, dies at 63
  • 02-20Henry Drummond: English banker / religious leader, dies at 69
  • 03-28Johann Ludwig Bohner: Composer, dies at 73
  • 04-16Carolina: Duchess of Berry / Daughter of crown Prince of Naples
  • 05-21Johannes Frederick Frohlich: Composer, dies at 53
  • 05-23Albert Richard Smith: Author / lecturer
  • 06-29Thomas Addison: English Physician (A-Biermer Disease), dies at 67
  • 07-06Alexandre Edouard Goria: Composer, dies at 37
  • 07-13John Ackersdijk: Dutch state house builder, dies at 69
  • 08-13Danillo II: Ruler of Montenegro
  • 08-26Friedrich Silcher: Composer, dies at 71
  • 08-26Philipp Friedrich Silcher: Composer, dies at 71
  • 09-18Casimiro de Abreu: Brazilians Poet (Primaveras)
  • 09-18Joseph Locke: Railway engineer
  • 09-25Carl Friedrich Zollner: Composer, dies at 60
  • 10-02Louis Hersent: Painter
  • 10-06Stephen Elvey: Composer, dies at 55
  • 10-12Henry G W Smith: Leader of British-Indian forces, dies at 73
  • 10-24Elie Decazes: French Bourbon Restoration politician, dies at 80
  • 10-31Johan Nathan: Murderer, hanged
  • 11-05Carl Binder: Composer, dies at 43
  • 11-14Feliks Ostrowski: Composer, dies at 58
  • 11-28Heinrich FL Rellstab: German music theorist
  • 12-07Constantine S Aksakov: Russian Historian / poet, dies at 43
  • 12-28Cornelius Broere: Dutch RC clergyman / poet, dies at 57