Events in year of 1860

  • 01-01Slavery ends of in the Netherlands Indies
  • 01-20Dutch troops conquer Watampone in Celebes
  • 01-28Britain formally returns Mosquito Coast to Nicaragua
  • 01-29American College established in Rome by Pope Pius IX
  • 02-011st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of New York City
  • 02-03Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st US superintendent of agriculture
  • 02-13King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
  • 02-16Dutch Rochussen / Van Bosse government resigns
  • 02-22Organized baseball played in SF for 1st time
  • 02-22Shoe-making workers of Lynn Ms, strike successfully for higher wages
  • 03-091st Japanese ambassador arrives in SF en route to Washington
  • 03-12Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
  • 03-17Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh [sic]
  • 03-21US extradition treaty with Sweden
  • 03-24Clipper Andrew Jackson arrives in SF, 89 days out of New York
  • 04-021st Italian Parliament met at Turin
  • 04-03Pony Express began between St. Joseph, Missouri and Sacramento, California
  • 04-07Grand Duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
  • 04-131st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California
  • 04-141st Pony Express rider arrives in SF from St. Joseph, Missouri
  • 04-23Democratic Convention in Charleston SC divided over slavery
  • 04-27Thomas J Jackson is assigned to command Harpers Ferry
  • 04-30Navaho indians attack Fort Defiance (Canby)
  • 05-06San Francisco Olympic Club, 1st US athletic club forms
  • 05-18Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for President
  • 05-26Garibaldi occupies Palermo Italy
  • 06-03Comanche, Iowa completely destroyed by 1 of a series of tornadoes
  • 06-071st US "dime novel" published: "Malaseka, The Indian Wife of the White Hunter, " by Mrs Ann Stevens
  • 06-07Workmen start laying track for Market Street Railroad, San Francisco
  • 06-091st "dime" novel issued "Malaesk The Indian Wife of the White Hunter"

People born in year of 1860

  • 01-02William C Mills: Museum curator (excavated Ohio Indian mounds)
  • 01-07Emanuil Mandlov: Composer
  • 01-08Nancy Jones: US black Missionary in Africa
  • 01-11Marie Bashkirtseff: Russian / French painter / author (Journal)
  • 01-25Charles Curtis: (R) 31st US VP (1929-33)
  • 01-29Anton Pavlovich Chekhov: Tagarov, Russia -- Playwright (Cherry Orchard)
  • 02-05Jackson Showalter: 1st US Chess Champion
  • 02-06Johan [Eliza J] de Meester: Dutch journalist / writer (Geertje)
  • 02-11Rachilde [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery]: French author (Monsieur Venus)
  • 02-18Anders Zorn: Swedish painter / etcher / sculptor (Gustavus Vasa)
  • 02-24Daniel Berkeley Updike: Printer / publisher / writer (Printing Types)
  • 02-25Menso Kamerlingh Onnes: Painter / water colors painter
  • 02-25William James Ashley: English economic-historian
  • 02-29Herman Hollerith: Inventor (1st electric tabulating machine)
  • 03-01Suzanna Salter: 1st US female Mayor / temperance leader
  • 03-11Thomas Hastings: NYC, New York -- Architect (NY Public Library)
  • 03-12Salvatore Di Giacomo: Composer
  • 03-19William Jennings Bryan: "The Great Commoner" orator / Statesman
  • 04-03Frederik W van Eeden: Dutch utopian writer (Walden)
  • 04-07W K Kellogg: A real corn flake
  • 04-13James Ensor: Flemish painter / etcher (De lampenjongen)
  • 04-20Charles Gordon Curtis: US attorney / inventor (Curtis Turbine)
  • 04-20Pieter Jelles Troelstra: Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • 04-29Lorado Taft: United States -- Sculptor (Black Hawk)
  • 05-02Theodor Herzl: Austria -- Journalist / founder (Zionist movement)
  • 05-04Emil Nikolaus Von Reznicek: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Donna Diana)
  • 05-09James Matthew Barrie: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Margaret Ogilvy, Peter Pan)
  • 05-15Ellen Louise Axson Wilson: 1st Wife of Woodrow Wilson
  • 05-21Willam Einthoven: Dutch physiologist / inventor (electrocardiograph)
  • 05-31Walter Richard Sickert Munich: Danish / English painter (The Miner)

People died in year of 1860

  • 01-05St John Nepomucene Neumann: 1st male US saint
  • 01-12Martinus J Niewindt: Bishop on Curacao (christened slaves), dies at 63
  • 01-30Francesco Antonio Norberto Pinto: Composer, dies at 44
  • 02-09Eduard W van Dam van Isselt: Dutch Military / liberal politician, dies at 63
  • 02-20Henry Drummond: English banker / religious leader, dies at 69
  • 03-28Johann Ludwig Bohner: Composer, dies at 73
  • 04-16Carolina: Duchess of Berry / Daughter of crown Prince of Naples
  • 05-21Johannes Frederick Frohlich: Composer, dies at 53
  • 05-23Albert Richard Smith: Author / lecturer
  • 06-29Thomas Addison: English Physician (A-Biermer Disease), dies at 67
  • 07-06Alexandre Edouard Goria: Composer, dies at 37
  • 07-13John Ackersdijk: Dutch state house builder, dies at 69
  • 08-13Danillo II: Ruler of Montenegro
  • 08-26Friedrich Silcher: Composer, dies at 71
  • 08-26Philipp Friedrich Silcher: Composer, dies at 71
  • 09-18Casimiro de Abreu: Brazilians Poet (Primaveras)
  • 09-18Joseph Locke: Railway engineer
  • 09-25Carl Friedrich Zollner: Composer, dies at 60
  • 10-02Louis Hersent: Painter
  • 10-06Stephen Elvey: Composer, dies at 55
  • 10-12Henry G W Smith: Leader of British-Indian forces, dies at 73
  • 10-24Elie Decazes: French Bourbon Restoration politician, dies at 80
  • 10-31Johan Nathan: Murderer, hanged
  • 11-05Carl Binder: Composer, dies at 43
  • 11-14Feliks Ostrowski: Composer, dies at 58
  • 11-28Heinrich FL Rellstab: German music theorist
  • 12-07Constantine S Aksakov: Russian Historian / poet, dies at 43
  • 12-28Cornelius Broere: Dutch RC clergyman / poet, dies at 57

Events in year of 1861

  • 01-01Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
  • 01-01President Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful
  • 01-02Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • 01-02SC seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • 01-03Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
  • 01-03US Ft Pulaski and Ft Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • 01-04President Buchanan appoints a fast on account of threatened succession
  • 01-04US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
  • 01-05250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • 01-05Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan and Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • 01-06Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
  • 01-06New York City mayor proposes New York become a free city, trading with N&S
  • 01-07Florida troops takeover Ft Marion at St. Augustine
  • 01-091st hostile act of Civil War; Star of West fired on, Sumter, South Carolina
  • 01-09Mississippi becomes 2nd state to secede
  • 01-10Florida becomes 3rd state to secede from US
  • 01-10Ft Jackson and Ft Philip are taken over by LA state troops
  • 01-10US forts and property seized by Mississippi
  • 01-11Alabama becomes 4th state to secede
  • 01-12FL state troops demand surrender of Ft Pickens
  • 01-14Ft Pikens, Florida falls into state hands
  • 01-15Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis
  • 01-17Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)
  • 01-19Georgia becomes 5th state to secede
  • 01-19MS troops take Ft Massachusetts an Ship Island
  • 01-21Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign
  • 01-24Arsenal at Augusta, Georgia seized by Confederacy
  • 01-24Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens
  • 01-26Louisiana becomes 6th state to secede
  • 01-29Kansas becomes 34th state

People born in year of 1861

  • 01-02Helen Herron Taft: 1st lady (1909-12)
  • 01-06Heinrich Gottlieb Noren: Composer
  • 01-14Wilhelm von Polenz: German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf)
  • 01-18Hans Goldschmidt: German chemist
  • 01-18Raymond Huntington Woodman: Composer
  • 01-22Karel Stecker: Composer
  • 01-30Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler: Mulhouse, Alsace -- Composer
  • 02-02Mehmed VI: Last Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • 02-02Mohammed VI Vahideddin: Last Sultan of Turkey (1918-22)
  • 02-02Solomon R Guggenheim: Philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC)
  • 02-13Uchimura Kanzo: Tokyo, Japan -- Religious writer (How I Became a Christian)
  • 02-15Alfred North Whitehead: England, United Kingdom -- Mathematician / philosopher (Adv of Ideas)
  • 02-15Halford John Mackinder: Gainsborough Lincolnshire, United Kingdom -- Geographer
  • 02-20Nicolaas van Meeteren: Folklorist
  • 02-21Pierre Breville: Composer
  • 02-26Ferdinand I: Vienna, Austria -- 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18)
  • 02-27Rudolph Steiner: Kraljevic, Austria -- Founder (doctrine of anthroposophy
  • 04-09Charles Holroyd: Painter / etcher
  • 04-16Isaac Murphy: US jockey (won 628 races)
  • 04-19Warden Oncle [Edward Vermeulen]: Flemish farmer / writer
  • 04-23Edmund Henry Hynman: 1st viscount Allenby of Megiddo / Field Marshal
  • 04-27Johan M Skjoldborg: Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
  • 05-06Radindranath Tagore: Hindu poet / mystic / composer (Nobel 1913)
  • 05-12Ivan Caryll: Composer (Pink Lady)
  • 05-27Victoria E Matthews: Educator
  • 05-31Emily Perkins Bissell: Welfare worker (1st christmas seal drive, 1907)
  • 06-09Floris H Verster [van Wulverhorst]: Painter / cartoonist / etcher
  • 06-10Josephus T J Cuypers: Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem)
  • 06-10Pierre M M Duhem: French naturalist / philosopher / historian
  • 06-11Sigismund Vladislavovich Zaremba: Composer

People died in year of 1861

  • 01-02Frederik Willem IV: King Prussia (1840-61) / German (1849-61), dies at 65
  • 01-31Franciscus J van Vree: Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53
  • 02-10Francis Danby: Exmouth, painter
  • 02-12Hippolyte-Andre-Baptiste Chelard: Composer, dies at 72
  • 02-18Louis C Luzac: Dutch Minister of Internal affairs, dies at 74
  • 03-10Josepf Francois Snel: Composer, dies at 67
  • 03-14Abraham Louis Niedermeyer: Composer, dies at 58
  • 03-17Petter Conrad Boman: Composer, dies at 56
  • 04-08Elisha G Otis: US elevator builder (Otis), dies at 50
  • 04-18Heinrich August Neithardt: Composer, dies at 67
  • 05-03Anthony Philip Heinrich: Composer, dies at 80
  • 05-12Christian Heinrich Hohmann: Composer, dies at 50
  • 05-24Elmer Ellsworth: US warrior (Chicago Zouaves), shot to death at 23
  • 05-24James T Jackson: US landlord (doodde EE Ellsworth), shot dead)
  • 06-01John Q Marr: US Union captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse
  • 06-03Stephen A Douglas: "Little Giant", senator (Lincoln Debates)
  • 06-05John Garland: US Union Colonel / Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 06-05Tomas Genoves y Lapetra: Composer, dies at 55
  • 06-06Giuseppe Concone: Italian singing teacher, dies at 59
  • 06-29Elizabeth Barrett-Browning: Writer, dies at 55
  • 07-02Peter A de Genestet: Vicar / poet, dies at 31
  • 07-07John Willis Ellis: US Governor of NC (1858-61)
  • 07-13Robert Selden Garnett: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • 07-21Francis Stebbins Bartow: Confederate Colonel, dies in battle at 44
  • 07-22Barnard Elliot Bee: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 37
  • 08-10Nathaniel Lyon: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 43
  • 08-29Franz Joseph Glaser: Composer, dies at 63
  • 09-14Fortunato Santini: Composer, dies at 83
  • 10-06Elias Canneman: Liberal Minister of Finance (1813-14), dies at 84
  • 10-21Edward Dickinson Baker: US attorney / senator, dies in battle at 50