Events in year of 1873

  • 01-01Origin of Japanese Era
  • 01-06Pope Pius IX encyclical "On the Church in Armenia"
  • 01-13P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana Governor
  • 01-14"Celluloid" registered as a trademark
  • 01-14P B S Pinchback elected to Senate
  • 01-22Britains SS Northfleet sinks at Dungeness England, 300 die
  • 02-11Spanish Cortes fires King Amadeus I
  • 02-12Congress abolishes bimetallism and authorizes $1 and $3 gold coins
  • 02-20University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC / SF)
  • 02-27Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
  • 03-03Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
  • 03-03US Congress and government raise own salary, retroactively
  • 03-09Royal Canadian Mounted Police founded
  • 04-01British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
  • 04-01Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
  • 04-13Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed)
  • 05-011st US postal card issued
  • 05-01International Exhibition opens in Vienna
  • 05-07US marines attack Panama
  • 05-231st Preakness: G Barbee aboard Survivor wins in 2:43
  • 05-23Postal cards sold in SF for 1st time
  • 06-041st contract workers of British-Indies Co arrives in Suriname
  • 06-05Sultan Bargash closes slave market of Zanzibar
  • 06-077th Belmont: James Roe aboard Springbok wins in 3:01.75
  • 06-18Susan B Anthony fined $100 for attempting to vote for President
  • 06-22Prince Edward Island joins Canada
  • 07-01Henry Flipper of Georgia is 2nd black to enter West Point
  • 07-01Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
  • 07-04Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens
  • 07-10French Poet Paul Verlaine wounds Arthur Rimbaud with pistol

People born in year of 1873

  • 01-01Mariano Azuela: Mexico -- Novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)
  • 01-02Anton Pannekoek: Dutch astronomer / marxist theorist (Communist Tactics)
  • 01-06Karl Straube: German Organist / conductor
  • 01-07Adolph Zukor: Hungary -- Movie producer / director / executive (Paramount)
  • 01-08Lucien Capet: Composer
  • 01-15Max Adler: Austria -- Sociologist / socialist theorist
  • 01-16Boyd Alexander: English explorer
  • 01-17Francois Rasse: Composer
  • 01-19Hans E Blaich: Writer
  • 01-20Charles A Ellwood: United States -- Sociologist / psychologist
  • 01-20Johannes V Jensen: Denmark -- Novelist / poet (Energy Storage, Nobel 1944)
  • 01-28Colette: Writer
  • 01-30Rose Melville: Actress (Sis)
  • 02-01Clara Butt: Southwick, Sussex -- Contralto (Country of Hope & Glory)
  • 02-02Freiherr Konstantin von Neurath: German Secretary of State (1932-38)
  • 02-02Johan P Earl van Limburg Stirum: Dutch diplomat
  • 02-02Leopold Fall: Austria -- Operetta composer (Dollar Princess)
  • 02-03Ernest B Allo: French theologist
  • 02-11Feodor Chaliapine: Russian author / Novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • 02-22Muhammad Iqbal: Dutch East Indies lawyer / poet / philosopher
  • 02-23Dmitri Arakishvili: Composer
  • 02-26Ewoud van Everdingen: Dutch meteorologist
  • 03-03William Green: President of American Federation of Labor (1924-52)
  • 03-10Jakob Wassermann: Germany -- Novelist (My Life as German and Jew)
  • 03-14Joannes DJ Aengenent: Sociologist / Bishop of Haarlem (1928-35)
  • 03-15David Vaughan Thomas: Composer
  • 03-15Lee Shubert: Producer (theatres in New York and LA named after him)
  • 03-16Hippoliet Daeye: Flemish painter (Sereniteit)
  • 03-17Chard Somerset: 1st woman Cabinet Minister (1929-31)
  • 03-19Max Reger: Brand, Bavaria -- Composer / pianist / Professor (Leipzig University)

People died in year of 1873

  • 01-03John Lodge Ellerton: Composer, dies at 71
  • 01-28Henry Hugo Pierson: Composer, dies at 57
  • 02-01Matthew Maury: Hydrographer
  • 02-13Petrus AS van Limburg Brouwer [Abraham van Luik]: Literary
  • 02-14Charles Samvei Bovy-Lysberg: Composer, dies at 52
  • 03-05Marie-Alexis Castillon de Saint-Victor: Composer, dies at 34
  • 03-20Adolfe Louis Eugene Fetis: Composer, dies at 52
  • 03-30Benedict Augustin Morel: Psychologist (dementia praecox), dies at 63
  • 04-13Carlo Coccia: Composer, dies at 90
  • 04-17Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky: Composer, dies at 60
  • 04-18Justus Freiherr von Liebig: German chemist, dies at 69
  • 04-25Walter de la Mare: Engl Poet / Author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43
  • 04-28A Manzoni: Writer, dies at 88
  • 05-08John Stuart Mill: Great Empiricist philosopher, dies at 66
  • 05-13Kaspar Masek: Composer, dies at 79
  • 05-15Alexander J Cuza: Monarch of Moldavia / Romania, dies at 53
  • 05-26August Conradi: Composer, dies at 51
  • 06-02Francois Hainl: Composer, dies at 65
  • 06-13Angelo Maurizio Gaspare Mariani: Composer, dies at 51
  • 06-14Friedrich von Raumer: German Historian / parliamentarian, dies at 92
  • 07-03Josef Michal Ksawery Jan Poniatowski: Composer, dies at 57
  • 07-14Ferdinand David: Dutch violinist / composer, dies at 63
  • 08-02Frank Mori: Composer, dies at 53
  • 08-26Carl Wilhelm: Composer, dies at 57
  • 08-31Charles F Pahud de Montagnes: Governor-General (Dutch East Indies), dies at 70
  • 09-20Lulu Strauss und Torney: German poetess / writer
  • 09-28Emile Gaboriau: Detective writer (Monsieur Lecoq), dies at 37
  • 10-02Cornelius Varley: Water-color painter
  • 10-29Ernest Feydeau: French author, dies at 52
  • 10-29Johan N M J: King of Saxon (1854-73)

Events in year of 1874

  • 01-01New York City annexes the Bronx
  • 01-13Battle between jobless and police in NYC, 100s injuried
  • 01-13US troops land in Honolulu to protect the King
  • 01-14I D Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Miss legislature
  • 01-17Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
  • 01-31Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri
  • 02-12King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st King to visit US
  • 02-21Benjamin Disraeli replaces William Gladstone as English Premier
  • 02-21Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • 02-23Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
  • 04-05"Die Fledermaus" 1st performed (Vienna)
  • 04-15New York legislature passes compulsory education law
  • 04-16Dr David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton
  • 04-19Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • 04-27White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
  • 05-05Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
  • 05-09Victoria Embankment, in London opens
  • 05-12US Assay Office in Helena, Montana authorized
  • 05-13Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • 05-141st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats McGill 3-0
  • 05-14Harvard beats University of McGill (Montreal) in football, 3-0
  • 05-161st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg, Massachusetts)
  • 05-20Levi Strauss markets blue jeans with copper rivets, price $13.50 doz
  • 05-29Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect
  • 06-201st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
  • 06-22Dr Andrew T Sill, of Macon Missouri, finds science of osteopathy
  • 06-22Game of lawn tennis introduced
  • 07-011st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • 07-011st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • 07-011st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)

People born in year of 1874

  • 01-01Hugo Leichtentritt: Composer
  • 01-04Josef Suk: Czechoslovakia -- Violinist / composer (Asrael)
  • 01-04Sven Fleuron: Writer
  • 01-05Joseph Erlanger: Doctor (shock therapy-Nobel 1944)
  • 01-13Jozef E van Roey: Flemish Cardinal / Archbishop of Mechlin
  • 01-14Thornton Waldo Burgess: Author (Peter Rabbit)
  • 01-16Robert Service: England, United Kingdom -- Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee)
  • 01-22Wincenty Witoz: Galicia, Poland -- Prime Minister of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926)
  • 01-24Arthur Shomburg: Famous African
  • 01-25[William] Somerset Maugham: Paris, France -- Novelist / poet (Of Human Bondage)
  • 01-25Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury]: English Bishop
  • 01-29John David Rockefeller, Jr.: Cleveland, Ohio -- Philanthropist
  • 01-29Robert Lach: Composer
  • 02-01Hugo von Hofmannsthal: Austria -- Poet / dramatist / essayist
  • 02-03Franklyn Dyall: Liverpool, England -- Actor (Easy Virtue)
  • 02-06Milton Bennett Medary: United States -- Architect (Washington Chapel)
  • 02-09Amy Lowell: US poet / critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed)
  • 02-09Vsevolod Meyerhold: Russian theatrical director / actor (Houligan)
  • 02-11Fritz Bennicke Hart: Composer
  • 02-13Hendrik Spiekman: Dutch politician (social-democratic)
  • 02-15Emilis Melngailis: Composer
  • 02-15Ernest H Shackleton: Kilkee, Ireland -- Explorer (Endurance, Antarctica)
  • 02-17Thomas J Watson: United States -- Representative / founder (IBM)
  • 02-20Mary Garden: Aberdeen, Scotland -- Opera star
  • 02-24Honus Wagner: HOF shortstop (Pittsburgh Pirates, 1900-17)
  • 02-26Carl Vogler: Composer
  • 02-27Max Ettinger: Composer
  • 02-28Soledad Jiminez: Santander, Spain -- Actor (Phantom ofthe Range)
  • 03-01Jean de Merode [Marie-Louise B Courtenay]: Princess of the Netherlands
  • 03-05Arthur van Schendel: Dutch writer (The World a Dancing Party)

People died in year of 1874

  • 01-17Chang and Eng Bunker: Chinese / Thai Siamese twins, dies at 62
  • 01-19H v Fallersleben: Writer, dies at 75
  • 02-08David F Strauss: German theologist, dies at 66
  • 02-09Jules Michelet: French Historian (History of France), dies at 75
  • 02-17[Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet: Belg astronomer / sociologist, dies at 77
  • 02-24Anselmo Clave: Composer, dies at 49
  • 03-08Millard Fillmore: 13th President (1850-53), dies at 74
  • 03-11Charles Sumner: A white civil rights leader, dies at 63
  • 03-20Hans Christian Lumbye: Composer, dies at 63
  • 04-14Hermanus J Abbring: Dutch Author / engineer on Curacao, dies at 86
  • 04-19Owen Jones: Architect
  • 05-01Vilem Blodek: Composer, dies at 39
  • 06-22Howard Staunton: World chess champion, designer of chess pieces
  • 07-11Xavier FMG Earl Merode: Belg pontifical defense minister, dies at 54
  • 08-22Sydney Thompson Dobell: Poet
  • 08-27Johan George Schwartze: Painter
  • 08-27John Henry Foley: Sculptor
  • 10-06Thomas Dyke Acland Tellefsen: Composer, dies at 50
  • 10-26Peter Cornelius: German composer, dies at 49
  • 11-09Israel Bak: Created 1st Hebrew printing press
  • 12-16Abraham Capadose: Physician / missionary, dies at 79
  • 12-22Johann Peter Pixis: Composer, dies at 86