Events in year of 1868

  • 01-07Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock
  • 01-07Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson
  • 01-14NC constitutional convention meets in Raleigh
  • 01-14SC constitutional convention, meets with a black majority
  • 01-16Refrigerator car patented by William Davis, a fish dealer in Detroit
  • 01-20Florida constitutional convention meets in Tallahassee
  • 02-10Conservatives and military, seize Convention Hall in Florida
  • 02-16Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks forms (NY)
  • 02-241st US parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile Alabama)
  • 02-24House of Reps vote 126 to 47, to impeach President Andrew Johnson
  • 02-291st British government of Disraeli forms
  • 03-02University of Illinois opens
  • 03-05Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
  • 03-05US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
  • 03-09The opera "Hamlet" premieres in Paris
  • 03-12Britain annexed Basutoland in Africa
  • 03-12Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa
  • 03-13Senate begins President Andrew Johnson impeachment trial
  • 03-17Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued
  • 03-20Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville Kentucky of $14,000
  • 03-23University of California founded (Oakland, California)
  • 03-24Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms
  • 03-31Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
  • 04-01Hampton Institute opens
  • 04-06Brigham Young marries his 27th and final wife
  • 04-10Brits defeat King of Abyssinia at Magdala
  • 04-14SC voters approved constitution, 70,758 to 27,228
  • 04-16Louisiana voters approve new constitution
  • 04-18San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed
  • 05-15Dutch Government of Zuylen van Nijevelt falls

People born in year of 1868

  • 01-03Franz V M Cumont: Belgian religious historian
  • 01-06Vittorio Monti: Composer
  • 01-07Abraham M "Mark" Lidzbarski: Polish / German orientalist
  • 01-08Frank Dyson: Proved Einstein right about light bent by gravity
  • 01-14Catharina A M de Savornin Lohman: Dutch author (Belief)
  • 01-15Noach Zjordanija: Georgian veterinarian / Premier (1918-21)
  • 01-16Cyril Metodej Hrazdira: Composer
  • 01-19Gustav Meyrink: Writer
  • 01-23Juventino Rosas: Composer
  • 01-27Cato Engelen-Sewing: Dutch soprano prima donna (Dutch Opera)
  • 01-28Frederick Archibald Lamond: Composer
  • 01-28Julian Aguirre: Composer
  • 01-31Theodore William Richards: Chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)
  • 02-03Damaso Ledesma: Composer
  • 02-04Constance Gore-booth Markiewicy: Irish patriot / playwright / MP
  • 02-05Lodewijk Mortelmans: Composer
  • 02-10William Allen White: Emporia, Kansas -- Editor (Pulitzer 1942)
  • 02-12Johan H A Schaper: Dutch MP / founder (SDAP)
  • 02-14Henricus A Poels: Dutch RC theologist / social foreman
  • 02-16Wilhelm Schmidt: German anthropologist / linguist (Anthropos)
  • 02-22Henri Polak: Union leader / politician (soc-dem)
  • 02-23William E B Du Bois: Massachusetts, United States -- Civil rights writer (Souls of Black Folk)
  • 02-25Anthony J Block: Dutch lawyer (strafproces)
  • 02-26Leonard Borwick: Pianist
  • 03-03Alain [Emile-Auguste Chartier]: French philosopher / writer
  • 03-05Prosper Poullet: Belgian viscount / jurist / minister
  • 03-20Obe Postma: Frisian poet / geography / historian (Frisian Clay Farm)
  • 03-22Hamish MacCunn: Composer
  • 03-22Henry W Methorst: Lawyer / director (Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics)
  • 03-22Robert A Millikan: US physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923)

People died in year of 1868

  • 01-03Moritz Hauptmann: Composer, dies at 75
  • 01-07William Batchelder Bradbury: Composer, dies at 51
  • 01-14Heinrich Schenker: Austrian musicologist (Ursatz), dies at 66
  • 01-22Moritz Ganz: Composer, dies at 61
  • 01-28Adalbert Stifter: Austrian Author (Witiko), commits suicide at 62
  • 02-29[Charles] Louis I [Augustus]: King of Bavaria (L Montez), dies at 81
  • 03-02Carl Eberwein: Composer, dies at 81
  • 03-28James Thomas Brudenell: 7th Earl of Cardigan, dies at about 70
  • 04-03Franz Adolf Berwald: Swedish composer, dies at 71
  • 04-13Theodorus [Kasa]: Emperor of Abyssinia, commits suicide
  • 05-03Olof Wilhelm Udden: Composer, dies at 68
  • 05-26Michael Barrett: Irish nationalist, last British public execution
  • 06-01James Buchanan: 15th US President (1857-61), dies at 77
  • 06-05Anselm Huttenbrenner: Composer, dies at 73
  • 06-09James Brooke: Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68)
  • 06-10Michael Obrenovic: Ruler of Sweden, murdered
  • 07-06Samuel Lover: Composer, dies at 71
  • 07-10Carlo Conti: Composer, dies at 71
  • 07-15William Thomas Morton: Dentist (1st to use ether)
  • 07-16Louis-Francois Dauprat: Composer, dies at 87
  • 07-20Antoine Prumier: Composer, dies at 75
  • 07-20Jan Bedrich Kittl: Composer, dies at 62
  • 07-22Zikmund Michal Kolesovsky: Composer, dies at 51
  • 07-24George Cattermole: Painter / illustrator
  • 08-11Halfdan Kierulf: Composer, dies at 52
  • 08-11Thaddeus Stevens: Architect of Radical Reconstruction, dies at 76
  • 08-25Costache Negruzzi: Romanian Author / poet, dies at about 60
  • 08-25Henry P Scholte: Dutch / US vicar (Iowa), dies at 62
  • 08-25Jacob van Lennep: Dutch 2nd member of parliament, dies at 66
  • 08-27Franz Xaver Schnyder von Wartensee: Composer, dies at 82

Events in year of 1869

  • 01-13Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention
  • 01-13National convention of black leaders meets in Washington DC
  • 01-18Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco
  • 01-20Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before Congress
  • 02-02James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
  • 02-03Booth theater at 23rd and 6th opens in NYC (Romeo and Juliet)
  • 02-15Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
  • 02-19US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
  • 02-20Tenn Gov W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
  • 02-23Louisiana Governor signs public accommodations law
  • 02-2615th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states
  • 02-27John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress
  • 03-01Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
  • 03-03University of South Carolina opens to all races
  • 03-04Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th President
  • 03-13Arkansas legislature passes anti-Klan law
  • 03-15Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
  • 03-15Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
  • 03-16Hiram R Revels makes 1st official speech by a black in the Senate
  • 04-061st plastic, Celluloid, patented
  • 04-08American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
  • 04-10Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
  • 04-12North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law
  • 04-13Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)
  • 04-16Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
  • 04-171st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
  • 04-30Hawaiian YMCA organized
  • 05-10Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
  • 05-15National Woman Suffrage Association forms
  • 05-16Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7

People born in year of 1869

  • 01-03Paul Charles Rene Landormy: Composer
  • 01-04Percy Pitt: Composer
  • 01-13Emanuele F: Duke of Aosta, Italian General (WWI) / fascist
  • 01-18Willem De Vreese: Flemish linguist / biblographer
  • 01-19Alfred R Zimmerman: Mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22) / Dir (League of Nations)
  • 01-23Carlo Felice Boghen: Composer
  • 01-23Herbert David Croly: US author (Promise of American Life)
  • 01-27Will Marion Cook: Composer
  • 01-29Andrey Vladimirovich Scherbachov: Composer
  • 01-31Henry graaf Carton de Wiart: Belgian literary / Premier (1920-21)
  • 02-01Johannes F "Frits" Bakker, Sr.: Actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
  • 02-07Jindrich S Baar: Czechoslovakia -- Pastor / writer (Jan Cimbura)
  • 02-10Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati: Composer
  • 02-12Hendrik P Marchant: Dutch Minister of Education / Arts (VVD)
  • 02-14Charles Wilson: English physicist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel)
  • 02-23Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya: Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 02-26Nadezjda K Krupskaja: Russian revolutionary / Wife of Lenin
  • 03-03Henry J Wood: English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms)
  • 03-05Michael von Faulhaber: Cardinal / Archbishop of Munich
  • 03-07Ernst J Cohen: Dutch chemist
  • 03-18[Arthur] Neville Chamberlain: British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40)
  • 03-21Albert Kahn: Architect ( originated modern factory design)
  • 03-21Florenz Ziegfeld: Producer (Ziegfield Follies)
  • 03-25Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout: Flemish Physician / writer
  • 03-29Ales Hrdlicka: United States -- Anthropologist / curator (US National Museum)
  • 03-29Edwin Lutyens: London, England -- Architect
  • 04-01Peter A Egge: Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • 04-05Albert Roussel: Tourcoing, France -- Composer (Rapsodie Flamende)
  • 04-06Louis Raemakers: Dutch draftsman / painter
  • 04-07David Grandison Fairchild: United States -- Botanist / explorer, brought plants to US

People died in year of 1869

  • 01-17Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky: Composer, dies at 55
  • 01-28Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley: Composer, dies at 72
  • 02-01Frederik W Conrad: Hydraulic engineer / railway pioneer, dies at 68
  • 02-04Johan M Dautzenberg: Flemish Author / Novelist (Future), dies at 60
  • 03-01Alphonse MLP de Lamartine: Fr Poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78
  • 03-08Louis Hector Berlioz: French Composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at 65
  • 03-19Guillaume Nerenburger: Belgian General (triangulatie), dies at 64
  • 03-23Charles Lucas: Composer, dies at 60
  • 04-01Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard: Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
  • 04-20Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe: Composer, dies at 72
  • 04-20Piotr Studzinski: Composer, dies at 42
  • 05-10Bernhard Molique: Composer, dies at 66
  • 05-10Wilhelm Bernard Molique: Composer, dies at 66
  • 05-29Philippe Vandermaelen: Flemish cartographer / publisher, dies at 73
  • 06-15Albert Grisar: Composer, dies at 60
  • 07-15A J Hayne: Black captain of Arkansas militia, assassinated
  • 07-28Carl G Carus: German arts / psychologist / philosopher
  • 08-02Alexandrine Tinne: Dutch explorer / photographer, murdered at 30+
  • 08-26Henri Leys: Flemish painter, dies at 54
  • 09-28Libri: Mathematician
  • 10-08Franklin Peirce: 14th President (1853-1857), dies at 64 in Concord, New Hampshire
  • 10-13Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve: French writer (Tableau Historique)
  • 10-22Michael Sars: Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • 10-23Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque: Belgian composer, dies at 72
  • 11-12Gheorghe Asachi: Author / humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia)
  • 12-18Louis Moreau Gottschalk: Composer, dies at 40
  • 12-24Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton: US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55