Events in year of 1870

  • 01-02Construction of Brooklyn Bridge begins
  • 01-03Brooklyn Bridge construction begins; completed May 24, 1883
  • 01-08US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
  • 01-10Georgia legislature reconvenes
  • 01-10John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil
  • 01-16Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 01-20"City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard
  • 01-20Hiram R Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis
  • 01-23173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
  • 01-25Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
  • 01-26Virginia rejoins US
  • 01-271st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana)
  • 01-27After accepting 15th amendment, VA is readmitted to Union
  • 01-27Manitoba and Northwest Territories incorporated
  • 02-02Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
  • 02-02Mark Twain, 34, marries Olivia Langdon in Elmira, New York
  • 02-0315th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed
  • 02-051st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
  • 02-09US Army establishes US National Weather Service
  • 02-10City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)
  • 02-12Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
  • 02-15Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minnesota
  • 02-17Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
  • 02-17Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
  • 02-23Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • 02-25Hiram Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
  • 02-261st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
  • 03-07Cin Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest and East
  • 03-14California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
  • 03-17Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary

People born in year of 1870

  • 01-02Ernst Barlach: Writer
  • 01-03Henry Eichheim: Composer
  • 01-03Henry Handel Richardson: Australia -- Novelist (Richard Mahoney)
  • 01-08Miguel Primo de Rivera Orbaneja: Dictator of Spain (1923-30)
  • 01-09Joseph B Strauss: Civil Engineer / builder (Golden Gate Bridge)
  • 01-13Henryk Opienski: Polish composer / conductor (St Moniuszko)
  • 01-15Johan Peter Koch: Danish officer / explorer (Greenland)
  • 01-16Wilhelm Normann: German chemist (hardening of oils)
  • 01-18Berend Modderman: Printer (Drukkers yearbook)
  • 01-20Guillaume Jean Joseph Nicolas Lekeu: Composer
  • 01-22Charles Arnold Tournemire: Composer
  • 02-03Ada Negri: Italian poet / author (Il Libro di Mara)
  • 02-07Alfred Adler: Austria -- Psychiatrist (Inferiority Complex)
  • 02-10Fritz Klimsch: German sculptor / painter
  • 02-13Leopold Godowsky: Lithuania -- Virtuoso pianist / composer
  • 02-20Pieter Cornelis Boutens: Holland, Netherlands -- Mystic poet / Scholar (Verzen)
  • 02-27Louis Coerne: Composer
  • 03-05[B] Franc[lin] Norris: United States -- Writer (McTeague, Octopus)
  • 03-06Oscar Straus: Vienna, Austria -- Composer (Ein Walzertraum)
  • 03-10Alfred Kastner: Composer
  • 03-20Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck: Prussian General / politician (East Africa)
  • 04-04George A Smith: Salt Lake City, Utah -- 8th President of Mormon church
  • 04-07Gustav Landauer: German socialist
  • 04-07Joseph Ryeland: Belgian composer / Baron
  • 04-17Ray Stannard Baker: United States -- Journalist (Puliter Prize 1940)
  • 04-20Simeon Roncal: Composer
  • 04-28Hermann Suter: Composer
  • 04-30Franz Lehar: Operetta composer (Naughty Marietta)
  • 05-06Amedos Peter Giannine: San Jose, California -- Founded Bank of America
  • 05-06John McClutcheon: Cartoonist (Pulitzer Prize-1931)

People died in year of 1870

  • 01-07Karl Schwencke: Composer, dies at 72
  • 01-11Adolf Ganz: Composer, dies at 73
  • 01-26Cesare Pugni: Composer, dies at 67
  • 02-11Jacob M de Kempenaer: Dutch Minister of Internal Aff (1848-49), dies at 76
  • 02-11Leopold Eugen Mechura: Composer, dies at 66
  • 02-26Wyatt Outlaw: Black leader of Union League in NC, lynched
  • 03-09Theodore Labarre: Composer, dies at 65
  • 03-10Isaak-Ignaz Moscheles: Composer, dies at 75
  • 03-18Joaquin y Garbayo Gaztambide: Composer, dies at 48
  • 04-01Patrick Gass: Sgt of Lewis & Clark Expedition, dies at 98
  • 04-08Charles-Auguste de Beriot: Belgian violinist / composer, dies at 68
  • 04-16Anatoli O Demidov: Russian ruler of Donato / traveller
  • 04-19Andreas Schelfhout: Painter / etcher / lithographer, dies at 83
  • 04-19Camille Marie Stamaty: Composer, dies at 59
  • 04-19William Henry Havergal: Composer, dies at 77
  • 05-14Ramon Vilanova y Barrera: Composer, dies at 69
  • 05-30Gustave Vogt: Composer, dies at 89
  • 06-08Johann Gottlob Topfer: Composer, dies at 78
  • 06-09Charles Dickens: English writer (David Copperfield), dies at 58
  • 06-09Erik Drake: Composer, dies at 82
  • 06-20Jules de Goncourt: Writer, dies at 39
  • 07-08John D Zocher, Jr.: Architect (Soestdijk Palace), dies at 79
  • 07-21Josef Strauss: Austrian Composer (Dynamids), dies at 42
  • 08-14David [James] Glasgow Farragut: Admiral
  • 08-16Ludvig Anton Edmund Passy: Composer, dies at 80
  • 08-18Felix Salm-Salm: Prussian / US prince / Brigadier General, dies in battle
  • 09-02Charles Victor Arthur Saint-Leon: Composer, dies at 48
  • 09-11Eugenio Lucas y Padilla: Spanish poet, dies at about 46
  • 09-27Henry TP Comstock: Canadian silver prospector, dies at 50
  • 10-20Michael William Balfe: Composer (Bohemian Girl), dies at 62

Events in year of 1871

  • 01-01Belgium disbands salt tax
  • 01-02King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • 01-03Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, New York
  • 01-16Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • 01-171st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
  • 01-182nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Bismarck
  • 01-191st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
  • 01-26British Rugby Union forms
  • 01-26US income tax repealed
  • 01-28Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 01-31Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkens sky
  • 02-01Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • 02-09Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress
  • 02-27Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • 02-282nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
  • 03-01J Milton Turner named Minister to Liberia
  • 03-03Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • 03-03Congress establishes the civil service system
  • 03-161st fertilizer law enacted
  • 03-17National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • 03-18Communards revolt in Paris
  • 03-21Journalist Henry M Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa
  • 03-22William Holden of NC becomes 1st Governor removed by impeachment
  • 03-26Paris Commune founded
  • 03-271st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • 03-28San Francisco Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine
  • 03-29Albert Hall opens by Queen Victoria in London
  • 04-14Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, and mills
  • 04-16German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
  • 04-203rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)

People born in year of 1871

  • 01-05Frederick Shepherd Converse: Newton, Massachusetts -- Composer
  • 01-10Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti: Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
  • 01-12Paul Guthnick: German astronomer
  • 01-14Pauline Beersmans [PLJM van Cuyck]: Flemish actress (Hofslachter)
  • 01-15Bertram Shapleigh: Composer
  • 01-22Leon Jessel: Composer
  • 01-26Warner Fabian [Samuel H Adams]: US journalist / writer (Average Jones)
  • 01-29Eduardo Lopez-Chavarri y Marco: Composer
  • 01-30Seymour Hicks: St. Helier, Jersey -- Actor-manager (Scrooge)
  • 01-30Wilfred Lucas: Actor (Pardon Us, Chump at Oxford)
  • 02-05Jovan Ducic: Serb poet (Blue Legends)
  • 02-07Karl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammer: Composer
  • 02-09Franc S Finzgar: Slovenian clergyman / writer (Our Blood)
  • 02-09Howard T Ricketts: US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
  • 02-25Oliver Samuel Campbell: Tennis champ (US Open-1890)
  • 03-05Maria do Carmo Geronimo: Brazilian lives to be at least 126
  • 03-15Betsy van den Arend: Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs)
  • 03-19Joseph McGinnity: Rock Island, Illinois -- Baseball pitcher (New York Giants)
  • 03-24Ernest Rutherford: Nuclear Scientist
  • 03-25John Gutzon Borglum: Sculptor (Mt Rushmore)
  • 03-27Heinrich Mann: Germany -- Novelist / essayist (Blue Angel); bros of Thomas
  • 03-27Petrus J M Aalberse: Dutch Minister of Labor (1918-25)
  • 03-28Willem Mengelberg: Utrecht, Netherlands -- Conductor (NY Philharmonic 1922-30)
  • 04-01F Melius Christiansen: Composer
  • 04-03Jose Juan Tablada: Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
  • 04-05Jeanne Bougeois [La Mistinguette]: Artist (French revue)
  • 04-09Arthur Fickenscher: Composer
  • 04-12Ioannis Metaxas: Greek General / Dictator (1936-41)
  • 04-16John Millington Synge: Ireland -- Dramatist / poet (Riders to the Sea)
  • 04-16Martin Lunssens: Composer

People died in year of 1871

  • 01-10Pierre A du Terrail: French writer, dies at 41
  • 01-21John J Rochussen: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1845-51), dies at 73
  • 02-01Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov: Composer, dies at 51
  • 02-26Charles Niellon: Belgian brigade General, dies at 76
  • 03-20Antonio Buzzolla: Composer, dies at 56
  • 03-30W F A A Louisa / Lovisa: Queen of Sweden / Norway, dies at 42
  • 04-05Georg Andreas Henkel: Composer, dies at 66
  • 04-07Alexander: Grandson of English Queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old
  • 04-07Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff: Aus Admiral (Helgoland / Lissa), dies at 43
  • 04-08Charles-Louis Hanssens: Composer, dies at 68
  • 04-18Omar Pasha [Michael Lats]: Croatian governor, dies at 64
  • 04-21Elisabeth Grube: Writer
  • 04-27Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg: Composer, dies at 59
  • 04-29John Gelinde van Blom: Fries notary / author, dies at 75
  • 05-07Louis Papineau: Political reformer
  • 05-11John Herschel: Cataloguer of southern hemisphere stars, dies at 79
  • 05-12Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber: French opera composer, dies at 89
  • 05-12John F W Herschel: British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae)
  • 05-24Francisco Salvador Daniel: Composer, dies at 40
  • 05-26Aime Maillart: Composer, dies at 54
  • 06-08Satank: Kiowa indian chief, shot to death
  • 07-05Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso: Italian princess
  • 07-06Antonio de Castro Alves: Brazilian Poet (O navio negreiro), dies at 34
  • 07-17Karl Tausig: Composer, dies at 29
  • 09-03Vaclav Horak: Composer, dies at 71
  • 09-07Cowper Phipps Coles: English inventor (Steel warships), drowns
  • 09-07Mehmed E Ali Pasja: Turkish statesman
  • 09-08Etienne-Joseph Soubre: Composer, dies at 57
  • 09-12Karl Collan: Composer, dies at 43
  • 09-23Alexander N Afanasjev: Russian story teller, dies at 45