Events in year of 1864

  • 01-11Charing Cross Station opens in London
  • 01-14Battle of Cosby Creek, Tennessee
  • 01-14General Sherman begins his march to the South
  • 01-16Heavy fighting takes place near Dandridge, Tennessee
  • 01-27Battle of Fair Gardens, Tennessee
  • 01-28Battle of New Bern, North Carolina
  • 02-012nd German-Danish war begins
  • 02-01Austrian / Prussian troops occupy Sleeswijk / Holstein
  • 02-0424th Amendment abolishes Poll tax
  • 02-04Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Mississippi
  • 02-05Federals occupy Jackson, Mississippi
  • 02-07Federal troops occupy Jacksonville, Florida
  • 02-13Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek andWyatt, Mississippi
  • 02-15Fire in Rotterdam Netherlands damages Museum Boymans
  • 02-16Battle of Mobile, AL - operations by Union Army
  • 02-17Confederate sub "HL Hunley" sinks Union ship "Housatonic"
  • 02-19Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington DC (12 members)
  • 02-20Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
  • 02-211st US Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
  • 02-222nd / last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
  • 02-22Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta) Tennessee
  • 02-276th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
  • 02-27Near Andersonville GA, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
  • 03-01Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
  • 03-01Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
  • 03-051st track meet between Oxford and Cambridge
  • 03-09Ulysses S Grant is appointed commander of Union Army
  • 03-10Grant is named commander of the Union armies
  • 03-10Red River campaign, Louisiana
  • 03-14Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana

People born in year of 1864

  • 01-01Alfred Stieglitz: US photographer / art dealer (Camera Work)
  • 01-06Ban Johnson: Norwalk, Connecticut -- Baseball founder (American League)
  • 01-11Thomas Dixon: US attorney / playwright (Flaming Sword)
  • 01-13Wilhelm K W Wien: German phyicist (Nobel 1911)
  • 01-16Frank Bacon: Actor / author (Lightnin)
  • 01-17Lucien Herr: France -- Scientist (Corresp entre Schiller et Schiller)
  • 01-29Adolf Philipp: Composer
  • 02-05Carl Tieke: Composer
  • 02-06John Henry Mackay: Scottish / German author / poet (Anarchists)
  • 02-07Arthur Collins: Singer / comedian (Peerless Quartet)
  • 02-07Ricardo Castro Herrera: Composer
  • 02-14Israel Zangwill: England, United Kingdom -- Jewish author / Zionist (Children of Ghetto)
  • 02-14Robert E Park: United States -- Sociologist (human ecology, marginal man)
  • 02-17Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson: NSW, Australia -- Poet (Waltzing Matilda)
  • 02-19Aritius S Talma: Dutch Minister of Agriculture (Work Law of 1911)
  • 02-22Jules Renard: France -- Writer (Poil de Carotte)
  • 03-01Rebecca Lee: 1st black woman to get a medical degree
  • 03-15Johan Halvorsen: Composer
  • 03-15Leslie Stuart: Composer
  • 03-18Karl M Lybeck: Finnish / Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • 03-23Hjalmar Borgstrom: Composer
  • 03-30Franz Oppenheimer: German sociologist / politician
  • 04-01Marie Jungius: Dutch fairy tale writer
  • 04-10Tully Marshall: Nevada City, California
  • 04-18Richard Harding Davis: United States -- Journalist / author (In The Fig)
  • 04-21Max Weber: German sociologist / economist / historian (Ancient Judaism)
  • 04-22Phil May: Wortley Yorkshire, United Kingdom -- Cartoonist
  • 04-24George AA Alting van Geusau: Director-General (PTT) / Dutch Minister of War (1918-20)
  • 04-28William F A Ellison: Irish clergyman / director (Armagh Observatory)
  • 04-30Frans Netscher: Dutch writer / journalist (Studies of nude model)

People died in year of 1864

  • 01-04Mateo Ferrer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 01-08Victor-Charles-Paul Dourlen: Composer, dies at 83
  • 01-13Stephen Foster: Composer (My Old Kentucky Home), dies at 37 in New York
  • 01-16Anton Schindler: German violinist / biographer (Beethoven), dies at 68
  • 01-23Michele Puccini: Composer, dies at 50
  • 01-24Otto Jonas Lindblad: Composer, dies at 54
  • 01-24Stephen Gardner Champlin: Brigadier General (Union), dies at about 36
  • 01-27Franz von Klenze: German Architect (palace Leuchtenberg), dies at 59
  • 01-31Hamilton Rowan Gamble: US judge / Governor of Missouri (1861-64)
  • 02-15William Dyce: Painter
  • 02-16Vaclav Jindrich Veit: Composer, dies at 58
  • 02-19William Edwin Baldwin: US Confederate Brigadier General
  • 02-21Jeffery Forrest: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 03-03Ulric Dahlgren: Union Colonel, dies in battle at 21
  • 03-04Thomas Starr King: Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • 03-10Maximilian II Jozef: King of Bayern (1848-64), dies at 52
  • 03-17Alexandre Calamo: Swiss Painter / etcher / lithographer, dies at 53
  • 03-30Louis Alexander Balthasar Schindelmeisser: Composer, dies at 52
  • 04-12Thomas Green: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 50
  • 04-22Joseph Gilbert Totten: US Union General Major, dies at 76
  • 05-02Giacomo Meyerbeer: Composer, dies at 72
  • 05-05Alexander Hays: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 44
  • 05-05John Marshall Jones: Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 43
  • 05-05Leroy A Stafford: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 42
  • 05-06Henry Livermore Abbott: US Union Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 05-06Micah Jenkins: Confederate Brigadier General (friendly fire), dies at 28
  • 05-08James Samuel Wadsworth: General Major (Union), dies in battle at 56
  • 05-09"Uncle" John Sedgwick: US Union General Major, dies in battle at 50
  • 05-09Thomas Donnely Doubleday: US Union Col, dies in an accident
  • 05-10James Clay Rice: Lawyer / Union Brigadier General, dies in battle at 34

Events in year of 1865

  • 01-08Sen Everett Dirksen introduces a bill to make marigold the National flower
  • 01-11Battle of Beverly, West Virginia
  • 01-15Ft Fisher, NC falls to Union troops
  • 01-16Confederate Brigadier General John Pegram marries Hetty Cary
  • 01-16Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
  • 01-16Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
  • 01-16San Francisco Dramatic Chronicle started
  • 01-18Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
  • 01-19NV Suriname Bank established
  • 01-19Union occupies Fort Anderson, North Carolina
  • 01-25CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
  • 01-28President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners
  • 01-31Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
  • 01-31Gen Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies
  • 02-0113th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
  • 02-01JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Ct, admitted to bar
  • 02-03Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln and Stephens reach an impasse
  • 02-04Hawaiian Board of Education formed
  • 02-04Robert E Lee is named commander-in-chief of Confederate Army
  • 02-06Robert E Lee appointed Confederate General in Chief
  • 02-081st black Major in US army, Martin Robinson Delany
  • 02-12Henry Highland Garnet, is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps
  • 02-17Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
  • 02-18Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
  • 02-18Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, North Carolina
  • 02-20M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
  • 02-22Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
  • 02-22Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery
  • 02-27Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
  • 03-02British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing

People born in year of 1865

  • 01-01Giuseppe Ferrata: Composer
  • 01-20Friedrich A H von Waldeck: Brother of Queen Emma / last ruler of Waldeck
  • 01-22Friedrich Paschen: German physicist
  • 01-23Benjamin Delmonte: Theater director / actor (Black Haired Whore)
  • 02-03Martinus Ballings: Flemish Jesuit / author (Will Power)
  • 02-04Charles Bally: Switzerland -- Linguist (Le langage et la vie)
  • 02-05Harvey Worthington Loomis: Composer
  • 02-09Erich von Drygalski: Germany -- Geographer / glaciologist / Antarctic expl
  • 02-09Mrs [Beatrice] Patrick Campbell: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Pygmalion)
  • 02-12Kazimierz P Tetmajer: Polish writer / poet (Young Poland)
  • 02-19Adrian van Oordt: Dutch writer (neo-romantic)
  • 02-19Sven Hedin: Sweden -- Scientist / explorer (Tibet)
  • 02-22Otto Modersohn: German painter
  • 02-23Barney Dreyfuss: Baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates)
  • 02-28Arthur Symons: Welsh poet / critic / co-founder (Savoy)
  • 02-28Wilfred Grenfell: England, United Kingdom -- Medical Missionary
  • 03-01Gerard Vissering: Dutch banker / President (Bank of Java)
  • 03-03Alexander Gustav Adolfovich Winkler: Composer
  • 03-08Frederick William Goudy: United States -- Printer / type designer
  • 03-09Margaret Murray Washington: Wife of Booker T / head (NACW 1896..1918)
  • 03-10Pim [Willem JH] Mulier: Dutch journalist / writer / sport-organizer
  • 03-22Theophile Ysaye: Composer
  • 03-30Heinrich Rubens: German physicist
  • 04-01Richard Zsigmondy: Germany -- Chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • 04-09Charles Proteus Steinmetz: Germany -- Experiment with AC electricity
  • 04-09Erich Ludendorff: General (Germany)
  • 04-13Heinrich Reinhardt: Composer
  • 04-27Emile Erens: Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
  • 05-05Felicjan Szopski: Composer
  • 05-09August de Boeck: Composer

People died in year of 1865

  • 01-03Jozef Lies: Flemish painter, dies at 43
  • 02-06John Pegram: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 33
  • 02-07John Henry Winder: US Confederate Brigadier General / provost marshal, dies at 64
  • 02-15Nicholas Wiseman: 1st Archbishop of Westminster (1850-65)
  • 02-25Otto Ludwig: German writer (Zwischen Himmel und Erde), dies at 47
  • 03-01Anna Paulowna Romanova: Great Monarch of Russia, dies at 70
  • 03-10William Henry "Little Billy" Chase Whiting: Confederate General Major, dies at 48
  • 03-26Thomas Hancock: Pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington)
  • 03-28Albert G Bilders: Dutch landscape painter, dies at 26
  • 04-02Ambrose Powell Hill: Confederate General, killed in action at 39
  • 04-02Richard Cobden: Founder Anti-Corn-Law League, dies at 60
  • 04-06John Austin Wharton: US Confederate General Major, dies at 36
  • 04-06Reuben B Boston: US Confederate cavalery Colonel, dies in battle
  • 04-08John Park: Composer, dies at 61
  • 04-09Thomas Alfred Smyth: Irish / US Union General Major, dies at 32
  • 04-15Abraham Lincoln: At 7:22 am, assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
  • 04-16Robert C Tyler: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 04-22Francis Washburn: US Union Colonel / General Major, dies of injuries
  • 04-23James Dearing: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 24
  • 04-26Charles J Sax: Belgian inventor (saxophone), dies at 74
  • 04-26John Wilkes Booth: Assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green VA at 27
  • 05-30William Clarke Quantrill: Criminal / Confederate bushwhacker, dies at 27
  • 06-02John E Feisser: Founder (1st Dutch baptist church), dies at 59
  • 06-08Joseph Paxton: Designer (Crystal Palace)
  • 06-13Cleaveland J Campbell: Union Brigadier General, dies at about 29
  • 06-15Edmun Ruffin: US secessionist / writer, commits suicide
  • 06-15Jakob Zeugheer: Composer, dies at 61
  • 07-07Mary Surratt: And 3 other Lincoln conspirators, hanged
  • 07-15Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink: Dutch historian, dies at 55
  • 07-24Johan Filip von Schantz: Composer, dies at 30