Events in year of 1883

  • 01-10Fire at uninsured Newhall Hotel in Milwaukee, Wisconsin kills 71. General Tom Thumb of P T Barnum fame, escapes unhurt
  • 01-13Fire in circus Ferroni in Berditschoft Poland kills 430
  • 01-16Pendleton Act creates basis of US Civil Service system
  • 01-16Quebec Rugby Football Union forms
  • 01-20Billy Barnes takes a hat-trick, England vs. Aust MCG
  • 01-22England complete 1st innings victory in Tests vs. Aust MCG
  • 01-30England team presented with ashes of a bail after Sydney Test
  • 02-01French Lieutenant Colonel Gustave Borgnis-Desbordes reaches Bamako on the Niger
  • 02-07Lieutenant Colonel Borgnis-Desbordes founds Fort Bamako Niger
  • 02-08Louis Waterman begins experiments to invents fountain pen
  • 02-10Fire at un-insured New Hall Hotel in Milwaukee Wisc, kills 71
  • 02-141st state labor union legislation; New Jersey legalizes unions
  • 02-16"Ladies Home Journal" begins publishing
  • 02-17A Ashwell patents free-toilet in London
  • 02-212nd French government of Ferry begins
  • 02-23Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • 02-23American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • 02-27Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
  • 02-281st US vaudeville theater opens (Boston)
  • 03-03Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
  • 03-04John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" in Mississippi
  • 03-19Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes
  • 03-20Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
  • 03-241st telephone call between New York and Chicago
  • 03-31Utrecht begins water pipe system
  • 04-02Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
  • 04-06Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
  • 04-12French troops under Lieutenant Colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal
  • 04-13Alfred Packer convicted of cannibalism
  • 04-16Paul Kruger chosen President of Transvaal

People born in year of 1883

  • 01-01[Hei]ko E Arnoldi: Dutch actor (3 Drops of Water) / theater director
  • 01-01Federigo Tozzi: Italian writer / journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
  • 01-03Clement Richard Attlee: (L) British Prime Minister (1945-51)
  • 01-04Johanna Westerdijk: Botanist / Netherlands 1st female prof (Utrecht, 1917-52)
  • 01-04Max F Eastman: United States -- Critic / essayist (Masses)
  • 01-06Khalil Gibran: Lebanon -- Mystic poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings)
  • 01-07Andrew Browne: Irish / British Admiral (WWII)
  • 01-08Josue Teofilo Wilkes: Composer
  • 01-10Florence Reed: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Silent film actress (Dancing Girl)
  • 01-10Francis X Bushman: Norfolk, Virginia -- Silent film actor (Ben Hur)
  • 01-19Hermann Abendroth: German conductor
  • 01-20Betram Home Ramsay: English Admiral / Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • 01-21Olav Aukrust: Norway -- Poet
  • 01-24Estelle Winwood [Goodwin]: England, United Kingdom -- Actress (Miracle on 34th Street)
  • 02-01Jevgeni B Vachtangov: Armenian / Russian actor / director (Eric XIV)
  • 02-02Mikhail Fabianovich Gnesin: Composer
  • 02-03Camille Bombois: French circus wrestler / painter
  • 02-03Clarence Mulford: Illinois, United States -- Western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • 02-07Eubie Blake: Ragtime composer / pianist (Memories of You)
  • 02-07Paul de Backer: Belgian radiologist
  • 02-08Joseph A Schumpeter: Austria -- Economist / Minister of finance
  • 02-11Paul August von Klenau: Danish composer / conductor (Sulamith)
  • 02-12Ludwig Stossel: Austria -- Actor (Man With a Camera)
  • 02-13Bainbridge Crist: Composer
  • 02-13Harold "Hal" Chase: Baseball player / manager
  • 02-18Tom Walls: Kingsthorpe, England -- Actor / producer (Undercover)
  • 02-20Shiga Naoya: Japan -- Novelist (Road Through Dark Night)
  • 02-22Alfred Wikenhauser: German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)
  • 02-22Jaroslav Kocian: Composer
  • 02-22Marguerite Clark: Voice (Snow White)

People died in year of 1883

  • 01-04Nicolas Ledesma: Composer, dies at 91
  • 01-21Jacopo Tomadini: Composer, dies at 62
  • 01-24Friedrich von Flotow: German Baron / composer, dies at 70
  • 02-13Wilhelm Richard Wagner: Composer, dies at 69
  • 02-17Napoleon Coste: Composer, dies at 76
  • 03-04Alexander H Stephens: VP Confederate States, dies at 71
  • 03-15Karol Studzinski: Composer, dies at 55
  • 04-18Agnes Tyrrell: Composer, dies at 36
  • 04-22Octave Fouque: Composer, dies at 38
  • 05-17Lydia Estes Pinklham: Patent-medicine manufacturer
  • 05-20William Chambers: Author / publisher
  • 05-23Cyprian K Norwid: Polish Painter / Poet / playwright (Wanda)
  • 05-26Abd el-Kader: Algerian Sultan / religious ruler, dies at about 74
  • 05-28August Freyer: Composer, dies at 79
  • 05-29Albrecht of Prussia: Mistress of John van Rossum, dies at 73
  • 05-29WFLC Marianne: Princess of Orange-Nassau
  • 06-06Ciprian Porumbescu: Composer, dies at 29
  • 06-10Carl Gradener: Composer, dies at 71
  • 06-20Olivier Gloux [Gustave Aimard]: French world explorer, dies at 64
  • 07-01Manuel Gregorio Tavarez: Composer, dies at 39
  • 07-05Frederick Scotson Clark: Composer, dies at 42
  • 07-09Adrien Louis Victor Boieldieu: Composer, dies at 67
  • 07-12Hermann Zopff: Composer, dies at 57
  • 07-15Tom Thumb: Famous small person (40"), dies of a stroke at 44
  • 07-24Matthew Webb: English Channel swimmer, drowns above Niagara Falls
  • 07-27Albert Franz Doppler: Composer, dies at 61
  • 07-27Montgomery Blair: Lawyer (Dred Scot V Sandford), dies at 70
  • 08-01Karl Wilhelm Dindorf: Classic scholar
  • 08-12Last Quagga: Zebra with less slashes (in Artis)
  • 08-27August Friedrich Pott: Composer, dies at 76

Events in year of 1884

  • 01-04Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
  • 01-08Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz
  • 01-18General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum
  • 01-261st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria
  • 02-011st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
  • 02-07Canadian Rugby Football Union forms
  • 02-18General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum
  • 02-19Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky and In kill 800 people
  • 02-26British and Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
  • 03-12Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
  • 03-13Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins
  • 03-13US adopts Standard Time
  • 03-17John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, California
  • 03-271st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
  • 04-02London prison for debtors closed
  • 04-10US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo
  • 04-20Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
  • 04-21Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • 04-22Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mos)
  • 04-24National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)
  • 05-01Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)
  • 05-01Moses Walker became 1st black player in major league
  • 05-13Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms
  • 05-14Anti-Monopoly party forms in US
  • 05-17Alaska becomes a US territory
  • 05-19Ringling Brothers circus premieres
  • 05-221-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters
  • 05-26Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 and 7-3 vs. England XI in 4 hours
  • 05-291st steam cable trams start in highgate
  • 05-31Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"

People born in year of 1884

  • 01-03Eli S Jones: United States -- Evangelist (Christ of Indian road)
  • 01-03Raoul Armand Georg Koczalski: Composer
  • 01-10James Philip Dunn: Composer
  • 01-12Louis Horst: Composer
  • 01-13Johannes Elsensohn: Dutch actor / writer (Arie, novel from the Jordan)
  • 01-13Sophie Tucker [Kalish]: Russia -- Singer / last of red hot mammas
  • 01-18Arthur Ransome: English author (Swallows & Amazons)
  • 01-19Albert Louis Wolff: Composer
  • 01-20A[braham P] Merritt: United States -- Sci-fi author (Moon Pool, Creep Shadow!)
  • 01-21Katie Sandwina: Germany -- Legendary woman weight-lifter
  • 01-21Roger Nash Baldwin: Founder (American Civil Liberties Union)
  • 01-25Edward Kilenyi: Composer
  • 01-26Edward Sapir: Germany -- Linguist / antropologist (indians)
  • 01-26Roy Chapman Andrews: United States -- Scientist / explorer
  • 01-28Auguste Piccard: Switzerland -- Scientist / explorer (balloonist)
  • 01-28Jean Felix Piccard: Switzerland -- Scientist / explorer (balloonist)
  • 01-29Juhan Aavic: Composer
  • 01-31Nicholas Joy: Paris, France -- Actor (Boss Lady)
  • 02-01Yevgeny Zamyatin: Russia -- Novelist / playwright (We)
  • 02-02Julis Deutsch: Austria -- Politician / General Spanish Republican Army
  • 02-02S Z Sakall: Budapest, Hungary -- Actor (Dolly Sisters, Casablanca)
  • 02-04Julius Callewaert: Flemish dominican / bringing up children
  • 02-09Frederik Gerretson [Geerten Gossaert]: Dutch poet / politician)
  • 02-12Max Beckmann: German painter / graphic artist
  • 02-16Robert Flaherty: Michigan, United States -- Father of documentary film (Nanook of North)
  • 02-17Arthur Vanderpoorten: Flemish Minister of Internal affairs (1940)
  • 02-18Burt Mustin: Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania -- Actor (All in the Family, Andy Griffith Show)
  • 02-22Abraham "Abe" Attell: Boxing hall of famer
  • 02-23Frank Cellier: Surbiton, England -- Actor (Quiet Wedding, Big Blockade)
  • 02-23Herman Courtens: Belgian painter

People died in year of 1884

  • 01-06Gregor Mendel: Augustine Monk / heredity pioneer, dies at 61
  • 01-06Paul Taglioni: "the Great, " Ital / Austrian choreographer, dies at 75
  • 01-21Auguste Franchomme: Composer, dies at 75
  • 01-24Johann Christian Gebauer: Composer, dies at 75
  • 02-08Arnold Henry Guyot: Swiss / US geologist / meteorologist, dies at 76
  • 02-21John Pike Hullah: Composer, dies at 71
  • 02-23Tambo Tambo: Australian aboriginal / US circus attaction, dies at 23
  • 03-19Alfonse Charles Renaud de Vilback: Composer, dies at 54
  • 03-30Hans Hampel: Composer, dies at 61
  • 03-31Jan T Beelen: Netherlands / Belgian Catholic bible expert, dies at 77
  • 04-03Carel JCH van Nispen tot Sevenaer: Dutch Cath politician, dies at 59
  • 04-06Emanuel Geibel: Writer, dies at 68
  • 04-07Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe: Flemish Poet (Avondlamp), dies at 80
  • 05-07Judah P Benjamin: Confederate Minister of War, dies at 72
  • 05-09Hermanus W Witteveen: Theologist, dies at 69
  • 05-12Bedrich Friedrich Smetana: Czech Composer (2 Widows), dies at 60
  • 05-13Cyrus Hall McCormick: Inventor
  • 05-17Louis Brassin: Composer, dies at 43
  • 06-08Henry Clay Work: Composer, dies at 51
  • 06-18Juan B Alberdi [Figarillo]: Arg writer (Crime of War), dies at 74
  • 06-21Alexander: Prince / last male descendent of Johan W Friso
  • 06-25Hans Rott: Composer, dies at 25
  • 07-05Victor Masse: Composer, dies at 62
  • 07-10Paul Charles Morphy: US lawyer / chess wizard, dies at 47
  • 08-01Heinrich Laube: Writer
  • 08-14Arnoldus Pannevis: South African shipping agent / linguist, dies at 46
  • 09-17Louis Schubert: Composer, dies at 56
  • 09-30Louis Lacombe: Composer, dies at 65
  • 10-03Hans Makart: Austrian Painter (Geur), dies at 44
  • 11-02Auguste Emmanuel Vaucorbeil: Composer, dies at 62