Events in year of 1865

  • 01-08Sen Everett Dirksen introduces a bill to make marigold the National flower
  • 01-11Battle of Beverly, West Virginia
  • 01-15Ft Fisher, NC falls to Union troops
  • 01-16Confederate Brigadier General John Pegram marries Hetty Cary
  • 01-16Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
  • 01-16Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
  • 01-16San Francisco Dramatic Chronicle started
  • 01-18Battle of Ft Moultrie, South Carolina
  • 01-19NV Suriname Bank established
  • 01-19Union occupies Fort Anderson, North Carolina
  • 01-25CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
  • 01-28President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners
  • 01-31Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
  • 01-31Gen Robert E Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies
  • 02-0113th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
  • 02-01JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Ct, admitted to bar
  • 02-03Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln and Stephens reach an impasse
  • 02-04Hawaiian Board of Education formed
  • 02-04Robert E Lee is named commander-in-chief of Confederate Army
  • 02-06Robert E Lee appointed Confederate General in Chief
  • 02-081st black Major in US army, Martin Robinson Delany
  • 02-12Henry Highland Garnet, is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps
  • 02-17Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
  • 02-18Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
  • 02-18Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, North Carolina
  • 02-20M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
  • 02-22Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
  • 02-22Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery
  • 02-27Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
  • 03-02British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing

People born in year of 1865

  • 01-01Giuseppe Ferrata: Composer
  • 01-20Friedrich A H von Waldeck: Brother of Queen Emma / last ruler of Waldeck
  • 01-22Friedrich Paschen: German physicist
  • 01-23Benjamin Delmonte: Theater director / actor (Black Haired Whore)
  • 02-03Martinus Ballings: Flemish Jesuit / author (Will Power)
  • 02-04Charles Bally: Switzerland -- Linguist (Le langage et la vie)
  • 02-05Harvey Worthington Loomis: Composer
  • 02-09Erich von Drygalski: Germany -- Geographer / glaciologist / Antarctic expl
  • 02-09Mrs [Beatrice] Patrick Campbell: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Pygmalion)
  • 02-12Kazimierz P Tetmajer: Polish writer / poet (Young Poland)
  • 02-19Adrian van Oordt: Dutch writer (neo-romantic)
  • 02-19Sven Hedin: Sweden -- Scientist / explorer (Tibet)
  • 02-22Otto Modersohn: German painter
  • 02-23Barney Dreyfuss: Baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates)
  • 02-28Arthur Symons: Welsh poet / critic / co-founder (Savoy)
  • 02-28Wilfred Grenfell: England, United Kingdom -- Medical Missionary
  • 03-01Gerard Vissering: Dutch banker / President (Bank of Java)
  • 03-03Alexander Gustav Adolfovich Winkler: Composer
  • 03-08Frederick William Goudy: United States -- Printer / type designer
  • 03-09Margaret Murray Washington: Wife of Booker T / head (NACW 1896..1918)
  • 03-10Pim [Willem JH] Mulier: Dutch journalist / writer / sport-organizer
  • 03-22Theophile Ysaye: Composer
  • 03-30Heinrich Rubens: German physicist
  • 04-01Richard Zsigmondy: Germany -- Chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • 04-09Charles Proteus Steinmetz: Germany -- Experiment with AC electricity
  • 04-09Erich Ludendorff: General (Germany)
  • 04-13Heinrich Reinhardt: Composer
  • 04-27Emile Erens: Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
  • 05-05Felicjan Szopski: Composer
  • 05-09August de Boeck: Composer

People died in year of 1865

  • 01-03Jozef Lies: Flemish painter, dies at 43
  • 02-06John Pegram: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle at 33
  • 02-07John Henry Winder: US Confederate Brigadier General / provost marshal, dies at 64
  • 02-15Nicholas Wiseman: 1st Archbishop of Westminster (1850-65)
  • 02-25Otto Ludwig: German writer (Zwischen Himmel und Erde), dies at 47
  • 03-01Anna Paulowna Romanova: Great Monarch of Russia, dies at 70
  • 03-10William Henry "Little Billy" Chase Whiting: Confederate General Major, dies at 48
  • 03-26Thomas Hancock: Pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington)
  • 03-28Albert G Bilders: Dutch landscape painter, dies at 26
  • 04-02Ambrose Powell Hill: Confederate General, killed in action at 39
  • 04-02Richard Cobden: Founder Anti-Corn-Law League, dies at 60
  • 04-06John Austin Wharton: US Confederate General Major, dies at 36
  • 04-06Reuben B Boston: US Confederate cavalery Colonel, dies in battle
  • 04-08John Park: Composer, dies at 61
  • 04-09Thomas Alfred Smyth: Irish / US Union General Major, dies at 32
  • 04-15Abraham Lincoln: At 7:22 am, assassinated by John Wilkes Booth
  • 04-16Robert C Tyler: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 04-22Francis Washburn: US Union Colonel / General Major, dies of injuries
  • 04-23James Dearing: US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 24
  • 04-26Charles J Sax: Belgian inventor (saxophone), dies at 74
  • 04-26John Wilkes Booth: Assassin, is shot dead near Bowling Green VA at 27
  • 05-30William Clarke Quantrill: Criminal / Confederate bushwhacker, dies at 27
  • 06-02John E Feisser: Founder (1st Dutch baptist church), dies at 59
  • 06-08Joseph Paxton: Designer (Crystal Palace)
  • 06-13Cleaveland J Campbell: Union Brigadier General, dies at about 29
  • 06-15Edmun Ruffin: US secessionist / writer, commits suicide
  • 06-15Jakob Zeugheer: Composer, dies at 61
  • 07-07Mary Surratt: And 3 other Lincoln conspirators, hanged
  • 07-15Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink: Dutch historian, dies at 55
  • 07-24Johan Filip von Schantz: Composer, dies at 30

Events in year of 1866

  • 01-09Fisk University establishes
  • 02-04Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible
  • 02-10Dutch government Frans van der Putte forms
  • 02-13Jesse James holds up his 1st bank, Liberty, Missouri ($15,000)
  • 02-21Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
  • 02-26New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • 03-01Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • 03-021st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • 03-19Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • 03-27Andrew Rankin patents the urinal
  • 03-27President Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amend
  • 03-281st ambulance goes into service
  • 04-01US Congress rejects presidential veto gives all equal rights in US
  • 04-02President Johnson ends war in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virgina
  • 04-06G.A.R. forms
  • 04-10American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • 04-16Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • 04-16Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo and Co office explodes
  • 05-01American Equal Rights Association forms
  • 05-07German Premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassin attempt
  • 05-08Australian Rules Football is created
  • 05-16Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • 05-16Congress authorizes nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • 05-16US Treasury Department authorizes nickel
  • 05-18French Government of De Putte resigns
  • 05-211st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • 05-24Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • 05-28Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt / Heemskerk forms
  • 05-30Opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague)
  • 06-01General Dutch Typographer Union forms

People born in year of 1866

  • 01-09Albert Baertsoen: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 01-13Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov: Composer
  • 01-19Harry Davenport: NYC, New York -- Actor / director (Her Unborn Child, My Sin)
  • 01-20Richard Le Gallienne: English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
  • 01-25Emile Vandervelde: Leader of Belgian BWP party
  • 01-29Romain Rolland: France -- Writer (Jean-Christophe) (Nobel 1915)
  • 01-30Gelett Burgess: Author (Purple Cow)
  • 01-31Emil Strauss: Germany -- Writer (Naked Man)
  • 02-05Arthur Keith: Scottish anthropologist
  • 02-05Henri [Hendrik J] Hall: Dutch MP / comic (Put a Lid on it)
  • 02-05Rossetter Gleason Cole: Composer
  • 02-06Karl T Sapper: German geography / geologist (Vulkankunde)
  • 02-07Raf[ael] Verhulst [Koen Ravestein]: Flemish writer (Jesus of Nazarus)
  • 02-09George Ade: United States -- Journalist / playwright / humorist (Fables in Slang)
  • 02-10Bror Beckman: Composer
  • 02-10Rafael Altamira Crevea: Spanish lawyer / historian
  • 02-15Bannister Fletcher: London, England -- Architect and architectural historian
  • 02-16Vyacheslav I Ivanov: Russian philosopher / classical / poet
  • 02-16William "Sliding Billy" Hamilton: New Jersey, United States -- Hall of fame baseball player
  • 02-24Arthur Pearson: Wookey Somerset, England -- Newspaper proprietor
  • 02-25Benedetto Croce: Italy -- Humanist / historian / editor / philosopher
  • 02-26Herbert Henry Dow: Pioneer in US chemical industry (Dow Chemical)
  • 03-07Paul Ernst: Writer
  • 03-18Dumitru Kiriac-Georgescu: Composer
  • 03-18John Loudon: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18)
  • 03-21Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury: Astronomer
  • 03-24Jack McAuliffe: US lightweight boxing champ and hall of famer
  • 04-01Ferruccio D M B Busoni: Italy -- Pianist / composer / conductor (Arlecchino)
  • 04-01Sophonisba Breckenridge: Scholar / teacher / social activist
  • 04-03James B Hertzog: South African General / Premier (1914-39)

People died in year of 1866

  • 01-27John Gibson: Sculptor
  • 03-04Alexander Campbell: Irish / US founder Disciples of Christ, dies at 77
  • 03-10Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini: Composer, dies at 87
  • 03-19Louis Clapisson: Composer, dies at 57
  • 03-20Rikard Nordraak: Composer, dies at 23
  • 03-24Maria Amalia: Of Bourbon-Sicily, Wife of Louis Filips of Austria
  • 03-29Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch: Rabbi / Chassidic leader
  • 04-01Aime Ambroise Simon Leborne: Composer, dies at 98
  • 04-01Johannes C H de Meijere: Dutch zoologist
  • 05-17Adolf Bernhard Marx: Composer, dies at 70
  • 06-18Jacobus T Abels: Painter, dies at 62
  • 06-23Samuel Sarphati: Amsterdam Physician / social activist, dies at 53
  • 07-20G F Berhard Riemann: German Mathematician (zeta-function)
  • 07-23Thomas Forbes Walmisley: Composer, dies at 83
  • 07-25Aloys Schmitt: German music theory / Composer / royal pianist
  • 09-09Gergely Czuczor: Hungarian / Czech Poet / translator, dies at 65
  • 09-26Carl Almqvist: Swedish Author (Amorina), dies at 72
  • 11-26Adrien Francois Servais: Composer, dies at 59
  • 11-26Carl Jonas Love Almquist: Composer, dies at 72
  • 12-03Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda: Composer, dies at 65
  • 12-26Samuel Ryan Curtis: Union General Major, dies at 49