Events in year of 1862

  • 01-01Battle of Ft McRee, Florida Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry)
  • 01-03Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson moves north from Winchester
  • 01-04Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
  • 01-07Battle of Manassas Junction, Virginia
  • 01-07Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson march towards Romney, West Virginia
  • 01-10Battle of Big Sandy River, KY (Middle Creek)
  • 01-10Battle of Romney, West Virginia
  • 01-18Confederate Territory of Arizona forms
  • 01-22Confederate government raises premium for volunteers from $10 to $20
  • 01-23Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, imports 10,000
  • 01-24Romania principality arises under King Alexander Cuza
  • 01-26Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive McClellan ignores order
  • 01-31Telescope maker Alvin Clark discovers dwarf companion of Sirius
  • 02-01Julia Howe publishes "Battle Hymn of the Republic"
  • 02-06Gen Ulysses S Grant captures Fort Henry in Tennessee
  • 02-06Naval Engagement at Tenn River-USS Conestago vs. CSS Appleton Belle
  • 02-06Ulysses S Grant begins military campaign in Mississippi
  • 02-07Federal fleet attack on Roanoke Island, North Carolina
  • 02-08Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound
  • 02-08Opera "Lily of Killarney, " premieres in London
  • 02-10Dutch 2nd government of Thorbecke forms
  • 02-14Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Conn
  • 02-16Ft Donelson captured by General Grant (1,400 confederates surrender)
  • 02-21Confederate Constitution and presidency are declared permanent
  • 02-21Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico
  • 02-25Congress forms US Bureau of Engraving & Printing
  • 02-25Paper currency (greenbacks) introduced in US by President Abraham Lincoln
  • 02-26Battle of Woodburn, Kentucky
  • 02-28Opera "La Reine de Saba, " premieres in Paris
  • 03-03Battle of New Madrid MO-captured by Union forces

People born in year of 1862

  • 01-01Snitz Edwards: Hungary -- Actor (College, Phantom of the Opera)
  • 01-08Frank Nelson Doubleday: Publisher / founder (Doubleday & Co)
  • 01-17John E Akkeringa: Dutch painter / etcher
  • 01-24Edith Wharton[-Jones]: United States -- Novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth)
  • 01-29Frederick Delius: Bradford, England -- Composer (Hiawatha)
  • 01-30Walter Johannes Damrosch: Composer
  • 02-07Bernard Maybeck: US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
  • 02-13Karel Weis: Composer
  • 02-17Edward German [Jones]: Whitchurch, Shropshire -- British composer
  • 02-22Karen Hulda Garborg[-Bergersen]: Norwegian playwright (Mot Solen / Eli)
  • 03-02John Jay Chapman: US advocate / poet / writer (Learning & Other Essays)
  • 03-04Robert Emden: Switzerland -- Geo / astro physics (Emden-polytroop)
  • 03-08Joseph Lee: Helped develop playgrounds
  • 03-12Jane Delano: United States -- Nurse / teacher / founder (Red Cross)
  • 03-13Vasily Mikhaylovich Metallov: Composer
  • 03-14Vilhelm FK Bjerknes: Norwegian / US physicist / meteorology
  • 03-26George William Louis Marshall-Hall: Composer
  • 03-28Aristide Briand: France -- 11x Premier (1909-22) (Nobel 1926)
  • 04-02Nicholas Murray Butler: United States -- Columbia University President / pacifist (Nobel 1931)
  • 04-05Louis Ganne: Composer
  • 04-11Charles Evans Hughs: 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41)
  • 04-11William W Campbell: US astronomer / director Lick Observatory
  • 04-14Pyotr A Stolypin: Premier Russia (1906-11)
  • 04-25Edward Grey: English Viscount of Fallodon / Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 04-29Vittorio Mario Vanzo: Composer
  • 05-02Marie F M Emmanuel: French composer / musicologist (Salamine)
  • 05-05Max Elskamp: Belgian author / poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya)
  • 05-15Arthur Schnitzler: Austria -- Playwright / Novelist (La Ronde)
  • 05-18Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing: German para-psychologist
  • 05-22August Cuppens: Flemish author / pastor

People died in year of 1862

  • 01-05Joseph Frohlich: Composer, dies at 81
  • 01-10Samuel Colt: Inventor (6 shot revolver), dies at 47
  • 01-18John Tyler: 10th US President (1841-45), dies at 71 in Richmond, Virginia
  • 01-20Felix Zollicoffer: General killed after mistakenly riding into Union lines
  • 01-24James McIntosh: US confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at about 33
  • 02-03Jean-Baptiste Biot: French physicist / astronomer, dies at 87
  • 02-07Frantisek Jan Skroup: Composer, dies at 61
  • 02-21Justinus A C Kerner: German family doctor / Poet / writer, dies at 75
  • 02-24Bernard S Ingemann: Danish Author (Holger Danske), dies at 72
  • 03-02Frederick West Lander: US Union Brigadier General / poet, dies at 40
  • 03-07Ben McCulloch: US Confederate Brigadier General (KIA), dies at 50
  • 03-07John Baillie McIntosh: US General Major (Union Army), dies at 32
  • 03-07William Slack: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 03-08Adrien de La Fage: Composer, dies at 56
  • 03-08Nat Gordon: Last pirate, hanged in NYC for stealing 1, 000 slaves
  • 03-17Fromental Halevy [Elie Levy]: French opera composer, dies at 62
  • 03-19F Wilhelm von Schadow: German Painter (Modern Vasari), dies at 73
  • 03-23Karl Robert von Nesselrode: German chancellor, dies at 81
  • 04-03James Clark Ross: Arctic explorer
  • 04-04Harmen S Sytstra: Dutch Poet / editor (Iduna), dies at 45
  • 04-06Adley Hogan Gladden: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 51
  • 04-06Albert Sidney Johnston: US Confederate General, dies in battle at 59
  • 04-07Sydney Nelson: Composer, dies at 62
  • 04-09George W Johnson: US planter / Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50
  • 04-10William Harvey Lamb Wallace: US lawyer / Brigadier General, dies at 40
  • 04-19Louis Powell Harvey: US Governor of Wisconsin, drowns
  • 04-19Simon Fraser: Canadian explorer
  • 04-25Charles Ferguson Smith: US Union General Major, dies of infection at 55
  • 05-06Henry David Thoreau: US writer / pacifist (Walden Pond), dies at 44
  • 05-18William H Keim: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 48

Events in year of 1863

  • 01-011st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr
  • 01-01Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
  • 01-01Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln
  • 01-01Franz Schuberts "Missa Solemnis, " premieres in Leipzig
  • 01-044 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of New York
  • 01-101st underground railway opens in London
  • 01-10January-uprising begins in Poland
  • 01-11Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama and USS Hatteras
  • 01-11Union forces capture Arkansas Post or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • 01-12President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • 01-13Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, New York City
  • 01-13Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet
  • 01-14Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • 01-151st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • 01-17Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • 01-19General Mieroslawski appointed Dictator of Poland
  • 01-21City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • 01-25Battle of Kinston, North Carolina
  • 01-25General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • 01-2654th Regiment (Black) infantry forms
  • 01-26War Department authorizes Mass Governor to recruit black troops
  • 01-29Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs. Indians
  • 01-311st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
  • 02-02Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time
  • 02-09Fire extinguisher patented by Alanson Crane
  • 02-101st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia
  • 02-10PT Barnum stages wedding of Tom Thumb and Mercy Lavinia Warren (NYC)
  • 02-24Arizona Territory created
  • 02-25Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
  • 02-26Lincoln signs National Currency Act

People born in year of 1863

  • 01-01Aleko Konstantinov: Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • 01-01Pierre de Coubertin: France -- Baron (revived Olympic games)
  • 01-12Vivekananda: Calcutta, India -- Hindu religious leader / Reformer
  • 01-14Pieter Oosterlee: Dutch educator
  • 01-15Adolph Goldschmidt: German historian
  • 01-15Wilhelm Marx: Premier (Prussia)
  • 01-17David Lloyd George: (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)
  • 01-17Henry Charles Tonking: Composer
  • 01-17Konstantin S Stanislavski: Russia -- Director (Stanislavski Method)
  • 01-19Werner Sombart: German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • 01-31F Henri Berz: French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • 02-05Armand Parent: Composer
  • 02-07Mieczyslaw Soltys: Composer
  • 02-09Anthony Hope [Hopkins]: London, England -- Novelist
  • 02-19Emanuel Moor: Composer
  • 02-23Franz von Stuck: German painter (Der Krieg)
  • 03-11Wobbe de Vries: Dutch linguist
  • 03-12Adolf A Wolfschoon: Poet
  • 03-20Ernesto Nazareth: Composer
  • 03-21Hugo Kaun: Composer
  • 03-23Godfried CE van Daalen: Dutch General / Governor of Atjeh
  • 04-02Henry C Van de Velde: Flemish painter / architect (Art Nouveau)
  • 04-17Johannes P Boskaljon: Curacao composer / conductor
  • 04-22Cornelis A J van Dishoeck: Dutch publisher
  • 04-26Arno Holz: Writer
  • 04-26Charles Haslewood Shannon: Lithographer / painter
  • 05-05Frederik A Stoett: Linguist (Dutch Proverbs)
  • 05-12Charles Bordes: Composer
  • 05-28Georg Adler: German state economist
  • 05-31Francis E Younghusband: British journalist / explorer

People died in year of 1863

  • 01-02Roger Weightman Hanson: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 35
  • 01-09Ferdinand Huber: Composer, dies at 71
  • 01-17E J Horace Vernet: French painter, dies at 73
  • 03-17John Pelham: US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • 03-21Edwin Vose Sumner: US Union General Major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66
  • 03-28James Cooper: US attorney / senator / Union Brigadier General, dies at 52
  • 04-08Joseph Netherclift: Composer, dies at 70
  • 04-10Giovanni B Amia: Italian astronomer / physicist / botanist, dies at 77
  • 04-15Jan Nepomuk Kanka: Composer, dies at 90
  • 04-17Daniel Smith Donelson: Confederate General / Cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61
  • 05-01Edward Dorr Tracy: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 29
  • 05-03Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 35
  • 05-07Amiel Weeks Whipple: US Union General Major, dies of injuries at 46
  • 05-10Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson: Confederate General (Civil War)
  • 05-14Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent: Composer, dies at 46
  • 05-16Lloyd Tilghman: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 47
  • 05-27Edward Payson Chapin: Union Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • 05-28Edmund Kirby, Jr.: Union Brigadier General, dies of injuries at 23
  • 06-07Franz Xavier Gruber: Composer, dies at 75
  • 06-09Benjamin Franklin "Grimes" Davis: Union major, dies in battle at 30
  • 06-17Isham W Garrott: US attorney / Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 06-26Andrew Hull Foote: US Union Lieutenant Admiral
  • 06-27Martin E Green: Confederate Brigadier General, shot dead at 38
  • 07-01John Fulton Reynolds: Union General Major, dies in battle at 42
  • 07-02Stephen Hinsdale Weed: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 28
  • 07-03Alonzo Hersford Cushing: US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22
  • 07-03Lewis Addison Armistead: Confederate Brigadier General Gettysburg / dies in battle at 46
  • 07-03Little Crow [Ta-oya-te-duta]: Santee Sioux indian chief
  • 07-03Richard Brooke Garnett: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • 07-03Samuel Kosciuzko Zook: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 40