Events in year of 1874

  • 01-01New York City annexes the Bronx
  • 01-13Battle between jobless and police in NYC, 100s injuried
  • 01-13US troops land in Honolulu to protect the King
  • 01-14I D Shadd elected Speaker of lower house of Miss legislature
  • 01-17Armed Democrats seize Texas government ending Radical Reconstruction
  • 01-31Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri
  • 02-12King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st King to visit US
  • 02-21Benjamin Disraeli replaces William Gladstone as English Premier
  • 02-21Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
  • 02-23Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
  • 04-05"Die Fledermaus" 1st performed (Vienna)
  • 04-15New York legislature passes compulsory education law
  • 04-16Dr David Livingstones corpse arrives in Southampton
  • 04-19Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire
  • 04-27White League, Paramilitary white supremacist organization, forms
  • 05-05Dutch 2nd Chamber passes child labor law
  • 05-09Victoria Embankment, in London opens
  • 05-12US Assay Office in Helena, Montana authorized
  • 05-13Pope Pius IX encyclical "On Greek-Ruthenian rite"
  • 05-141st admission charge at a football game, Harvard beats McGill 3-0
  • 05-14Harvard beats University of McGill (Montreal) in football, 3-0
  • 05-161st recorded dam disaster in US (Williamsburg, Massachusetts)
  • 05-20Levi Strauss markets blue jeans with copper rivets, price $13.50 doz
  • 05-29Present constitution of Switzerland takes effect
  • 06-201st US Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
  • 06-22Dr Andrew T Sill, of Macon Missouri, finds science of osteopathy
  • 06-22Game of lawn tennis introduced
  • 07-011st Chamber accept law against child labor
  • 07-011st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
  • 07-011st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)

People born in year of 1874

  • 01-01Hugo Leichtentritt: Composer
  • 01-04Josef Suk: Czechoslovakia -- Violinist / composer (Asrael)
  • 01-04Sven Fleuron: Writer
  • 01-05Joseph Erlanger: Doctor (shock therapy-Nobel 1944)
  • 01-13Jozef E van Roey: Flemish Cardinal / Archbishop of Mechlin
  • 01-14Thornton Waldo Burgess: Author (Peter Rabbit)
  • 01-16Robert Service: England, United Kingdom -- Canadian poet (Cremation of Sam McGee)
  • 01-22Wincenty Witoz: Galicia, Poland -- Prime Minister of Poland (1920-21, 1923, 1926)
  • 01-24Arthur Shomburg: Famous African
  • 01-25[William] Somerset Maugham: Paris, France -- Novelist / poet (Of Human Bondage)
  • 01-25Hewlett Johnson [Red Dean of Canterbury]: English Bishop
  • 01-29John David Rockefeller, Jr.: Cleveland, Ohio -- Philanthropist
  • 01-29Robert Lach: Composer
  • 02-01Hugo von Hofmannsthal: Austria -- Poet / dramatist / essayist
  • 02-03Franklyn Dyall: Liverpool, England -- Actor (Easy Virtue)
  • 02-06Milton Bennett Medary: United States -- Architect (Washington Chapel)
  • 02-09Amy Lowell: US poet / critic (Patterns, Sword Blades & Poppy Seed)
  • 02-09Vsevolod Meyerhold: Russian theatrical director / actor (Houligan)
  • 02-11Fritz Bennicke Hart: Composer
  • 02-13Hendrik Spiekman: Dutch politician (social-democratic)
  • 02-15Emilis Melngailis: Composer
  • 02-15Ernest H Shackleton: Kilkee, Ireland -- Explorer (Endurance, Antarctica)
  • 02-17Thomas J Watson: United States -- Representative / founder (IBM)
  • 02-20Mary Garden: Aberdeen, Scotland -- Opera star
  • 02-24Honus Wagner: HOF shortstop (Pittsburgh Pirates, 1900-17)
  • 02-26Carl Vogler: Composer
  • 02-27Max Ettinger: Composer
  • 02-28Soledad Jiminez: Santander, Spain -- Actor (Phantom ofthe Range)
  • 03-01Jean de Merode [Marie-Louise B Courtenay]: Princess of the Netherlands
  • 03-05Arthur van Schendel: Dutch writer (The World a Dancing Party)

People died in year of 1874

  • 01-17Chang and Eng Bunker: Chinese / Thai Siamese twins, dies at 62
  • 01-19H v Fallersleben: Writer, dies at 75
  • 02-08David F Strauss: German theologist, dies at 66
  • 02-09Jules Michelet: French Historian (History of France), dies at 75
  • 02-17[Lambert] Adolphe J Quetelet: Belg astronomer / sociologist, dies at 77
  • 02-24Anselmo Clave: Composer, dies at 49
  • 03-08Millard Fillmore: 13th President (1850-53), dies at 74
  • 03-11Charles Sumner: A white civil rights leader, dies at 63
  • 03-20Hans Christian Lumbye: Composer, dies at 63
  • 04-14Hermanus J Abbring: Dutch Author / engineer on Curacao, dies at 86
  • 04-19Owen Jones: Architect
  • 05-01Vilem Blodek: Composer, dies at 39
  • 06-22Howard Staunton: World chess champion, designer of chess pieces
  • 07-11Xavier FMG Earl Merode: Belg pontifical defense minister, dies at 54
  • 08-22Sydney Thompson Dobell: Poet
  • 08-27Johan George Schwartze: Painter
  • 08-27John Henry Foley: Sculptor
  • 10-06Thomas Dyke Acland Tellefsen: Composer, dies at 50
  • 10-26Peter Cornelius: German composer, dies at 49
  • 11-09Israel Bak: Created 1st Hebrew printing press
  • 12-16Abraham Capadose: Physician / missionary, dies at 79
  • 12-22Johann Peter Pixis: Composer, dies at 86

Events in year of 1875

  • 01-05President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • 01-25Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
  • 01-26Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • 02-04Princess Louise marries Prince Philip von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha in Belg
  • 02-25Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
  • 03-01Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • 03-031st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
  • 03-03Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
  • 03-151st US Cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • 04-17"Snooker" (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
  • 04-25Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • 05-01238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
  • 05-07German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
  • 05-11George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
  • 05-121st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St. Louis 0
  • 05-16Quake in Venezuela and Colombia kills 16,000
  • 05-171st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75
  • 05-20International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty
  • 06-02James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
  • 06-03Alexander Graham Bell makes 1st voice transmission
  • 06-04Pacific Stock Exchange opens
  • 06-05Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens
  • 06-06Netherlands goes on the gold standard
  • 06-19Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
  • 06-22Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun and Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • 07-01Universal Postal Union established
  • 07-04White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
  • 07-07Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri
  • 07-19Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, New York City
  • 08-14Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl

People born in year of 1875

  • 01-01Charles Rist: French economist
  • 01-07Thomas Hicks: English / US marathon runner (1904 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 01-11Reinhold Gliere: Composer
  • 01-12Marika Stiernstedt: Swedish author (Ulla Bella)
  • 01-14Albert Schweitzer: Doctor / humanitarian / Organist (Nobel 1954)
  • 01-21John Lindworsky: German Jesuit / psychologist (Der Wille)
  • 01-21Paul E Kahle: Germany -- Professor of Oriental Studies
  • 01-22Bonifacius C de Jonge: Governor (Dutch East Indies)
  • 01-22Thomas W Ross: Actor (Without Limit, Kings Row, 17, Mortal Storm)
  • 01-28Julian Antonio Carillo-Trujillo: Composer
  • 02-01Eddie Pola: Composer (Lullabye of Broadway)
  • 02-02Annette Kolb: German / French author (Small Fanfare)
  • 02-02Fritz Kreisler: Vienna, Austria -- Violinist / composer
  • 02-04Ludwig Prandtl: Germany -- Physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • 02-04Raymond Moulaert: Composer
  • 02-07Erkki Gustav Melartin: Composer
  • 02-07Walter Courvoisier: Composer
  • 02-09Sidney Hugo Nicholson: Composer
  • 02-11Sara Wennerberg-Reuter: Composer
  • 02-18Walter Andrae: German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • 02-23Jozef E Stokvis: Journalist / Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • 02-26Richard Wetz: Composer
  • 02-28Viliam Figus: Composer
  • 03-02Hans Lietzman: German theologist / church historian
  • 03-04Alberto Vaccari: Italian Jesuit / Old Testament Scholar / interpreter
  • 03-04Enrique Larreta [E R Maza]: Argentine diplomat (Gloria de Don Ramiro)
  • 03-04Suze Groeneweg: 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)
  • 03-09Martin Fallas Shaw: Composer
  • 03-10Alexander Borisovich Goldenweiser: Composer
  • 03-12Julio Garreta: Composer

People died in year of 1875

  • 01-03George Bizet: Composer
  • 01-18Joseph Philbrick Webster: Composer, dies at 55
  • 01-23Charles Kingsley: English vicar / writer (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
  • 01-25Leopold Jansa: Composer, dies at 79
  • 02-01William Sterndale Bennett: Composer, dies at 58
  • 02-03Everhardus J Potgieter: Writer (Liedekens van Bontekoe), dies at 66
  • 02-19Jean B Vuillaume: French violin maker (octobas), dies at 76
  • 02-22Charles Lyell: British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77
  • 03-10Louis Joseph Daussoigne-Mehul: Composer, dies at 84
  • 03-18Ferdinand Laub: Composer, dies at 43
  • 03-30Marie Moke Pleyel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 04-07Georg Herwegh: Writer, dies at 57
  • 04-11Heinrich Schwabe: Discoverer (11-year sunspot cycle)
  • 04-24Jose Maria de la Purificacion Ventura: Composer, dies at 58
  • 05-05Jan A C A van Nispen tot Sevenaer: Dutch MP (1848-75), dies at 71
  • 05-20Amalia: Wife of King Otto of Greece, dies at 58
  • 05-23Johann Wilhelm Mangold: Composer, dies at 78
  • 06-15Johan Peter Cronhamm: Composer, dies at 72
  • 06-29Ferdinand I KLJM de Goedige: Emperor of Austria, dies at 82
  • 07-09Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Famed St. Louis lawyer, dies at 54
  • 07-17Gabor Matray: Composer, dies at 77
  • 07-23Isaac Merritt Singer: Inventor (sewing machine), dies at 63
  • 07-31Andrew Johnson: 17th pres, dies in Tennessee at 66
  • 08-04Hans Christian Andersen: Danish fairy tale writer, dies at 70
  • 08-10Karl (Theodor) Andree: German journalist (Globus), dies at 66
  • 08-31Oskar Peschel: German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49
  • 09-15Jeanne-Louise Farrenc: Composer, dies at 71
  • 10-10Aleksei K Tolstoi [Kozjma Prutkov]: Russian Poet / writer, dies at 58
  • 10-28William Howard Glover: Composer, dies at 56
  • 11-02JWW Birch: 1st British resident of Perak Malakka, murdered