Events in year of 1866

  • 01-09Fisk University establishes
  • 02-04Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible
  • 02-10Dutch government Frans van der Putte forms
  • 02-13Jesse James holds up his 1st bank, Liberty, Missouri ($15,000)
  • 02-21Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
  • 02-26New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
  • 03-01Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
  • 03-021st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
  • 03-19Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
  • 03-27Andrew Rankin patents the urinal
  • 03-27President Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amend
  • 03-281st ambulance goes into service
  • 04-01US Congress rejects presidential veto gives all equal rights in US
  • 04-02President Johnson ends war in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virgina
  • 04-06G.A.R. forms
  • 04-10American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
  • 04-16Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
  • 04-16Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo and Co office explodes
  • 05-01American Equal Rights Association forms
  • 05-07German Premier Otto von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassin attempt
  • 05-08Australian Rules Football is created
  • 05-16Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
  • 05-16Congress authorizes nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
  • 05-16US Treasury Department authorizes nickel
  • 05-18French Government of De Putte resigns
  • 05-211st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
  • 05-24Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
  • 05-28Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt / Heemskerk forms
  • 05-30Opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague)
  • 06-01General Dutch Typographer Union forms

People born in year of 1866

  • 01-09Albert Baertsoen: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 01-13Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov: Composer
  • 01-19Harry Davenport: NYC, New York -- Actor / director (Her Unborn Child, My Sin)
  • 01-20Richard Le Gallienne: English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
  • 01-25Emile Vandervelde: Leader of Belgian BWP party
  • 01-29Romain Rolland: France -- Writer (Jean-Christophe) (Nobel 1915)
  • 01-30Gelett Burgess: Author (Purple Cow)
  • 01-31Emil Strauss: Germany -- Writer (Naked Man)
  • 02-05Arthur Keith: Scottish anthropologist
  • 02-05Henri [Hendrik J] Hall: Dutch MP / comic (Put a Lid on it)
  • 02-05Rossetter Gleason Cole: Composer
  • 02-06Karl T Sapper: German geography / geologist (Vulkankunde)
  • 02-07Raf[ael] Verhulst [Koen Ravestein]: Flemish writer (Jesus of Nazarus)
  • 02-09George Ade: United States -- Journalist / playwright / humorist (Fables in Slang)
  • 02-10Bror Beckman: Composer
  • 02-10Rafael Altamira Crevea: Spanish lawyer / historian
  • 02-15Bannister Fletcher: London, England -- Architect and architectural historian
  • 02-16Vyacheslav I Ivanov: Russian philosopher / classical / poet
  • 02-16William "Sliding Billy" Hamilton: New Jersey, United States -- Hall of fame baseball player
  • 02-24Arthur Pearson: Wookey Somerset, England -- Newspaper proprietor
  • 02-25Benedetto Croce: Italy -- Humanist / historian / editor / philosopher
  • 02-26Herbert Henry Dow: Pioneer in US chemical industry (Dow Chemical)
  • 03-07Paul Ernst: Writer
  • 03-18Dumitru Kiriac-Georgescu: Composer
  • 03-18John Loudon: Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18)
  • 03-21Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury: Astronomer
  • 03-24Jack McAuliffe: US lightweight boxing champ and hall of famer
  • 04-01Ferruccio D M B Busoni: Italy -- Pianist / composer / conductor (Arlecchino)
  • 04-01Sophonisba Breckenridge: Scholar / teacher / social activist
  • 04-03James B Hertzog: South African General / Premier (1914-39)

People died in year of 1866

  • 01-27John Gibson: Sculptor
  • 03-04Alexander Campbell: Irish / US founder Disciples of Christ, dies at 77
  • 03-10Antonio Francesco Gaetano S Pacini: Composer, dies at 87
  • 03-19Louis Clapisson: Composer, dies at 57
  • 03-20Rikard Nordraak: Composer, dies at 23
  • 03-24Maria Amalia: Of Bourbon-Sicily, Wife of Louis Filips of Austria
  • 03-29Menachem Mendel of Lubavitch: Rabbi / Chassidic leader
  • 04-01Aime Ambroise Simon Leborne: Composer, dies at 98
  • 04-01Johannes C H de Meijere: Dutch zoologist
  • 05-17Adolf Bernhard Marx: Composer, dies at 70
  • 06-18Jacobus T Abels: Painter, dies at 62
  • 06-23Samuel Sarphati: Amsterdam Physician / social activist, dies at 53
  • 07-20G F Berhard Riemann: German Mathematician (zeta-function)
  • 07-23Thomas Forbes Walmisley: Composer, dies at 83
  • 07-25Aloys Schmitt: German music theory / Composer / royal pianist
  • 09-09Gergely Czuczor: Hungarian / Czech Poet / translator, dies at 65
  • 09-26Carl Almqvist: Swedish Author (Amorina), dies at 72
  • 11-26Adrien Francois Servais: Composer, dies at 59
  • 11-26Carl Jonas Love Almquist: Composer, dies at 72
  • 12-03Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda: Composer, dies at 65
  • 12-26Samuel Ryan Curtis: Union General Major, dies at 49

Events in year of 1867

  • 02-01Bricklayers start working 8-hour days
  • 02-03Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
  • 02-06Peabody Fund forms to promote Black education in South
  • 02-09Nebraska becomes 37th US state
  • 02-14Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Co issues 1st policy
  • 02-14Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
  • 02-171st ship passes through Suez Canal
  • 02-17Gyula Andressy becomes Premier of Hungary
  • 03-01Howard University, Washington DC, chartered
  • 03-01Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
  • 03-021st Reconstruction act passed by Congress
  • 03-02Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
  • 03-02Congress created the Department of Education
  • 03-02Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act
  • 03-02Jesse James-gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 dead
  • 03-02US Congress creates the Department of Education
  • 03-11Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano)
  • 03-12Last French troops leave Mexico
  • 03-15Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
  • 03-29British North America Act (Canadian constitution) passes
  • 03-29Congress approves Lincoln Memorial
  • 04-01Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
  • 04-01International Exhibition opens in Paris
  • 04-01Singapore, Penang and Malakka become British crown colonies
  • 04-23Queen Victoria and Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel
  • 04-24Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond Va streetcars
  • 04-25Tokyo opens for foreign trade
  • 05-01Howard University chartered
  • 05-01Reconstruction of South begins, black voter registration
  • 05-07Blacks stage ride-in to protest segregation in New Orleans

People born in year of 1867

  • 01-01Charles Edward Montague: English author / critic (Fiery Particles)
  • 01-01Lew Fields: Comedian (of Weber & Fields)
  • 01-06Georges Martin Witkowski: Composer
  • 01-08Emily Green Balch: United States -- Sociologist / feminist / pacifist (Nobel 1946)
  • 01-09Jacques Urlus: Dutch tenor (Opera of Leipzig, Song of the Earth)
  • 01-21James Marcus: Actor (Eagle, Little Lord Fauntleroy, Lone Avenger)
  • 01-21Maxime Weygard: French General / Governor-General (Algeria)
  • 01-21Willem C Royaards: Dutch theater director (Summer Games)
  • 01-23Herbert Bedford: Composer
  • 01-27Claude Antoine Terrasse: Composer
  • 02-05Casper A Lingbeek: Vicar / Dutch MP (HSP, 1925..37)
  • 02-07Laura Ingalls Wilder: Wisconsin, United States -- Kid book author (Little House on Prarie)
  • 02-09Edward Naylor: Composer
  • 02-11August W Messer: German philosopher / educator / psychologist
  • 02-12Joe Howard: NYC, New York -- Vocalist (Gay Nineties Revue)
  • 02-17William Cadbury: England, United Kingdom -- Chocolate manufacturer (Cadbury)
  • 02-21Otto Hermann Kahn: Banker, organized Metropolitan Opera Company
  • 02-26Siegfried Passarge: German geographer (Cameroon / So Afr / America)
  • 02-27Irving Fisher: US economist (compensating dollar)
  • 02-27Wilhelm Peterson-Berger: Composer
  • 03-03Gustav Strube: Composer
  • 03-10Lillian D Wald: United States -- Sociologist / organizer (Visiting Nurses)
  • 03-15Lionel Pigot Johnson: England, United Kingdom -- Poet / critic (Ireland & Other Poems)
  • 03-15Will Rossiter: Composer
  • 03-18Michael G de Boer: Historian (Harbor of Amsterdam)
  • 03-25Arturo Toscanini: Parma, Italy -- Temperamental conductor (NBC)
  • 03-25Gutzon Borglum: Sculptor (Mt Rushmore)
  • 03-27Edyth Walker: US singer
  • 03-29Cy [Denton True] Young: Gilmore, Ohio -- Pitcher (511 wins, 1890-1911)
  • 04-11John P Lotsy: Dutch Botanist / geneticist (Genetics)

People died in year of 1867

  • 01-12Victor Cousin: French philosopher / Minister of Education, dies at 74
  • 02-05Salomon Munk: Published Arabic edition of Maimounides
  • 02-23George Thomas Smart: Composer, dies at 90
  • 03-02French A Durlet: Belgian Sculptor / architect, dies at 50
  • 03-06Wiktor Kazynski: Composer, dies at 54
  • 03-16Benjamin Hanby: Composer, dies at 33
  • 03-22Ferdinando Giorgetti: Composer, dies at 70
  • 05-23Archibald Alison: Scottish historian, dies at 74
  • 06-19Maximilian F J: Austrian Archduke / Emperor of Mexico
  • 08-07Ira F Aldridge: US actor (Othello / Shylock), dies at 63 in Lodes, Poland
  • 08-10Ira Aldridge: Famed Shakespearean actor (Othello, Shylock)
  • 08-14Niccola Benvenuti: Composer, dies at 84
  • 08-27Karol Katski: Composer, dies at 51
  • 08-31[Pierre-]Charles Baudelaire: French Poet (Journaux Intimes), dies at 46
  • 09-01Edward Hodges: Composer, dies at 71
  • 09-10Simon Sechter: Composer, dies at 78
  • 10-05Thomas Taglichsbeck: Composer, dies at 67
  • 10-10Ignacy Feliks Dobrzynski: Composer, dies at 60
  • 10-16Salomon J Rappoport: Czech rabbi (Ereg miliem)
  • 10-26John Fawcett: Composer, dies at 77
  • 11-03Pieter J Jong: Dutch Zouave, dies in battle
  • 12-06Giovanni Pacini: Composer, dies at 71
  • 12-07Rudolf Viole: Composer, dies at 42
  • 12-19Jean-Georges Kastner: Composer, dies at 57
  • 12-22Jean-Victor Poncelet: French Mathematician (kinematics), dies at 79