Events in year of 1869

  • 01-13Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention
  • 01-13National convention of black leaders meets in Washington DC
  • 01-18Elegant California Theater opens in San Francisco
  • 01-20Elizabeth Cady Stanton becomes 1st woman to testify before Congress
  • 02-02James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
  • 02-03Booth theater at 23rd and 6th opens in NYC (Romeo and Juliet)
  • 02-15Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped
  • 02-19US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized
  • 02-20Tenn Gov W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
  • 02-23Louisiana Governor signs public accommodations law
  • 02-2615th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states
  • 02-27John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress
  • 03-01Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
  • 03-03University of South Carolina opens to all races
  • 03-04Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th President
  • 03-13Arkansas legislature passes anti-Klan law
  • 03-15Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
  • 03-15Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
  • 03-16Hiram R Revels makes 1st official speech by a black in the Senate
  • 04-061st plastic, Celluloid, patented
  • 04-08American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
  • 04-10Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9
  • 04-12North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law
  • 04-13Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)
  • 04-16Ebenezer Bassett, 1st US Negro diplomat, begins service in Haiti
  • 04-171st pro baseball games-Cin Reds 24, Cin amateurs 15
  • 04-30Hawaiian YMCA organized
  • 05-10Golden Spike driven, completes Promontory Pt Ut-Transcontinental RR
  • 05-15National Woman Suffrage Association forms
  • 05-16Cincinnati Reds play their 1st baseball game, win 41-7

People born in year of 1869

  • 01-03Paul Charles Rene Landormy: Composer
  • 01-04Percy Pitt: Composer
  • 01-13Emanuele F: Duke of Aosta, Italian General (WWI) / fascist
  • 01-18Willem De Vreese: Flemish linguist / biblographer
  • 01-19Alfred R Zimmerman: Mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22) / Dir (League of Nations)
  • 01-23Carlo Felice Boghen: Composer
  • 01-23Herbert David Croly: US author (Promise of American Life)
  • 01-27Will Marion Cook: Composer
  • 01-29Andrey Vladimirovich Scherbachov: Composer
  • 01-31Henry graaf Carton de Wiart: Belgian literary / Premier (1920-21)
  • 02-01Johannes F "Frits" Bakker, Sr.: Actor (Holland Tooneelgezelschap)
  • 02-07Jindrich S Baar: Czechoslovakia -- Pastor / writer (Jan Cimbura)
  • 02-10Vasily Pavovlich Kalafati: Composer
  • 02-12Hendrik P Marchant: Dutch Minister of Education / Arts (VVD)
  • 02-14Charles Wilson: English physicist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel)
  • 02-23Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya: Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 02-26Nadezjda K Krupskaja: Russian revolutionary / Wife of Lenin
  • 03-03Henry J Wood: English conductor (Gentle Art of Singing, Proms)
  • 03-05Michael von Faulhaber: Cardinal / Archbishop of Munich
  • 03-07Ernst J Cohen: Dutch chemist
  • 03-18[Arthur] Neville Chamberlain: British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40)
  • 03-21Albert Kahn: Architect ( originated modern factory design)
  • 03-21Florenz Ziegfeld: Producer (Ziegfield Follies)
  • 03-25Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout: Flemish Physician / writer
  • 03-29Ales Hrdlicka: United States -- Anthropologist / curator (US National Museum)
  • 03-29Edwin Lutyens: London, England -- Architect
  • 04-01Peter A Egge: Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • 04-05Albert Roussel: Tourcoing, France -- Composer (Rapsodie Flamende)
  • 04-06Louis Raemakers: Dutch draftsman / painter
  • 04-07David Grandison Fairchild: United States -- Botanist / explorer, brought plants to US

People died in year of 1869

  • 01-17Alexander Sergeyevich Dargomyzhsky: Composer, dies at 55
  • 01-28Prudent-Louis Aubery du Boulley: Composer, dies at 72
  • 02-01Frederik W Conrad: Hydraulic engineer / railway pioneer, dies at 68
  • 02-04Johan M Dautzenberg: Flemish Author / Novelist (Future), dies at 60
  • 03-01Alphonse MLP de Lamartine: Fr Poet (History of Girondins), dies at 78
  • 03-08Louis Hector Berlioz: French Composer (Symphony Fantastic), dies at 65
  • 03-19Guillaume Nerenburger: Belgian General (triangulatie), dies at 64
  • 03-23Charles Lucas: Composer, dies at 60
  • 04-01Anthony G O Ridder van Rappard: Min of Reformed Worship, dies at 69
  • 04-20Johann Carl Gottfried Loewe: Composer, dies at 72
  • 04-20Piotr Studzinski: Composer, dies at 42
  • 05-10Bernhard Molique: Composer, dies at 66
  • 05-10Wilhelm Bernard Molique: Composer, dies at 66
  • 05-29Philippe Vandermaelen: Flemish cartographer / publisher, dies at 73
  • 06-15Albert Grisar: Composer, dies at 60
  • 07-15A J Hayne: Black captain of Arkansas militia, assassinated
  • 07-28Carl G Carus: German arts / psychologist / philosopher
  • 08-02Alexandrine Tinne: Dutch explorer / photographer, murdered at 30+
  • 08-26Henri Leys: Flemish painter, dies at 54
  • 09-28Libri: Mathematician
  • 10-08Franklin Peirce: 14th President (1853-1857), dies at 64 in Concord, New Hampshire
  • 10-13Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve: French writer (Tableau Historique)
  • 10-22Michael Sars: Norwegian zoologist, dies at 64
  • 10-23Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Tolbecque: Belgian composer, dies at 72
  • 11-12Gheorghe Asachi: Author / humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia)
  • 12-18Louis Moreau Gottschalk: Composer, dies at 40
  • 12-24Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton: US Secretary of War (1861-65), dies at 55

Events in year of 1870

  • 01-02Construction of Brooklyn Bridge begins
  • 01-03Brooklyn Bridge construction begins; completed May 24, 1883
  • 01-08US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
  • 01-10Georgia legislature reconvenes
  • 01-10John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil
  • 01-16Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 01-20"City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard
  • 01-20Hiram R Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis
  • 01-23173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
  • 01-25Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • 01-26Virginia rejoins US
  • 01-271st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana)
  • 01-27After accepting 15th amendment, VA is readmitted to Union
  • 01-27Manitoba and Northwest Territories incorporated
  • 02-02Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
  • 02-02Mark Twain, 34, marries Olivia Langdon in Elmira, New York
  • 02-0315th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed
  • 02-051st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
  • 02-09US Army establishes US National Weather Service
  • 02-10City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)
  • 02-12Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
  • 02-15Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minnesota
  • 02-17Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
  • 02-17Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 02-23Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • 02-25Hiram Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
  • 02-261st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
  • 03-07Cin Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest and East
  • 03-14California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • 03-17Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary

People born in year of 1870

  • 01-02Ernst Barlach: Writer
  • 01-03Henry Eichheim: Composer
  • 01-03Henry Handel Richardson: Australia -- Novelist (Richard Mahoney)
  • 01-08Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja: Dictator of Spain (1923-30)
  • 01-09Joseph B Strauss: Civil Engineer / builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • 01-13Henryk Opienski: Polish composer / conductor (St Moniuszko)
  • 01-15Johan Peter Koch: Danish officer / explorer (Greenland)
  • 01-16Wilhelm Normann: German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • 01-18Berend Modderman: Printer (Drukkers yearbook)
  • 01-20Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu: Composer
  • 01-22Charles Arnold Tournemire: Composer
  • 02-03Ada Negri: Italian poet / author (Il Libro di Mara)
  • 02-07Alfred Adler: Austria -- Psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • 02-10Fritz Klimsch: German sculptor / painter
  • 02-13Leopold Godowsky: Lithuania -- Virtuoso pianist / composer
  • 02-20Pieter Cornelis Boutens: Holland, Netherlands -- Mystic poet / Scholar (Verzen)
  • 02-27Louis Coerne: Composer
  • 03-05[B] Franc[lin] Norris: United States -- Writer (McTeague, Octopus)
  • 03-06Oscar Straus: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Ein Walzertraum)
  • 03-10Alfred Kastner: Composer
  • 03-20Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck: Prussian General / politician (East Africa)
  • 04-04George A Smith: Salt Lake City, Utah -- 8th President of Mormon church
  • 04-07Gustav Landauer: German socialist
  • 04-07Joseph Ryeland: Belgian composer / Baron
  • 04-17Ray Stannard Baker: United States -- Journalist (Puliter Prize 1940)
  • 04-20Simeon Roncal: Composer
  • 04-28Hermann Suter: Composer
  • 04-30Franz Lehar: Operetta composer (Naughty Marietta)
  • 05-06Amedos Peter Giannine: San Jose, California -- Founded Bank of America
  • 05-06John McClutcheon: Cartoonist (Pulitzer Prize-1931)

People died in year of 1870

  • 01-07Karl Schwencke: Composer, dies at 72
  • 01-11Adolf Ganz: Composer, dies at 73
  • 01-26Cesare Pugni: Composer, dies at 67
  • 02-11Jacob M de Kempenaer: Dutch Minister of Internal Aff (1848-49), dies at 76
  • 02-11Leopold Eugen Mechura: Composer, dies at 66
  • 02-26Wyatt Outlaw: Black leader of Union League in NC, lynched
  • 03-09Theodore Labarre: Composer, dies at 65
  • 03-10Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles: Composer, dies at 75
  • 03-18Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide: Composer, dies at 48
  • 04-01Patrick Gass: Sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98
  • 04-08Charles-Auguste de Beriot: Belgian violinist / composer, dies at 68
  • 04-16Anatoli O Demidov: Russian ruler of Donato / traveller
  • 04-19Andreas Schelfhout: Painter / etcher / lithographer, dies at 83
  • 04-19Camille Marie Stamaty: Composer, dies at 59
  • 04-19William Henry Havergal: Composer, dies at 77
  • 05-14Ramon Vilanova y Barrera: Composer, dies at 69
  • 05-30Gustave Vogt: Composer, dies at 89
  • 06-08Johann Gottlob Topfer: Composer, dies at 78
  • 06-09Charles Dickens: English writer (David Copperfield), dies at 58
  • 06-09Erik Drake: Composer, dies at 82
  • 06-20Jules de Goncourt: Writer, dies at 39
  • 07-08John D Zocher, Jr.: Architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
  • 07-21Josef Strauss: Austrian Composer (Dynamids), dies at 42
  • 08-14David [James] Glasgow Farragut: Admiral
  • 08-16Ludvig Anton Edmund Passy: Composer, dies at 80
  • 08-18Felix Salm-Salm: Prussian / US prince / Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 09-02Charles Victor Arthur Saint-Leon: Composer, dies at 48
  • 09-11Eugenio Lucas y Padilla: Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • 09-27Henry TP Comstock: Canadian silver prospector, dies at 50
  • 10-20Michael William Balfe: Composer (Bohemian Girl), dies at 62