Events in year of 1876

  • 01-031st free kindergarten in US opens in Florence, Massachusetts
  • 02-03Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, and football
  • 02-12Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop
  • 02-14A G Bell and Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
  • 02-15Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • 02-17Sardines 1st canned (Julius Wolff-Eastport, Maine)
  • 02-18Direct telegraph link established between Britain and New Zealand
  • 02-22Johns Hopkins University opens
  • 03-01Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
  • 03-04US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap
  • 03-07Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone
  • 03-07Battle at Gura: Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
  • 03-101st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)
  • 03-16Nelly Saunders and Rose Harland fight 1st female boxing match (NY)
  • 03-17Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes and Oglala-Sioux indian camps
  • 03-25Glasgow 1st soccer match Scotland-Wales (4-0)
  • 04-011st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5)
  • 04-02Philadelphia Athletics and Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Philadelphia
  • 04-11Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks organizes
  • 04-11Sir Charles Gordon ends religious tolerance in Sudan
  • 04-221st NL game, Boston Braves beat Philadelphia Athletics 6-5
  • 04-22Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
  • 04-25Chicago Cubs 1st NL game, beats Louisville 4-0 (1st NL shutout)
  • 05-02Ross Barnes hit 1st home run in National League
  • 05-10Centennial Fair opens in Philadelphia
  • 05-13Amersfoort-Zutphen railway opens
  • 05-177th US Cavalry under Custer leaves Ft Lincoln
  • 05-231st NL no-hitter (Joe Borden, Boston)
  • 05-251st tie in NL history (Athletics & Louisville, 2-2 in 14)
  • 05-254th Preakness: G Barbee aboard Shirley wins in 2:44.75

People born in year of 1876

  • 01-01Johan C Altorf: Sculptor (October 3rd monument)
  • 01-03Wilhelm Pieck: Co-founder German Communist Party / President (1949-60)
  • 01-05Konrad Adenauer: Cologne, Germany -- Chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949)
  • 01-07William Yeates Hurlstone: Composer
  • 01-09Hans Bethge: Writer
  • 01-10Johannes W "Jan" Eisenloeffel: Dutch goldsmith
  • 01-12Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari: Venice, Italy -- Composer
  • 01-17Olga Fastrova: Writer
  • 01-29Carl Henrik Ludolf Nielsen: Composer
  • 01-29Havergal Brian: Dresden Staffordshire, England -- Composer
  • 02-04Victor Jean Leonard Vreuls: Composer
  • 02-06Wilhelm Schmidtbonn[-Schmidt]: German playwright (Der Sprechende Eros)
  • 02-08Paula Modersohn-Becker: German "entartet" painter
  • 02-09Martin Stixrud: Norway -- Figure skater (1920 Olympics - Bronze Medalist)
  • 02-16George Macauley Trevelyan: England, United Kingdom -- Historian (Giuseppi Garibaldi)
  • 02-20Fyodor Akimenko: Composer
  • 02-21Constantin Brancusi: Romanian / French sculptor (Princesse X)
  • 02-23Agnes M Royden: Writer
  • 02-24Jean Poveigh: Composer
  • 02-24Victor Moore: Hammonton, New Jersey -- Comedian (Ziegfeld Follies, 7 Year Itch)
  • 02-26Agustin P Justo y Rolon: President Argentina (1931-38)
  • 02-28John Alden Carpenter: Chicago, Illinois -- Composer (Sea Drift)
  • 03-02Pius XII [Euhenio MGG Pacelli]: 260th Pope (1939-58)
  • 03-08Franco Alfano: Italian opera composer (Il dottore Antonio)
  • 03-11Carl Ruggles: Marion, Massachusetts -- Composer (Evocations)
  • 03-11David Wijnkoop: Dutch revolutionary socialist
  • 03-16Charles Halton: Washington, DC -- Actor (Dr Cyclops, Tugboat Annie Sails Again)
  • 03-17Frederic Ayers: Composer
  • 03-23Muirhead Bone: Glasgow, Scotland -- Etcher / engraver of architecture
  • 03-29Jan Ingenhoven: Composer

People died in year of 1876

  • 01-10Charles EH de Coussemaker: Belgian musicologist / historian, dies at 70
  • 02-03Gino Capponi: Italian Marquis / literary / Premier of Toscane, dies at 83
  • 02-10Johan August Soderman: Composer, dies at 43
  • 02-21Henry John Gauntlett: Composer, dies at 70
  • 02-24Jan Pieter Heije: Dutch Physician / writer / poet, dies at 67
  • 02-28Charles Edward Horsley: Composer, dies at 53
  • 03-04Alfred Holmes: Composer, dies at 38
  • 03-05Marie-C-S de Flavigny Agoult [Daniel Stern]: French author, dies at 70
  • 03-18F Freiligrath: Writer, dies at 65
  • 03-19Jozef Stefani: Composer, dies at 75
  • 04-02Paul van Vlissingen: Dutch ship owner, dies at 78
  • 04-03Henriette Davidis: Writer
  • 04-16Augustin-Philippe Peellaert: Composer, dies at 83
  • 04-19Samuel Sebastian Wesley: Composer, dies at 65
  • 05-07Franz Count of Pocci: German artist / Composer (Alchemist), dies at 69
  • 05-08Truganini: Last originating Tasmanian
  • 05-12Henri A Esquiros: French Poet (Evangile du peuple), dies at 63
  • 05-19Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer: Dutch Historian / politician, dies at 74
  • 05-20Harold: Grandson of English Queen Victoria, dies at 8 days old
  • 05-20Khristo Botev: Bulgarian poet
  • 05-24Henry Kingsley: English / Australian writer, dies at 46
  • 05-26Frantisek Palacky: Czech Historian / MP, dies at 77
  • 05-27Joseph Bosworth: Lexicographer / scholar
  • 06-01Christo Botew: Writer
  • 06-08George Sand: French Author (Indiana, Consuelo), dies at 71
  • 06-18August Rockel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 06-20Antonio L de Santa Ana: President Mexico, dies at 79
  • 06-21Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna: Mexican General (took Alamo), dies at 79
  • 06-25Boston Custer: Brother of George Custer, dies at Little Bighorn
  • 06-25George A Custer: US General (Little Bighorn), dies at 36

Events in year of 1877

  • 01-15US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • 01-16Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • 01-25Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
  • 01-30Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • 02-071st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
  • 02-121st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston and Salem, Massachusetts
  • 02-12US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
  • 02-201st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
  • 02-20International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
  • 02-27US Electoral College declares R Hayes winner presidential election
  • 03-02Rutherford B Hayes (R) declared President despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory
  • 03-03Rutherford B Hayes is sworn in as the 19th President
  • 03-05Rutherford B Hayes inaugurated as 19th US President
  • 03-12British annex Walvis Bay in southern Africa
  • 03-12Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony
  • 03-18President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington DC
  • 03-19Australia beat England by 45 runs in very 1st Test match
  • 03-24University boat race between Oxford and Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • 03-31British high director / Governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Cape Town
  • 04-021st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
  • 04-101st human cannonball act performed in London
  • 04-10Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, South Carolina
  • 04-12British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
  • 04-151st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Massachusetts
  • 04-19Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
  • 04-24Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south (New Orleans)
  • 04-24Russia declares war on Turkey through Romania
  • 04-27Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
  • 04-27President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
  • 05-07Cin Enquirer, 1st uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory

People born in year of 1877

  • 01-04Gibson Gowland: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Blind Husbands, Phantom of the Opera)
  • 01-07Johannes F Buziau: Dutch cabaret performer (1 great dog)
  • 01-10Frederick Gardner Cottrell: Inventor (elecrostatic precipitator)
  • 01-15Lewis M Terman: Indiana, United States -- Psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test)
  • 01-17Hans Jelmoli: Composer
  • 01-20Ruth St Denis: Newark, New Jersey -- Ballerina (Dances of the 5 Senses)
  • 01-22Hjalmar Schacht: President of German Reichsbank / Minister of Economics
  • 01-26Kees van Dongen: Netherlands -- French painter
  • 01-31Max Ettlinger: German philosopher
  • 02-01Thomas Frederick Dunhill: Composer
  • 02-07Feliks Nowowiejski: Composer
  • 02-07Godfrey H Hardy: England, United Kingdom -- Number theorist
  • 02-07Julius Curtius: German Minister of Foreign Affairs (1929-..)
  • 02-13Jazeps Medins: Composer
  • 02-18Betsy Ranucci-Beckmann [Theodora]: Dutch author / actress (Dead Water)
  • 02-19Else Berg: German / Dutch painter
  • 02-19Louis Francois-Marie Aubert: French composer (Habanera)
  • 02-21Jacob D du Toit [Totius]: South African poet / theologist
  • 02-22Yme C Schuitmaker: Dutch potato salesman / dramatist
  • 02-24Rudolf Ganz: Composer
  • 02-26Carel S Adama van Scheltema: Dutch poet / writer (socialism)
  • 02-26Russell Alexander: Composer
  • 02-28Sergei Bortkiewicz: Composer
  • 03-03Garrett Morgan: African-American inventor
  • 03-04Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike: Composer
  • 03-05Malcolm D Whitman: Tennis champ (US Open-1898)
  • 03-09Emil Abderhalden: Switzerland -- Physiologist / bio-chemist
  • 03-10David M Chumaceiro: Poet
  • 03-12Wilhelm Frick: German protector of Bohemia / Moravia
  • 03-17Albert P Hahn: Dutch political cartoonist (People / Nutcracker)

People died in year of 1877

  • 01-04Cornelius Vanderbilt: US robber baron, dies at 82
  • 01-11Pietro Romani: Composer, dies at 85
  • 02-01Joseph-Leon Gatayes: Composer, dies at 71
  • 03-04Hendrik E van Rijgersma: Dutch Governor (St Maarten), dies at 42
  • 03-09Mark Prager Lindo: English / Dutch Author (Netherlands Spectator), dies at 58
  • 03-12Crystobal Oudrid y Segura: Composer, dies at 52
  • 03-24Walter Bagehot: English economist / critic / banker, dies at 51
  • 03-28Vincenzo Fioravanti: Composer, dies at 77
  • 03-31Antoine A Cournot: French Mathematician (rule of C), dies at 75
  • 04-07Errico Petrella: Composer, dies at 63
  • 05-14John Roberts: Composer, dies at 54
  • 05-29John Lothrop Motley: (History of United Netherlands), dies at 63
  • 06-03Frank Pocock: British explorer, drowned in the Congo
  • 06-06Prairie Flower: Daughter of Ponca and chief Standing Bear
  • 06-07Winand C H Staring: Geologist (Bottom of the Netherlands), dies at 68
  • 07-13Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler: German Bishop of Mainz, dies at 65
  • 08-03Karl Georg Lickl: Composer, dies at 75
  • 08-12James Drummond: Historical painter
  • 08-29Brigham Young: 2nd President of Mormon Church
  • 09-03Adolphe Thiers: 1st President of 3rd French Rep (1871-77), dies at 80
  • 09-05Crazy Horse [Tashunka Witko]: Last great Sioux war chief, dies at 27
  • 09-12Julius Reitz: Composer, dies at 64
  • 09-17William Henry Fox Talbot: Photographic pioneer, dies at 77
  • 09-23Urbain JJ Leverrier: Codiscoverer of Neptune
  • 10-14Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart: Composer, dies at 68
  • 10-16John Zwijsen: Archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 83
  • 10-28Johann Herbeck: Composer, dies at 45
  • 11-13Pietro Coppola: Composer, dies at 83
  • 12-10Federico Ricci: Composer, dies at 68
  • 12-10Jared Kirtland: US Physician / naturalist