Events in year of 1871

  • 01-01Belgium disbands salt tax
  • 01-02King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
  • 01-03Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, New York
  • 01-16Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
  • 01-171st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
  • 01-182nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I and Bismarck
  • 01-191st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
  • 01-26British Rugby Union forms
  • 01-26US income tax repealed
  • 01-28Paris surrenders to Prussians
  • 01-31Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkens sky
  • 02-01Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
  • 02-09Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress
  • 02-27Meeting of Alabama claims commission
  • 02-282nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
  • 03-01J Milton Turner named Minister to Liberia
  • 03-03Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
  • 03-03Congress establishes the civil service system
  • 03-161st fertilizer law enacted
  • 03-17National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
  • 03-18Communards revolt in Paris
  • 03-21Journalist Henry M Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa
  • 03-22William Holden of NC becomes 1st Governor removed by impeachment
  • 03-26Paris Commune founded
  • 03-271st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
  • 03-28San Francisco Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine
  • 03-29Albert Hall opens by Queen Victoria in London
  • 04-14Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, and mills
  • 04-16German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
  • 04-203rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)

People born in year of 1871

  • 01-05Frederick Shepherd Converse: Newton, Massachusetts -- Composer
  • 01-10Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti: Austrian author (Jesse & Maria)
  • 01-12Paul Guthnick: German astronomer
  • 01-14Pauline Beersmans [PLJM van Cuyck]: Flemish actress (Hofslachter)
  • 01-15Bertram Shapleigh: Composer
  • 01-22Leon Jessel: Composer
  • 01-26Warner Fabian [Samuel H Adams]: US journalist / writer (Average Jones)
  • 01-29Eduardo Lopez-Chavarri y Marco: Composer
  • 01-30Seymour Hicks: St. Helier, Jersey -- Actor-manager (Scrooge)
  • 01-30Wilfred Lucas: Actor (Pardon Us, Chump at Oxford)
  • 02-05Jovan Ducic: Serb poet (Blue Legends)
  • 02-07Karl Wilhelm Eugen Stenhammer: Composer
  • 02-09Franc S Finzgar: Slovenian clergyman / writer (Our Blood)
  • 02-09Howard T Ricketts: US pathologist (studied typhus fever)
  • 02-25Oliver Samuel Campbell: Tennis champ (US Open-1890)
  • 03-05Maria do Carmo Geronimo: Brazilian lives to be at least 126
  • 03-15Betsy van den Arend: Dutch [Betje], actress (Miss Hobbs)
  • 03-19Joseph McGinnity: Rock Island, Illinois -- Baseball pitcher (New York Giants)
  • 03-24Ernest Rutherford: Nuclear Scientist
  • 03-25John Gutzon Borglum: Sculptor (Mt Rushmore)
  • 03-27Heinrich Mann: Germany -- Novelist / essayist (Blue Angel); bros of Thomas
  • 03-27Petrus J M Aalberse: Dutch Minister of Labor (1918-25)
  • 03-28Willem Mengelberg: Utrecht, Netherlands -- Conductor (NY Philharmonic 1922-30)
  • 04-01F Melius Christiansen: Composer
  • 04-03Jose Juan Tablada: Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
  • 04-05Jeanne Bougeois [La Mistinguette]: Artist (French revue)
  • 04-09Arthur Fickenscher: Composer
  • 04-12Ioannis Metaxas: Greek General / Dictator (1936-41)
  • 04-16John Millington Synge: Ireland -- Dramatist / poet (Riders to the Sea)
  • 04-16Martin Lunssens: Composer

People died in year of 1871

  • 01-10Pierre A du Terrail: French writer, dies at 41
  • 01-21John J Rochussen: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1845-51), dies at 73
  • 02-01Alexander Nikoleyevich Serov: Composer, dies at 51
  • 02-26Charles Niellon: Belgian brigade General, dies at 76
  • 03-20Antonio Buzzolla: Composer, dies at 56
  • 03-30W F A A Louisa / Lovisa: Queen of Sweden / Norway, dies at 42
  • 04-05Georg Andreas Henkel: Composer, dies at 66
  • 04-07Alexander: Grandson of English Queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old
  • 04-07Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff: Aus Admiral (Helgoland / Lissa), dies at 43
  • 04-08Charles-Louis Hanssens: Composer, dies at 68
  • 04-18Omar Pasha [Michael Lats]: Croatian governor, dies at 64
  • 04-21Elisabeth Grube: Writer
  • 04-27Sigismond Fortune Francois Thalberg: Composer, dies at 59
  • 04-29John Gelinde van Blom: Fries notary / author, dies at 75
  • 05-07Louis Papineau: Political reformer
  • 05-11John Herschel: Cataloguer of southern hemisphere stars, dies at 79
  • 05-12Daniel-Francois-Esprit Auber: French opera composer, dies at 89
  • 05-12John F W Herschel: British astronomer (Catalogue of Nebulae)
  • 05-24Francisco Salvador Daniel: Composer, dies at 40
  • 05-26Aime Maillart: Composer, dies at 54
  • 06-08Satank: Kiowa indian chief, shot to death
  • 07-05Cristina di Trivulzio di Belgioioso: Italian princess
  • 07-06Antonio de Castro Alves: Brazilian Poet (O navio negreiro), dies at 34
  • 07-17Karl Tausig: Composer, dies at 29
  • 09-03Vaclav Horak: Composer, dies at 71
  • 09-07Cowper Phipps Coles: English inventor (Steel warships), drowns
  • 09-07Mehmed E Ali Pasja: Turkish statesman
  • 09-08Etienne-Joseph Soubre: Composer, dies at 57
  • 09-12Karl Collan: Composer, dies at 43
  • 09-23Alexander N Afanasjev: Russian story teller, dies at 45

Events in year of 1872

  • 01-031st patent list issued by US Patent Office
  • 01-20California Stock Exchange Board organized
  • 01-29Francis L Cardoza elected State Treasurer of South Carolina
  • 02-07Alcorn A&M College opens
  • 02-141st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA)
  • 02-20Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
  • 02-20Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
  • 02-20Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC)
  • 02-20Silas Noble and JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
  • 02-221st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
  • 02-27Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer, graduated Harvard University
  • 03-05George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains
  • 03-161st FA Cup Final: Wanderers-Royal Engineers 1-0 in Bolton
  • 03-22Illinois becomes 1st state to require sexual equality in employment
  • 03-267.8 earthquake shakes Owens Valley, California
  • 03-26Thomas J Martin patents fire extinguisher
  • 04-011st edition of The Standard
  • 04-02George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine
  • 04-09Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • 04-101st National black convention meets in New Orleans
  • 04-10Arbor day 1st celebrated in Nebraska, later changed to April 22
  • 04-12Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead / $1,500)
  • 04-14San Francisco organizes Bar Association
  • 04-20San Francisco Bar Association organized
  • 04-24Volcano Vesuvius erupts
  • 05-10Victoria Woodhull becomes 1st woman nominated for US President
  • 05-16Metropolitan Gas Company lamps lit for 1st time
  • 05-17Bohemian Club incorporated
  • 05-22Amnesty Act restores civil rights to Southerners (except for 500)
  • 05-30Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy

People born in year of 1872

  • 01-04Edmund Rumpler: Austria -- Auto / airplane builder
  • 01-06Alexander N Scriabin: Moscow, Russia -- Hallucinogenic composer (Prometheus)
  • 01-11Paul Graener: Composer
  • 01-16Edward G Craig: Actor / director (On the art of theatre)
  • 01-16Henri-Paul Busser: Composer
  • 01-18Paul Leautaud [Maurice Boissard]: France -- Writer (Petit ami)
  • 01-21Frans Beelaerts van Blokland: Dutch Foreign Minister
  • 01-21Jonkhr Frans Beelaerts van Blokland: Dutch Foreign Minister
  • 01-27Learned Hand: Albany, New York -- Chief judge (US Court of Appeals)
  • 01-31Zane Grey: American West Novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage)
  • 02-01Paul Fort: French poet / founder of Vers et Prose
  • 02-07Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis: Greek lawyer / diplomat / Foreign Minister
  • 02-10Anne Anema: Dutch lawyer / journalist / politician (ARP)
  • 02-24John Jarvis: England, United Kingdom -- Swimmer (won 108 titles)
  • 03-03Wee Willie Keeler: Outfielder (Baltimore Orioles); hit .432 in 1897
  • 03-07Piet Mondriaan: Holland, Netherlands -- Abstract painter (Broadway Boogie Woogie)
  • 03-07Vasily Andreyevich Zolotaryov: Composer
  • 03-08Paul Juon: Russian / Swiss violinist / composer
  • 03-10Felix Borowski: Composer
  • 03-11Abraham van Stolk Jzn: Lumber Merchant / art collector
  • 03-13Oswald Garrison Villard: American journalist
  • 03-18Frank Hoyt Losey: Composer
  • 03-19Sergei Diaghilev: Gruzino Novgorod, Russia -- Ballet director
  • 03-20Bernhard Seklas: Composer
  • 03-20Karin Michaelis: Writer
  • 03-25Vito Pardo: Italian sculptor (Columbus monument in Argentina)
  • 03-28Jose Sanjurjo y Sacanell: Spanish General (Morocco)
  • 03-30Sergey Nikiforovich Vasilenko: Composer
  • 03-31Sergei Pavlovich Diaghilev: Russia -- Dance master (Imperial Ballet)
  • 04-01Tadeusz Joteyko: Composer

People died in year of 1872

  • 01-21Franz Grillparzer: Austrian playwright (Sappho / Libussa), dies at 81
  • 02-21Pavel P Gagarin: Russian monarch / politician, dies at 82
  • 03-10Giuseppe Mazzini: Italian revolutionary (Giovane Italy), dies at 66
  • 03-30Nicolaos Mantzaros: Composer, dies at 76
  • 04-02Samuel F B Morse: Developer of electric telegraph, dies at 80
  • 04-20Ljudwit Gaj: Croatian writer / Poet (Pjesma iz Zagorja), dies at 62
  • 04-27Ion Heliade-Radulescu: Romanian politician / author, dies at 70
  • 05-01Amalia: Princess of Weimar / Wife of Prince Hendrik the Navigator
  • 05-15Thomas Hastings: Composer, dies at 87
  • 05-17Fryderyk Edward Sobolewski: Composer, dies at 63
  • 05-19Johan van Dale: Schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Wordbook), dies at 44
  • 05-24Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld: Painter
  • 06-03Heinrich Esser: Composer, dies at 53
  • 06-04Johan R Thorbecke: Literature / Liberal Premier
  • 06-04Stanislaw Moniuszko: Composer, dies at 53
  • 06-28Ludwig Friedrich Hetsch: Composer, dies at 66
  • 07-26Michele Carafa: Composer, dies at 84
  • 07-28Friedrich Kaiser: Astronomer (Kaiser-Compass)
  • 08-02Judocus Smits: Dutch RC newspaper publisher (De Tijd), dies at 59
  • 08-11Lowell Mason: US Organist / Composer (Zebulo), dies at 80
  • 08-19Eugene-Prosper Prevost: Composer, dies at 63
  • 09-07Antoni Stolpe: Composer, dies at 21
  • 09-13Ludwig A Feuerbach: German philosopher (Man what he eats), dies at 68
  • 09-14Yury Nikolayevich Golitsin: Composer, dies at 48
  • 09-18Charles XV Louis E: King of Sweden / Norway (1859-72)
  • 10-02Eberhard F Walcker: Organ builder (Paulskirche Frankfurt A / M)
  • 10-14Albrecht FH: Prince of Prussia, dies at 63
  • 10-21Jacques Babinet: French physicist / Mathematician / astronomer, dies at 78
  • 11-23Ten Bears (Parra-Wa-Samen): US Poet / Comanche chief
  • 11-29Cornelius Kreighoff: Canadian