Events in year of 1882

  • 01-02Because of anti-monopoly laws, Standard Oil is organized as a trust
  • 01-13Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"
  • 01-151st US ski club forms (Berlin NH)
  • 01-171st Dutch female Physician Aletta Jacobs opens office
  • 01-25Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms
  • 01-26France government of Gambetta falls
  • 02-02Knights of Columbus forms in New Haven, Conn
  • 02-03Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
  • 02-07Last bare knuckle champion John L Sullivan KOs Paddy Ryan in Mississippi
  • 02-10Rimski-Korsakovs opera "Snyegurochka, " premieres in St. Petersburg
  • 02-12Social-Democratic Union forms in Amsterdam
  • 02-151st cargo of frozen meat leaves New Zealand for Britain, on SS Dunedin
  • 02-15SS Dunedin leaves New Zealand with 1st frozen meat to England
  • 02-281st US college cooperative store opens, at Harvard University
  • 03-03New York Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
  • 03-06Monarch Milan Obrenovic of Serbia crowns himself King
  • 03-09False teeth patented
  • 03-11Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton, New Jersey
  • 03-16US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross
  • 03-22Congress outlaws polygamy (again); bad news for Mormons
  • 03-22Edmunds Act adopted by US to suppress polygamy in the territories
  • 03-24German Scientist Robert Koch discovers bacillus cause of TB
  • 03-251st demonstration of pancake making (department store in NYC)
  • 03-29Knights of Columbus chartered for Catholic men
  • 04-03Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks
  • 04-10Matson founds his shipping company (San Francisco & Hawaii)
  • 04-13Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia
  • 05-06Chinese Exclusion Act: US Congress ceases Chinese immigration
  • 05-06Epping Forest England dedicated by Queen Victoria
  • 05-09Telegraph Hill RR Co organized

People born in year of 1882

  • 01-01W C Wendelaar: Mayor of Alkmaar (1919-34) / Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 01-03Willem Benoy: Flemish actor / director (Pygmalion)
  • 01-06Samuel Rayburn: Tennessee, United States -- (Rep-D-Texas) Speaker of the House (1940-57)
  • 01-10Charles Trowbridge: Vera Cruz, Mexico -- Actor (Fatal Hour)
  • 01-12Jakob Jud: Switzerland -- Linguist / etymologist
  • 01-14Hendrik W van Loon: Netherlands -- Commentator / writer (Story of America)
  • 01-15Florian Znaniecki: Polish / US sociologist (Polish Peasant in Europe)
  • 01-18Alan Alexander Milne: English author (Winnie-the-Pooh)
  • 01-18Jacob Clay: Dutch philospher / phyicist (Mesones)
  • 01-18Sylvia Pankhurst: English feminist
  • 01-27Giuseppe Prezzolini: Italy -- Writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)
  • 01-31Anna Pavlova: St. Petersburg, Russia -- Ballerina / choreographer
  • 01-31Josephus RH van Schaik: Dutch lawyer / Vice Premier
  • 02-01Louis St Laurent: Compton, Quebec -- (L) 12th Canadian Prime Minister (1948-57)
  • 02-03Trijntje Jansma-Boskma: Oldest person in Netherland)
  • 02-05Felice Lattuada: Composer
  • 02-08George Siegmann: Actor (Birth of Nation, Queen of Sheba, Oliver Twist)
  • 02-11Gheorghe Cucu: Composer
  • 02-12Walter Vaes: Flemish painter / etcher
  • 02-14George Jean Nathan: United States -- Editor / author / critic (American Mercury)
  • 02-14Ignaz Friedman: Composer
  • 02-15John Barrymore [Blythe]: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Actor (Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde)
  • 02-17Kurt Schindler: Composer
  • 02-22Eric Gill: England, United Kingdom -- Sculptor / engraver / typographer (Perpetua)
  • 02-23Ladislav Vycpalek: Composer
  • 02-25Bruno? Traven: Writer (Sierra Madre)
  • 02-25Jozef Goossenaerts: Flemish philologist (Language boundary)
  • 02-26Walter Lucht: German artillery General (WWI / WWII)
  • 02-28Geraldine Farrar: US soprano / actress (Story of American singer)
  • 02-28Richard Heinrich Stein: Composer

People died in year of 1882

  • 01-03William H Ainsworth: English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
  • 01-20John Linnell: British Painter / minaturist / engraver
  • 01-21Anton Emil Titl: Composer, dies at 72
  • 01-25Peter Singer: Composer, dies at 71
  • 02-02Fabio Campana: Composer, dies at 63
  • 02-03Guglielmo Quarenghi: Composer, dies at 55
  • 02-13Henry Highland Garnet: Diplomat, dies at 66 in Monrovia, Liberia
  • 03-02Louis Kufferath: Composer, dies at 70
  • 03-16Charles R Darwin: English naturalist (Origin of species), dies at 73
  • 03-24Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: US Poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75
  • 04-03Friedrich Wilhelm Kucken: Composer, dies at 71
  • 04-03Jesse James: Outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford
  • 04-09D G Rossetti: Writer, dies at 53
  • 04-09Gabriel Dante Rossetti: English Poet / painter, dies at 53
  • 04-19Charles Robert Darwin: Evolutionist (Origin of Species)
  • 04-27Ralph Waldo Emerson: US Poet (Representive Men)
  • 05-06Frederick Cavendish: Assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
  • 05-06Thomas Henry Burke: Assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
  • 05-13Jules-Nicolas Crevaux: French explorer, murdered at 35
  • 06-02Guiseppi Garibaldi: Italian rebel leader, dies at 74
  • 06-24Joseph Joachim Raff: German opera Composer (Cavatine), dies at 60
  • 06-30Charles J Guiteau: Assassin (President Garfield), hanged
  • 07-12Alfred Humphreys Pease: Composer, dies at 44
  • 08-01Henry Clarence Kendall: Australian poet, dies of tuberculosis at 43
  • 09-08Joseph Liouville: French Mathematician (surface of Liouville)
  • 09-19Andreas I Schaepman: Archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), dies at 67
  • 10-29Martin Gustav Nottebohm: Composer, dies at 64
  • 11-02Cenobio Paniagua y Vasques: Composer, dies at 61
  • 11-20Bela Albrecht Pal Keler: Composer, dies at 62
  • 11-21Sergei G Netsjajev: Russian nihilist, dies at 35

Events in year of 1883

  • 01-10Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • 01-13Fire in circus Ferroni in Berditschoft Poland kills 430
  • 01-16Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • 01-16Quebec Rugby Football Union forms
  • 01-20Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England vs. Aust MCG
  • 01-22England complete 1st innings victory in Tests vs. Aust MCG
  • 01-30England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • 02-01French Lieutenant Colonel Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • 02-07Lieutenant Colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger
  • 02-08Louis Waterman begins experiments to invents fountain pen
  • 02-10Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee Wisc, kills 71
  • 02-141st state labor union legislation; New Jersey legalizes unions
  • 02-16"Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • 02-17A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • 02-212nd French government of Ferry begins
  • 02-23Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • 02-23American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • 02-27Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
  • 02-281st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
  • 03-03Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
  • 03-04John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" in Mississippi
  • 03-19Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • 03-20Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • 03-241st telephone call between New York and Chicago
  • 03-31Utrecht begins water pipe system
  • 04-02Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • 04-06Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
  • 04-12French troops under Lieutenant Colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
  • 04-13Alfred Packer convicted of cannibalism
  • 04-16Paul Kruger chosen President of Transvaal

People born in year of 1883

  • 01-01[Hei]ko E Arnoldi: Dutch actor (3 Drops of Water) / theater director
  • 01-01Federigo Tozzi: Italian writer / journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
  • 01-03Clement Richard Attlee: (L) British Prime Minister (1945-51)
  • 01-04Johanna Westerdijk: Botanist / Netherlands 1st female prof (Utrecht, 1917-52)
  • 01-04Max F Eastman: United States -- Critic / essayist (Masses)
  • 01-06Khalil Gibran: Lebanon -- Mystic poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings)
  • 01-07Andrew Browne: Irish / British Admiral (WWII)
  • 01-08Josue Teofilo Wilkes: Composer
  • 01-10Florence Reed: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Silent film actress (Dancing Girl)
  • 01-10Francis X Bushman: Norfolk, Virginia -- Silent film actor (Ben Hur)
  • 01-19Hermann Abendroth: German conductor
  • 01-20Betram Home Ramsay: English Admiral / Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • 01-21Olav Aukrust: Norway -- Poet
  • 01-24Estelle Winwood [Goodwin]: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Miracle on 34th Street)
  • 02-01Jevgeni B Vachtangov: Armenian / Russian actor / director (Eric XIV)
  • 02-02Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin: Composer
  • 02-03Camille Bombois: French circus wrestler / painter
  • 02-03Clarence Mulford: Illinois, United States -- Western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • 02-07Eubie Blake: Ragtime composer / pianist (Memories of You)
  • 02-07Paul de Backer: Belgian radiologist
  • 02-08Joseph A Schumpeter: Austria -- Economist / Minister of finance
  • 02-11Paul August von Klenau: Danish composer / conductor (Sulamith)
  • 02-12Ludwig Stossel: Austria -- Actor (Man With a Camera)
  • 02-13Bainbridge Crist: Composer
  • 02-13Harold "Hal" Chase: Baseball player / manager
  • 02-18Tom Walls: Kingsthorpe, England -- Actor / producer (Undercover)
  • 02-20Shiga Naoya: Japan -- Novelist (Road Through Dark Night)
  • 02-22Alfred Wikenhauser: German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)
  • 02-22Jaroslav Kocian: Composer
  • 02-22Marguerite Clark: Voice (Snow White)

People died in year of 1883

  • 01-04Nicolas Ledesma: Composer, dies at 91
  • 01-21Jacopo Tomadini: Composer, dies at 62
  • 01-24Friedrich von Flotow: German Baron / composer, dies at 70
  • 02-13Wilhelm Richard Wagner: Composer, dies at 69
  • 02-17Napoleon Coste: Composer, dies at 76
  • 03-04Alexander H Stephens: VP Confederate States, dies at 71
  • 03-15Karol Studzinski: Composer, dies at 55
  • 04-18Agnes Tyrrell: Composer, dies at 36
  • 04-22Octave Fouque: Composer, dies at 38
  • 05-17Lydia Estes Pinklham: Patent-medicine manufacturer
  • 05-20William Chambers: Author / publisher
  • 05-23Cyprian K Norwid: Polish Painter / Poet / playwright (Wanda)
  • 05-26Abd el-Kader: Algerian Sultan / religious ruler, dies at about 74
  • 05-28August Freyer: Composer, dies at 79
  • 05-29Albrecht of Prussia: Mistress of John van Rossum, dies at 73
  • 05-29WFLC Marianne: Princess of Orange-Nassau
  • 06-06Ciprian Porumbescu: Composer, dies at 29
  • 06-10Carl Gradener: Composer, dies at 71
  • 06-20Olivier Gloux [Gustave Aimard]: French world explorer, dies at 64
  • 07-01Manuel Gregorio Tavarez: Composer, dies at 39
  • 07-05Frederick Scotson Clark: Composer, dies at 42
  • 07-09Adrien Louis Victor Boieldieu: Composer, dies at 67
  • 07-12Hermann Zopff: Composer, dies at 57
  • 07-15Tom Thumb: Famous small person (40"), dies of a stroke at 44
  • 07-24Matthew Webb: English Channel swimmer, drowns above Niagara Falls
  • 07-27Albert Franz Doppler: Composer, dies at 61
  • 07-27Montgomery Blair: Lawyer (Dred Scot V Sandford), dies at 70
  • 08-01Karl Wilhelm Dindorf: Classic scholar
  • 08-12Last Quagga: Zebra with less slashes (in Artis)
  • 08-27August Friedrich Pott: Composer, dies at 76