Events in year of 1881

  • 01-01Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
  • 01-26Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
  • 02-01US Assay Office in St. Louis, Missouri authorized
  • 02-05Phoenix, Az incorporates
  • 02-07Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
  • 02-19Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 02-26SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
  • 02-27Battle at Amajuba, S Afr: Boers vs. British army under General Colley
  • 03-04California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
  • 03-04Holmes and Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet, " 1st case together
  • 03-04James A Garfield inaugurated as 20th President
  • 03-04South African President Kruger accepts ceasefire
  • 03-16Barnum and Bailey Circus debuts
  • 03-23Boers and Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
  • 03-23Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die
  • 03-28Greatest Show On Earth was formed by PT Barnum and James A Bailey
  • 04-01Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
  • 04-01Kingdom post office in the Netherlands opens
  • 04-05Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
  • 04-11River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River Ont, 180 die
  • 04-11Spelman College founded
  • 04-18Natural History Museum of South Kensington England opens
  • 04-25250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
  • 04-25French troops occupy Algeria and Tunisia
  • 04-27Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
  • 05-05Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev Ukraine
  • 05-08Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch
  • 05-10Lighthouse on Ameland begins operation
  • 05-12France sign treaty of protection with Tunisia colony
  • 05-12Treaty of Bardo, Tunis becomes a French protectorate

People born in year of 1881

  • 01-01Carry van Bridges [de Haan]: Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)
  • 01-04Wilhelm Lehmbruck: German painter / poet / sculptor (Seated Youth)
  • 01-05Nikolay Andreyevich Roslavets: Composer
  • 01-09Giovanni Papini: Italy -- Writer (Il Diavolo)
  • 01-09Lascelles Abercrombie: English poet / critic (Revaluations)
  • 01-17Alfred R Radcliffe-Browne: British anthropologist (Andaman Islanders)
  • 01-25Emil Ludwig: German biographer (Diana, Son of Man)
  • 01-25Gustave Frederic Soderlund: Composer
  • 01-31Irving Langmuir: Inventor (tungsten filament lamp / Nobel 1932)
  • 01-31Joseph A Cushman: United States -- Palaentologist
  • 02-01Jose Ignacio Quinton: Composer
  • 02-02Karl Frederick: Pistol champ (1920 Olympics - Gold Medalist)
  • 02-04Kliment J Woroshilov: Marshal / President USSR (1953-60)
  • 02-05Frederick Leonard Lonsdale: British playwright (Balkan Princess)
  • 02-06Karl Weigl: Composer
  • 02-13Eleanor Farjeon: English writer (Martin Pippin)
  • 02-14Otto Selz: German psychologist
  • 02-14William John Gruffydd: Welsh poet / Scholar (Ynys yr Hud)
  • 02-16Maurits H E Uyldert: Dutch poet / writer (Youth of a poet)
  • 02-19Armin Knab: German composer (Eichendorff-cycle)
  • 02-19Evert Gorter: Founder of Dutch medical child care
  • 02-19Paul Zech: Writer
  • 02-21Savilly Tartakower: Austrian / Polish / French chess player
  • 02-23Titus [Anno S] Brandsma: Dutch philosopher
  • 02-25William Foster: Massachusetts, United States -- Communist Presidential Candidate (1924, 28, 32)
  • 02-27Luitzen [Bertus] Brouwers: Dutch mathematician
  • 03-09Enver Pasja: Turkish General / politician
  • 03-09Ernest Bevin: British Minister of Labour / Foreign affairs
  • 03-12Daniel Webster Hoan: Wisc (Mayor-Socialist-Milwaukee)
  • 03-13Balthazar H Verhagen: Netherlands -- South African dramatist / writer

People died in year of 1881

  • 01-30Jaak Nikolaas Lemmens: Flemish composer, dies at 58
  • 02-02Aleksej F Pisemski: Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59
  • 02-05Thomas Carlyle: Historian / essayist, dies in London at 85
  • 02-06Pieter Mijer: Governor-General of the Netherlands Indies (1866-72), dies at 68
  • 02-07Fredrik Cygnaeus: Finnish Poet / literature critic, dies at 73
  • 02-09Feodor M Dostoevski: Russian Novelist (Crime & Punishment), dies at 59
  • 02-27George Colley: British Governor of Natal / General, dies in battle at 46
  • 03-13Alexander II: Tsar of Russia, assassinated at 62
  • 03-15Emory Upton: US Union General Major (Selma), commits suicide at 42
  • 03-16Modest P Mussorgsky: Russian Composer (Boris Godunov), dies at 42
  • 03-23Nikolay Rubinstein: Composer, dies at 45
  • 03-24Friedrich Hecker: German revolutionary Republic politician, dies at 69
  • 03-31Gaetano Gaspari: Composer, dies at 73
  • 04-07Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte: Corsican MP, dies at 65
  • 04-11Kristian Mandrup Elster: Norwegian Author (Torn Trondal), dies at 40
  • 04-16George William Martin: Composer, dies at 56
  • 04-19Benjamin Disraeli: 1st Earl (Beaconsfield) / Novelist
  • 04-19Michel Abeloos: Flemish sculptor, dies at 53
  • 04-27Ludwig A Benedek: Austrian General, dies at 76
  • 04-28Robert W Ollinger: US warden / last victim of Billy the Kid
  • 05-03Josip Jurcic: Slovic writer (Schone Vida)
  • 05-23Kit Carson: Frontiersman
  • 05-23Leopold von Ranke: Historian
  • 05-24Samuel Palmer: Landscape painter
  • 06-03Japanese giant salamander: Dies in Dutch zoo at 55 as the oldest amphibian
  • 06-06Henry Vieuxtemps: Belgian composer, dies at 61
  • 07-15William "Billy the Kid" Bonney: Shot by sheriff Pat Garrett at 21
  • 07-20Thomas Fermor-Hesketh: English 1st Baron of Hesketh
  • 07-26George Borrow: Writer
  • 07-27Johann Christian Lobe: Composer, dies at 84

Events in year of 1882

  • 01-02Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
  • 01-13Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"
  • 01-151st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • 01-171st Dutch female Physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
  • 01-25Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
  • 01-26France government of Gambetta falls
  • 02-02Knights of Columbus forms in New Haven, Conn
  • 02-03Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
  • 02-07Last bare knuckle champion John L Sullivan KOs Paddy Ryan in Mississippi
  • 02-10Rimski-Korsakovs opera "Snyegurochka, " premieres in St. Petersburg
  • 02-12Social-Democratic Union forms in Amsterdam
  • 02-151st cargo of frozen meat leaves New Zealand for Britain, on SS Dunedin
  • 02-15SS Dunedin leaves New Zealand with 1st frozen meat to England
  • 02-281st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard University
  • 03-03New York Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
  • 03-06Monarch Milan Obrenovic of Serbia crowns himself King
  • 03-09False teeth patented
  • 03-11Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton, New Jersey
  • 03-16US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross
  • 03-22Congress outlaws polygamy (again); bad news for Mormons
  • 03-22Edmunds Act adopted by US to suppress polygamy in the territories
  • 03-24German Scientist Robert Koch discovers bacillus cause of TB
  • 03-251st demonstration of pancake making (department store in NYC)
  • 03-29Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men
  • 04-03Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks
  • 04-10Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)
  • 04-13Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • 05-06Chinese Exclusion Act: US Congress ceases Chinese immigration
  • 05-06Epping Forest England dedicated by Queen Victoria
  • 05-09Telegraph Hill RR Co organized

People born in year of 1882

  • 01-01W C Wendelaar: Mayor of Alkmaar (1919-34) / Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 01-03Willem Benoy: Flemish actor / director (Pygmalion)
  • 01-06Samuel Rayburn: Tennessee, United States -- (Rep-D-Texas) Speaker of the House (1940-57)
  • 01-10Charles Trowbridge: Vera Cruz, Mexico -- Actor (Fatal Hour)
  • 01-12Jakob Jud: Switzerland -- Linguist / etymologist
  • 01-14Hendrik W van Loon: Netherlands -- Commentator / writer (Story of America)
  • 01-15Florian Znaniecki: Polish / US sociologist (Polish Peasant in Europe)
  • 01-18Alan Alexander Milne: English author (Winnie-the-Pooh)
  • 01-18Jacob Clay: Dutch philospher / phyicist (Mesones)
  • 01-18Sylvia Pankhurst: English feminist
  • 01-27Giuseppe Prezzolini: Italy -- Writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)
  • 01-31Anna Pavlova: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Ballerina / choreographer
  • 01-31Josephus RH van Schaik: Dutch lawyer / Vice Premier
  • 02-01Louis St Laurent: Compton, Quebec -- (L) 12th Canadian Prime Minister (1948-57)
  • 02-03Trijntje Jansma-Boskma: Oldest person in Netherland)
  • 02-05Felice Lattuada: Composer
  • 02-08George Siegmann: Actor (Birth of Nation, Queen of Sheba, Oliver Twist)
  • 02-11Gheorghe Cucu: Composer
  • 02-12Walter Vaes: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 02-14George Jean Nathan: United States -- Editor / author / critic (American Mercury)
  • 02-14Ignaz Friedman: Composer
  • 02-15John Barrymore [Blythe]: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actor (Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde)
  • 02-17Kurt Schindler: Composer
  • 02-22Eric Gill: England, United Kingdom -- Sculptor / engraver / typographer (Perpetua)
  • 02-23Ladislav Vycpalek: Composer
  • 02-25Bruno? Traven: Writer (Sierra Madre)
  • 02-25Jozef Goossenaerts: Flemish philologist (Language boundary)
  • 02-26Walter Lucht: German artillery General (WWI / WWII)
  • 02-28Geraldine Farrar: US soprano / actress (Story of American singer)
  • 02-28Richard Heinrich Stein: Composer

People died in year of 1882

  • 01-03William H Ainsworth: English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
  • 01-20John Linnell: British Painter / minaturist / engraver
  • 01-21Anton Emil Titl: Composer, dies at 72
  • 01-25Peter Singer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 02-02Fabio Campana: Composer, dies at 63
  • 02-03Guglielmo Quarenghi: Composer, dies at 55
  • 02-13Henry Highland Garnet: Diplomat, dies at 66 in Monrovia, Liberia
  • 03-02Louis Kufferath: Composer, dies at 70
  • 03-16Charles R Darwin: English naturalist (Origin of species), dies at 73
  • 03-24Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: US Poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75
  • 04-03Friedrich Wilhelm Kucken: Composer, dies at 71
  • 04-03Jesse James: Outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford
  • 04-09D G Rossetti: Writer, dies at 53
  • 04-09Gabriel Dante Rossetti: English Poet / painter, dies at 53
  • 04-19Charles Robert Darwin: Evolutionist (Origin of Species)
  • 04-27Ralph Waldo Emerson: US Poet (Representive Men)
  • 05-06Frederick Cavendish: Assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
  • 05-06Thomas Henry Burke: Assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
  • 05-13Jules-Nicolas Crevaux: French explorer, murdered at 35
  • 06-02Guiseppi Garibaldi: Italian rebel leader, dies at 74
  • 06-24Joseph Joachim Raff: German opera Composer (Cavatine), dies at 60
  • 06-30Charles J Guiteau: Assassin (President Garfield), hanged
  • 07-12Alfred Humphreys Pease: Composer, dies at 44
  • 08-01Henry Clarence Kendall: Australian poet, dies of tuberculosis at 43
  • 09-08Joseph Liouville: French Mathematician (surface of Liouville)
  • 09-19Andreas I Schaepman: Archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), dies at 67
  • 10-29Martin Gustav Nottebohm: Composer, dies at 64
  • 11-02Cenobio Paniagua y Vasques: Composer, dies at 61
  • 11-20Bela Albrecht Pal Keler: Composer, dies at 62
  • 11-21Sergei G Netsjajev: Russian nihilist, dies at 35