Events in year of 1880

  • 01-01Building of Panama Canal, begins
  • 01-06Record snow cover in Seattle-120 cm
  • 01-211st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis
  • 01-27Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
  • 02-02SS Strathleven arrives in London with 1st Australian frozen mutton
  • 02-10Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage
  • 02-12National Croquet League organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 02-16American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC)
  • 02-17Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt
  • 02-29Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland and Italy completed
  • 03-01Pennsylvania is 1st American state to abolish slavery
  • 03-04New York Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
  • 03-10Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare and religious activity
  • 03-23Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc)
  • 03-311st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
  • 05-31League of American Wheelmen (1st US Bicycle Association), forms in Newport, Rhode Island
  • 06-011st pay telephone installed
  • 06-01US census at 50,155,783
  • 06-10Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning
  • 06-121st baseball perfect game-John Richmond of Worcester beats Cleveland
  • 06-1414th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:47
  • 06-16Salvation Army forms in Londo
  • 06-17John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs. Buffalo
  • 06-29France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti)
  • 07-19San Francisco Public Library starts lending books
  • 07-21Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, New York
  • 07-231st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
  • 07-27A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil
  • 07-27Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out
  • 08-14Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed (began in 1248)

People born in year of 1880

  • 01-01Edie Martin: London, England -- Actress (Titfield Thunderbolt)
  • 01-01Shalom Asch: Poland -- Yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)
  • 01-02Louis Breguet: French aviation pioneer
  • 01-05Nicolai Karlovich Medtner: Composer
  • 01-06Yuliya Lazarevna Veysberg: Composer
  • 01-10Eduard M Meijers: Dutch lawyer (Short Cause)
  • 01-10French van Cauwelaert: Flemish Minister / Mayor of Antwerp
  • 01-10Grock [Adrien Wettach]: Switzerland -- Clown / circus director
  • 01-11Rudolf T Palm: Pianist / composer
  • 01-17Mack Sennett: Movie creator (Keystone Kops)
  • 01-18Paul Ehrenfest: Austria -- Physicist (adiabates hypothesis)
  • 01-24Elisabeth Achelis: Creator (World Calendar)
  • 01-25Francis George Scott: Composer
  • 01-28Mary Boland: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Comedienne / actress (Ruggles of Red Gap)
  • 02-01Antonio Guarnieri: Composer
  • 02-01Francesco Balilla Pratella: Composer
  • 02-03Arnoldus JH Aerts: Bishop of the Netherlands-New Guinea (1920-42)
  • 02-08Franz Marc: German painter (Blaue Reiter)
  • 02-10Jesse G Vincent: Arkansas, United States -- Engineer designed 1st V-12 engine
  • 02-12John Llewellyn Lewis: Union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60)
  • 02-14Aida Overton Walker: US dancer / singer (In Dahomey, Salome)
  • 02-14Edgar Leslie Bainton: Composer
  • 02-17Alvaro Obregon: General / President Mexico (1920-24)
  • 02-18Eric De Lamarter: Composer
  • 02-19Arthur Shepherd: Composer
  • 02-21Frank Orth: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actor (Boston Blackie, Brothers)
  • 02-23Edgar Istel: Composer
  • 03-01Julian Myrick: Promoter of junior tennis
  • 03-01Lytton Strachey: Biographer / critic (Benson Medal 1923)
  • 03-03Anne C Veth: Dutch cartoonist / art critic

People died in year of 1880

  • 01-04Anselm Feuerbach: German painter
  • 03-15Jan K J de Jonge: Dutch historian, dies at 51
  • 03-23Gustav Adolf Mankell: Composer, dies at 67
  • 03-25Joseph Rummel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 03-25Ludmilla Assing: Writer
  • 03-26Mariano Soriano Fuertes y Piqueras: Composer, dies at 62
  • 03-28Achille Peri: Composer, dies at 67
  • 03-29Jakob Axel Josephson: Composer, dies at 62
  • 03-31Henryk Wieniawski: Polish violist / composer, dies at 44
  • 04-07Diederich Krug: Composer, dies at 58
  • 04-23Guess Saleh [Sarief Bastaman]: Javanese painter
  • 05-09Johann Hermann Berens: Composer, dies at 54
  • 05-10John Goss: Composer / organist, dies at 79
  • 05-16Karl August Krebs: Composer, dies at 76
  • 05-22Heinrich WA Freiherr von Gagern: German liberal politician, dies at 80
  • 05-26John Curwen: Composer, dies at 63
  • 06-04Eugen Adam: Painter
  • 06-05Jacobus J Cremer: Painter / Author (Betuwsche Novellen), dies at 52
  • 06-18John Sutter: US colonist (gold discovered on his land), dies at 77
  • 06-29George W Vreede: Lawyer / politician
  • 07-22Anna Caroline Oury: Composer, dies at 72
  • 08-17Ole Bull: Composer, dies at 70
  • 09-01Antoon Jurgens: Margarine maker, dies at 75
  • 09-15William Hauser: Composer, dies at 67
  • 10-04William Lassell: English astronomer (1st moon of Neptune)
  • 10-06Benjamin Pierce: US Mathematician / astronomer
  • 10-14Victorio: Apache chief / murderer, killed by Mexican army
  • 10-16Edward Wolff: Composer, dies at 64
  • 11-07Carl Friedrich Weitzmann: Composer, dies at 72
  • 11-08Jacob Edvard Gille: Composer, dies at 66

Events in year of 1881

  • 01-01Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
  • 01-26Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
  • 02-01US Assay Office in St. Louis, Missouri authorized
  • 02-05Phoenix, Az incorporates
  • 02-07Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
  • 02-19Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 02-26SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
  • 02-27Battle at Amajuba, S Afr: Boers vs. British army under General Colley
  • 03-04California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
  • 03-04Holmes and Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet, " 1st case together
  • 03-04James A Garfield inaugurated as 20th President
  • 03-04South African President Kruger accepts ceasefire
  • 03-16Barnum and Bailey Circus debuts
  • 03-23Boers and Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • 03-23Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die
  • 03-28Greatest Show On Earth was formed by PT Barnum and James A Bailey
  • 04-01Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
  • 04-01Kingdom post office in the Netherlands opens
  • 04-05Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
  • 04-11River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River Ont, 180 die
  • 04-11Spelman College founded
  • 04-18Natural History Museum of South Kensington England opens
  • 04-25250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
  • 04-25French troops occupy Algeria and Tunisia
  • 04-27Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 05-05Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev Ukraine
  • 05-08Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch
  • 05-10Lighthouse on Ameland begins operation
  • 05-12France sign treaty of protection with Tunisia colony
  • 05-12Treaty of Bardo, Tunis becomes a French protectorate

People born in year of 1881

  • 01-01Carry van Bridges [de Haan]: Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)
  • 01-04Wilhelm Lehmbruck: German painter / poet / sculptor (Seated Youth)
  • 01-05Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets: Composer
  • 01-09Giovanni Papini: Italy -- Writer (Il Diavolo)
  • 01-09Lascelles Abercrombie: English poet / critic (Revaluations)
  • 01-17Alfred R Radcliffe-Browne: British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders)
  • 01-25Emil Ludwig: German biographer (Diana, Son of Man)
  • 01-25Gustave Frederic Soderlund: Composer
  • 01-31Irving Langmuir: Inventor (tungsten filament lamp / Nobel 1932)
  • 01-31Joseph A Cushman: United States -- Palaentologist
  • 02-01Jose Ignacio Quinton: Composer
  • 02-02Karl Frederick: Pistol champ (1920 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 02-04Kliment J Woroshilov: Marshal / President USSR (1953-60)
  • 02-05Frederick Leonard Lonsdale: British playwright (Balkan Princess)
  • 02-06Karl Weigl: Composer
  • 02-13Eleanor Farjeon: English writer (Martin Pippin)
  • 02-14Otto Selz: German psychologist
  • 02-14William John Gruffydd: Welsh poet / Scholar (Ynys yr Hud)
  • 02-16Maurits H E Uyldert: Dutch poet / writer (Youth of a poet)
  • 02-19Armin Knab: German composer (Eichendorff-cycle)
  • 02-19Evert Gorter: Founder of Dutch medical child care
  • 02-19Paul Zech: Writer
  • 02-21Savilly Tartakower: Austrian / Polish / French chess player
  • 02-23Titus [Anno S] Brandsma: Dutch philosopher
  • 02-25William Foster: Massachusetts, United States -- Communist Presidential Candidate (1924, 28, 32)
  • 02-27Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers: Dutch mathematician
  • 03-09Enver Pasja: Turkish General / politician
  • 03-09Ernest Bevin: British Minister of Labour / Foreign affairs
  • 03-12Daniel Webster Hoan: Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • 03-13Balthazar H Verhagen: Netherlands -- South African dramatist / writer

People died in year of 1881

  • 01-30Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens: Flemish composer, dies at 58
  • 02-02Aleksej F Pisemski: Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59
  • 02-05Thomas Carlyle: Historian / essayist, dies in London at 85
  • 02-06Pieter Mijer: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1866-72), dies at 68
  • 02-07Fredrik Cygnaeus: Finnish Poet / literature critic, dies at 73
  • 02-09Feodor M Dostoevski: Russian Novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59
  • 02-27George Colley: British Governor of Natal / General, dies in battle at 46
  • 03-13Alexander II: Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
  • 03-15Emory Upton: US Union General Major (Selma), commits suicide at 42
  • 03-16Modest P Mussorgsky: Russian Composer (Boris Godunov), dies at 42
  • 03-23Nikolay Rubinstein: Composer, dies at 45
  • 03-24Friedrich Hecker: German revolutionary Republic politician, dies at 69
  • 03-31Gaetano Gaspari: Composer, dies at 73
  • 04-07Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte: Corsican MP, dies at 65
  • 04-11Kristian Mandrup Elster: Norwegian Author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • 04-16George William Martin: Composer, dies at 56
  • 04-19Benjamin Disraeli: 1st Earl (Beaconsfield) / Novelist
  • 04-19Michel Abeloos: Flemish sculptor, dies at 53
  • 04-27Ludwig A Benedek: Austrian General, dies at 76
  • 04-28Robert W Ollinger: US warden / last victim of Billy the Kid
  • 05-03Josip Jurcic: Slovic writer (Schone Vida)
  • 05-23Kit Carson: Frontiersman
  • 05-23Leopold von Ranke: Historian
  • 05-24Samuel Palmer: Landscape painter
  • 06-03Japanese giant salamander: Dies in Dutch zoo at 55 as the oldest amphibian
  • 06-06Henry Vieuxtemps: Belgian composer, dies at 61
  • 07-15William "Billy the Kid" Bonney: Shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21
  • 07-20Thomas Fermor-Hesketh: English 1st Baron of Hesketh
  • 07-26George Borrow: Writer
  • 07-27Johann Christian Lobe: Composer, dies at 84