Events in year of 1878

  • 01-10US Senate proposes female suffrage
  • 01-14US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional
  • 01-281st telephone exchange (New Haven, CT)
  • 01-28George W Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator
  • 01-28Yale Daily News published, 1st college daily newspaper
  • 02-02Greece declares war on Turkey
  • 02-111st US bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
  • 02-111st weekly Weather report published in the UK
  • 02-16Silver dollar became US legal tender
  • 02-171st telephone exchange in SF opens with 18 phones
  • 02-19Thomas Alva Edison patents gramophone (phonograph)
  • 02-211st telephone book issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
  • 02-22Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio)
  • 02-28US Congress authorizes large-size silver certificate
  • 03-03Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
  • 03-13Oxford defeats Cambridge in their 1st golf match
  • 03-24British frigate Eurydice sunk; 300 lost
  • 03-26Hastings College of Law founded
  • 03-31Jack Johnson is 1st black to hold a heavyweight boxing title
  • 04-091st Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • 04-10California St. Cable Car RR Co starts service
  • 04-15Harley Procter introduces Ivory Soap
  • 04-21New York installs 1st firehouse pole
  • 04-21Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
  • 04-21Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • 04-231st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • 05-02US stops minting 20 cent coin
  • 05-04Phonograph shown for 1st time at Grand Opera House
  • 05-081st unassisted triple play in organized baseball, by Paul Hines
  • 05-14Vaseline is 1st sold (registered trademark for petroleum jelly)

People born in year of 1878

  • 01-01Edwin Franko Goldman: Composer
  • 01-04Alfred Edgar Coppard: England, United Kingdom -- Writer (Black Dogs & Other Stories)
  • 01-11Theodorus Pangalos: Greek General / Dictator (1926)
  • 01-12Ferenc Molnar: Hungarian / US playwright (A Pal Utrai Fiuk)
  • 01-15Johanna Muller-Hermann: Composer
  • 01-16Harry Carey, Sr.: Bronx, New York -- Actor (Aces Wild, Border Cafe, Air Force)
  • 01-16Henry Dewitt "Harry" Carey II: US actor (Informer)
  • 01-17Oscar Apfel: Cleveland, Ohio -- Actor (Abraham Lincoln, Inspiration, Before Dawn)
  • 01-18Hendrik Baels: Belgian politician
  • 01-20Finlay Currie: Scotland, United Kingdom -- Actor (Quo Vadis, Ivanhoe, Avengers)
  • 01-21Egon Friedell: Austria -- Journalist / actor / writer (Der Partylowe)
  • 01-22Constance Collier: Windsor, England -- Actress / writer (Kitty, Whirlpool)
  • 01-22Francis Picabia: French painter / illustrator
  • 01-23Oton Zupancic: Slovenian poet (Zimzelen pod Snegom)
  • 01-23Rutland Boughton: Composer
  • 01-28Walter Kollo [Kollodziepski]: German composer (Der Juxbaron)
  • 01-29Barney Oldfield: Ohio, United States -- Daredevil
  • 01-31Willem J M van Eysinga: Dutch international law jurist
  • 02-01Hattie Wyatt Caraway: Politician / teacher / 1st woman elected to Senate
  • 02-02Christian Gauss: Educator / writer (Phi Beta Kappa award namesake)
  • 02-03Joseph Gordon Coates: Prime Minister of New Zealand (1925-28)
  • 02-06Waclaw Gieburowski: Composer
  • 02-07Ossip Gabrilovich: Composer
  • 02-08Martin Buber: German / Israeli philosopher / theologist (Ich und Du)
  • 02-16Selim Palmgren: Finnish pianist / composer / conductor (Peter Schlemihl)
  • 02-21Fritz Cortolezis: Composer
  • 03-01Gabriel Edouard Xavier Dupont: Composer
  • 03-02Wander J de Haas: Dutch physicist / son-in-law of Lorentz
  • 03-10Karel van de Woestijne: Flemish writer / poet (God at Sea)
  • 03-12Gemma Galgani: Italian Saint

People died in year of 1878

  • 01-09Victor Emmanuel II: King of Sard (1849-61) / Italy (1861-78), dies at 57
  • 01-19Henri V Regnault: French physicist / chemist, dies at 67
  • 02-01George Cruikshank: English illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
  • 02-07Pius IX: "Pio Nono", [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
  • 02-08Elias M Fries: Swedish Botanist (mycologicum), dies at 83
  • 02-18Peter D Regout: Industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht), dies at 76
  • 02-19Charles F Daubigny: French restaurateur / painter, dies at 61
  • 02-22Franz Hunten: Composer, dies at 84
  • 03-16William Banting: English undertaker
  • 03-24Albin Masek: Composer, dies at 73
  • 03-27Dobri Voynikov: Composer, dies at 44
  • 03-27George Gilbert Scott: Architect
  • 04-01Eugene Gautier: Composer, dies at 56
  • 04-05Wilhelm Speyer: Composer, dies at 87
  • 04-12William M "Boss" Tweed: New York politician
  • 04-21Temistocle Solera: Composer, dies at 62
  • 04-23Friedrich Preller: Landscape painter
  • 05-22Franz von Holstein: Composer, dies at 52
  • 05-27Carlo Marsili: Composer, dies at 49
  • 06-06Gottfried Herrmann: Composer, dies at 70
  • 06-12Hendrik J Jut: Dutch murderer [Head of Jut], dies at 26
  • 07-02Francois-Emmanuel-Joseph Bazin: Composer, dies at 61
  • 07-17Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi: Italian / Aust Poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
  • 07-23Miguel Hilarion Eslava y Elizondo: Composer, dies at 70
  • 08-17Richard Upjohn: US architect
  • 08-23Adolf Fredrik Lindblad: Composer, dies at 77
  • 09-09Jacobo Ficher: Composer, dies at 18
  • 09-12Friedrich August von Alberti: Geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
  • 10-25Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer: Composer, dies at 89
  • 11-28Marco Aurelio Zani de Ferranti: Composer, dies at 78

Events in year of 1879

  • 01-021st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG
  • 01-02British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
  • 01-02Dr Benjamin E Mays, named President of Atlanta Board of Education
  • 01-02Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Illinois
  • 01-07Dutch King Willem II marries Emma von Waldeck-Pyrmont
  • 01-09Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
  • 01-09Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
  • 01-11Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins
  • 01-12British Zulu War begins: Lieutenant General Chelmsford invades Zululand
  • 01-16January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
  • 01-20British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
  • 01-22James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois and Minnesota
  • 01-22Zulus attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana South Africa
  • 01-23National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville Ind)
  • 01-29Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established
  • 01-30French President MacMahon resigns
  • 02-05Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow
  • 02-101st electric arc light used (California Theater)
  • 02-10Henry Morton Stanley departs to the Congo
  • 02-121st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 02-12News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
  • 02-14Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
  • 02-15Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Court
  • 02-18Arabs capture Egyptian Premier Nabar Pasha
  • 02-221st 5 cent and 10 cent store opened by Frank W Woolworth (Utica NY)
  • 02-25Congress passed 1st Timberland Protection Act
  • 02-27Constantine Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener)
  • 02-28"Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political / economic exploitation
  • 03-01Library of Hawaii founded
  • 03-031st female lawyer heard by Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)

People born in year of 1879

  • 01-01Edward M Forster: England, United Kingdom -- Novelist (Howards End, Passage to India)
  • 01-01Emile Argand: Switzerland -- Geologist (Dekbladen Theory)
  • 01-01Ernest Jones: British psychoanalyst (Life & Work of Sigmund Freud)
  • 01-01William Fox: US film pioneer (Nickelodeon)
  • 01-02Johannes L "Jan" Walch: Dutch literary (Grimaces)
  • 01-02Pieter Tesch: Dutch geologist (Pedestal of Nederlands)
  • 01-03Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge: 1st lady (1923-29)
  • 01-07St Bernadette [Marie-Bernarde Soubirous]: Religious Visionary
  • 01-09John Broadus Watson: Behaviorist psychologist
  • 01-11Antonio Beltramelli: Writer
  • 01-15Ernest Thesiger: London, England -- Actor (Bride of Frankenstein, Ghoul)
  • 01-19Marie Koenen: Author / Wife of Felix Rutten (Wassend Cereal)
  • 01-26Ludovicus H [Lode] Baekelmans: Flemish (stage)author (Tille)
  • 02-01Sydney Baynes: Composer
  • 02-03Charles Follis: 1st black NFLer (Shelby, Ohio)
  • 02-05Edward Rigby: England, United Kingdom -- Actor (Star Look Down, Young & Innocent)
  • 02-06Carl Ramsauer
  • 02-09Carl Natanael Berg: Composer
  • 02-09Jacques Bainville: French historian / essayist / journalist
  • 02-10Franz Carl Bornschein: Composer
  • 02-11Jean Gilbert: Composer
  • 02-17Dorothy Canfield Fisher: United States -- Novelist (Book-of-Month-Club)
  • 02-23Agnes Arber: English biologist / philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • 02-23Norman Lindsay: Creswick, Victoria -- Artist / Novelist
  • 02-24Herman Teirlinck: Belgian writer (Sun)
  • 02-25Otakar Ostrcil: Composer
  • 02-26Frank Bridge: English violinist / composer / conductor / tutor of B Britten
  • 02-27Jose Sancho Marraco: Composer
  • 03-04Bernhard Kellermann: Writer
  • 03-05Walter Long: Actor (Moby Dick, Sheik, Sea Devils, Dragnet Patrol)

People died in year of 1879

  • 01-09Don Joaquin BF Espartero: Field Marshal / Viceroy of Navarra, dies at 86
  • 01-13WF Hendrik the Navigator: Prince of the Netherlands / Viceroy of Lux, dies at 58
  • 01-22Anthony Durnford: British Colonel, dies in battle
  • 01-22George Shepstone: British political affiliate, dies in battle
  • 01-23Adolf Jensen: Composer, dies at 42
  • 01-29Antonia MB Antonucci: Italian Cardinal / diplomat, dies at 80
  • 02-11Honore Daumier: Caricaturist / painter
  • 02-11Willem J van Zeggelen: Dutch Author / Novelist / writer, dies at 67
  • 02-21Peter P van Bosse: Dutch liberal Minister of Finance, dies at 69
  • 03-13Adolf Anderssen: German world champ chess (1851..66), dies at 60
  • 03-30David van der Kellen: Dutch coin engraver, dies at 74
  • 03-30Thomas Couture: French Painter / author, dies at 63
  • 04-09Ernst Friedrich Richter: Composer, dies at 70
  • 04-16Bernadette: St / (saw Virgin Mary at Lourdes), dies in Nevers France
  • 04-18Anthony Pannizim: Principal librarian (British Museum)
  • 05-04William Froude: British Civil Engineer / shipbuilder (F Integer), dies at 68
  • 05-24William Lloyd Garrison: Abolitionist (Liberator), dies at 73
  • 06-02E Louis JJ Napoleon Bonaparte: Crown prince, dies in battle at 23
  • 07-06Henry Thomas Smart: Composer, dies at 65
  • 08-22Friedrich August Kummer: Composer, dies at 82
  • 08-27Rowland Hill: Introduced postage stamps, dies at 84
  • 08-30John B Hood: Confederate General (lost Atlanta), dies at 48
  • 08-31William Barber: 6th US chief engraver (1844-79)
  • 09-08Nikolay Ivanovich Zaremba: Composer, dies at 58
  • 09-12Peter Arnold Heise: Composer, dies at 49
  • 09-17Eugene Emmanuel Violletle-Duc: Gothic archetect
  • 09-28Nathan C Meeker: United States -- Poet / writer, murdered
  • 10-31Big Snake: Brother of Ponca chief Standing Bear
  • 11-05James Clerk Maxwell: Scotish physicist (speed of light), dies at 48
  • 12-26Jean Leonard Marie Poiseuille