Events in year of 1861

  • 01-01Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
  • 01-01President Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful
  • 01-02Colonel Charles Stone is put in charge of organizing DC militia
  • 01-02SC seizes inactive Ft Johnson in Charleston Harbor
  • 01-03Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy
  • 01-03US Ft Pulaski and Ft Jackson, Savannah, seized by Georgia
  • 01-04President Buchanan appoints a fast on account of threatened succession
  • 01-04US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
  • 01-05250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter
  • 01-05Alabama troops seize Forts Morgan and Gaines at Mobile Bay
  • 01-06Florida troops seize Federal arsenal at Apalachicola
  • 01-06New York City mayor proposes New York become a free city, trading with N&S
  • 01-07Florida troops takeover Ft Marion at St. Augustine
  • 01-091st hostile act of Civil War; Star of West fired on, Sumter, South Carolina
  • 01-09Mississippi becomes 2nd state to secede
  • 01-10Florida becomes 3rd state to secede from US
  • 01-10Ft Jackson and Ft Philip are taken over by LA state troops
  • 01-10US forts and property seized by Mississippi
  • 01-11Alabama becomes 4th state to secede
  • 01-12FL state troops demand surrender of Ft Pickens
  • 01-14Ft Pikens, Florida falls into state hands
  • 01-15Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis
  • 01-17Flush toilet patented by Mr Thomas Crapper (Honest!)
  • 01-19Georgia becomes 5th state to secede
  • 01-19MS troops take Ft Massachusetts an Ship Island
  • 01-21Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign
  • 01-24Arsenal at Augusta, Georgia seized by Confederacy
  • 01-24Federal troops from Ft Monroe are sent to Ft Pikens
  • 01-26Louisiana becomes 6th state to secede
  • 01-29Kansas becomes 34th state

People born in year of 1861

  • 01-02Helen Herron Taft: 1st lady (1909-12)
  • 01-06Heinrich Gottlieb Noren: Composer
  • 01-14Wilhelm von Polenz: German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf)
  • 01-18Hans Goldschmidt: German chemist
  • 01-18Raymond Huntington Woodman: Composer
  • 01-22Karel Stecker: Composer
  • 01-30Charles Martin Tornow Loeffler: Mulhouse, Alsace -- Composer
  • 02-02Mehmed VI: Last Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • 02-02Mohammed VI Vahideddin: Last Sultan of Turkey (1918-22)
  • 02-02Solomon R Guggenheim: Philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC)
  • 02-13Uchimura Kanzo: Tokyo, Japan -- Religious writer (How I Became a Christian)
  • 02-15Alfred North Whitehead: England, United Kingdom -- Mathematician / philosopher (Adv of Ideas)
  • 02-15Halford John Mackinder: Gainsborough Lincolnshire, United Kingdom -- Geographer
  • 02-20Nicolaas van Meeteren: Folklorist
  • 02-21Pierre Breville: Composer
  • 02-26Ferdinand I: Vienna, Austria -- 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18)
  • 02-27Rudolph Steiner: Kraljevic, Austria -- Founder (doctrine of anthroposophy
  • 04-09Charles Holroyd: Painter / etcher
  • 04-16Isaac Murphy: US jockey (won 628 races)
  • 04-19Warden Oncle [Edward Vermeulen]: Flemish farmer / writer
  • 04-23Edmund Henry Hynman: 1st viscount Allenby of Megiddo / Field Marshal
  • 04-27Johan M Skjoldborg: Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
  • 05-06Radindranath Tagore: Hindu poet / mystic / composer (Nobel 1913)
  • 05-12Ivan Caryll: Composer (Pink Lady)
  • 05-27Victoria E Matthews: Educator
  • 05-31Emily Perkins Bissell: Welfare worker (1st christmas seal drive, 1907)
  • 06-09Floris H Verster [van Wulverhorst]: Painter / cartoonist / etcher
  • 06-10Josephus T J Cuypers: Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem)
  • 06-10Pierre M M Duhem: French naturalist / philosopher / historian
  • 06-11Sigismund Vladislavovich Zaremba: Composer

People died in year of 1861

  • 01-02Frederik Willem IV: King Prussia (1840-61) / German (1849-61), dies at 65
  • 01-31Franciscus J van Vree: Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53
  • 02-10Francis Danby: Exmouth, painter
  • 02-12Hippolyte-Andre-Baptiste Chelard: Composer, dies at 72
  • 02-18Louis C Luzac: Dutch Minister of Internal affairs, dies at 74
  • 03-10Josepf Francois Snel: Composer, dies at 67
  • 03-14Abraham Louis Niedermeyer: Composer, dies at 58
  • 03-17Petter Conrad Boman: Composer, dies at 56
  • 04-08Elisha G Otis: US elevator builder (Otis), dies at 50
  • 04-18Heinrich August Neithardt: Composer, dies at 67
  • 05-03Anthony Philip Heinrich: Composer, dies at 80
  • 05-12Christian Heinrich Hohmann: Composer, dies at 50
  • 05-24Elmer Ellsworth: US warrior (Chicago Zouaves), shot to death at 23
  • 05-24James T Jackson: US landlord (doodde EE Ellsworth), shot dead)
  • 06-01John Q Marr: US Union captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse
  • 06-03Stephen A Douglas: "Little Giant", senator (Lincoln Debates)
  • 06-05John Garland: US Union Colonel / Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 06-05Tomas Genoves y Lapetra: Composer, dies at 55
  • 06-06Giuseppe Concone: Italian singing teacher, dies at 59
  • 06-29Elizabeth Barrett-Browning: Writer, dies at 55
  • 07-02Peter A de Genestet: Vicar / poet, dies at 31
  • 07-07John Willis Ellis: US Governor of NC (1858-61)
  • 07-13Robert Selden Garnett: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • 07-21Francis Stebbins Bartow: Confederate Colonel, dies in battle at 44
  • 07-22Barnard Elliot Bee: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 37
  • 08-10Nathaniel Lyon: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 43
  • 08-29Franz Joseph Glaser: Composer, dies at 63
  • 09-14Fortunato Santini: Composer, dies at 83
  • 10-06Elias Canneman: Liberal Minister of Finance (1813-14), dies at 84
  • 10-21Edward Dickinson Baker: US attorney / senator, dies in battle at 50

Events in year of 1862

  • 01-01Battle of Ft McRee, Florida Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry)
  • 01-03Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester
  • 01-04Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
  • 01-07Battle of Manassas Junction, Virginia
  • 01-07Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, West Virginia
  • 01-10Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • 01-10Battle of Romney, West Virginia
  • 01-18Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • 01-22Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • 01-23Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, imports 10,000
  • 01-24Romania principality arises under King Alexander Cuza
  • 01-26Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive McClellan ignores order
  • 01-31Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius
  • 02-01Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of the Republic"
  • 02-06Gen Ulysses S Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee
  • 02-06Naval Engagement at Tenn River-USS Conestago vs. CSS Appleton Belle
  • 02-06Ulysses S Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • 02-07Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island, North Carolina
  • 02-08Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
  • 02-08Opera "Lily of Killarney, " premieres in London
  • 02-10Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
  • 02-14Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Conn
  • 02-16Ft Donelson captured by General Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
  • 02-21Confederate Constitution and presidency are declared permanent
  • 02-21Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico
  • 02-25Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing
  • 02-25Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by President Abraham Lincoln
  • 02-26Battle of Woodburn, Kentucky
  • 02-28Opera "La Reine de Saba, " premieres in Paris
  • 03-03Battle of New Madrid MO-captured by Union forces

People born in year of 1862

  • 01-01Snitz Edwards: Hungary -- Actor (College, Phantom of the Opera)
  • 01-08Frank Nelson Doubleday: Publisher / founder (Doubleday & Co)
  • 01-17John E Akkeringa: Dutch painter / etcher
  • 01-24Edith Wharton[-Jones]: United States -- Novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth)
  • 01-29Frederick Delius: Bradford, England -- Composer (Hiawatha)
  • 01-30Walter Johannes Damrosch: Composer
  • 02-07Bernard Maybeck: US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
  • 02-13Karel Weis: Composer
  • 02-17Edward German [Jones]: Whitchurch, Shropshire -- British composer
  • 02-22Karen Hulda Garborg[-Bergersen]: Norwegian playwright (Mot Solen / Eli)
  • 03-02John Jay Chapman: US advocate / poet / writer (Learning & Other Essays)
  • 03-04Robert Emden: Switzerland -- Geo / astro physics (Emden-polytroop)
  • 03-08Joseph Lee: Helped develop playgrounds
  • 03-12Jane Delano: United States -- Nurse / teacher / founder (Red Cross)
  • 03-13Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov: Composer
  • 03-14Vilhelm FK Bjerknes: Norwegian / US physicist / meteorology
  • 03-26George William Louis Marshall-Hall: Composer
  • 03-28Aristide Briand: France -- 11x Premier (1909-22) (Nobel 1926)
  • 04-02Nicholas Murray Butler: United States -- Columbia University President / pacifist (Nobel 1931)
  • 04-05Louis Ganne: Composer
  • 04-11Charles Evans Hughs: 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41)
  • 04-11William W Campbell: US astronomer / director Lick Observatory
  • 04-14Pyotr A Stolypin: Premier Russia (1906-11)
  • 04-25Edward Grey: English Viscount of Fallodon / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 04-29Vittorio Mario Vanzo: Composer
  • 05-02Marie F M Emmanuel: French composer / musicologist (Salamine)
  • 05-05Max Elskamp: Belgian author / poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya)
  • 05-15Arthur Schnitzler: Austria -- Playwright / Novelist (La Ronde)
  • 05-18Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing: German para-psychologist
  • 05-22August Cuppens: Flemish author / pastor

People died in year of 1862

  • 01-05Joseph Frohlich: Composer, dies at 81
  • 01-10Samuel Colt: Inventor (6 shot revolver), dies at 47
  • 01-18John Tyler: 10th US President (1841-45), dies at 71 in Richmond, Virginia
  • 01-20Felix Zollicoffer: General killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines
  • 01-24James McIntosh: US confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 33
  • 02-03Jean-Baptiste Biot: French physicist / astronomer, dies at 87
  • 02-07Frantisek Jan Skroup: Composer, dies at 61
  • 02-21Justinus A C Kerner: German family doctor / Poet / writer, dies at 75
  • 02-24Bernard S Ingemann: Danish Author (Holger Danske), dies at 72
  • 03-02Frederick West Lander: US Union Brigadier General / poet, dies at 40
  • 03-07Ben McCulloch: US Confederate Brigadier General (KIA), dies at 50
  • 03-07John Baillie McIntosh: US General Major (Union Army), dies at 32
  • 03-07William Slack: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 03-08Adrien de La Fage: Composer, dies at 56
  • 03-08Nat Gordon: Last pirate, hanged in NYC for stealing 1, 000 slaves
  • 03-17Fromental Halevy [Elie Levy]: French opera composer, dies at 62
  • 03-19F Wilhelm von Schadow: German Painter (Modern Vasari), dies at 73
  • 03-23Karl Robert von Nesselrode: German chancellor, dies at 81
  • 04-03James Clark Ross: Arctic explorer
  • 04-04Harmen S Sytstra: Dutch Poet / editor (Iduna), dies at 45
  • 04-06Adley Hogan Gladden: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 51
  • 04-06Albert Sidney Johnston: US Confederate General, dies in battle at 59
  • 04-07Sydney Nelson: Composer, dies at 62
  • 04-09George W Johnson: US planter / Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50
  • 04-10William Harvey Lamb Wallace: US lawyer / Brigadier General, dies at 40
  • 04-19Louis Powell Harvey: US Governor of Wisconsin, drowns
  • 04-19Simon Fraser: Canadian explorer
  • 04-25Charles Ferguson Smith: US Union General Major, dies of infection at 55
  • 05-06Henry David Thoreau: US writer / pacifist (Walden Pond), dies at 44
  • 05-18William H Keim: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 48