Events in year of 1877

  • 01-15US Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
  • 01-16Color organ (for light shows) patented, by Bainbridge Bishop
  • 01-25Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden
  • 01-30Storm flood ravages Dutch coastal provinces
  • 02-071st Guernsey Cattle Club organizes (NYC)
  • 02-121st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston and Salem, Massachusetts
  • 02-12US railroad builders strike against wage reduction
  • 02-201st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
  • 02-20International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
  • 02-27US Electoral College declares R Hayes winner presidential election
  • 03-02Rutherford B Hayes (R) declared President despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory
  • 03-03Rutherford B Hayes is sworn in as the 19th President
  • 03-05Rutherford B Hayes inaugurated as 19th US President
  • 03-12British annex Walvis Bay in southern Africa
  • 03-12Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony
  • 03-18President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington DC
  • 03-19Australia beat England by 45 runs in very 1st Test match
  • 03-24University boat race between Oxford and Cambridge ends in a dead heat
  • 03-31British high director / Governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Cape Town
  • 04-021st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
  • 04-101st human cannonball act performed in London
  • 04-10Federal troops withdrawn from Columbia, South Carolina
  • 04-12British annex Transvaal, in South Africa
  • 04-151st telephone installed: Boston-Somerville, Massachusetts
  • 04-19Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris)
  • 04-24Last federal occupying troops withdraw from south (New Orleans)
  • 04-24Russia declares war on Turkey through Romania
  • 04-27Opera "Le Roi de Lahore" is produced (Paris)
  • 04-27President Hayes removes Federal troops from LA, Reconstruction ends
  • 05-07Cin Enquirer, 1st uses term "Bullpen" to indicate foul territory

People born in year of 1877

  • 01-04Gibson Gowland: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Blind Husbands, Phantom of the Opera)
  • 01-07Johannes F Buziau: Dutch cabaret performer (1 great dog)
  • 01-10Frederick Gardner Cottrell: Inventor (elecrostatic precipitator)
  • 01-15Lewis M Terman: Indiana, United States -- Psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test)
  • 01-17Hans Jelmoli: Composer
  • 01-20Ruth St Denis: Newark, New Jersey -- Ballerina (Dances of the 5 Senses)
  • 01-22Hjalmar Schacht: President of German Reichsbank / Minister of Economics
  • 01-26Kees van Dongen: Netherlands -- French painter
  • 01-31Max Ettlinger: German philosopher
  • 02-01Thomas Frederick Dunhill: Composer
  • 02-07Feliks Nowowiejski: Composer
  • 02-07Godfrey H Hardy: England, United Kingdom -- Number theorist
  • 02-07Julius Curtius: German Minister of Foreign Affairs (1929-..)
  • 02-13Jazeps Medins: Composer
  • 02-18Betsy Ranucci-Beckmann [Theodora]: Dutch author / actress (Dead Water)
  • 02-19Else Berg: German / Dutch painter
  • 02-19Louis Francois-Marie Aubert: French composer (Habanera)
  • 02-21Jacob D du Toit [Totius]: South African poet / theologist
  • 02-22Yme C Schuitmaker: Dutch potato salesman / dramatist
  • 02-24Rudolf Ganz: Composer
  • 02-26Carel S Adama van Scheltema: Dutch poet / writer (socialism)
  • 02-26Russell Alexander: Composer
  • 02-28Sergei Bortkiewicz: Composer
  • 03-03Garrett Morgan: African-American inventor
  • 03-04Alexander Fyodorovich Gedike: Composer
  • 03-05Malcolm D Whitman: Tennis champ (US Open-1898)
  • 03-09Emil Abderhalden: Switzerland -- Physiologist / bio-chemist
  • 03-10David M Chumaceiro: Poet
  • 03-12Wilhelm Frick: German protector of Bohemia / Moravia
  • 03-17Albert P Hahn: Dutch political cartoonist (People / Nutcracker)

People died in year of 1877

  • 01-04Cornelius Vanderbilt: US robber baron, dies at 82
  • 01-11Pietro Romani: Composer, dies at 85
  • 02-01Joseph-Leon Gatayes: Composer, dies at 71
  • 03-04Hendrik E van Rijgersma: Dutch Governor (St Maarten), dies at 42
  • 03-09Mark Prager Lindo: English / Dutch Author (Netherlands Spectator), dies at 58
  • 03-12Crystobal Oudrid y Segura: Composer, dies at 52
  • 03-24Walter Bagehot: English economist / critic / banker, dies at 51
  • 03-28Vincenzo Fioravanti: Composer, dies at 77
  • 03-31Antoine A Cournot: French Mathematician (rule of C), dies at 75
  • 04-07Errico Petrella: Composer, dies at 63
  • 05-14John Roberts: Composer, dies at 54
  • 05-29John Lothrop Motley: (History of United Netherlands), dies at 63
  • 06-03Frank Pocock: British explorer, drowned in the Congo
  • 06-06Prairie Flower: Daughter of Ponca and chief Standing Bear
  • 06-07Winand C H Staring: Geologist (Bottom of the Netherlands), dies at 68
  • 07-13Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler: German Bishop of Mainz, dies at 65
  • 08-03Karl Georg Lickl: Composer, dies at 75
  • 08-12James Drummond: Historical painter
  • 08-29Brigham Young: 2nd President of Mormon Church
  • 09-03Adolphe Thiers: 1st President of 3rd French Rep (1871-77), dies at 80
  • 09-05Crazy Horse [Tashunka Witko]: Last great Sioux war chief, dies at 27
  • 09-12Julius Reitz: Composer, dies at 64
  • 09-17William Henry Fox Talbot: Photographic pioneer, dies at 77
  • 09-23Urbain JJ Leverrier: Codiscoverer of Neptune
  • 10-14Antoine-Amable-Elie Elwart: Composer, dies at 68
  • 10-16John Zwijsen: Archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 83
  • 10-28Johann Herbeck: Composer, dies at 45
  • 11-13Pietro Coppola: Composer, dies at 83
  • 12-10Federico Ricci: Composer, dies at 68
  • 12-10Jared Kirtland: US Physician / naturalist

Events in year of 1878

  • 01-10US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • 01-14US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • 01-281st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
  • 01-28George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
  • 01-28Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
  • 02-02Greece declares war on Turkey
  • 02-111st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
  • 02-111st weekly Weather report published in the UK
  • 02-16Silver dollar became US legal tender
  • 02-171st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
  • 02-19Thomas Alva Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)
  • 02-211st telephone book issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
  • 02-22Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio)
  • 02-28US Congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • 03-03Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • 03-13Oxford defeats Cambridge in their 1st golf match
  • 03-24British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • 03-26Hastings College of Law founded
  • 03-31Jack Johnson is 1st black to hold a heavyweight boxing title
  • 04-091st Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • 04-10California St. Cable Car RR Co starts service
  • 04-15Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
  • 04-21New York installs 1st firehouse pole
  • 04-21Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
  • 04-21Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • 04-231st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • 05-02US stops minting 20 cent coin
  • 05-04Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House
  • 05-081st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
  • 05-14Vaseline is 1st sold (registered trademark for petroleum jelly)

People born in year of 1878

  • 01-01Edwin Franko Goldman: Composer
  • 01-04Alfred Edgar Coppard: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories)
  • 01-11Theodorus Pangalos: Greek General / Dictator (1926)
  • 01-12Ferenc Molnar: Hungarian / US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk)
  • 01-15Johanna Muller-Hermann: Composer
  • 01-16Harry Carey, Sr.: Bronx, New York -- Actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force)
  • 01-16Henry Dewitt "Harry" Carey II: US actor (Informer)
  • 01-17Oscar Apfel: Cleveland, Ohio -- Actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn)
  • 01-18Hendrik Baels: Belgian politician
  • 01-20Finlay Currie: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers)
  • 01-21Egon Friedell: Austria -- Journalist / actor / writer (Der Partylowe)
  • 01-22Constance Collier: Windsor, England -- Actress / writer (Kitty, Whirlpool)
  • 01-22Francis Picabia: French painter / illustrator
  • 01-23Oton Zupancic: Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
  • 01-23Rutland Boughton: Composer
  • 01-28Walter Kollo [Kollodziepski]: German composer (Der Juxbaron)
  • 01-29Barney Oldfield: Ohio, United States -- Daredevil
  • 01-31Willem J M van Eysinga: Dutch international law jurist
  • 02-01Hattie Wyatt Caraway: Politician / teacher / 1st woman elected to Senate
  • 02-02Christian Gauss: Educator / writer (Phi Beta Kappa award namesake)
  • 02-03Joseph Gordon Coates: Prime Minister of New Zealand (1925-28)
  • 02-06Waclaw Gieburowski: Composer
  • 02-07Ossip Gabrilovich: Composer
  • 02-08Martin Buber: German / Israeli philosopher / theologist (Ich und Du)
  • 02-16Selim Palmgren: Finnish pianist / composer / conductor (Peter Schlemihl)
  • 02-21Fritz Cortolezis: Composer
  • 03-01Gabriel Edouard Xavier Dupont: Composer
  • 03-02Wander J de Haas: Dutch physicist / son-in-law of Lorentz
  • 03-10Karel van de Woestijne: Flemish writer / poet (God at Sea)
  • 03-12Gemma Galgani: Italian Saint

People died in year of 1878

  • 01-09Victor Emmanuel II: King of Sard (1849-61) / Italy (1861-78), dies at 57
  • 01-19Henri V Regnault: French physicist / chemist, dies at 67
  • 02-01George Cruikshank: English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
  • 02-07Pius IX: "Pio Nono", [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
  • 02-08Elias M Fries: Swedish Botanist (mycologicum), dies at 83
  • 02-18Peter D Regout: Industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht), dies at 76
  • 02-19Charles F Daubigny: French restaurateur / painter, dies at 61
  • 02-22Franz Hunten: Composer, dies at 84
  • 03-16William Banting: English undertaker
  • 03-24Albin Masek: Composer, dies at 73
  • 03-27Dobri Voynikov: Composer, dies at 44
  • 03-27George Gilbert Scott: Architect
  • 04-01Eugene Gautier: Composer, dies at 56
  • 04-05Wilhelm Speyer: Composer, dies at 87
  • 04-12William M "Boss" Tweed: New York politician
  • 04-21Temistocle Solera: Composer, dies at 62
  • 04-23Friedrich Preller: Landscape painter
  • 05-22Franz von Holstein: Composer, dies at 52
  • 05-27Carlo Marsili: Composer, dies at 49
  • 06-06Gottfried Herrmann: Composer, dies at 70
  • 06-12Hendrik J Jut: Dutch murderer [Head of Jut], dies at 26
  • 07-02Francois-Emmanuel-Joseph Bazin: Composer, dies at 61
  • 07-17Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi: Italian / Aust Poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
  • 07-23Miguel Hilarion Eslava y Elizondo: Composer, dies at 70
  • 08-17Richard Upjohn: US architect
  • 08-23Adolf Fredrik Lindblad: Composer, dies at 77
  • 09-09Jacobo Ficher: Composer, dies at 18
  • 09-12Friedrich August von Alberti: Geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
  • 10-25Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer: Composer, dies at 89
  • 11-28Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti: Composer, dies at 78