Events in year of 1863

  • 01-011st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr
  • 01-01Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
  • 01-01Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln
  • 01-01Franz Schuberts "Missa Solemnis, " premieres in Leipzig
  • 01-044 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of New York
  • 01-101st underground railway opens in London
  • 01-10January-uprising begins in Poland
  • 01-11Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama and USS Hatteras
  • 01-11Union forces capture Arkansas Post or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
  • 01-12President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
  • 01-13Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, New York City
  • 01-13Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet
  • 01-14Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche, Louisiana
  • 01-151st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
  • 01-17Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
  • 01-19General Mieroslawski appointed Dictator of Poland
  • 01-21City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • 01-25Battle of Kinston, North Carolina
  • 01-25General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
  • 01-2654th Regiment (Black) infantry forms
  • 01-26War Department authorizes Mass Governor to recruit black troops
  • 01-29Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs. Indians
  • 01-311st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
  • 02-02Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time
  • 02-09Fire extinguisher patented by Alanson Crane
  • 02-101st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia
  • 02-10PT Barnum stages wedding of Tom Thumb and Mercy Lavinia Warren (NYC)
  • 02-24Arizona Territory created
  • 02-25Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
  • 02-26Lincoln signs National Currency Act

People born in year of 1863

  • 01-01Aleko Konstantinov: Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • 01-01Pierre de Coubertin: France -- Baron (revived Olympic games)
  • 01-12Vivekananda: Calcutta, India -- Hindu religious leader / Reformer
  • 01-14Pieter Oosterlee: Dutch educator
  • 01-15Adolph Goldschmidt: German historian
  • 01-15Wilhelm Marx: Premier (Prussia)
  • 01-17David Lloyd George: (L-PM-Britain, 1916-22)
  • 01-17Henry Charles Tonking: Composer
  • 01-17Konstantin S Stanislavski: Russia -- Director (Stanislavski Method)
  • 01-19Werner Sombart: German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • 01-31F Henri Berz: French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • 02-05Armand Parent: Composer
  • 02-07Mieczyslaw Soltys: Composer
  • 02-09Anthony Hope [Hopkins]: London, England -- Novelist
  • 02-19Emanuel Moor: Composer
  • 02-23Franz von Stuck: German painter (Der Krieg)
  • 03-11Wobbe de Vries: Dutch linguist
  • 03-12Adolf A Wolfschoon: Poet
  • 03-20Ernesto Nazareth: Composer
  • 03-21Hugo Kaun: Composer
  • 03-23Godfried CE van Daalen: Dutch General / Governor of Atjeh
  • 04-02Henry C Van de Velde: Flemish painter / architect (Art Nouveau)
  • 04-17Johannes P Boskaljon: Curacao composer / conductor
  • 04-22Cornelis A J van Dishoeck: Dutch publisher
  • 04-26Arno Holz: Writer
  • 04-26Charles Haslewood Shannon: Lithographer / painter
  • 05-05Frederik A Stoett: Linguist (Dutch Proverbs)
  • 05-12Charles Bordes: Composer
  • 05-28Georg Adler: German state economist
  • 05-31Francis E Younghusband: British journalist / explorer

People died in year of 1863

  • 01-02Roger Weightman Hanson: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 35
  • 01-09Ferdinand Huber: Composer, dies at 71
  • 01-17E J Horace Vernet: French painter, dies at 73
  • 03-17John Pelham: US Confederate artillery major, dies in battle at 24
  • 03-21Edwin Vose Sumner: US Union General Major (Fair Oaks), dies at 66
  • 03-28James Cooper: US attorney / senator / Union Brigadier General, dies at 52
  • 04-08Joseph Netherclift: Composer, dies at 70
  • 04-10Giovanni B Amia: Italian astronomer / physicist / botanist, dies at 77
  • 04-15Jan Nepomuk Kanka: Composer, dies at 90
  • 04-17Daniel Smith Donelson: Confederate General / Cousin of Andrew Jackson, dies at 61
  • 05-01Edward Dorr Tracy: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 29
  • 05-03Elisha Franklin "Bull" Paxton: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 35
  • 05-07Amiel Weeks Whipple: US Union General Major, dies of injuries at 46
  • 05-10Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson: Confederate General (Civil War)
  • 05-14Emile Racine Gauthier Prudent: Composer, dies at 46
  • 05-16Lloyd Tilghman: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 47
  • 05-27Edward Payson Chapin: Union Brigadier General, dies at 31
  • 05-28Edmund Kirby, Jr.: Union Brigadier General, dies of injuries at 23
  • 06-07Franz Xavier Gruber: Composer, dies at 75
  • 06-09Benjamin Franklin "Grimes" Davis: Union major, dies in battle at 30
  • 06-17Isham W Garrott: US attorney / Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 06-26Andrew Hull Foote: US Union Lieutenant Admiral
  • 06-27Martin E Green: Confederate Brigadier General, shot dead at 38
  • 07-01John Fulton Reynolds: Union General Major, dies in battle at 42
  • 07-02Stephen Hinsdale Weed: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 28
  • 07-03Alonzo Hersford Cushing: US Union lt, dies in battle at about 22
  • 07-03Lewis Addison Armistead: Confederate Brigadier General Gettysburg / dies in battle at 46
  • 07-03Little Crow [Ta-oya-te-duta]: Santee Sioux indian chief
  • 07-03Richard Brooke Garnett: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 45
  • 07-03Samuel Kosciuzko Zook: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 40

Events in year of 1864

  • 01-11Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • 01-14Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee
  • 01-14General Sherman begins his march to the South
  • 01-16Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
  • 01-27Battle of Fair Gardens, Tennessee
  • 01-28Battle of New Bern, North Carolina
  • 02-012nd German-Danish war begins
  • 02-01Austrian / Prussian troops occupy Sleeswijk / Holstein
  • 02-0424th Amendment abolishes Poll tax
  • 02-04Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • 02-05Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi
  • 02-07Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
  • 02-13Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek andWyatt, Mississippi
  • 02-15Fire in Rotterdam Netherlands damages Museum Boymans
  • 02-16Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army
  • 02-17Confederate sub "HL Hunley" sinks Union ship "Housatonic"
  • 02-19Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington DC (12 members)
  • 02-20Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
  • 02-211st US Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
  • 02-222nd / last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
  • 02-22Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta) Tennessee
  • 02-276th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • 02-27Near Andersonville GA, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
  • 03-01Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
  • 03-01Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
  • 03-051st track meet between Oxford and Cambridge
  • 03-09Ulysses S Grant is appointed commander of Union Army
  • 03-10Grant is named commander of the Union armies
  • 03-10Red River campaign, Louisiana
  • 03-14Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana

People born in year of 1864

  • 01-01Alfred Stieglitz: US photographer / art dealer (Camera Work)
  • 01-06Ban Johnson: Norwalk, Connecticut -- Baseball founder (American League)
  • 01-11Thomas Dixon: US attorney / playwright (Flaming Sword)
  • 01-13Wilhelm K W Wien: German phyicist (Nobel 1911)
  • 01-16Frank Bacon: Actor / author (Lightnin)
  • 01-17Lucien Herr: France -- Scientist (Corresp entre Schiller et Schiller)
  • 01-29Adolf Philipp: Composer
  • 02-05Carl Tieke: Composer
  • 02-06John Henry Mackay: Scottish / German author / poet (Anarchists)
  • 02-07Arthur Collins: Singer / comedian (Peerless Quartet)
  • 02-07Ricardo Castro Herrera: Composer
  • 02-14Israel Zangwill: England, United Kingdom -- Jewish author / Zionist (Children of Ghetto)
  • 02-14Robert E Park: United States -- Sociologist (human ecology, marginal man)
  • 02-17Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson: NSW, Australia -- Poet (Waltzing Matilda)
  • 02-19Aritius S Talma: Dutch Minister of Agriculture (Work Law of 1911)
  • 02-22Jules Renard: France -- Writer (Poil de Carotte)
  • 03-01Rebecca Lee: 1st black woman to get a medical degree
  • 03-15Johan Halvorsen: Composer
  • 03-15Leslie Stuart: Composer
  • 03-18Karl M Lybeck: Finnish / Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • 03-23Hjalmar Borgstrom: Composer
  • 03-30Franz Oppenheimer: German sociologist / politician
  • 04-01Marie Jungius: Dutch fairy tale writer
  • 04-10Tully Marshall: Nevada City, California
  • 04-18Richard Harding Davis: United States -- Journalist / author (In The Fig)
  • 04-21Max Weber: German sociologist / economist / historian (Ancient Judaism)
  • 04-22Phil May: Wortley Yorkshire, United Kingdom -- Cartoonist
  • 04-24George AA Alting van Geusau: Director-General (PTT) / Dutch Minister of War (1918-20)
  • 04-28William F A Ellison: Irish clergyman / director (Armagh Observatory)
  • 04-30Frans Netscher: Dutch writer / journalist (Studies of nude model)

People died in year of 1864

  • 01-04Mateo Ferrer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 01-08Victor-Charles-Paul Dourlen: Composer, dies at 83
  • 01-13Stephen Foster: Composer (My Old Kentucky Home), dies at 37 in New York
  • 01-16Anton Schindler: German violinist / biographer (Beethoven), dies at 68
  • 01-23Michele Puccini: Composer, dies at 50
  • 01-24Otto Jonas Lindblad: Composer, dies at 54
  • 01-24Stephen Gardner Champlin: Brigadier General (Union), dies at about 36
  • 01-27Franz von Klenze: German Architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59
  • 01-31Hamilton Rowan Gamble: US judge / Governor of Missouri (1861-64)
  • 02-15William Dyce: Painter
  • 02-16Vaclav Jindrich Veit: Composer, dies at 58
  • 02-19William Edwin Baldwin: US Confederate Brigadier General
  • 02-21Jeffery Forrest: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 03-03Ulric Dahlgren: Union Colonel, dies in battle at 21
  • 03-04Thomas Starr King: Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • 03-10Maximilian II Jozef: King of Bayern (1848-64), dies at 52
  • 03-17Alexandre Calamo: Swiss Painter / etcher / lithographer, dies at 53
  • 03-30Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser: Composer, dies at 52
  • 04-12Thomas Green: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 50
  • 04-22Joseph Gilbert Totten: US Union General Major, dies at 76
  • 05-02Giacomo Meyerbeer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 05-05Alexander Hays: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 44
  • 05-05John Marshall Jones: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 43
  • 05-05Leroy A Stafford: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 42
  • 05-06Henry Livermore Abbott: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 05-06Micah Jenkins: Confederate Brigadier General (friendly fire), dies at 28
  • 05-08James Samuel Wadsworth: General Major (Union), dies in battle at 56
  • 05-09"Uncle" John Sedgwick: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 50
  • 05-09Thomas Donnely Doubleday: US Union Col, dies in an accident
  • 05-10James Clay Rice: Lawyer / Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 34