Events in year of 1875

  • 01-05President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Mississippi
  • 01-25Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
  • 01-26Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
  • 02-04Princess Louise marries Prince Philip von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha in Belg
  • 02-25Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
  • 03-01Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
  • 03-031st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
  • 03-03Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
  • 03-151st US Cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
  • 04-17"Snooker" (variation of pool) invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
  • 04-25Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • 05-01238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
  • 05-07German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
  • 05-11George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
  • 05-121st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St. Louis 0
  • 05-16Quake in Venezuela and Colombia kills 16,000
  • 05-171st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75
  • 05-20International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty
  • 06-02James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
  • 06-03Alexander Graham Bell makes 1st voice transmission
  • 06-04Pacific Stock Exchange opens
  • 06-05Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens
  • 06-06Netherlands goes on the gold standard
  • 06-19Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
  • 06-22Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun and Toulouse, kills about 1,000
  • 07-01Universal Postal Union established
  • 07-04White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
  • 07-07Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri
  • 07-19Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, New York City
  • 08-14Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl

People born in year of 1875

  • 01-01Charles Rist: French economist
  • 01-07Thomas Hicks: English / US marathon runner (1904 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 01-11Reinhold Gliere: Composer
  • 01-12Marika Stiernstedt: Swedish author (Ulla Bella)
  • 01-14Albert Schweitzer: Doctor / humanitarian / Organist (Nobel 1954)
  • 01-21John Lindworsky: German Jesuit / psychologist (Der Wille)
  • 01-21Paul E Kahle: Germany -- Professor of Oriental Studies
  • 01-22Bonifacius C de Jonge: Governor (Dutch East Indies)
  • 01-22Thomas W Ross: Actor (Without Limit, Kings Row, 17, Mortal Storm)
  • 01-28Julian Antonio Carillo-Trujillo: Composer
  • 02-01Eddie Pola: Composer (Lullabye of Broadway)
  • 02-02Annette Kolb: German / French author (Small Fanfare)
  • 02-02Fritz Kreisler: Vienna, Austria -- Violinist / composer
  • 02-04Ludwig Prandtl: Germany -- Physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • 02-04Raymond Moulaert: Composer
  • 02-07Erkki Gustav Melartin: Composer
  • 02-07Walter Courvoisier: Composer
  • 02-09Sidney Hugo Nicholson: Composer
  • 02-11Sara Wennerberg-Reuter: Composer
  • 02-18Walter Andrae: German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • 02-23Jozef E Stokvis: Journalist / Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • 02-26Richard Wetz: Composer
  • 02-28Viliam Figus: Composer
  • 03-02Hans Lietzman: German theologist / church historian
  • 03-04Alberto Vaccari: Italian Jesuit / Old Testament Scholar / interpreter
  • 03-04Enrique Larreta [E R Maza]: Argentine diplomat (Gloria de Don Ramiro)
  • 03-04Suze Groeneweg: 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)
  • 03-09Martin Fallas Shaw: Composer
  • 03-10Alexander Borisovich Goldenweiser: Composer
  • 03-12Julio Garreta: Composer

People died in year of 1875

  • 01-03George Bizet: Composer
  • 01-18Joseph Philbrick Webster: Composer, dies at 55
  • 01-23Charles Kingsley: English vicar / writer (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
  • 01-25Leopold Jansa: Composer, dies at 79
  • 02-01William Sterndale Bennett: Composer, dies at 58
  • 02-03Everhardus J Potgieter: Writer (Liedekens van Bontekoe), dies at 66
  • 02-19Jean B Vuillaume: French violin maker (octobas), dies at 76
  • 02-22Charles Lyell: British geologist (Elements of Geology), dies at 77
  • 03-10Louis Joseph Daussoigne-Mehul: Composer, dies at 84
  • 03-18Ferdinand Laub: Composer, dies at 43
  • 03-30Marie Moke Pleyel: Composer, dies at 63
  • 04-07Georg Herwegh: Writer, dies at 57
  • 04-11Heinrich Schwabe: Discoverer (11-year sunspot cycle)
  • 04-24Jose Maria de la Purificacion Ventura: Composer, dies at 58
  • 05-05Jan A C A van Nispen tot Sevenaer: Dutch MP (1848-75), dies at 71
  • 05-20Amalia: Wife of King Otto of Greece, dies at 58
  • 05-23Johann Wilhelm Mangold: Composer, dies at 78
  • 06-15Johan Peter Cronhamm: Composer, dies at 72
  • 06-29Ferdinand I KLJM de Goedige: Emperor of Austria, dies at 82
  • 07-09Francis Preston Blair, Jr.: Famed St. Louis lawyer, dies at 54
  • 07-17Gabor Matray: Composer, dies at 77
  • 07-23Isaac Merritt Singer: Inventor (sewing machine), dies at 63
  • 07-31Andrew Johnson: 17th pres, dies in Tennessee at 66
  • 08-04Hans Christian Andersen: Danish fairy tale writer, dies at 70
  • 08-10Karl (Theodor) Andree: German journalist (Globus), dies at 66
  • 08-31Oskar Peschel: German geographer (Physicist Erdkunde), dies at 49
  • 09-15Jeanne-Louise Farrenc: Composer, dies at 71
  • 10-10Aleksei K Tolstoi [Kozjma Prutkov]: Russian Poet / writer, dies at 58
  • 10-28William Howard Glover: Composer, dies at 56
  • 11-02JWW Birch: 1st British resident of Perak Malakka, murdered

Events in year of 1876

  • 01-031st free kindergarten in US opens in Florence, Massachusetts
  • 02-03Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, and football
  • 02-12Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop
  • 02-14A G Bell and Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
  • 02-15Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • 02-17Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine)
  • 02-18Direct telegraph link established between Britain and New Zealand
  • 02-22Johns Hopkins University opens
  • 03-01Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • 03-04US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap
  • 03-07Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone
  • 03-07Battle at Gura: Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 03-101st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)
  • 03-16Nelly Saunders and Rose Harland fight 1st female boxing match (NY)
  • 03-17Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes and Oglala-Sioux indian camps
  • 03-25Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland-Wales (4-0)
  • 04-011st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5)
  • 04-02Philadelphia Athletics and Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Philadelphia
  • 04-11Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks organizes
  • 04-11Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • 04-221st NL game, Boston Braves beat Philadelphia Athletics 6-5
  • 04-22Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
  • 04-25Chicago Cubs 1st NL game, beats Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout)
  • 05-02Ross Barnes hit 1st home run in National League
  • 05-10Centennial Fair opens in Philadelphia
  • 05-13Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens
  • 05-177th US Cavalry under Custer leaves Ft Lincoln
  • 05-231st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
  • 05-251st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)
  • 05-254th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75

People born in year of 1876

  • 01-01Johan C Altorf: Sculptor (October 3rd monument)
  • 01-03Wilhelm Pieck: Co-founder German Communist Party / President (1949-60)
  • 01-05Konrad Adenauer: Cologne, Germany -- Chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949)
  • 01-07William Yeates Hurlstone: Composer
  • 01-09Hans Bethge: Writer
  • 01-10Johannes W "Jan" Eisenloeffel: Dutch goldsmith
  • 01-12Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari: Venice, Italy -- Composer
  • 01-17Olga Fastrova: Writer
  • 01-29Carl Henrik Ludolf Nielsen: Composer
  • 01-29Havergal Brian: Dresden Staffordshire, England -- Composer
  • 02-04Victor Jean Leonard Vreuls: Composer
  • 02-06Wilhelm Schmidtbonn[-Schmidt]: German playwright (Der Sprechende Eros)
  • 02-08Paula Modersohn-Becker: German "entartet" painter
  • 02-09Martin Stixrud: Norway -- Figure skater (1920 Olympics - Bronze Medalist)
  • 02-16George Macauley Trevelyan: England, United Kingdom -- Historian (Giuseppi Garibaldi)
  • 02-20Fyodor Akimenko: Composer
  • 02-21Constantin Brancusi: Romanian / French sculptor (Princesse X)
  • 02-23Agnes M Royden: Writer
  • 02-24Jean Poveigh: Composer
  • 02-24Victor Moore: Hammonton, New Jersey -- Comedian (Ziegfeld Follies, 7 Year Itch)
  • 02-26Agustin P Justo y Rolon: President Argentina (1931-38)
  • 02-28John Alden Carpenter: Chicago, Illinois -- Composer (Sea Drift)
  • 03-02Pius XII [Euhenio MGG Pacelli]: 260th Pope (1939-58)
  • 03-08Franco Alfano: Italian opera composer (Il dottore Antonio)
  • 03-11Carl Ruggles: Marion, Massachusetts -- Composer (Evocations)
  • 03-11David Wijnkoop: Dutch revolutionary socialist
  • 03-16Charles Halton: Washington, DC -- Actor (Dr Cyclops, Tugboat Annie Sails Again)
  • 03-17Frederic Ayers: Composer
  • 03-23Muirhead Bone: Glasgow, Scotland -- Etcher / engraver of architecture
  • 03-29Jan Ingenhoven: Composer

People died in year of 1876

  • 01-10Charles EH de Coussemaker: Belgian musicologist / historian, dies at 70
  • 02-03Gino Capponi: Italian Marquis / literary / Premier of Toscane, dies at 83
  • 02-10Johan August Soderman: Composer, dies at 43
  • 02-21Henry John Gauntlett: Composer, dies at 70
  • 02-24Jan Pieter Heije: Dutch Physician / writer / poet, dies at 67
  • 02-28Charles Edward Horsley: Composer, dies at 53
  • 03-04Alfred Holmes: Composer, dies at 38
  • 03-05Marie-C-S de Flavigny Agoult [Daniel Stern]: French author, dies at 70
  • 03-18F Freiligrath: Writer, dies at 65
  • 03-19Jozef Stefani: Composer, dies at 75
  • 04-02Paul van Vlissingen: Dutch ship owner, dies at 78
  • 04-03Henriette Davidis: Writer
  • 04-16Augustin-Philippe Peellaert: Composer, dies at 83
  • 04-19Samuel Sebastian Wesley: Composer, dies at 65
  • 05-07Franz Count of Pocci: German artist / Composer (Alchemist), dies at 69
  • 05-08Truganini: Last originating Tasmanian
  • 05-12Henri A Esquiros: French Poet (Evangile du peuple), dies at 63
  • 05-19Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer: Dutch Historian / politician, dies at 74
  • 05-20Harold: Grandson of English Queen Victoria, dies at 8 days old
  • 05-20Khristo Botev: Bulgarian poet
  • 05-24Henry Kingsley: English / Australian writer, dies at 46
  • 05-26Frantisek Palacky: Czech Historian / MP, dies at 77
  • 05-27Joseph Bosworth: Lexicographer / scholar
  • 06-01Christo Botew: Writer
  • 06-08George Sand: French Author (Indiana, Consuelo), dies at 71
  • 06-18August Rockel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 06-20Antonio L de Santa Ana: President Mexico, dies at 79
  • 06-21Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna: Mexican General (took Alamo), dies at 79
  • 06-25Boston Custer: Brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 06-25George A Custer: US General (Little Bighorn), dies at 36